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Full text of "Essex Institute historical collections"

974.401 
Es7esa 

v. 10 
1449180 



GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY , 



3 1833 01101 1373 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/essexinstitutehiv10esse 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. 



1/ If) 



VOLUME X 



SECOND SERIES, VOL. II 






SALEM, MASS. 

V • I ^ PUBLISHED BY THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 

1870. 



ESSEX INSTITUTE PRESS. 



CONTENTS. 

PART I. 
Memoirs of Hon. Daniel P. King, by Charles W. Upham, . . 1 
The Port of Salem, by Robert S. Rantoul, .... 52 

Diary of Rev. Joseph Green, of Salem Village, communicated 
by S. P. Fowler (concluded), 73 

PART II. 
The Hutchinson Family, communicated by Perley Derby, 

PART III. 

Short account of the Building of the U. S. Frigate Essex, and 

subsequent career, 1 

Prizes of the Essex. War of 1812-14, 27 

The First Cruise of the U. S. Frigate Essex, 1799-1800, Capt. 

Edward Preble, 34 

Correspondence with the Department, . . . . . 34 

List of officers and crew on her first cruise, .... 52 

Extracts from Capt. E. Preble's Journal on board the Essex, . 60 

Extracts from Correspondence, 86 



1449180 



MEMOIR OF 

HON. DANIEL P. KING, 

BY CHARLES W. UPHAM. 
BEAD AT A MEETING, HELD ON MONDAY, APRIL 19, 1869. 

Daniel Putnam King was born in Danvers, Mass., 
January 8th, 1801. His parents, Daniel and Phoebe 
(Upton) King, were of families long settled in that town 
and the vicinity. Originally its territory, as well as 
portions of the surrounding towns, was included in the 
limits of Salem. This territory is remarkable for the 
superior character of its first proprietors. Mostly agri- 
culturists, they were of uncommon intellectual devel- 
opment, individuality of personal traits, independence of 
thought, and energy of spirit. Their descendants remain 
in large numbers, on the same area to-day. Perhaps it 
would be safe to say that in no district of our country 
have old families been so numerously preserved. Very 
many now occupy lands which their first American ances- 
tors cleared. 

Kings, Uptons and Putnams, are still in the same 
localities where the names appeared at the beginning. 
The subject of this memoir, in tracing his descent, and 
following the connections by intermarriage of his ances- 
tors, will be found to have been allied not only to the 
names just mentioned, but with Townes, Nurses, Ja- 
cobses, Flints and many others who have dwelt in that 
region from the first planting of the country. The blood 



of most of them flowed in his veins. So it is with almost 
the whole population of the neighborhood. The fibres of 
lineage and transmitted traits, associations, reminiscences 
and traditions bind them together as one people, and 
weld them into a homogeneous community. He may, 
therefore, be considered a specimen of the sort of man- 
hood reared under the influences which have all along 
been operating on this same spot upon the generations 
that have occupied it. As a representative person he 
was in its strictest sense and full import, "to the manor 
born." 

His family had maintained a respectable position, from 
the first, in the class of farmers, but was raised to a 
condition of affluence by the extraordinary spirit and 
force of character of one of its female heads. The 
grandmother of Daniel P. King opened a small shop or 
store in the farm-house, which was close to a public road, 
affording needful supplies to, and making purchases from, 
passing teams and the country people in the vicinity. 
Instances were, by the way, not uncommon, from an 
early period in this part of the country, for matrons of 
the most respectable families to conduct a business of this 
kind. Little shops were opened for the purpose in the 
front rooms of houses. There were many such in Salem, 
and they contributed largely to the thrift and prosperity 
of particular families. They had not often, however, been 
carried on to the extent, or on such a scale, as by Mrs. 
King. Leaving the affairs of the farm to her husband 
she took the entire charge of the store and the busiuess 
connected with it, made her own purchases from the 
original importers, sold directly to exporters, and was 
recognized as a merchant in full standing. Elderly 
people in Salem have often described to me the appear- 



ance of this woman, as she came into town in the prose- 
cution of her business, and related instances of her 
intelligence, judgment, acumen and decision. When a 
vessel arrived from a foreign port, she was one of the 
first at the counting-room or wharf of its owner, and 
ready to purchase, in large quantities of its invoice. She 
understood thoroughly the laws of trade, and no one 
excelled her in promptitude, sagacity, or success. She 
soon laid the foundations of an extensive and prosperous 
business. Besides miscellaneous trading she carried on 
the manufacture of vinegar on a great scale, buying cider 
for the purpose from farmers' carts on the way to market, 
and from all the country round to the remote interior. 
The result was that her family was raised to a degree of 
wealth far above what could have been derived from 
agriculture alone. It was appropriated mainly, however, 
in the direction of agriculture, by enlarging the area of 
the homestead estate, and the purchase of additional 
lands, either under tillage, or what has been found highly 
lucrative, wood-lots. The business established by this 
energetic and remarkable woman, continued to be carried 
on by her son Daniel, who is remembered for his hospi- 
table manners, cheerful temperament, and decision of 
character. He was respected and esteemed by his neigh- 
bors for his personal worth, and liberal and enlightened 
views in matters of trade, politics and religion. His wife 
was noticeable for great excellence and strength of char- 
acter, firm and enlightened christian faith, and decided 
principles. She was devoted to every domestic duty, 
and conscientious, just, and. benignant in all the relations 
of life and society, exhibiting uniformly gentle and 
amiable affections. Her constitutional temperament, and 
habitual aspect were delicate and refined, and her memory 



is cherished with grateful tenderness by her descendants 
and connections. Her son inherited her marked and 
prominent traits. His education, commencing in the 
district school, was continued at Saco in Maine, and at 
Phillips Academy in Andover, where his preparation for 
college was completed. He took his degrees at Harvard 
University, graduating in the class of 1823. It is to be 
observed, as illustrating the peculiarity of his character 
and history, that he neither obtained nor sought eminent 
distinction as a scholar. In general, it may be said, in 
explanation of this fact, that he belonged to a description 
of persons, not a few in number, to whom the system of 
rivalry and emulation, so unfortunately prevalent in 
academic institutions, is distasteful and repulsive. Some 
minds do not mature so early as others, and long feel the 
injurious effects of the stamp of inferiority thus hastily 
impressed upon the estimate formed by others, and some- 
times, as a consequence, by themselves. An ambition in 
no sense worthy to be cherished, an audacious or preten- 
tious spirit, and freedom from the restraints and impedi- 
ments experienced by modest, sensitive, and anxious 
temperaments, give preeminence to some, whom the tests 
of subsequent experience prove to be unworthy of it. 
Those, thus distanced in the first stages of academic life, 
are apt to be discouraged or disgusted, and inclined to 
relinquish altogether the disagreeable contest, abandoning 
the lists of so invidious and unprofitable a rivalry. The 
result is, that, in very many classes, the most distin- 
guished positions in the long and decisive struggles of 
actual subsequent life, have been won by those who, in 
the academic course, were wholly outstripped. Many 
intellects, whose light was not discerned at an early age, 
become the brightest ornaments of literature and society, 



when kindled by the inspirations that come with matured 
years ; or by the friction of events, emergencies, and 
responsibilities, in the stern and exciting scenes of con- 
flict, duty, and necessity, that open upon the faculties and 
feelings along the passage of life. 

Mr. King, when at college, was only to be noted as a 
modest, unpretentious youth, quietly pursuing a course 
of marked regularity, uniformity, and propriety of con- 
duct, civil and courteous to all, jostling with none, 
envying none, and swayed by none from the even tenor 
of his ways. Although known to be a young man ot 
ample means his manners and appearance were such as 
not to draw the idle, or reckless, or ill-disposed around 
him, and his principles, taste, and judgment kept him 
from seeking their society. There was something then, 
as ever after, in his aspect and bearing, which bespoke 
the fact that he was a plain farmer's son. 

While he refrained from engaging in the struggles of 
college emulation, he was no idler; but, as was subse- 
quently shown, acquiring knowledge by careful study, 
and enriching his mind Avith a culture that made him com- 
petent to meet demands upon his faculties, in the elevated 
positions to which his singularly successful public life 
subsequently brought him. 

His personal standing with his associates, and the re- 
spectful good-will cherished towards him by his class- 
mates, was shown in the fact that he was elected by them 
Marshal of the day on the occasion of their valedictory 
ceremonies. 

On the termination of his collegiate course he entered 
upon the study of the law, but soon discovered a dis- 
taste for its pursuit, although, as afterwards fully ap- 
peared, he possessed the qualifications of a ready and 
judicious advocate and of an efficient business man. 



8 

In 1824 he was married to Sarah P. only child of Hez- 
ekiah and Sally (Putnam) Flint. He took up his resi- 
dence, forthwith, on the farm left by her father, then 
recently deceased, which he made his permanent home, 
and cultivated with scientific skill and successful enter- 
prize to the day of his death. This estate had been in 
the possession of the Flint family for two centuries, and 
was not far distant from his own ancestral acres. He 
entered at once, upon his favorite study and occupation, 
as an agriculturist, enriching his mind, in the leisure 
hours which are the privilege of a farmer's life, in certain 
seasons, and states of the weather, by conversance with 
the masters of English literature, and by recurrence to 
earlier classical studies. 

He was immediately called to the service of his fellow 
citizens in municipal offices, through the whole circle of 
which he successfully passed ; but his time was mostly 
left at his own control. At this period he, probably, 
realized to the highest degree, and more uninterruptedly 
than ever after, the visions of happiness in which his im- 
agination and affections always indulged. His home was 
quite secluded from the main currents of noisy life, in a 
region of beauty and fertility, and provided with all sub- 
stantial comforts and the embellishments suitable to a 
person of cultivated taste, combining the advantages of 
education with the healthful labors of a diligent farmer. 
By the application of the knowledge he was acquiring, 
and with the use of his ample means, in agricultural op- 
erations, he soon became recognized as a guide and leader 
among his neighbor husbandmen. An excellent judg- 
ment kept him from the wasteful experiments and fancy 
speculations which have swallowed up the fortunes of so 
many gentlemen farmers. While availing himself of the 



benefit of modern improvements, and ever ready to apply 
in practice any well considered suggestions, an old- 
fashioned persistency of habit and preference, a disposi- 
tion to pause before plunging into new methods, a general 
feeling of contentment with his actual lot which charac- 
terized him at all times, saved him from transforming his 
lands from moderately and surely productive fields, into 
scenes of fallacious and empirical extravagance. He mer- 
ited the reputation he enjoyed among practical agricultur- 
ists, and which seems to have been his chief ambition, of 
being an enlightened, industrious, judicious tiller of the 
soil. As there was nothing of the speculator, financier, 
or money seeker, about his ways, or methods of acting 
anions men, strangers sometimes were curious to know 
how he had become so well off; and once, when asked, 
in easy social raillery, how he, a plain farmer, had ac- 
quired the handsome estate ascribed to him, he took no 
credit to himself in connection with it, but pleasantly 
replied that "it had come to him patrimonially and mat- 
rimonially." 

He entered what may be properly called public life, 
when elected in 1835, as one of the representatives of 
his native town in the State Legislature. Some years 
before he had been put in nomination for that office, 
when party lines were not strictly drawn, and there were 
many candidates in the field, but failed of an election by 
one vote. At a subsequent stage of his career, on an 
occasion of great excitement, after a long struggle, one 
vote given to him decided the contest, and placed him on 
the track of eminent distinction. The first attempt to 
bring him forward had resulted, as has been stated, in his 
defeat. He did not, however, take it much to heart, ob- 
serving, in his cheerful and placid manner, that he owed 



10 

his fortunate escape to having himself voted for the suc- 
cessful candidate. He claimed, by virtue of that fact, 
the right to share in the satisfactions and congratulations 
of the winning party. 

After serving two years in the House, he was returned 
as one of the Senators of Essex County. He continued 
in the Senate four years, during the two last of which he 
was President of the body. The incidents connected 
with the termination of his service, as President of the 
Senate, illustrate his modest feelings, and judicious sen- 
timents, and demonstrate the high estimate entertained 
by his associates of the manner in which he had per- 
formed the duties of the Chair. One of the most dis- 
tinguished members of the Senate prepared a vote of 
thanks. Upon its being shown to Mr. King, he expressed 
his reluctance to have it offered in the form in which it 
was prepared ; and, upon further reflection, addressed to 
the Senator the following note : 

"My Dear Sir: — Even your persuasive eloquence could not pre- 
vail with the Senate to adopt such a vote. A general and common 
expression of satisfaction with the discharge of the duties of the 
Chair is all that I can expect ; or, if you will allow me to say it, I 
think your kindness of heart and generous disposition should not 
extend the testimonial beyond the most common terms. 

I am deeply impressed with your kindness of intention and shall 

ever remain most truly your friend, 

Daniel P. King." 

The respose of the Senator was as follows : 

" Dear Sir : — I will do what you want, hut let me say in all sin- 
cerity 1 have shown that to most of our leading men, and they all say 
you deserve it, and it ought to be said, and so I do seriously think. 
Unless you feel quite an objection, I shall like to " adhere." 

The Senator sent a copy of the vote, in the form in 
which it was to be offered, to the Chair, accompanying it 
with a playful allusion to the circumstances in these 



11 

words, "Dear Sir. — When I make the within speech, I 
hope you will not call me to order for personalities. — 
Very sincerely, &c." 

The Resolve was cordially and unanimously passed as 
follows : — 

"Commonwealth of Massachusetts, ) 
In Semite, March 16th, 1841. ) 

Resolved, That the thanks of the Senate be offered to the Hon. 
Daniel P. King, for the faithful, just, and able performance of his 
duties as President of the Senate. To the promptitude and accuracy 
of his decisions, and his unfailing courtesy, we are indebted for much 
of the harmony which has facilitated the business of the Session, and 
will make our recollections of it pleasant." 

At the annual election in 1842 he was a?:ain sent to 
the House, as one of the representatives of his town. 
The Legislature assembled under peculiar excitement. 
There was a full attendance of the House ; parties were 
known to be about equally divided ; political passions were 
running high in the Legislature and in the State ; and a 
much more than usual interest was felt in the organiza- 
tion of the House. On the first ballot for Speaker, the 
whole number of votes was 350, necessary to a choice 
176. The regularly nominated whig and democratic can- 
didates had each 173 votes. On the second ballot there 
were the same number of votes ; the democratic candi- 
date had 175, within one of a choice, and the whig can- 
didate 174. On the third ballot the whig candidate had 
175, within one of a choice. As it was evident that 
one, at least, of the scattering votes could not be ob- 
tained for either candidate, and an election seemed 
therefore impossible, the House adjourned. The ballot- 
ing was resumed the next day, and on the first count, 
Daniel P. King, who had not received a vote the day 
before, was found to have 176, and was chosen, as each 



12 

of the regularly nominated candidates bad, in turn, been 
defeated, by one vote. 

The members who had, on the preceding ballots, thrown 
the scattering votes, belonged, it is understood, to what 
was then called the Liberty Party. Although Mr. King 
was an undeviating whig, and had voted all along for the 
whig candidate, he was known to cherish views, on the 
Slavery question, in advance of both the national parties, 
and in advance of the times. This circumstance enabled 
his name to attract just enough of the scattering votes, 
added to those of the whig party, whose candidate had 
withdrawn, and who, to a man, instantly rallied under his 
name, to carry him in ; and the exciting struggle came to 
a sudden conclusion. The incidents attending it, and the 
manner in which the result had been reached, naturally 
gave him a commanding position through the Common- 
wealth, associating his name in the popular estimate with 
the idea of success. He began to be called the "man of 
luck." This prevalent impression led soon after to his 
transference to a higher sphere. 

The position of Speaker of the House of Representa- 
tives in 1843, was one of great difficulty, and would have 
embarrassed a man of less firmness of nerve, equanimity 
and gentleness of temperament, prudence and sagacity. 
The administration of the State was, throughout, in the 
hands of the opposite party. The Governor was a demo- 
crat, having been elected in the House by one vote; and 
so were the entire council. There was a democratic 
majority in the Senate; and the House, when sifted by its 
own decisions of cases of contested election, was found 
to be democratic also. But so just and skilful was his 
conduct in the Chair, and so impartial, correct and prompt 
his .rulings, that he filled the place to the entire satisfac- 



13 

tion of all parties and interests, who concurred heart- 
ily in sustaining his authority, and in expressing, at the 
close of the session their thanks for the "courteous, able, 
and impartial manner," in which he had presided over 
their deliberations and proceedings. 

His success, as a public man, presents a singular in- 
stance. There was nothing in his deportment and bearing 
as a private person that would suggest his adaptation to 
high and commanding positions. His address, though 
pleasing, was wholly unpretentious. His stature was of 
the medium size, and his general aspect gave no indica- 
tion of strength or energy of character. His countenance, 
though amiable and genial, was in no respect striking. 
His attainments and culture were not made manifest by 
any display in ordinary circumstances. His dress, while 
scrupulously neat, was always plain, never aspiring to or 
approaching the character of fashionable. In any com- 
pany of men it might have been supposed, from the 
avoidance of obtrusiveness in his mien, that he would 
pass unnoticed. In all public bodies, however, a latent 
but decisive force of some kind, brought him strangely 
into prominence ; and when thus called out, whether in 
the arduous, responsible, and controlling position of 
presiding officer, or in casual debate, he met the demands 
of the place and occasion, with ease, ability and success. 
His voice was flexible, and capable of rising to great 
strength ; his manner in speaking was collected and 
natural, and his utterances sensible and acceptable, often 
vivid, bold and impressive. 

During the seven years of his service in the Massachu- 
setts Legislature, when occupying a place on the floor, 
although not a frequent speaker, he was a vigilant and 
efficient member. While in the House of Representa- 



14 

tives, he rendered a great service to the cause of educa- 
tion, on the 14th of January, 1837, by introducing and 
carrying into effect, an order instructing the Committee 
on Education to consider the expediency of providing by 
law for the better education of teachers of the public 
schools. This movement, followed up and enforced, at 
the same session by James G. Carton, a member from 
Lancaster, led to the establishment of the Board of Edu- 
cation, and of the several Normal Schools in the Com- 
monwealth. 

Mr. King's chief efforts as a State legislator were in 
aid of the agricultural interest, which through life was his 
favorite and predominating object of study, and care, as 
well as pursuit. He was not a fancy, but a genuine 
farmer, busy year in and year out, on his own fields, 
superintending and sharing in the work of husbandry, in 
the order of the seasons, and the same routine as his 
neighbors. But he was impressed with a conviction that 
in agriculture, at least equally with other branches of 
human occupation, there was a crying demand for science. 
He made it a subject of study in his library, and of 
instructive experiment, on his own grounds. The deep- 
est imprint left by his career on the journals of the two 
branches of the Legislature of the State, relates to agri- 
culture. He brought forward a proposition, since carried 
into effect, of establishing a college in that department 
of instruction, and for providing a professorship of the 
same in Harvard College. 

A majority of the whole vote given, was then, as it 
ever had been, required by law in Massachusetts, for an 
election to any political office. Much inconvenience had 
often been experienced ; but it had now got to be a 
serious public mischief and injury. At the State election 



15 

in 1842, many towns failed to elect. To the State Senate 
only twenty-four out of forty were elected, and only 
three out of ten members of Congress. A third party 
had come into the field, and had become strong enough, 
in almost all parts of the Commonwealth, to hold the 
balance of power. It was impossible for either of the 
old parties to conciliate it. Neither of them, in many 
towns, counties and districts, could command votes 
enough to neutralize the new party, under the majority 
system. Many seats in Congress long remained vacant, 
while the most momentous questions were pending, some 
of which, no doubt, would have had a better issue if the 
full voice of Massachusetts had been heard. 

In the District, of which Danvers was a part, there was 
no choice of a member of Congress, in November, 1842. 
The democratic candidate had 5,403 votes, the whig 
4,928 ; all others, 1,230. The vote of the whig candidate 
who was the sitting member, was overbalanced by that of 
the democratic candidate, 475, and by the combined 
votes of all others, 1,705. The prospect of recovering 
the District by the whigs, was indeed gloomy, and almost 
hopeless. Another trial was ordered, at a special elec- 
tion. The whigs resolved to stand by their noble candi- 
date. At the election, February 13th, 1843, he received 
3,904, the democrat, 4,978, all others, 1,349. The 
democratic plurality over the whig candidate was in- 
creased to 1,074, and the entire plurality over him, to 
2,423. The tedious and disagreeable contest was relin- 
quished by the whig candidate, who withdrew his name. 
On the 2d of March, a convention of the whig party in 
the District nominated Daniel P. King. The next trial 
took place April 3d. On that day the vote stood, demo- 
cratic, 4,621, whig 4,480; all others 1,107. The demo- 



16 

cratic plurality over the whig was reduced to 141 ; the 
entire adverse plurality, to 848. This result deepened the 
impression that Mr. King was indeed the "winning man," 
and that, as ever before, his success would, sooner or 
later, end the struggle. Everything, as usual, favored 
him. The democratic candidate, one of the most able 
and distinguished public men of his day, and whose 
voice, like a bugle, always rallied the democracy, as no 
one else ever did, withdrew from the field. With his 
long trained political sagacity he could not fail to inter- 
pret the figures of the April election as the hand writing 
on the wall. On the 5th of June the next trial took 
place. The democratic candidate received 2,854 votes ; 
the scattering votes, all told, amounted to 775 ; Mr. King 
received 3,711 votes, and was elected by 82 majority, 
saving the District to his party. He held it, ever after, 
by secure majorities, to the end of his life. 

He took his seat at the opening of the twenty-eighth 
Congress, December 4, 1843. A law had been passed, 
requiring the election of members of the House of Repre- 
sentatives to be in single districts. It had, however, 
been disregarded in some States, and persons appeared, 
elected in violation of its provisions, claiming seats, and 
had been allowed to vote for Speaker. A protest was 
entered agaiust the procedure, signed by fifty members. 
The names of John Quincy Adams, Robert C. Winthrop, 
Charles Hudson, Daniel P. King and Joseph Grinnell 
were attached to the paper. On the 16th of December, 
Mr. King presented the Resolves of the Massachusetts 
Legislature against the annexation of Texas to the Union. 
On the 39th of December he took part in a warm debate, 
in behalf of slaves and free negroes in the District of 
Columbia. His course on the slavery question had been 
early marked out and was ever persistently pursued. 



17 

On the 26th of January, 1844, a passage occurred in 
the House that gave him great prominence, and made a 
deep impression, in his favor, on the friends of freedom, 
and the admirers of spirit and courage. Certain resolves 
had come in from the Legislature of Massachusetts, 
proposing an amendment of the Constitution, that would 
base representation on free persons alone, thereby strik- 
ing out the element that gave preponderence to the Slave 
States, by virtue of the provision counting three-fifths of 
the slaves. Speaking of the resolves, Mr. King stated 
that the petitions on which they were founded were 
signed by sixty thousand freemen of Massachusetts. A 
Southern member, interrupting, put enquiries to this 
effect — whether those petitions had not been signed, and 
the form of their heading prepared, by a runaway slave 
from Virginia? Mr. King replied, that "he presumed 
the petition was signed by freemen only, for in Massachu- 
setts they had no slaves, but every man, created in the 
image of his Maker." At this point, shouts of "order," 
"order," in loud and angry tones resounded through the 
hall ; heeding them not, but raising his voice to the full 
volume and height of which it was capable, in tones 
distinctly audible above the uproar, he concluded his 
sentence "owes allegiance to Him alone." The Speaker 
declared him out of order, but his manly bearing shamed 
down the excitement, conciliated the better feeling of the 
House, and he continued his speech. This was one of 
the tornadoes, of panic and rage combined, which in 
those days, swept over and silenced debate, whenever the 
subject of slavery was freely handled, or the great prin- 
ciples it violated, vindicated. It was, however, as much 
in pursuance of policy as passion that such outbreaks 
occurred. Intimidation was used, in this w r ay, to sup- 

3 



18 

press the utterance of northern sentiments. Mr. King 
being a new member of youthful appearance, and of 
modest, quiet, and gentle bearing, the idea was encour- 
aged by those who did not know him, that he could, in 
this way, if not overawed, be embarrassed and silenced. 
The onslaught was made for this purpose, and with this 
expectation. It was never attempted again. 

The fact that the Speaker pronounced his language out 
of order, shows the extent to which the judgments and 
common-sense of men were demoralized, under the in- 
fluence of Slave-state predominance. 

On the 23d of May, 1844, he introduced, and carried 
through the House an amendment to the Navy Appropri- 
ation Bill to prohibit spirit rations, substituting their 
value in money. At this same session he introduced a 
resolution to complete the breakwater at Sandy Bay 
(Eockport) in Massachusetts. On the 23d of December, 
the Committee on the District of Columbia was instructed, 
on his motion, to consider the subject of the establish- 
ment of an asylum for the reception of insane persons in 
the military and naval service of the United States, of 
the insane poor of the District, and such other insane 
persons as might be committed by their friends. In the 
28th Congress he served on the Standing Committees, on 
Revolutionary Claims, and on Expenditures on the Public 
Buildings ; of the latter he was Chairman. But, through- 
out his service in Congress, whether Chairman or not, he 
was entrusted by his committees, to a great extent, to 
make their reports, and conduct the management of them 
in the House. Few members did more of this work, and 
few did it better. 

In the 29th Congress he was assigned to the Standing 
Committees, on Revolutionary Claims, and on Accounts. 



19 

On the 30th of January, 1845, he reported from the 
Committee on Accounts, and carried through a resolution 
to secure a strict accountability for all the contingent 
expenses of the House. On the 14th of March he again 
introduced a resolution for completing the breakwater at 
Rockport ; and others, respectively, for the improvement 
of the harbor of Lane's Cove, in Gloucester, and for the 
preservation of the harbor of Lynn. On the 4th of 
April, he took, as on all occasions, a leading part in 
debate,' advocating the continuance of the Fishing Boun- 
ties. On the 22d of April, he urged the importance of 
providing, in the application of the Smithsonian fund, for 
the diffusion of the knowledge of agriculture through the 
country, by the appointment of a Professor in that de- 
partment, and the opening, in connection with it, of a 
national agricultural farm-school. On the 25th of April, 
he closed a protracted and earnest debate on the Fishing 
Bounty, with a brief but eloquent speech which was felt 
to have been effective. The bill was forthwith ordered 
to its passage by a vote of seventy- three to thirty-two. 
In his speech, on this occasion, after a condensed sum- 
mary of the history, and vindication of the importance 
of the Bounty, turning his attention to those members 
who had attempted to depreciate the merits of fishermen,- 
as a class, particularly to one who had slurred their 
patriotism and said they would not fight, he remarked, 
"I would not advise that gentleman, or any other, to go 
into Marblehead and say so. Their bravery has never 
before been questioned. It was proverbial. They were 
a brave, noble, patriotic, and country-loving race." On 
the 4th of May he moved an amendment to the Deficiency 
Appropriation Bill, adding twenty-five thousand dollars 
for the Naval Hospital fund. After a debate of some 



20 

length the amendment prevailed by a vote of sixty-two 
to fifty-live. On the loth of May, he carried, after a 
contest, a bill reported by him, for the relief of the 
owners and crew of the schooner "Tancred," a fishing 
vessel, by a yea and nay vote of eighty-five to eighty- 
two. On the 25th of May, he carried, after a vigorous 
opposition, an appropriation to supply a deficiency in the 
fund for the relief of sick and disabled seamen, by a vote 
of seventy-nine to forty-five. On the 17th of June he 
made two ineffectual attempts to get the House to pro- 
vide for the erection of a monument to General Warren ; 
he earnestly besought them, by such an act, to commem- 
orate, in a manner worthy of the day, and worthy of the 
American people, the anniversary of the battle of Bunker 
Hill. He also reported a bill to erect a monument to 
General Herkimer. 

Mr. King was a persistent and uncompromising oppo- 
nent of the Mexican war. He voted against it, in every 
shape, and from beginning to end. On the 18th of July, 
he moved an amendment to a bill for raising volunteer 
and other troops, in these words : "Provided — That 
immediate measures be taken for the peaceful and honor- 
able settlement of all difficulties and differences between 
this country and the sister Republic of Mexico." The 
amendment was rejected. On the passage of the bill 
there were one hundred and fifty-nine yeas to four nays, 
two of whom were John Quincy Adams and Daniel P. 
King. 

At the opening of the Second Session of the 29th 
Congress, he was made Chairman of the Committee on 
Accounts. On the 29th of December, he presented the 
Memorial of the Society of Friends in New England 
against the Mexican war, and made a very earnest and 



21 

effective speech in its support. A vehement and angry 
debate arose. He succeeded in having the Memorial 
appropriately referred, but foiled to carry a vote to print 
it. A report of the proceedings of the House, on this 
occasion, embracing the discussion on the floor, was 
printed as a tract, that went into great circulation among 
Friends in England and America. 

The 30th Congress convened Dec. 6, 1847. Parties 
were nearly equally divided. On the second ballot 
Eobert C. Winthrop received the number of votes neces- 
sary to a choice, 110. Mr. King was made Chairman of 
the Committee on Revolutionary Claims, and also Chair- 
man of the Committee on Accounts. The latter position 
came to him under circumstances strikingly illustrating 
the sense entertained by all parties of the value of his 
services. When Mr. Winthrop was composing his com- 
mittees, it seemed desirable and proper, in his liberal and 
enlightened view, to render a respectful courtesy to the 
democratic candidate run against him for the Chair, Linn 
Boyd, of Kentucky, afterwards for some years Speaker 
of the House. No doubt with the full concurrence of his 
friend King, he placed Boyd at the head of the Com- 
mittee on Accounts. That gentleman, the very next day, 
rose in his place and asked to be excused from serving. 
His request was granted, and Mr. King was reinstated. 
Boyd felt that experience, business qualities, and fearless- 
ness in dealing with claimants and persons of all sorts 
employed in connection with contingent expenses, which 
Mr. King had shown himself to possess, were necessary 
in that situation. The transaction was creditable to all 
parties. 

On the 10th of February, 1848, Mr. King again intro- 
duced a Memorial of the Society of Friends in New 



22 

England, praying for a speedy termination of the Mex- 
ican war, and moved that it be referred and printed. 
The latter point particularly awakened a similar contest, 
as in the preceding Congress, but this time he prevailed. 
The debate was quite animated. He was ably supported 
by his colleague, Mr. Palfrey. The House refused to lay 
the motion on the table by a yea and nay vote of ninety- 
three to eighty-one, and ordered the printing by a vote, 
taken in the same manner, of ninety-eight to eighty- 
three. On the 17th of March, he resisted successfully an 
attempt to reduce the number of copies, to be printed, of 
the Annual Agricultural Report prepared by the Commis- 
sioner of Patents. Whenever an opportunity occurred 
he was on hand to vindicate the claims and interests of 
the farming population, with earnestness and energy. 

The 31st Congress met December 3, 1849. No choice 
of a Speaker of the House was made until December 
2 2d, when Howell Cobb of Georgia was elected in pur- 
suance of a Resolve passed by the House, that after a 
certain number of ineffectual ballots, a plurality should 
elect ; Mr. Cobb receiving, on the sixty-third roll call, 
102 votes out of 221 cast. Mr. Winthrop received 99. 
Eight members voted persistently for David Wilmot. 
Mr. King was continued in his place as Chairman of the 
Committee on Accounts, being the only whig to which 
that position on a Standing Committee was conceded. 
On the 24th of June, 1850, he made a zealous effort to 
extend and complete the provisions of law in favor of 
the soldiers of the war of 1812. 

While in Congress Mr. King confined himself mostly 
to incidental debates in connection with the current busi- 
ness of legislation, and to discussions, often partaking of 
a free conversational character, on various subjects and 



23 

questions, arising from hour to hour. He was not much 
given to what is called speech-making ; although led, in a 
few instances, by his sense of duty, to address the House, 
at length, in elaborate efforts. On the 4th of February, 
1847, the House being in committee of the whole on the 
state of the Union, when by usage members are allowed 
to speak on any subject, and range over the whole field 
of legislation and politics, he discussed the subjects of 
the Privateer Fund, Naval Asylums, and the Mexican 
war. On the latter topic he gave full expression to his 
views in bold and eloquent language. A few extracts 
will show the style and spirit of his remarks. 

"Believing that the war did not exist by the act of 
Mexico — and was unjust, inexpedient and wanton, I 
voted against the measure, and from that day to this, 
although I have been assailed by the minions of Execu- 
tive power, and the defenders of Executive usurpation, 
in this House, and out of the House — although I have 
been stigmatized as a coward and a traitor by a venal 
party press here and elsewhere, I have sought no oppor- 
tunity of denying, explaining, excusing, or retracting my 
position. In my judgment this war was bad in its incep- 
tion, has been bad in its progress, and nothing but evil 
can be its consequences. A treaty might have been 
made, and peace secured, without recourse to those last, 
worst arguments, the cannon, the sword, and the bayonet ; 
but the object desired was, not peace with Mexico, but a 
piece of Mexico. In a minority of fourteen I voted 
against this war upon a feeble and distracted, a priest- 
ridden and faction-torn sister Republic. For this Ave 
have been denounced as traitors and cowards. If an 
earnest desire to save my country from ruin and disgrace 
be treason, then am I a traitor ; if the fear to do wrong 



24 

make a man a coward, then am I a coward. I will make 
no empty boast of an ardent love of country, but I mean 
that my life and conduct shall manifest it. I hear many 
men talk of their willingness to shed their last drop of 
blood in this Mexican war, but most of them are careful 
not to expose themselves where they may shed the first 
drop. Some of our political friends, and many of our 
political opponents, have kindly warned those who oppose 
the prosecution of this war, of the fate of those who 
opposed the war of 1776, and the war of 1812. There 
is no similarity in the cases. Then great principles were 
involved. We had an enemy every way our equal, 
except in a noble enthusiasm for the right, and a devoted 
love of country. In those wars we laid up a rich store 
of renown. I would not risk the proud trophies won by 
our brave soldiers and sailors. They are too precious to 
be trampled in vulgar dust, or to be draggled in inglo- 
rious gore. We have been warned that opposition to this 
war would make us unpopular. An honest, independent 
freeman, will ask, is the measure right? not, will it be 
popular ? He may be willing to court popular favor, but 
he will never become her slave. Popularity is a frail 
staff. The consciousness of meaning right and doing 
right will sustain a man in this life, and, at its close, be 
the ministering angel of peace and hope. A friend of 
the President in this House, a gentleman from Virginia, 
has said, 'he would show no mercy till the war was 
ended. If he could have his own way, one blow should 
follow another without mercy' — and in the bitterness of 
his wrath he did not spare those fourteen, who, he said, 
'were destined to be famous in story, and, so help him 
Heaven, so far as his own fame and future reputation 
were concerned, he would infinitely rather be the poorest 



25 

volunteer whose bones mouldered on the banks of the 
Eio Bravo, with no stone to mark his grave, no requiem 
but the wild bird's shriek and the howling winds, than the 
mightiest whig orator who thundered forth his denuncia- 
tions of the war.' Now, sir, I am no orator, as the gen- 
tleman is ; and about the manner of living, of dying, and 
of burial, there may be a difference of taste. But I 
would prefer, after having enjoyed all life's blessings, 
and performed all life's duties, to wrap the drapery of 
my couch about me, and, without braggart boasting or 
unmanly fears, await my last solemn hour. I would that 
my friends should drop a few natural, though unavailing, 
tears, and then that they should carry out my bier to 
some sequestered spot, where overarching trees might 
drop their autumnal leaves ; and there, if the hand of 
affection should ever raise a stone, let it bear only this 
inscription — a lover of peace, of liberty, of his 

COUNTRY HE VOTED AGAINST THE MEXICAN WAR. I 

have, perhaps, as little desire for a mausoleum as the 
gentleman, but since he has given me a lecture, let me 
say to him, the best monument for this world, and the 
best hope for the future, is a well spent life ; the gentle- 
man's ideal of a welL spent life would lead him to these 
Mexican wars ; why, then, does he not go where glory 
waits him?" 

In the foregoing passages reference is had to a vote in 
the House on the 11th of May, 1846, on a bill declaring 
that a state of war existed between this country and 
Mexico — 174 voted in the affirmative, and 14 in the 
negative, including among the latter, J. Q. Adams, Ash- 
mun, Grinnell, Hudson, and D. P. King of Massachu- 
setts. 

A member from South Carolina had declared that 



26 

"every foot of territory we shall permanently occupy 
south of thirty-six degrees, thirty minutes, will be Slave 
territory :" he affirmed this to be "the known determina- 
tion of the southern people," expressing a belief that the 
North and West would not "resist to the death" such a 
consummation, and that "the Union will never be dis- 
solved on that question." He planted his conviction on 
tf the laws of God;" and in answer to a question put by 
another member, had the assurance to say, "I will answer 
for God ; because the opinion is written in his revealed 
word. I can speak authoritatively on this point." In 
reply to his arrogant positions, Mr. King said. 

"The gentleman may represent the South, and probably 
does ; but he has shown no credentials from heaven, and 
the North is here to speak for itself. Because the North 
has already yielded much, the South expects greater con- 
cessions ; because, by strategem or treason, they have got 
possession of the outposts, they now expect us to surren- 
der the very citadel. For once, let the South know that 
some northern men have northern principles ; that though 
they love their favor and approbation much, they love 
more the favor and approbation of their own neighbors 
and constituents. On this great question of the extension 
of slavery, with all its fearful consequences, let it never be 
said of any one representative of the free states, that he 
sold his vote, and, like the base Judean, for a few pieces 
of dirty silver, threw away a pearl worth more than all 
prospects of political advancement, worth more than all 
prospects of earthly enjoyment." Alluding to the "undy- 
ing fame" of Nathan Dane, for having rescued the north- 
western territories of the Union from slavery, by the 
ordinance of 1787, he concluded his speech as follows. 
"If, in 1847, his successor can achieve no such renown, 



27 

he will at least, on this ground, stand firm, that by no 
voluntary servitude of his, by no treason against duty, 
conscience, humanity, and heaven, shall slavery ever be 
tolerated in any territory hereafter to be acquired ; by no 
deed of his shall the glorious memories of the past be 
tarnished, or the bright hopes and prospects of the future 
be clouded." 

The speech throughout was free and fluent in style and 
thought, glowing in diction, warm in its coloring, and 
fearless in tone and manner. 

On the 21st of May, 1850, he made another elaborate 
speech, in committee of the whole on the state of the 
Union, discussing mainly the California question, then 
pending, and the ordinance of 1787. There are passages 
in this speech, particularly interesting, as they may be 
considered his farewell expressions of gratitude to the 
constituency that had given him such a steadfast and 
generous support. An event was wrapped up in the folds 
of an inscrutable and not far distant future, that would 
terminate forever his relations to them and all sublunary 
things. We receive his utterances, on this occasion, as 
attestations of the approving conscience, with which, as 
about to leave the world, he looked back upon his con- 
gressional career. 

The speech is an able and interesting argument and 
protest against the extension of slavery. The first para- 
graph, which, being personal in its allusions, is all that it 
is particularly pertinent to insert in this memoir, is as 
follows : 

"Mr. Chairman : — I am not certain that I should not 
congratulate myself that I have been recognized by you, 
although, with many other members of more agility, I 
have been for some days practising the athletic exercise 



28 

of jumping for the floor. In the uncertainty of obtaining 
it I have not given myself that careful preparation be- 
fitting the attempt to speak on a subject so important. I 
have been a patient listener, and a careful reader of the 
speeches which have been made here and in the other 
wing of the capitol, but I have little expectation that I 
shall be able to add one ray to the flood of light, or to 
contribute a single item to the fund of information which 
has been accumulated. For me, there is not that excuse 
so frequently given for desiring to address the House, for 
I have made no speech which I desire to modify, I have 
given no vote which I wish to explain, I have occupied 
no position which I have found it necessary to fortify or 
define, and I have taken no step which I wish to retrace. 
Nor do I attempt to awaken the echoes of this hall, that 
their reverberations may be heard in far off Massachu- 
setts. I have surveyed my District from its Atlantic 
shores to its western limits, and from the metropolis of 
the State to its northern borders, but can find no such 
town, hamlet, or precinct, as Buncombe. I have a most 
charitable, confiding, and generous constituency, who bur- 
den me with no instructions, and vex me with no remon- 
strances. They know that I mean faithfully to watch 
their interests, and fearlessly and honestly to make my 
record. They know that I opposed the unconstitutional 
admission of Texas ; that I voted against the wicked 
Mexican war ; and that I have declared, on this floor, my 
determination that by no act of mine, shall one foot of 
Slave territory be added to this country. They expect 
from me a straightforward, consistent course. In the con- 
viction that words are but the puny children of earth, and 
firm, resolute, determined actions the full grown sons of 
heaven, I have not thought it necessary to waste precious 



29 

time in idle discussion and fruitless argument. My com- 
mission is not to exasperate, nor to agitate ; not to labor 
to round a period or polish a sentence against slavery, 
but to act for liberty." 

On the 10th of July, 1850, the day on which the death 
of President Taylor was announced to the two Houses of 
Congress, Mr. King left Washington, on a visit to his 
home, to attend to some business requiring his presence 
there. He had previously been somewhat unwell, but it 
was not supposed by others, nor perhaps apprehended by 
him, that there was anything alarming or serious in his 
indisposition. The pleasing anticipations of a return to 
his quiet and retired home, after the exhausting labors 
and exciting cares of that critical period of our public 
affairs, seemed to revive his strength. He appeared to 
be as well as usual, and felt the benefit of rest for a few 
days ; but the seeds of latent disease were too deep to be 
eradicated. The fatal effects soon became apparent, and 
he died July 25th. His return and illness had hardly 
become known, beyond the immediate neighborhood ; 
and when his death was announced, the shock was deeply 
felt by the people of his District, of the Commonwealth, 
and throughout the Country. 

Although there was no appearance of ruggedness in his 
frame, his health had generally been good. His well 
known habits of simplicity of living, the pure air that 
swept over his beautiful fields, all the circumstances of 
his happy and innocent life, his cheerful aspect, and fresh 
and still youthful complexion, all had given promise of at 
least the ordinary length of days, and rendered his death 
as inexplicable as it was surprising. It cannot be doubted, 
I think, that a residence, for larger portions of so many 
years, in a manner so different from that of his farmer 



30 

home, subject to such irregularity of hours, perpetually 
pressed upon by such responsible duties, had slowly but 
utterly sapped the foundations of a constitution originally 
perhaps quite delicate ; and the flame of life was extin- 
guished with a breath. 

The following letter shows how the intelligence was re- 
ceived in Washington : 

House of Representatives, U. 8., } 

Washington, Friday, 26th July, 1850, S- 

half past 2 o'clock, P. M. ) 

Dear Sir: — Your telegraphic dispatch of yesterday has this mo- 
ment reached me. I am most deeply grieved to hear of the death of 
my excellent friend and colleague, Mr King. We had been encour- 
aged by the last accounts, to believe that he was quite out of danger, 
and had hoped to see him among us again at an early day. His loss 
will be severely felt by us all. His long experience in Congress, and 
his entire fidelity in the discharge of every duty, had made him a most 
valuable person to his constituents and to the country. There is a 
strong expression of regret for his death, and of respect for his 
memory, throughout the House of Representatives, as the event has 
become known since I commenced writing this letter, and members 
from all parts of the country are speaking of him, as of a just and 
good man whose loss they deplore. 

To-morrow his death will be formally announced in the House, and 
the customary honors be paid to his memory. I should most gladly 
pronounce the eulogy myself, but it seems peculiarly to belong to Mr. 
Rockwell, who has been his messmate and more immediate friend for 
many years. I may perhaps, however, be permitted to add a word, 
expressive of my cordial regard for him in life, and my sincere sorrow 
for his premature death. 

I am, in haste, but very respectfully and truly, yours, 

Robert S. Daniels, Esq. Rob't C. Winthrop. 

In the House of Eepresentatives, immediately after 
reading the journal of the preceding day, on July 27th, 
Mr. Kockwell, of the Berkshire District, announced the 
melancholy event, in interesting and deep felt expressions. 
In the course of a concise and touching eulogy, he bore 
testimony to Mr. King's "unassuming, industrious, and 



31 

conscientious discharge of every duty." "I hesitate not 
to say, that no member has more constantly and faithfully 
devoted his time and talents to the public service than my 
deceased colleague. He was daily, hourly, almost con- 
tinually in his seat, with a clear and constant understand- 
ing of the business under consideration. In the discharge 
of his duties, in the various committees upon which he 
has been placed, he has been alike industrious and exem- 
plary. In attending to the interests of his constituents 
which were manifold, as his district was a highly com- 
mercial one, his diligence could, not be exceeded. He 
acted and voted always ; he spoke seldom. In all the 
relations of private life, he was without reproach ; nay, 
more, his life was an active blessing to all around him. 
It was made such by the religious principle, which was 
the living spring of all his conduct. He was an humble, 
active, devoted christian. No pressure of public duty, 
no desire for ease or relaxation, induced him to neglect 
the religious duties, which he deemed as essential and 
proper here as at home ; or the ordinances of the church 
to which he belonged. If to a strange ear this seems the 
language of eulogy, I can only say, I cannot change it, 
for it is the simple truth." 

Mr. Winthrop spoke of him as follows, referring to 
the fact that during the whole seven years of Mr. King's 
service in Congress, he had been associated with him, 
"I can truly say that I have rarely met with a juster 
or worthier man, or with one more scrupulously faith- 
ful to every obligation to his neighbor, his country, and 
his God. 

His devotion as a public servant, his integrity as a pri- 
vate citizen, and the high moral and religious character 
which he sustained in all the relations of life, had endeared 



32 

him not merely to his immediate constituents, but to the 
whole people of Massachusetts ; and there is no one who 
was more likely to receive at their hands, at no distant 
day, the reward of an honorable ambition, in the highest 
honors of his native state. 

He prided himself, as any one may well pride himself, 
on being a good farmer ; and the farmers of his neighbor- 
hood were justly proud of him, as one of the most intel- 
ligent, observing and scientific of their number. 

We may well count it, sir, among the consolations of 
this hour, that he was permitted by a kind Providence, 
after so long a detention amid these scenes of strife, to 
revisit his native fields, to die under his own roof, sur- 
rounded by his family and friends, and to lie down at 
last beneath the soil which he had adorned with his hand, 
and which was so dear to his heart." 

Joseph R. Chandler, of Philadelphia, is everywhere 
recognized as a man of genius, culture, taste, and learn- 
ing. No mind is more richly stored with the treasures of 
elegant literature. He followed Mr. Winthrop in ex- 
tended remarks, of which the following are passages. 

"It would, I think, be injustice to our late fellow mem- 
ber — to the claim which his abundant virtues had upon 
the respect of all with whom he was in any way associated 
— to imagine that the afflictive rod of Providence had not 
reached beyond the State of which the deceased was one 
of the Representatives in this House. 

Wherever the Hon. Daniel P. King cultivated an ac- 
quaintance he made a friend. That circumstance, sir, has 
bowed a thousand hearts to the blow which Providence 
has inflicted in the death of our lamented friend. On 
that ground, sir, I speak, not for myself alone, nor to 
occupy the attention of this House with any expression 



33 

of my proper sorrow ; but in this solemn moment, when 
the eyes of the House are turned towards the seat now 
left vacant, to say that the associates — the household 
companions — the members of the mess of which Mr. 
King formed a part, have a peculiar grief in the depriva- 
tion which his death has brought. We had found him, 
sir, accomplished in all the riches of classic study, and 
able to command, for the delight of social intercourse, 
the treasures of science and the arts, while his attain- 
ments, and the profitable use to which he could apply 
them, were exhibited with a modesty that seemed to be 
alarmed at the admiration which such attainments, and 
such a use of them, naturally excited. Nothing with him 
remained unproductive, the wide-spread farm, the well 
stored intellect, and the treasures of domestic affection, 
year by year, augmented in beauty and usefulness, by 
well directed skill and careful cultivation. 

Mr. King, sir, was a gentleman — a gentleman of that 
school which teaches self-abnegation when the feelings 
and views of others are concerned. The apparent diffi- 
dence of his manners for a moment concealed the merit 
which lay beneath, but the solid, substantial qualities 
of his heart, and the full cultivation of his intellect, com- 
bined with the gentleness of his manners and the purity 
of his morals, to insure in a little time the respect and the 
affection of his associates. 

Mr. King, sir, was a christian. The virtues to which 
I have already alluded, owed their greatest attraction to 
the christian spirit in which they originated, and in which 
they were exhibited. He was kind and forbearing ; 
watchful over his own words and manners ; and ever 
prompt to aid, by all appropriate means, those whose 
condition appealed to his superior attainments or larger 



34 

possessions. And the bland courtesy of the gentleman 
blended in perfect harmony with the meekness and purity 
of the christian. And if I were called on to present, 
from public life, the true exemplification of the christian 
gentleman, I know of no character that would more beau- 
tifully illustrate the idea, and supply the model, than that 
of Daniel P. King. 

The terrible aflliction that has made desolate the home 
of those that gathered into the domestic circle of the 
deceased, is not to be described. The arm upon which 
filial reverence leaned with confidence, is palsied by death 
— the heart, which the purest affections shared, has ceased 
to beat; and sorrow that springs from such a visitation, 
is too sanctified for us to disturb — the expression of sym- 
pathy itself might be an intrusion. 

There are few in this hall, I imagine, Mr. Speaker, 
who had not some knowledge of the character of the 
deceased ; and none, I venture to say, who had not a 
respect for him just in proportion to that knowledge. I 
confess that, though older than he, I had learned to love 
the man for the beautiful simplicity of his character ; to 
admire him for his social virtues, and to respect him for 
his enviable attainments. The friendship, which was con- 
sequent upon intercourse, was a prize which made life 
delightful, and the pain consequent upon his unexpected 
death, deprives the grief of utterance. I was proud of 
his friendship as I was covetous of his intercourse. He 
was kind in granting both to me. 

"But greater gifts were his — a happier doom, 
A brighter genius, and a purer heart; 
A fate more envied, and an earlier tomb." 

A similar tribute was paid in the Senate, by John 
Davis of Massachusetts, and both Houses instantly ad- 
journed. 



1449180 



35 



At a convention of the whigs of his Congressional 
District, held at Salem, August 8th, 1850, resolutions 
were passed, expressing the deep sense entertained by 
his fellow citizens of all parties, of the loss they had sus- 
tained, in the death of their "honored and beloved Repre- 
sentative," in the following terms : 

" Besolved, That by his private virtues, his modest worth, and his 
inflexible public principles, he had secured, to a degree never sur- 
passed, their affectionate regard and deep-rooted confidence, 

Besolved, That through his whole course in Congress, by his labors 
on the floor and in committees, by his speeches and his votes, he 
faithfully and uniformly reflected the sentiments and expressed the 
will of his constituents, and, from the beginning to the end, was a 
true Massachusetts Representative." 

These Eesolutions were signed by Nathaniel Silsbee, 
Chairman; and by Joseph B. F. Osgood and William 
Babson, Secretaries. 

In closing the review of his Congressional career, it 
may in brief be said, that he was one of the most useful 
and efficient members of the National Legislature. The 
items that have been presented in this memoir, merely 
indicate certain special duties and efforts. The reports 
he made from the committees to which he was attached, 
and occasional passages occurring in debate, in which he 
bore a part, are too numerous to be given fully and in 
detail. His manner in speaking, as well as his industry 
and accuracy in business, were alike adapted to give 
him influence. He was an easy fluent speaker. His 
voice was pleasing, distinct, and capable of great ex- 
pression and expansion, rising to meet the demands of 
the sentiment, and equal to the exigency of the most 
stormy excitement, to which the great body, assembled 
in the capacious and lofty old hall of the House, was 
then frequently liable to be wrought up. The testimony 
that has been adduced from his associates, is corroborated 



36 

by the reminiscences of the leading minds that noticed 
his course there. They all speak of him as one of the 
most respected members of the successive Congresses to 
which he belonged. 

Mr. King was for many years a Trustee of the Massa- 
chusetts Lunatic Asylum, member of the Essex Histori- 
cal Society, of the Essex Natural History Society, and of 
the New England Historic-Genealogical Society ; and also 
a member and Trustee of the Massachusetts Society for 
promoting Agriculture. He was one of the Vice Presi- 
dents of the National Whig Convention, in 1840, arud. 
President of one of the great annual conventions of the 
whigs of Massachusetts. He was Secretary of the Essex 
Agricultural Society from 1842 to 1844, and one of its 
Vice Presidents and Trustees ever after, to his death. 
He delivered its annual address in 1835. 

Several occasional addresses and orations, delivered by 
him, were published from time to time. His "Eulogy, 
at the funeral of General Gideon Foster, Nov. 3d, 1845," 
with accompanying notes, is a valuable contribution to 
our historical and patriotic literature. His "Address, 
commemorative of the seven young men of Dan vers, who 
were slain at the Battle of Lexington," delivered on the 
sixtieth anniversary of the battle, is a very superior and 
finished performance. In its structure, in its substance, 
in its style, it ranks in the first class of performances of 
the kind, penetrated with and inspiring the warmest and 
loftiest love of country and liberty ; a stream of pure 
elegance of diction and illustrations from the opening to 
the close, and proving %it in his early education, and in 
the seclusion of his home, he had cultivated his taste, and 
enriched his mind, by the study of the masters of Eng- 
lish undefiled. 



37 

The following extract from remarks made by him, at a 
meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Essex Agricul- 
tural Society, on the death of his immediate predecessor 
in Congress, the Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, is a specimen 
of the style of the one, and a just portraiture of the 
other. 

"Many have admired the fluent and silver-toned elo- 
quence of his tongue ; more have admired the noble 
generosity and warmth of his heart. Intercourse with a 
sordid world did not make him selfish ; in the bustle of 
political strife, and in the noisy turmoil of party conflict, 
he never lost his equanimity or his self respect. Envy 
and jealousy found no resting place in his pure bosom. 
His opponents were never his enemies ; if they would not 
adopt his opinions, they could not withhold their respect 
and esteem for the man. The broad mantle of his charity, 
so seldom needed by himself, he was ever ready to throw 
over the errors and faults of others. He loved good men 
of every party and sect, and did homage to virtue and 
sincerity wherever he found their shrine. In his own 
loved Commonwealth and in distant states, he had many 
warmly attached friends, many lovers of liberty and their 
country, who esteemed him worthy of higher honors, and 
who will lament his death as a public loss. 

Descended from a puritan family, Mr. Saltonstall made 
an honored name more honorable ; of New England 
stock, he was worthy to represent the stern virtues of 
New England ; they were his pride and his only boast. 
Truth, honor, and virtue, he worshipped always, not be- 
cause of the sure and adequate reward which they pay, 
nor because it is fashionable occasionally to make a 
pilgrimage to their altars, but because for their own 
sakes, he loved truth, and honor, and virtue. Liberty, 



38 

religion, and holiness, he loved, and his reverence for 
God was habitual and controlling. We shall no more 
here be cheered by his presence, animated by his elo- 
quence, or counselled by his wisdom ; we shall no more 
meet him in this world, but if faithful to our trusts and 
duties, we shall meet him in happier regions." 

Of Mr. King's moral and personal character, one who 
had the best means of judging, has left this testimony : 
"In private life, it is too little to say of him that he was 
without reproach, and hardly too much, that he was every- 
thing that a man should be, in all his relations to his 
family and his fellow men." The following beautiful and 
touching passages are from discourses delivered in the 
church, to which he belonged, on the Sunday after his 
funeral, by its then Pastor, Mr. F. P. Appleton. The 
text was from John, xviii, 4. 

"Such thoughts as these, my friends, have come this 
last week, as I have remembered the life, and seen the 
death, of one who has been the true friend to me and to 
many of you ; known to you all, through a series of 
years of public life. A faithful friend, an honorable 
man, and one who strove to be a christian. Kestraining 
the strong language which love and gratitude urge me to 
use, I speak of him and his life, calmly, as the truth bids. 

Suddenly as he died, when a score of years for future 
usefulness seemed prophesied by his calm energy, and 
health unbroken by any excess — suddenly as he laid his 
armor by, his work was done. More truly of him, than 
of most, it can be said, 'he accomplished the work his 
Father gave him to do.' Because as I well know, he 
looked to that Father for guidance, and heeded his word. 
Because he trusted God more than man, and tried to 
serve man by serving his God. His work was accom- 



39 

plished ; because whenever it came, in whatever form, his 
aim was to do it faithfully. The slight duty was re- 
spected even as the greatest — that which but one would 
ever hear of, no one but God, promptly as though a mil- 
lion eyes were watching. He helped the poor widow, 
earnestly and willingly as he did the well known and 
powerful — and it is such virtue as this, the Angels of 
Heaven smile down upon. He worshipped his God, and 
loved his Savior, and was kind to the unfortunate, alike 
where these virtues were, and were not, popular. Mature 
himself in years, one at least I know, had good reason to 
feel that he sympathized with and encouraged youth. 

Amid the wild turmoil of passion and corruption in our 
nation's councils, he kept his nobleness of purpose. His 
quiet word weighed much there, because a man spoke it." 

The following, from an eminent and everywhere es- 
teemed clergyman of the Episcopal Church, will be read 
with interest : 

In the year 1816, Daniel P. King and myself were pupils together in 
Phillips Academy, Andover. He was a beautiful, intelligent, well 
dressed, and well bred boy ; very neat in his person, and very civil in 
his manners. It so happened, I cannot tell how, that he chanced to 
have his seat with me in the school room. The arrangement of seats 
and desks was so that the pupils sat by couplets, and he and I occu- 
pied seats together. An acquaintance followed, which grew, almost 
instantaneously, into a warm, earnest and enduring friendship. Not- 
withstanding the difference of age and condition between us — he very 
much my junior, a child of wealth and of every favorable prospect, 
and I a poor charity scholar — yet it was a circumstance which I was 
proud of, and have been to this day, that he habitually sought my 
company, often in preference to that of the pleasanter companions of 
his own age. 

In 1817 he invited me urgently to spend a short vacation at his 
father's, in Danvers. It was a delightful week, one to be remembered 
by me. I had the pleasure not only of making the new acquaintance 
of his parents, but that of seeing him, my young friend, in his home. 
I was received very cordially, and with the kindest hospitality. The 



40 

father was a man of very decided expression, like that of one who 
expects obedience. His manner, relative to the son, was that of one 
who having been always obeyed, was gratified in showing the power 
which the son gained thereby. A chaise was always at hand for our 
pleasure, and Daniel, in driving over all parts of Danvers and vicinity, 
related with surprising minuteness and precision, historical events, 
traditions, and hearsays, as we passed along; some of them of a 
public, some, not less interesting, of a more restricted character. 
His quick and ready memory of names, persons and particulars, was 
then remarkable, imbuing his narrations with a charm. And after- 
wards, perhaps (as I have often supposed), might have given him 
very great advantage in the position of presiding officer of a digni- 
fied assembly. He had from his boyhood, a great exactness of mind, 
which came out in personal appearance, and might be seen in a not 
over done, but very agreeable civility. Though I knew him intimately 
at school and at College, in the time of life and circumstances when 
such things are to be expected, if ever, not an act, not a word of 
rudeness, ever came to my observation. 

I went to College the year before him. He entered Harvard in 1819. 
Our intimacy was continued in Cambridge, and was such that I have 
inadvertently been betrayed into speaking of him as a classmate. 
The same exemplary deportment, habitual to him, was sustained 
through his College life. 

After leaving College we interchanged visits, though but seldom 
comparatively; and we met occasionally. Our abated frequency of 
intercourse was not his fault. We were settled in different lines of 
life. Settled in Lowell, in circumstances that required every moment, 
and much more than all of my time, I had little opportunity for the 
calls of pleasure and of friendship. He visited me repeatedly in 
Lowell, and I him in Danvers. But we always regretted that we met 
so seldom. I blame myself that I did not make the occasions of 
meeting more frequent. 

The last time I saw him, his expressions of affection were as fresh 
and as hearty as ever. Referring to a mutual friend, our conversation 
turned to religion, a subject which he never shunned, but often and 
freely introduced. It was so at our last interview, which neither of 
us could have suspected of being our last. He was led to speak freely 
of his religious views, showing that the serious impressions of his 
early days had remained with him.' Having observed his mind seem- 
ingly imbued with religious feeling — through school and through 
College, to ripened man, to settled life — it was gratifying to find that 
the husband, the father, the scientific agriculturist, had preserved the 
same in the positions of social distinction, and political station which 



41 

he occupied. And pleasing indeed is the remembrance derived from 
the end as from the beginning of our intercourse, of the same simplic- 
ity of religious impression, the same freshness and ardor of friend- 
ship. 



D. Webster King, Esq. 

My Dear Sir : — I hope I am not too late in this small contribution 
to the memory of your loved and honored father. I found your letter 
on my return home, and beg to be excused for the tardiness of this 
reply. Yours truly, 

Theodore Edson. 

The Rev. Charles C. Sewall, now of Medfield, who, 
for many years, as Pastor of the Church in Danvers, to 
which Mr. King belonged, had enjoyed the best possible 
opportunity of knowing him intimately and thoroughly, 
in a beautiful speech at the festival of the centennial cele- 
bration at Danvers, June 16th, 1852, thus bore testimony 
to his worth. 

"There were several marked features, both in the pub- 
lic and private character of Mr. King, which render it a 
grateful duty to commemorate him as you, Mr. President, 
have done, and as others have elsewhere done. They 
also make it an imperative duty to commend his example 
frequently to the young and aspiring minds in the com- 
munity, for their regard and imitation. His high sense of 
honor, leading him always to preserve self respect, and 
to guard against the slightest cause for just reproach 
from others ; his quiet industry and patient labor — both 
with the hands and the head — his firmness of purpose 
and ready obedience to every call of duty ; his incorrup- 
tible integrity ; his generous, and often concealed benevo- 
lence ; his love for the place of his birth ; his interest in 
the schools and the churches ; his endeavors in every way 
to promote knowledge and virtue in the community : his 
love of country ; his labors and influence in the councils 
6 



42 

of the state and the nation ; his watchful attention to 
every measure which might help to secure the glory of 
the land, and to further the best interests of humanity; 
all these are well known here. And it cannot too often 
be repeated to the young, that it was by such a course of 
life, he raised himself to an eminence which commanded 
universal esteem and confidence, made him an honor to 
his native town, and a benefactor to his country." 

The Hon. John G. Palfrey, who had previously ad- 
dressed the company, had said, "I cannot close without 
paying my tribute of respect to the memory of your late 
distinguished fellow citizen, the Representative of this 
District in the Congress of the United States. I knew 
him well. As colleagues in the Thirtieth Congress, our 
public duties brought us into daily intercourse. During 
our most agreeable and intimate frendship, I felt a grow- 
ing respect for his sound intellect, his warm patriotism, 
and his reliable judgment. The faithful and conscien- 
tious performance of all his duties as a friend, a citizen, 
and a statesman, justly entitle Mr. King to the name of 
a christian patriot. 

Without enlarging upon his many sterling qualities, 
which have already been alluded to by several speakers, 
I cannot better illustrate his entire devotion to public 
business — which was equalled only by the warm and 
genial impulses of his heart — than by relating an inci- 
dent which is still fresh in my recollection. , 

On the occasion to which I allude, the House had been 
occupied for several days in the discussion of an important 
question of public policy. The debate was now draw- 
ing to a close, and the House had remained in session 
(luring the entire night. Towards morning I approached 
his scat, and observed that he met my salutation with a 






43 

countenance less bland, and a response less cordial than 
usual. Knowing the deep interest he had felt in the 
debate, I naturally attributed his unwonted manner to the 
fatigue we all felt from our protracted sittings. I play- 
fully alluded to these circumstances, and, in reply, he 
placed in my hands an unsealed letter that lay on his 
table, requesting me to read it. I did so. It contained 
the sad intelligence that a beloved daughter was danger- 
ously sick, and lay, it was feared, at the point of death. 
Perceiving from its date that it must have been in his 
possession for a considerable time, I inquired why he had 
not started for his home immediately on receiving it. f I 
cannot leave,' said he, f until the final vote on this ques- 
tion is taken.' The vote was taken that night, and in a 
few hours he was on his way to Massachusetts ; but, ere 
this, the spirit of his child had departed — his home was 
desolate — and he arrived barely in time to attend the 
funeral." 

Mr. Sewall, in remarking on this statement, as then 
made by Mr. Palfrey, expressed himself as follows, in 
reference to Mr. King. 

"So deeply did he cherish the sense of duty to his 
country and humanity, that he could entirely suppress 
the emotions of an aching breast, and stifle the utterance 
of bereaved and wounded affection. Admirable instance 
of moral firmness, of conscientious adherence to duty, of 
christian faith and fortitude. Worthy is it to be inscribed 
in letters of gold, on the walls of the representative Hall ! 
Worthy is it to be held up for admiration before every 
public man, and every youth in our land ! By them who 
have seen and known Mr. King in his religious life and 
character, it will easily be understood from what source 
such calmness and firmness proceeded. Would to Heaven 



44 

they might be more commonly displayed where like mani- 
festations are needed every day." 

Of Mr. King's intellectual character, it may be said 
that it presents a singular problem. His friends never 
claimed for him the title of a Great Man. It was the last 
thing he would have claimed for himself, or that would 
have been suggested by his aspect as he moved among 
men. But no position was ever found, no crisis ever 
occurred, too great for him. He filled every high place to 
which his remarkable fortune called him, easily, effect- 
ively, nobly. Living in most excited times, and thrown 
to the upper plane of political life, when many, deserv- 
edly called great men, were in the public view, he at- 
tained successes, performed acts, and uttered sentiments 
that arrested attention, and left an impression, surpassed 
by few. The following item is extracted from a news- 
paper, printed soon after Mr. King's death. The enthu- 
siasm of the writer of the lines, was, undoubtedly, excited 
by hearing one of those fervid and earnest pleas for lib- 
erty and human rights, which Mr. King repeatedly uttered 
on the floor of Congress. The extract from the paper is 
here given. 

GRACE GREENWOOD AND HON. MR. KING. 

"The following impromptu lines were addressed to 
Hon. Daniel P. King, a short time previous to his return 
from Washington, by the gifted and pleasing 'Grace 
Greenwood.' They contain a just and handsome com- 
pliment expressed in a playful manner. The wish at the 
close, given at the time, perhaps, when the seeds of his 
fatal malady were in his system, had a significance and 
appropriateness, not imagined at the time they were 
written. 



45 



TO MR. KING. 

Child of the Republic, 

I have never bowed the knee 
To coronets or sceptres, 

To rank or Royalty. 
But when a royal nature, 

Crowned with a royal name, 
Devotes to holy freedom, 

His genius and his fame — 
'Tis then my heart forgets its pride, 

Then to the winds I fling 
My democratic scruples, 

And all that sort of thing. 
. . My spirit owns allegiance, 

And prays, ' God save thee, King.' " 

An explanation of Mr. King's success in public life, is 
desirable, inasmuch as it will shed light upon a subject in 
reference to which it is important that correct views 
should prevail. The class of those who seek to win dis- 
tinction, in the political field, is great in number. To 
them it is well to hold up the example now before us. It 
teaches that the coveted prize is to be won, not by a show 
of great and dazzling qualities, but by preserving a well 
balanced mind, and a reliable moral and personal charac- 
ter. The fact that a person of such unobtrusive deport- 
ment, without any striking qualities of address, always 
entirely ready to take his place, and to be reckoned, 
among common men, and courteously deferring to the 
claims and pretensions of others, should have been 
carried upward to the high places of political life, is a 
phenomenon needing solution. It cannot be disposed of 
by simply repeating what had got to be a prevalent say- 
ing, that he was a "lucky man." In allusion to this ex- 
pression, as applied to him, on one occasion, with a 
disposition to disparage him, as not winning his distinc- 
tion by talent or merit, he remarked, "if to obtain office 



46 

without effort, and without the sacrifice of honor or 
principle, be 'luck,' then have I had my full share." 

Towards the solution of the problem it may, in the 
first instance, be observed that the popular favor, which, 
so early exhibited, steadfastly adhered to him-, was much 
owing to his absolutely unblemished private life and 
character — and also to the fact that having enjoyed the 
best academical and university education, and being in 
possession of means that would have enabled him to com- 
mand the pleasures, embellishments, and ease, of a more 
artistic and stylish mode of life, he continued to the last, 
to retain the habits, occupations and character, and ad- 
here to the condition, of a common working farmer. It 
must also be mentioned that he was a man of caution, 
and excellent judgment, and soon found, for this reason, 
to be a safe leader and representative of other men. An- 
other qualification possessed by him, in its substance 
common, indeed with all true men, but in his case, to so 
high a degree as to constitute an advantage over ordinary 
competitors, was that spirit of patriotism which seems to 
hover over fields tilled by the labor that owns them. De- 
scended from a heroic and intelligent race of this descrip- 
tion, the child of a population that had given Israel and 
Kufus Putnam, and a host of others like them, to the de- 
fence of the laud and its liberties ; inheriting from all his 
progenitors, that inborn, inwrought, instinctive devotion 
to freedom, and right, and country, which has ever 
marked a bold yeomanry ; preserving its purity ; invigo- 
rating its vital energies by reading and reflection; and 
keeping himself, all his life, under its special influence ; 
its inspirations came readily to his lips, and he could 
unerringly strike this key-note, in any assembly, on any 
occasion. 



47 

Daring the interims of his public service, he was not 
often seen beyond the precincts of his homestead, or 
outside of the sphere of a strictly private life. In the 
seclusion of his farm he escaped from many of the em- 
barrassments to which public men are exposed. Although 
largely interested in landed property, often the fruitful 
source of litigation, he is not remembered as ever being 
a party to a law suit. His prudence and correctness in 
business matters, kept him from being involved in specu- 
lations or enterprises in which controversies, and conse- 
quent animosities, are liable to arise. Living quietly at 
home, attending to his own business, in his modest and 
peaceful retreat, he was saved from encountering preju- 
dice, or getting into collision with other men. It is not 
unlikely that to this, may in part, be attributed his stead- 
fast hold upon the general good will. 

Beside and beyond what has been mentioned, there was 
a certain inflexibility of character, running under all his 
actions — not indicated by his manners or aspect, for they 
were mild and complying to a degree, that, to a stranger 
or casual observer, would preclude the idea of anything 
obstinate, or even perhaps, forcible, about him — but 
brought fully to light, whenever a crisis arose, and 
demonstrated in the even and persistent track of his life. 

This trait of character explains his collegiate life. He 
entered the university in his nineteenth year, having out- 
grown all boyish propensities, and nearly reached the 
development of a mature manhood, in his feelings and 
tastes. Of course he had no disposition to engage in the 
frivolities, or amusements, to which more youthful associ- 
ates were inclined. This kept him apart from them. Not 
taking any interest in the races of academic ambition, 
he was left behind by those eagerly engaged in them. 



48 

Thus thrown out of all college circles of association, he 
pursued alone, as it were, his chosen course, which was 
to observe all the regulations of the place, keep clear of 
all its temptations, preserve the purity and simplicity of 
his tastes and habits, and store his mind w r ith useful and 
classic learning. To this line of life, so hard to follow, 
he held on with steadfastness. 

So, also, having chosen agriculture as the vocation of 
his life, he never thought of changing it. Residences for 
months upon months, year after year, in the Metropolis 
of the State, or the Capitol of the Nation — surrounded 
by the fascinations, pomp, ceremony, and style of official 
dignity, and all the excitements and elegancies of the 
highest forms of city life — could not in the least wean 
him from the occupations and modes of his rural home. 
Nothing, indeed, could unsettle his mind, or be suffered 
to divert him from the path of life deliberately chosen. 

So it was in politics. He was a whig from conviction. 
Satisfied that the general policy of that party embraced 
the best interests of the country, he enrolled himself 
under its banner, and nothing, for a moment, ever pre- 
vailed over his allegiance to it. A political organization 
came into existence, in his day, destined to spread, under 
different names from time to time, until it revolutionized 
the nation, and rooted out the institution of slavery. 
The men who formed it, fixed and kept their eye upon 
that one thing, the eradication of slavery. To that they 
subordinated every other consideration. Henry Clay did 
not meet their demands, and they gave the country to the 
democrats, rather than elect him. Robert C. Winthrop 
could not ; and they gave the House of Representatives to 
the democrats rather that re-elect him to the Speaker's 
chair. Mr. King held as strong views on the subject of 
slavery as any anti-slavery man that ever existed ; but he 



49 

was a whig; and firmness and loyalty, the substratum of 
his character, made it impossible for him to be anything 
else — while that party, adhering to its principles, re- 
mained in the field — than a whig. 

So also in religion. From early manhood he was a 
member of the congregation and church of the Unitarian 
Society, in South Danvers, now Peabody. He was an 
intelligent, sincere, devoted, and constant worshipper and 
professor of that form of faith. At home, in Washing- 
ton, or anywhere, he was always found, in reverent com- 
munion, at the altar of prayer, or the table of the Lord, 
with those of that name, however few in number or hum- 
ble in position, and no one would ever have thought of 
the possibility of shaking his convictions. They were 
known to be honest, profound, and earnest, and were 
respected by all. 

In his religious charcter, as in all his other traits, there 
was nothing pretentious or specially demonstrative. He 
sought no outward show of it. He participated in inno- 
cent social converse readily and freely, and not infre- 
quently, in a quiet way, indulged in playful pleasantry. 
Christian principles and sentiments were, however, the 
interior rules of his constant daily life, in official as well 
as in humbler spheres. They led him to the steadfast 
support of religious institutions by his countenance and 
example, and were so deep rooted, and vital in their 
strength, that all persons intimate with him, could not 
fail to recognize them. This is shown in the conviction 
impressed on the minds of his Congressional fellow- 
boarders and messmates. The only instance in which, 
so far as I know, he ever made a declaration of the spirit 
of piety that pervaded his life, is so peculiar, and marked, 
that it may not be improper to adduce it in this memoir. 

7 



50 

No position more thoroughly tests some of the intel- 
lectual and moral faculties than that of a presiding officer 
in a legislative and political assembly. Parliamentary is 
as open to the charge of "glorious uncertainty," as any 
other branch of law. Difficult, complicated, and entan- 
gling questions are constantly arising. They cannot be 
foreseen, and may, at any moment, be sprung upon the 
Chair. They must be met at the instant, and decided on 
the spot. The action of a presiding officer, has some- 
times to bear the character of being peremptory, and is 
liable to wound the feelings, and be felt as unjust and op- 
pressive, in the moment of excitement, by those who are 
curbed or suppressed by it. The position exposes one to 
give offence. Its relation to political friends and oppo- 
nents is equally delicate. The manner in which Mr. King 
conducted himself, in this situation, was much spoken of 
at the time that he was Speaker of the House. It is true 
that he had enjoyed the benefit of experience, in the 
Presidency of the two preceding Senates. But the 
House is, and particularly that year was, a totally differ- 
ent body, and his position was encompassed with extra- 
ordinary perplexities and perils, facing, as he did, an 
adverse majority on the floor, with all the other depart- 
ments and branches of the government against him, 
constantly liable to be embarrassed and ensnared, over- 
ruled and overborne by partizan stratagems, prejudices 
and passions. A house of three hundred and fifty men, 
so equally divided that all had to be present constantly, 
on the watch all the while, to gain or to prevent an advan- 
tage over each other, and thus kept up to a perpetual 
fever heat of political animosity, was indeed a difficult 
body to control. But he held the place with ease, promp- 
titude, and a fairness and ability cordially acknowledged 



51 

by all. The following circumstance I am allowed to 
mention, explains, in part, his success. 

Our esteemed fellow-citizen, the Hon. Allen W. Dodge 
of Hamilton, was a member of the House of 1840, the 
first year of Mr. King's Presidency of the Senate. They 
were intimate political and personal friends. In a free 
unreserved conversation, one evening, in Mr. King's 
room, Mr. Dodge alluded to the importance of the duties 
of the presiding office of the Upper Branch of the Legis- 
ture, expressing his sense of the responsibleness of the 
position. In this connection Mr. King stated that he so 
deeply felt it, that he never left his lodgings to take his 
place in the State House, without first invoking in prayer, 
guidance from Above. 

This declaration, made to a confidential ear, and per- 
haps never uttered to another, gives the key to his success 
in life. It illustrates the conscientious and elevated 
spirit to which he kept his mind attuned. This gave him 
courage, wisdom and power, such as no mere intellectual 
gifts could impart. He who has this lamp to his feet, 
and light on his path, may securely tread the most intri- 
cate and perilous passages of private or public life. 

The idea Mr. Winthrop threw out, in his remarks in 
the House on the death of Mr. King, was fully justified 
by the public sentiment of the Commonwaalth. There 
was a general conviction that in him were combined the 
requisite qualifications and elements of strength, as in no 
other name, to secure success in a state canvass. And it 
cannot be doubted that, if he had lived, an Essex man 
would have been Governor of Massachusetts ; an event 
that has not occurred since the century before the last. 



THE PORT OF SALEM. 



A PAPER READ BEFORE THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 



BY ROBERT S. RANTOUL. 



The Commercial History of Salem is yet to be written. 
Felt, Chever, and others, have gathered a wealth of 
material for such a work, which awaits the touch of the 
master to give it form. Through the flight of the last 
collector of the Royal Revenues to Halifax, taking funds 
and papers with him, at the outbreak of the revolution 
(such is the myth) or, it may be, in some other way, the 
ancient records of the port are, with rare exceptions, lost, 
and those which remain, though several times arranged in 
order, have been as often thrown into confusion by 
hungry antiquaries, autograph-hunters, and claim-agents 
interested in the prize-money of privateersmen. Yet 
where shall the student of commercial history look for a 
fairer field than here ! Writing in 1664, Josselyn could 
say, "in this town are some very rich merchants." Had 
he written two centuries later he might have said as well, 
"no town has contributed so much to the business and 
social preeminence of Boston and New York, as Salem." 

We were of necessity, and from the earliest times, a 
maritime people. Our roll of honor has not been limited 
to the wars in which we have been involved, in common 
with the country, though in these we have done our part. 
But since the day when Roger Conant and his fishing 
company abandoned their settlement of two years at 



53 

Cape Ann, and removed to Naumkeag, in 1626, — since 
Matthew Cradock, writing from Swithen's Lane, London, 
Feb. 16th, 1629, advised Gov. Endicott to prepare re- 
turn cargoes of the products of the colony, "such as fish, 
two or three hundred firkins of sturgeon, timber, sassa- 
fras, sarsaparilla, sumack, silk-grass and beaver," — ever 
since Hugh Peters, in 1635, "moved the country to raise 
a stock for fishing," and in 1641 induced the merchants 
to build a ship of three hundred tons, and in 1647 gave 
his share of a small barque to the town, commerce and 
the fisheries have gone hand in hand, the stay and reliance 
of this colony, and the moving cause of our enterprise 
and progress in general intelligence and prosperity. 

There is not an ocean upon which our seamen have not 
illustrated the name of Salem, by deeds of daring and 
generous heroism ; there is not an island, nor a sunken 
rock in our harbor, but has its silent tale of midnight 
shipwreck, of rich galleons foundered in sight of home, 
of hardy sailors perishing after a fruitless voyage, amid 
the terrors of our winter coast. 

Our merchants gathered in the fruits of all climates, 
the wealth of every land. To what thousands has their 
enterprise given employment and the means of life ! 
What bravery, what hardy vigor — what well-earned 
wealth has been wrung from perils of sea and storm, of 
savage tribes and unknown coasts ! Nothing less should 
be said of those who followed the "great sea business of 
fishing," and if the inventor of salt-fish was commemo- 
rated by a statue in the market place at Athens, as one of 
the benefactors of Greece, nothing less is due from the 
people of Salem, to those hardy pioneers who built up 
our fisheries, and made them to be, in 1708, "the chief 
staple of the country." 



54 

In 1677 the First Church kept a fast because the 
Indians had taken "no less than thirteen ketches of Sa- 
lem, and captivated the men." 

1689, we had sixty fishing ketches. 

1698, two ships of eighty and two hundred tons, a 
barque, three sloops, and twenty ketches, nearly all 
Salem built. 

1721, Collector Blechynden states that he is clearing 
eighty vessels a year, on an average, from this district. 

1775, sixty sail of shipping; fifty fishermen. 

1789, ten arrivals from Salem, and one from Beverly, 
at the Isle of France ; from Boston five, from Philadel- 
phia two, and five others. 

1805, we have fifty- four ships, eighteen barques, sev- 
enty-two brigs, eighty-six schooners. Five ships build- 
ing, and forty-eight vessels round the Cape. 

1806, seventy-three ships, eleven barques, and forty- 
eight brigs in foreign commerce. 

1807, sixty ships, seven barques, forty-two brigs, forty 
schooners, three sloops in the merchant service ; one 
hundred fishermen and coasters. Total tonnage, 43,570 
tons. 

Salem had eight hundred men upon the ocean, imper- 
illed by the declaration of war in 1812. In 1815 fifty- 
seven vessels were registered as of Salem, and ^.ve Salem 
vessels returned from India after the return of peace, 
while one from all the other ports had completed that 
voyage. In 1816 forty-two Indiamen had sailed and six- 
teen returned since the war. In 1821 we had one hun- 
dred and twenty-six vessels in foreign commerce, fifty- 
eight of them in the India trade, and in 1822, one 
hundred and fifty -nine. In 1833-4 about half our ship- 
ping sails from other ports than Salem ; yet in 1842 the 






55 

tonnage still owned here, was about as large as ever, 
41,394 tons. Our interest in the fisheries, which had 
disappeared, was replaced on the records by thirteen 
whalers. In 1847 seventy-eight vessels were cleared on 
foreign voyages. Such is the extraordinary record, al- 
most brilliant enough to redeem the dull monotony of 
statistics ; almost unintelligible to us who are left behind, 
wondering what the Bethel was built for, and why Charter 
street and Liberty street were paved with cobble-stones. 
Cargoes of tea disposed of on Essex street, — several, 
sometimes, in a week ; merchants coming here to buy, 
from New York and Philadelphia ; five Indiamen in a day 
coming up the harbor ; the whole town on tip-toe for the 
owner's signals ; the greetings after a year's voyage ; the 
stories of foreign lands ; the unfolding of odd little ven- 
tures and curious presents ; all these, with the more 
heroic incidents of shipwreck, piracy and war, make the 
past of Salem a dramatic picture. 

Although her prosperity culminated during the early 
years of the present century, Salem had large interests 
on the ocean, which she was not slow to risk, in the revo- 
lutionary struggle. She was the first to unfold the old 
"pine tree" standard of liberty to wondering British eyes, 
in March, 1775. The first commissioned privateer of the 
revolution, sailed from this district — the schooner "Han- 
nah" of Beverly. Her papers, signed by Washington, 
were issued Sept. 3d, 1775, and the schooner "Lee," of 
Marblehead, took the second papers, issued in October. 
From this port sailed, Jan. 3d, 1786, the "Grand Turk," 
the first New England ship -— perhaps the first American 
ship — to double the Cape for Canton. And in June, 
1790, was entered at this Custom House, in the famous 
ship "Astrea," a cargo of tea, the manifest of which, 



56 

seven feet long, is still on file, said to have been the first 
cargo of tea imported in an American bottom. Salem 
claims also to have first showed the "Stars and Stripes" 
on the coast of Sumatra and of Jamaica. In 1817 our 
wealth and culture were represented in the Mediterra- 
nean by the "Cleopatra's Barge," a floating palace which 
excited wonder even at Genoa, for her "beauty, luxury 
and magnificence." While, in that year, we had fifty- 
three vessels engaged in the India trade. Even now the 
to nage hailing from Salem, because owned here, is very 
considerable, but more of it may be seen in any of the 
large ports than in our own harbor. That spirit of enter- 
prise which carried the flag of the country from this 
ancient harbor into unknown seas ; which made the name 
of Salem familiar wherever trade penetrated or civil- 
ization ventured ; the name of the Salem merchant a 
synonym for honor, intelligence and vigor, the world 
over, has well nigh deserted us. Notable exceptions — 
distinguished merchants, worthy of the better days — we 
have; but in obedience to the laws of trade, inexorable 
as gravitation, which take both buyer and seller to the 
largest market, our eastern commerce, the glory of the 
past, has spread its white wings and sailed away forever. 
Its history alone remains to us. May it soon find a 
chronicler worthy of so rich a subject ! 

That Mr. Hawthorne, with two and a quarter centuries 
of Salem blood in his veins, was not indifferent to facts 
like these, appears from the opening chapter of his most 
famous romance, the " Scarlet Letter." Having spoken 
of our lost records as "worthless scratchings of the pen," 
he adds, "yet not altogether worthless, perhaps, as mate- 
rials of local history. Here, no doubt, statistics of the 
former commerce of Salem might be discovered, and 



57 

memorials of her princely merchants — old King Derby, 
old Billy Gray, old Simon Forrester, and many another 
magnate in his day, whose powdered head, however, was 
scarcely in the tomb, before his mountain-pile of wealth 
began to dwindle." And again he suggests the hope that 
he might one day be prompted to write a " regular history 
of Salem." But that subtle genius has passed away and 
left to others the inviting task. Perhaps no such master 
of the English tongue survives him. He filled the sur- 
veyorship of this port for three years, and was superceded 
just after the retirement of Gen. Miller, "New England's 
most distinguished soldier," as he was pleased to call him, 
in 1849. The room occupied by the great romancer, the 
desk on which he wrote, his autograph scratched with the 
thumb-nail under its lid, the stencil-plate with which he 
put his name on packages, that were to carry it, as he 
somewhere says, — where the fame of his writings would 
never penetrate, indeed all the appointments and sur- 
roundings, so scrupulously detailed in his wonderful book, 
are still preserved and examined with interest by tourists. 
For four years, from 1852 to '56, he was Consul of the 
United States at Liverpool. Subsequently he resided at 
Concord, near the " old manse," and other scenes of his 
earlier inspirations. He had been a measurer of salt and 
coal in the Boston Custom House for some years, and a 
resident of Lenox as well as of Concord, but in 1840 he 
had drifted back to the old family mansion in Union 
street, and was writing thus in the dreamy solitude of his 

chamber : 

Salem, October 4. 

" Here I sit, in my old, accustomed chamber, where I used to sit in 
days gone by. Here I have written many tales — many that have been 
burned to ashes, many that doubtless deserve the same fate. This 
claims to be called a haunted chamber, for thousands upon thousands 

8 



58 

of visions heave appeared to me in it ; and some few of them have be- 
come visible to the world. If ever I should have a biographer he 
ought to make great mention of this chamber in my memoirs, because 
so much of my lonely youth was wasted here, and here my mind and 
character were formed, and here I have been glad and hopeful, and 
here I have been despondent. And here I sat a long, long time, wait- 
ing patiently for the world to know me, and sometimes wondering why 
it did not know me sooner, or whether it would ever know me at all — 
at least till I were in my grave." 

Hawthorne died iu May, 1864. His ashes rest in 
Sleepy Hollow Cemetery at Concord. He no longer 
wonders if the world will ever know him. 

The Custom House is an object of interest mainly to 
admirers of Hawthorne. It is visited from far and wide 
by curious travellers, who often expect to find it a build- 
ing of some antiquity. The structure is, how T ever, mod- 
ern, having been erected by government, in 1818-19. It 
stands upon land bought for $5,000, from the heirs of 
George Crowninshield, who married Mary, a daughter of 
Richard, and a sister of Elias Hasket Derby. This lot 
was a portion of the Derby estate, and when sold to the 
government was the site of the Crowninshield mansion 
house, a square, two story, wooden building, of about 
thirty-eight by fifty feet, every way worthy the conspicu- 
ous position of the family. Its substantial proportions 
and elegant appointments, made it compare favorably 
with the Pickman, Derby, and other family mansions 
holding the front rank in the architecture of the times. 
It was finished with heavy pilasters on its water front — 
stood about sixty feet back from Derby street — and was 
surmounted with a cupola, upon the top of which stood, 
with spy-glass at arm's length, scanning the horizon for 
his returning argosies, a merchant in the antiquated garb 
of the pre-revolutionary period, the whole elaborately 
carved in wood. In the rear of the house was a famous 



59 

garden, stocked with luxuries for every sense, from a 
chaise house in the extreme corner of which (burnt about 
1840), a broad avenue led to the carriage door at the side 
of the house. This residence was built by George Crown- 
inshield, the father of Benjamin W. (Secretary of the 
Navy under Madison), also the father of the wife of Sen- 
ator Silsbee, and of other children. It was removed, 
though but sixty or seventy years old, to make way for 
the present structure. 

The lot had been selected May 26th, 1818, from a 
dozen offered in various localities, upon the judgment of 
Willard Peele, Joseph Peabody, Stephen White, Robert 
Stone and John Derby, acting as a committee of mer- 
chants, by request of Hon. Nathaniel Silsbee, then a 
Senator of the United States. John Derby removed his 
warehouse, on the corner of the wharf opposite, in order 
to secure a clear view of the water, and stipulated to 
build no wooden structure in dangerous proximity to the 
lot. As Orange street at its junction with Derby was 
but nineteen feet wide, a strip of land seven or eight feet 
in width was thrown into the street and dedicated to pub- 
lic travel. 

The Custom House was built by contract, under the 
supervision of Perley Putnam and John Saunders, super- 
intendents. The masonry was done by Messrs. William 
Roberts, Ebenezer Slocum, and Peirce L. Wiggin. The 
carpentry by Joseph Edwards and David Lord. And 
their work enjoyed the rare distinction of being com- 
mended, Aug. 24th, 1819, in a report to government, 
made by Joseph Story, Benjamin W. Crowninshield, 
Nathaniel Silsbee, Willard Peele, and Joseph Peabody, 
under whose daily view it had progressed, as "built of 
the best materials, in a faithful and workmanlike manner, 






60 

and for its size and accommodations, with uncommon 
economy and cheapness." 

The plan of the work they pronounce judicious. It 
was substantially that originally proposed, having in view 
the furnishing of a commodious warehouse, rather than 
of accommodations for officers of the revenue. Origin- 
ally the plan contemplated a hipped-roof without slates, 
and no cupola. The broad steps in front, a marked fea- 
ture of the work as it stands, were not in this plan, but 
instead of these, two winding flights of steps approached 
the main entrance on either hand, while four handsome 
pillars, rising to the entire height of the front, supported 
a gable in the angle of which the National emblem, a 
carved eagle and shield, were conspicuously displayed. 
But considerations of economy led to the modification of 
this design. 

Lumber was brought from Maine, expressly for the 
purpose, containing boards, which may be seen in the 
wainscoting, of the very unusual width of twenty-six 
inches in the clear. The stones used for underpining 
were of the native granite of this region, of the common 
gray hue, and were blasted out of bowlders and ledges 
found in the pastures of Danvers. The slate-tiles, which 
are of rare size and thickness, were brought from Wales 
for this work, and the strangely-colored flag-stones in 
front of the building were placed there at a later period, 
being brought from Potsdam, New York, in 1854. From 
a cupola above the building may be had a comprehensive 
view of the city, harbor, shores and islands. Up to the 
present time this substantial work has cost the Treasury 
but $35,418 24. 

Before the erection of this Custom House, and during 
the palmy days of Salem commerce, there was no gov- 



61 

eriiment building provided for the accommodation of 
officers of the revenue. Salem has been an established 
port of entry at least since 1658. Felt, with that grim 
humor in which he says of officers of the customs : "these 
must have existed under some form from the beginning:," 
records, May 19, 1658, "the farmers of the Custom 
House are to have an abatement." In 1663, Hilliard 
Veren was Collector of the Port; and in 1683, Marble- 
head, Beverly, Gloucester, Ipswich, Rowley, Newbury, 
and Salisbury are annexed as members to the Port of 
Salem, by order of the Court of Assistants, and it is de- 
creed that this Port and Boston shall be the lawful ports 
in this colony where "all ships and other vessels shall 
lade, or unlade, any of the plantations, enumerated goods, 
or other goods, from foreign ports, and nowhere else, 
on penalty of the confiscation of such ship or vessel, 
with her goods and tackle, as shall lade or unlade else- 
where." 

Until 1819 the customs officers of the Royal, Colonial 
and Federal revenue, were quartered from time to time 
in various parts of the town. At an early period com- 
merce seems to have centered about Creek street and the 
locality of the present Eastern Railroad Station. This is 
the supposed location of the "Port House on the South 
river," mentioned in an order of the Quarterly Court in 
1636. All the "cannowes of the south Syde, are to be 
brought before the Port House att the same time to be 
viewed by surveiors," who would "sett their mark" upon 
such as they "did allowe of." These "cannowes" were 
dug-outs made of "whole pine trees about two foot and a 
half over and 20 foot long." They were used for trans- 
porting passengers to North and South Salem, before the 
days of bridges, and in them they sometimes went fowl- 



62 

iug "two leagues to sea." There was another port 
house on North river, and much business was done in 
former years on that side of the town, as appears from 
the fact that the schooner "Benjamin," lying at North 
Bridge, was advertising in September, 1785, for freight 
for the Cape of Good Hope. But the port houses may 
have had no direct connection with foreign commerce. 

For thirty-four years the Custom House was in a build- 
ing on the corner of Gedney Court, erected in 1645, and 
known as the French house, having been tenanted by 
French families. The business of customs officers was 
often transacted at their homes. Thus the Collector's 
office was now at Neck gate, now near the First Church 
and again at the corner of North street. And with rota- 
tions in office, and the caprices of landlords, the ship- 
master on leaving port knew not where he might find the 
Custom House at his return. In 1789 it was on the site 
of the First National Bank in Central street. Major 
Hiller was then Collector. In 1805 it was removed, 
under Col. Lee, to the opposite side of the street, where 
a carved eagle and shield, lately restored, still marks the 
spot. In 1807 it was in Essex street for a time, op- 
posite Joseph Peabody's house; in 1811 it was on the 
corner of Essex and Newbury streets, and in 1813 in the 
Central building again, where Col. Lee resided, and 
whence, in 1819 it was removed to the government 
building erected for the purpose at the head of Derby 
wharf. 

In the long list of officers who have sat at the receipt 
of customs at this ancient port occur many names fami- 
liar in our mouths as household words, and honorably 
borne by their representatives of the present day. We 
must refer the student to "Felt's Annals of Salem," for 



63 

information touching most of them, and content ourselves 
with recalling but a few. 

The names of Veren, Bowel itch, Brown and Lynde are 
constantly conspicuous in Salem annals. Jonathan Pue, 
now immortalized in the "Scarlet Letter," became 
"searcher and surveyor" in 1752, and died suddenly in 
office, March 24th, 1760. A century before, in 1667, 
William Hathorn, the lineal ancestor of Nathaniel Haw- 
thorne, Surveyor Pue's famous successor, was designated 
to collect a tonnage tax on foreign vessels measuring 
above 20 tons, of one half-pound of powder for each ton. 
In 1734, William Fairfax, whose name was afterwards 
pleasantly associated with that of Washington, left the 
Collectorship of this port and removed to Virginia, and 
it was upon petition of James Cockle, Collector of 
Salem, for a warrant to search for smuggled molasses, 
heard at the old State House in Boston, February, 1761, 
that James Otis made his immortal plea against writs of 
assistance. 

Since the Revolution the Collectorship has been 
filled as follows i 



INCUMBENT. 


BY WHOM COMMISSIONED. 




WHEN 


Warwick Palfray, 


General Court, 






1776. 


Major Joseph Hiller, 


General Court, and again 


by 


} 


1784. 




Geo. Washington, 






Col. Wm. R. Lee, 


Thomas Jefferson, 






1802. 


Gen. James Miller, 


James Munroe, 






1825. 


Ephraim F. Miller, 


James K. Polk, 






1849. 


William B. Pike, 


Franklin Peirce, 






1857. 


Willarcl P. Phillips, 


Abraham Lincoln, 






1861. 


Robert S Rantoul, 


Abraham Lincoln, 






1865. 



Chas. Warwick Palfray, Ulysses S. Grant, 1869. 

Warwick Palfray was Deputy, or Representative from 
Salem in General Court for the year 1776, with Timothy 



64 

Pickering — a connection by marriage — and others. In 
1774-5, he was a member of the Committee of Safety 
and Correspondence. He was born in Salem, October, 
1715, left the Collectorship in 1783, and died at the age 
of eighty-two, October 10th, 1797. He was a successful 
merchant, and left a large estate, upon which he had re- 
sided, in the neighborhood of Derby street and Long 
(now Union) wharf. Palfray Court perpetuates his name 
and fixes the locality. He lies buried in the Charter 
street ground, and his great-great grandson, the present 
Collector, has a Latin Grammar used by him at the Salem 
Latin School, in 1724, under Master John Nutting, who, 
with several of his pupils, whose signatures, in school-boy 
hand, are found in this book, were afterwards officers of 
the revenue here. It is pleasing to find the loyalty of 
Salem boys to the "Union Jack," and to the maritime 
habits of their fathers, cropping out in pen-and-ink 
sketches of old fashioned craft, with the British flag at 
peak, scribbled over the covers and blank leaves of this 
old grammar. George I. was King in New England, as 
in Old, and to no liege of his, more fitly than to the sons 
of Salem, might he have pronounced those words which 
go singing like round-shot through walls of oak : 

Ye maimers of England, 

That guard our native seas, 
Whose flag has braved, a thousand years, 

The battle and the breeze. 
Your glorious standard launch again, 

To match another foe, 
And sweep through the deep, 

While the stormy winds do blow ! 
Where the battle rages loud aud long, 

And the stormy winds do blow ! 

The "Meteor flag of England" was their flag as well as 
his. Under it they had gone to victory ; under it they had 



65 

found protection ; under it met glorious death. Half a 
century had yet to elapse before an independent nation- 
ality was dreamed of; before school-boy patriotism was 
trying its pencil on the stars and stripes. Yet, already to 
the boys of Salem, if to anybody, might the stirring lines 

be sung : 

The spirits of your fathers 

Shall start from every wave, 
For the deck, it was their field of fame, 
And Ocean was their grave ! 

Major Hiller, first Collector under the Federal Consti- 
tion was a Revolutionary officer, born in Boston in 1748. 
He led a uniformed company from Salem, on the day of 
the Lexington fight. The uniform of this company was 
quite elaborate, and fully vindicates the truthfulness of 
Col. Trumbull's painting. It consisted of a green coat, 
white waist-coat and breeches, black gaiters, cocked hat 
with three black feathers, and ruffles. 

Major Hiller has been proved to be the first American 
by birth who espoused the doctrines of Swedenborg. He 
built and long occupied the house of William Ives, Esq., 
on Essex street. He was elected Master of the 25th, or 
Essex Lodge of Masons in 1780, and in 1781 commanded 
a company of volunteers in the Rhode Island Expedition. 
Before the war he was a jeweller. He enjoyed the con- 
fidence of Washington and having been appointed by the 
colony, and commissioned by Gov. Hancock to collect 
customs revenues, under the confederacy, was retained 
and re-commissioned by Washington, Aug. 5th, 1789, 
after the establishment of the Federal Constitution. Mas- 
sachusetts had already, in 1783, voted part of her rev- 
enue collected from duties on imports to the confeder- 
acy to aid in the extinguishment of the war debt. 



Q6 

A portrait, presented by descendants of Major Hiller, 
hangs in the Collector's office, and a beautifully cut agate 
seal bearing the head of Washington, which he procured 
from England at a cost of £40 sterling (now in posses- 
sion of William S. Cleveland, Esq., his grandson), 
attests his admiration for the great patriot and soldier. 

He married Margaret Cleveland and died at Lancaster, 
Massachusetts, in 1814, having held the office until after 
the accession of Jefferson. He is described as a 
"staunch patriot, amiable, friendly and benevolent." 

The supercedure of Major Hiller is thus chronicled in 
the "Salem Gazette," of August 17th, 1802, and we see 
how far, in those bitter days, official courtesy prevailed 
over the bitterness of party strife. 

" On Thursday evening last, Major Hiller received from the Treas- 
ury Department a letter of dismissal from the office of Collector of 
the District of Salem and Beverly, — an office which had been bestowed 
upon him by the great Washington at the commencement of the pres- 
ent government, — and the next day Col. Lee succeeded him in his 
duties. Major Hiller was an able and a faithful officer, and the gov- 
ernment could not have had the shadow of a just complaint against 
him. At the same time that his dismissal excites universal regret in 
the District, there appears to be a general disposition to render the 
situation of Col. Lee agreeable, and it is much to the honor of Major 
Hiller, that in delivering over the office to his successor, he has done 
everything in his power to facilitate his entrance upon its duties." 

Col. Wm. Raymond Lee was a native of Manchester, 
in this County, who removed in early life to Marblehead 
and became a distinguished merchant there before the 
Revolution. Upon the event of war he took up arms 
and left Marblehead as senior captain in the 14th Provin- 
cial, afterwards the 21st Continental, Regiment. This 
famous Regiment, of which he became Major before he 
joined the army at Cambridge, June 19th, 1775, and 
finally Colonel, was commanded by Col. John Glover, 



i 



67 

and was also known as the "Marine" and the "Amphi- 
bious" Regiment, and when Col. Glover was made Gen- 
eral and commanded a brigade, Lee became his Brigade 
Major. Stationed at Beverly from the autumn of 1775 
until July, 1776, these sons of Marblehead, six hundred 
and twenty-six strong, all but thirteen of them from 
Marblehead and these from Danvers, rendered inestimable 
service in equipping and manning the first cruisers of the 
war. They marched to New York in season to ferry 
Washington and his retreating army across the East river 
from Long Island, under cover of a fog on the night of 
Aug. 28th, 1776, when they were within hearing distance 
of the enemy's works. 

This desperate but successful undertaking was fol- 
lowed by another no less critical in the passage of the 
Delaware, Dec. 25, 1776, on the eve of the victory of 
Trenton. Jan. 1st, 1777, Lee was made Colonel "for 
gallant conduct at the crossing of the Delaware and at 
the battle of Trenton." This commission, with his com- 
mission as Major, signed by John Hancock, President 
Continental Congress, — his orderly book and a roster of 
the regiment are in the hands of his grandson, Gen. Wm. 
Raymond Lee, a distinguished officer in the war of the 
Rebellion. The next spring Col. Glover received a Briga- 
dier's commission and upon the recommendation of Con- 
gress, conveyed in a resolve, Col. Lee was offered by 
Washington, who knew him for "an active, spirited man, 
a good disciplinarian," the position of Adjutant General 
of the American Army, which he declined. In August, 
1778, Col. Lee had a command under Lafayette at New- 
port, Rhode Island, and he served throughout the war 
with distinction and .honor. After the capture of Bur- 
goyne, Col. Lee had command of the garrison at Cam- 



68 

bridge, where Burgoyne's prisoners were confined. Gen. 
Burgoyne spoke in flattering terms, in his home des- 
patches, of the character of Col. Lee and. his deport- 
ment towards his charge. So did the Baroness Biesdel, 
wife of one of the captured officers, in her published 
journal. 

He was appointed Collector by Jefferson in 1802, and 
died in office at the age of eighty, Oct. 26th, 1824. He 
was a gentleman of dignified address, and maintained to 
the last, the stately bearing and manner of what is 
known to us as the "old school." He was held in gen- 
eral esteem as a brave, skilful and accomplished soldier, 
an upright merchant, a patriotic citizen. 

Gen. James Miller came to the office of Collector, 
February, 1825, ripe in years and in civic and military 
honors. He had just been elected to Congress by his 
native State of New Hampshire. He had quit the army 
in 1819 to be appointed first Governor of Arkansas 
Territory, and his health became so much impaired in the 
discharge of that arduous office that he was inclined to 
prefer the Collectorship to the severer duties of a seat in 
the House of Representatives. He was born at Peter- 
boro', N. H., in 1776, and, like Scott, Cass, Ripley and 
other distinguished soldiers, was bred to the law. Born 
with the Revolution, and deriving from both his parents 
that Scotch-Irish blood which made Jackson and scores 
of others great in American annals, he acquired the 
rudiments of military knowledge in a New Hampshire 
district school, by shouldering his wooden gun, under the 
old Revolutionary drill-sergeant, for some time employed 
there as master. The qualities which made him con- 
spicuous and successful are well exhibited in some 
extracts from his private correspondence which appear in 



69 

the History of Temple, N. II. It was to this town, ad- 
joining Peterboro', that he retired on leaving Salem in 
1849, and here, July 4th, 1851, he was struck with 
paralysis and died a few days later, at his beautiful 
farm upon the hill-side. He seems to have been as 
tender as he was fearless. The story of the war is a 
history of his prowess, while his letters are but the 
record of a perpetual yearning for the fireside and the 
joys of home. 

If his part in the sanguinary battle of Niagara, also 
known as Bridgewater or Lundy's Lane, has been more 
famous, it was not more extraordinary than his bearing at 
the battle of Chippewa, which fixed the reputation of 
Scott, at the brilliant sortie from Fort Erie, where he led 
a brigade, and blasted in an hour the enemy's labor of 
fifty days ; or even than the impetuous charge at Browns- 
town early in the war, which sent the wounded Tecumseh 
whirling westward, and drove his British allies pell-mell 
into Lake Erie. This was in August, 1812, before the 
disastrous surrender of Hull in which he was included, 
but not personally compromised. In this action he com- 
manded but six hundred men, being at the time Lt. Col. 
of the 4th Infantry, and was opposed by twice that num- 
ber of whites and Indians. Once he was unhorsed and 
narrowly escaped the scalping-knife. But he came off 
without the loss of a man by capture, while one in seven 
of his whole force was either killed or wounded. 

Jefferson gave him his first commission as Major in the 
4th Infantry in 1808, the highest commission in the army 
then granted to a citizen of New Hampshire. He left 
the courts at once for the camp. He was with Gov. Har- 
rison throughout his famous Western campaign of 1811, 
only being detained from the battle of Tippecanoe, by 



70 

the fever which prostrated so many of our men. Though 
left behind he rendered a signal service. He sent up the 
Wabash river a boat laden with stores and supplies for 
the wounded, but for which timely relief the intense suf- 
ferings of our men would soon have become intolerable. 
Early next spring, leaving Capt. Zachary Taylor to suc- 
ceed him in command at Fort Harrison, he marched to 
Detroit and soon had the honor of planting, with his own 
hand, the first American flag, his regimental colors, on 
the "pleasant banks of Detroit river, in King George's 
Province of Upper Canada," and in a reconnoissance a 
little later, of drawing, on British soil, the first blood 
of the war. Then followed Brownstown, Chippewa and 
Lundy's Lane, and from the last dates his national fame 
and his Brigadier's commission. 

The tourist at Niagara does not fail to visit the field of 
Bridgewater or Lundy's Lane. The battle fought there 
lacks no element of romantic interest. It was fought by 
moonlight, and the roar of its artillery mingled with the 
dim of the mighty cataract half a league away. It was, 
said many Revolutionary veterans, the best contested and 
most sanguinary battle, for its numbers, then fought ou 
this continent. Major General Brown, in command, was 
disabled; Scott, of the first Brigade was disabled, and 
not only his aid, Worth, and his Major of Brigade, 
Smith, but every commander of battalion also. One- 
third of the American force engaged was disabled. 
Amidst carnage like this, as though it were to show again 
how fortune favors the brave, it was Col. Miller's lot to 
put determination to the highest proof in an achievement 
of which a captured British officer who had served in 
Spain said, "it surpassed anything in the Peninsular Cam- 
paign except the storming of St. Sebastian." 



71 

The fight began at seven o'clock on the evening of 
July 25th. At about ten o'clock it was plain that a cer- 
tain hill, whose frowning crest bristled with artillery, was 
the key to victory. Cannon commanded every approach, 
and British gunners, with slow-match and port-fires 
lighted, swarmed the height like fire-flies, while bur- 
nished brass and steel flashed in the moonlight. The case 
was desperate. At this juncture Col. Miller was called 
on to storm the work. Said Gen. Brown afterward, 
"my dear fellow, my heart ached for you when I gave 
that order, but I knew it was the only thing that would 
save us." "I'll try, sir!" was Miller's reply, and, as he 
says, with his regiment, reduced to less than three hun- 
dred men, he at once obeyed the order. Two regiments, 
successively ordered to his support, quailed and turned 
back. "Col. Miller," says the official record, "without 
regard to this occurrence, advanced steadily and carried 
the height." "Not one man at the cannon," says the 
hero in a letter to his wife, "was left to put fire to them." 
"British officers, whom we have prisoners, say it was the 
most desperate thing they ever saw or heard of." "I do 
not intend it shall ever be said of you, ? there goes the 
wife, or the widow, of a coward.'" 

The memorable words, "I'll try, Sir !" were at once 
embossed upon the buttons of his shattered regiment, 
which was presented with a captured gun, an elegant 
brass six-pounder, for distinguished gallantry. On the 
following November, Congress voted him the thanks of 
the country in a gold medal, bearing the General's like- 
ness, his famous words, and the names of Chippewa, 
Niagara and Fort Erie. He was also presented with a 
sword by the State of New York and hailed by Gov. 
Tompkins, in a laudatory address, as the protector of her 



72 

frontier. Thus honored and beloved, he sleeps peace- 
fully in the beautiful cemetery at Harmony Grove. 

" Go ! Soldier, to your honored rest, 
Your truth aud valor bearing ; 
The bravest are the tenderest, 
The loving are the daring." 

The past at least is secure. But what of to-day? 
Neither population nor valuation were ever greater, 
though both are tending towards other industries than 
commerce. But while our packets ply to New York, and 
our steam-tug puffs and screams about the harbor ; while 
marine railways are busy and ship-yards launch bigger 
merchantmen than ever ; while coal comes at the rate of 
one hundred and thirty thousand tons in upwards of four 
hundred colliers, yearly, and our boarding officers report 
more than fifteen hundred annual arrivals ; while our fish- 
ing fleets go forth, twenty-five from Salem, and twenty- 
five from Beverly, and our whalers, still crimson the 
waters of the Indian Ocean and the North Pacific ; 
while we turn over from one hundred to one hundred 
and twenty-five thousand dollars per year to the Federal 
Treasury from impost duties, and enter a large fraction of 
the dates, gums, spices, ivory, ebony, sheep skins and 
goat skins brought into the country, not to omit what has 
almost become our specialty of late, — the delicious Ara- 
bian coffee, the aromatic berry of Mocha, — it is no time 
yet to despair of this most ancient sea-port of the United 
Slates of America. 

Salem, June, 1869. 



DIARY OF REV. JOSEPH GREEN, OF SALEM 
VILLAGE. 



COMMUNICATED BY SAMUEL P. FOWLER. 



Concluded from Vol. viii, pp. 174 and 224. 

1706. Jan. 24. Pubb. Thanksgiving for victory. 
Brave weather. 

25. Very cold. Visited 3 sick chambers. 
27. Sabbath. Great snow. 

29. Great snow at night. 

30. Storm of snow as terrible as ever. 

31. Clear. Making paths. Snow very deep. 
Feb. 12. Some wood sledded to ye water's side. 
March 4. Curious weather. Frog's sing. Visited 

several sick. 

16. Fair ; cold. I have been married 7 years this day. 

April 1. We stilled sider lees. 

5. I went to ye chh. meeting at Tho. Flint's. We 
gardened. 

May 16. I went to Salem, and Mr. Noyes, Mr. 
Cheever, Mr. Gerrish and Mr. Blowers, spent ye day in 
praying with Mr. Higginson. 

21. General training at Salem. I met ye Governor at 
Lyford's, and dined with him. Great rain ; I came home 
wet. 

June 2. Sab. sacra; full assembly. Contributed for 
ye poor people at St. Christopher's. 

10. I went to Cambridge to see my mother. We set 
cabbages. 

10 



74 

12. My father Gerrish preached my lecture. Several 
of the Salem gentry at our house. Very hot. 

20. Sister Nanua came here ; made conserved roses. 

24. Began to mow. 

27. Two men mowing. Four teams carting wood. 
Very hot. 

July 3. I carried my mother to Charlestown, and then 
to commencement. The Indians at night stormed a gar- 
rison at Dunstable, and killed four men. Holyoke Put- 
nam was one. 

Aug. 4. Sab. sacrament ; more than 100 communi- 
cants. 

5. Mowing second crop. 

7. My lecture. Several Salemites here. I at study. 
I killed pigeons. 

27. I went to Salem with my wife, to ministers meet- 
ing. Eight ministers there. 

Sept. 11. I went with Bett. to Salem lecture. Mr. 
Mather preached. Dined at Major Sewall's. 

25. Gathered my winter apples. 

Oct. 10. Ben and Dick went to Salem launching. 

17. Public Thanksgiving. Cold. 

25. Sider came in. Made 8 J barrels. 

Nov. 24. Sab. Full assembly. I propound a contri- 
bution for B. Williams. 

Dec. 17. I went to Wenham and bought a saddle of my 
father (Gerrish), for which I owe him 45 shil. 

1707, Jan. 7. Deacons reckoned with ye inhabitants. 

10. Curious weather. We have had little winter. 

29. I went to Salem lecture. Dined at Maj. Sewall's. 
Feb. 9. Sab. Thunder and lightning before day. The 
tailor here at work. 

11. I went to ministers meeting at Salem, and lodged. 






75 

We all advised Mr. Symes not to leave Boxford at pres- 
ent. 

12. I went to Salem and preached the lecture on the 
13th of Josh. 34 verse. News of six Indians killed and 
taken at ye eastward by our army. 

19. I went to Salem and shewed Judah Porter's papers 
to Mr. Noyes. 

26. I went to Salem lecture. Ye ministers gave me 
advice ahout Sam'l Porter's wife. Carried some yarn. 

March 6. Curious weather. Several persons met at 
my house to conclude about ye meeting house with ye 
carpenters, and came to a good issue. 

18. Warm weather. I at study. Edward sick. 

20. Nedde very ill. I went to Dr. Hale and Wenham. 
April 1. Setting my books to rights. Turned ye entry 

door. 

3. We were gardening. 

9. Sam'l Goodale making our clock case. 

25. Mr. Putnam whited our house. I at home. I 
went with my wife to New Meadows.* 

May 6. Very busy finishing clock case. 

9. Coloured our clock case. 

11. Sab. a. g. d. 3 baptised. My horse ran away. 
I went to John Putnam's to seek my horse. 

23. I went with my wife to Wenham. They kept ye 
afternoon for our friends at Port Royal. My father (Ger- 
rish) began, I preached, and Mr. Rogers concluded. 

27. I went through Reading, Woburn, Cambridge 
farms, and found my horse. Cost 4 shil. 

29. Ministers spent three or four hours in prayer, at 
Mr. Weld's, for rain, and especially for the army. 

* Topsfield. 



76 

June 10. I sent Stephen to town for news. 

16. News of Capt. Putnam having come to Marble- 
head. 

17. Our country in great confusion. Some for the 
army, others against it. I went to Boston to ye Gover- 
nor to release Benj. Putnam. 

July 1. I went to Boston. Mr. Stoddard preached, 1 
Micah., 5. 

9. I kept my lecture as a day of fast. I began, and 
my father Gerrish preached from 34 Exodus, 9th v. Mr. 
Kogers began afternoon, and Mr. Blowers preached. 

27. Sab. I indisposed, &c, my spirits exhausted. 

Aug. 18. I killed pigeons. 

19. Killed pigeons. 

23. Mr. Corwin came to our house, and we killed 
pigeons. 

24. Sab. Mr. Corwin preached for me all day. 

31. Sab. I preached against profaneing ye Sabbath. 

Sept. 21. Sab. 7 baptised. Discoursed Capt. Put- 
nam at night. 

Oct. 4. Very hot weather. Jos. Hutchinson carted 6 
bbls. syder for me to Salem. 

7. I went to Boston with my wife. Laid out 5£ 12s. 

14. I visited my neighbors about business. 

Oct. 22. Began to make Cyder at Mr. Walcuts. 

23. Sent 8 barl. Cyder to Col. Higginson. 

24. Sent 8 barl. to Col. Higginson & David Richard- 
son. 

25. Sent 4 barl. to Salem. 

Nov. 3d. Cool. Sarah G. came to spin. 

11. Snow. 

12. Sloppy. 

18. Made hedges in yard. 



77 

22.. I at study. A webb came home, 25 yards. 
23. Sab. I spake to ye people to come sooner (to 
meeting) . 

28. I sold 8 cords wood at 7 shil. pr cord. 
Dec. 11. Public Thanksgiving. Good weather. 

26. Cold. I signed a petition for Mr. Dudley to ye 
Queen. 

29. Cold. I visited ye sick. In ye morning ye Dea- 
cons came with ye money contributed for ye poor on 
Thanksgiving day ; ye total was 3£ 7s. 7d. We reserved 
20 shil., and order to Widow Shelclen, 18 shil. ; to B. 
Stacy, 10 shil. ; to Wyatt, 6 shil. & 6d. ; to H. Case, 5 
shil. ; to Widow Richards, 5 shil. ; to Wm. Good, 3 shil. 
Id. 

1708. Jan. 12. Cold. Eeckoned with ye Deacons & 
Inhabitants. 

14. Visited old Capt. . N. Prentice, Cambridge. Was 
at the installment of ye President, Mr. Leverett. I was 
very ill with a cold, and pain in my bones. 

26. Curious morning. I went with my wife to Wen- 
ham and found at our house when we came back ten 
Salemites, viz: — Aunt Gerrish, cousin Kitchen, Hide, 

Gardner and wife, Capt. Tom and wife, Kitchen & 

two boys ; they went home in the rain after 6. 

Feb. 9. I visited John Deal's wife.* 



* I think we may with confidence believe that the frequent inter- 
change of visits for several years, between Mr. Green and John Dale's 
wife, was for consultation with her minister in regard to certain mor- 
bid feelings in her religious views. Many persons in those days were 
in the constant habit of judging of their spiritual condition by the de- 
gree of their emotional feelings, the disturbance of which, by bodily 
disease, was at once attributed to satanic influence. Hence we notice 
in some of the depositions given at the witch trials at Salem village, 
in 1692, that the persons whose minds were in this morbid condition, 



78 

March 11. My lectures; full assembly; few strangers. 
I spake to several about building a school house and de- 
termined to do it, &c* 

18. I rode to ye neighbours about a school house and 
find them generally willing to help. I went to Wenham, 
P. M. Bad riding as ever was. 

22. Meeting of the Inhabitants. I spake with several 
about building a school house. I went into ye Town 
Meeting and said to this effect : Neighbours, I am about 
building a School House. for the good education of our 
children, and have spoken to several of the neighbours 
who are willing to help it forward, so that I hope we shall 
quickly finish it, and I speak of it here that so every one 
that can have any benefit, may have opportunity for so 
good a service. Some reply ed that it was a new thing to 
them, and they desired to know where it should stand, 
and what the design of it was. To them I answered that 
Deacon Ingersoll would give land for it to stand on, at 
the upper end of the Training field, and that I designed 
to have a good school master to teach their children to 

imagined that the want of their usual freedom in their devotions was 
in consequence of the influence exercised upon them by malignant 
witches, or Satan himself. John Dale's wife supposed herself in this 
sad condition, and Mr. Green believing she was "under temptation," 
and that he could afford relief, visited her on the 22d of February, 
1712, and spent three hours in prayer by way of exorcism. This sup- 
posed case of diabolical temptation is, we think, the last that occurred 
in Salem village. 

* The school house erected on the Training Field, now known as 
the Common, in Danvers Centre, was the first in Danvers. The 
school in this house was taught by Daniel Andrew and Mrs. Deland. 
Andrew boarded with Mr. Green, and was called by him Sir Andrew, 
and the female teacher was known as Dame Deland. Mr. Green's im- 
patience would not permit him to wait for the building of the school 
house, for we notice that in three weeks from this time he had hired a 
school room, engaged a teacher, and sent his boys to school. 



79 

read and write and cypher and every thing that is good. 
Many commended the design and none objected against 
it. 

25. Began to get timber for school house. 

29. I went to Salem and bought an Indian for 32£; 
went to Wenham and got hay. 

30. I went to Salem and brought home Flora in a cart. 
I paid 20£ and gave bond for 10£ and promised 2£ if 
she lives a month.* 

31. Flora very sick. 

April 1. Great rain. My catechising 9 boys. A 
meeting about a school ; few came. Flora sick. 

3. Cold wind. I at study. Flora took physick. Mrs. 
Giles went home, I gave her 5 shil. Capt. Dean and his 
wife and sister came here to see our Flora. She is bet- 
ter. 

7. I went and agreed with Mrs. Deland to keep school. 

8. I agreed with James Holten for a room for ye 
school, &c. 

* The ministers of Salem village held slaves in their service for many- 
years. Titus, a slave of Rev. Peter Clark survived his master and was 
distinguished for his shrewdness and wit. His dormitory was in the 
garret over Mr. Clark's study. In the return of appraisal of the per- 
sonal property of his deceased master, we find the following picture 
of unconscious wrong doing which we cannot fail to notice, while at 
the same time we smile at the thought of a man being appraised at 
his market value, with the surrounding rubbish in his garret. 

In the Garret over the Study Chamber. 

£. s. d. 

To a Barley Fan, 6 

To a Riddling Sive, ' 2 8 

To a Flax Comb, 100 

To a Corn Tub, 5 

To a Chest of old Iron, 10 

To 4 Spinning wheels & Clock Reel, 14 

To an Old Cradle & Bread Trough, 4 

To a Cooper's jointer and Stock, 3 

To 17 Old Chairs — Reffus, 17 

To a Negro man named Titus, 40 

£44 1 8 



80 

13. We brewed 3 barrels (beer). I received news of 
ye death of my sister Bethah Hicks. Jos. and John 
went to school. 

26. I went to Boxford. Visited Mr. Capen. 

16. Sab. Curious weather. Full assembly. My 
horse ran away. 

18. Training. I heard of my horse. 

19. Rain. I went after my horse to Redding, Wo- 
burn, Mistick and found him at Cambridge farms. 
Came home weary. 

June 14. Our school house raised. 

19. I at study. The worms destroy ye fields. 

23. I went to ye fast at Beverly on ye account of ye 
worms. Mr. Noyes began. Mr. Blowers preached. 
Mr. Gerrish began in ye afternoon and I preached and 
concluded. 

24. The worms abated. 

28. Underpinned ye school house. 

30. I went with my wife to Salem Lecture, dined with 
ye Judges of Superior Court. 

July 29. I went with B. Putnam to Reading to Deacon 
Fitches, to spend ye day in prayer for him, he being al- 
most blind, and old Mr. Weston quite blind, and other 
disconsolate deaf, &c. Mr. Pierpoint began, I prayed, 
Dea. Fitch, Landlord Putnam and Dea. Bancroft then 
sung 146 Psalm and I concluded with a short prayer & a 
blessing. 

Aug. 11. Very hot. Our soldiers troop and foot went 
out to Haverhill &c, ye Government having intelligence 
of 700 French and Indians come over the Lakes. 

15. Sab. Thin assembly, because our men are gone. 

17. I killed 3 dozen pigeons. 

20. I killed 18 pigeons at one shot. 



81 

23. I killed 3 dozen pigeons, 10 doz. in all this year. 
27. Hot. I at study. John D's wife here and G. 

Martin. 

29. Sab. Ye Indians surprised Haverhill. I went : see 
my Journal of that voyage. 

30. I travelled in pursuit of the enemy and returned 
to Haverhill very dull. 

31. I was bearer to Mrs. Roff (Eolfe). Came home 
at midnight. 

Sept. 5. Our scattered soldiers mostly at home. 

16. I was busy preparing work for school house. 

17. Masons at work about ye school house. I got ye 
mantle tree. 

19. Sab. 1 admonished for drunkeness. 

20. I was hurying about ye school house. 

26. Sab, At noon we heard news of 300 Indians hav- 
ing besett Haverhill. I went and we found there was but 
20 or 30 seen. No hurt done. 

27. I walked with Major Turner & twenty men to sev- 
eral Garrissons in Haverhill about 8 miles and dined at 
Mr. White's and then I visited Mrs. Symes and came 
home. 

28. Gathered acorns. 

Oct. 23. I went with Major Sewall & Capt. Putnam to 
Haverhill. 

24. Sab. I preached at Haverhill, dined at Mrs. Wain- 
wright's in Mr. Eoffs (Rolfs) house, lodged at Deacon 
White's. 

Nov. 1. I lent my horse to Capt. G. to troop tomor- 
row. 

2. Training here. I dined with Capt. Putnam. 

14. Sab. Curious weather. Spake to ye people to 
come sooner. 

li 



82 

Dec. 9. Old Mr. Higginson died. Anno Etat 93.* 
14. Very cold. I went to Salem was bearer to Mr. 
Higginson. 

20. Some talk of my leaving ye place for want of 
wood. 

21. Cloudy, snow & rain all night. Wood came. 
1709. Jan. 4. A meeting of ye Inhabitants. Voted 

me 8£ yearly to be added to my salary for me to provide 
myself wood. 

7. The Inhabitants reckoned with ye Deacons. 

23. Sab. Cold. Mrs. J. Putnam fell & hurt her. 

Feb. 4. Chh. Meeting at ye Meeting House. Ye Dea- 
cons divided ye contributions that was made for ye poor 
on ye last Thanksgiving day. Ye whole was 2£. 13 shil. 
thus distributed. Widow Shelden 10 shil. Wm. Good 
8 shil. Thos. Pierce 6 shil. George Wyatt 6 shill. 
Jos. Carrel 6 shil. Sam. Rea 5 shil. There was some 
demure about Carrel and Rea, but Deacon Ingersoll 
urged for Carrel and Deacon Putnam for Rea. 

7. Killed a calf and gave most of it to our Salem 
friends. 

March 4. Chh. Meeting. I acquainted ye Church with 
the intemperate drinking of Jno. Martin and his wife. 

12. I went to Salem was bearer to old Mrs. Higgin- 
son. | 

April 1. Men at work. John Putnam 3d house burnt. 

17. Sab. I began to reprove. 

20. Salem Lecture, turned into a fast to seek direc- 
tion about calling another minister. Mr. Blower began. 
I preached from Matt. 9, 37 & 38 v. and concluded. 

* Rev. John Higginson, at the time of his death, was ninety-two 
years, four months and three days old. 

t Rev. John Higginson's second wife Mary 



83 

P. M. Mr. Gerrish began, Mr. Noyes preached 2d Timo. 
2 chap. 2 verse and concluded. Came home with wife. 
May 1. I went to Wills Hill to visit sick. 

12. Curious weather. Much talk about Canada. 
June 2. Flora ill. 10 men at work. Mr. Pierpout 

died. 

6. I went to Mr. Pierpont's funeral. Ye bearers Mr. 
Leverett, Mr. Brattle, Wads worth, Coleman, Gerrish, 
and Fox. There was a general lamentation. He was a 
man of Great worth. 

9. Hot. I had men at work. A terrible storm of 
hail, thunder and rain. 

13. Boxford men here. 

14. Boxford men here to acquaint that ye ordination of 
Mr. Eogers was put by. 

15. I at Salem lecture. Ye ministers advised the three 
Boxford men to be quiet and leave their cause with God. 

16. A Eeading man here to desire me to help them at 
a Fast next Wednesday. 

18. I at study. Boxford men here. 

22. I went to Eeading. Mr. Parsons of Maiden 
prayed, and I preached 2 Sam., 1st & 26, and concluded 
A. M. Mr. Cotton Mather discoursed P. M., 2 Eev., 
19th. I came home well. 

28. I went with ye two deacons & Landlord Putnam 
to Boxford to keep a Fast and found them much unpre- 
pared. Mr. Eogers began, and I preached from 13 John, 
7 verse, & concluded P. M. Mr. Symes began, and Mr. 
Barnard preached 2 Chron., 15 chap., 2 verse, & con- 
cluded. The Church stayed and sent three men to thank 
us, and to desire our advice. We advised that they 
should not agree upon an ordination until they knew that 
ye neighboring ministers approved Mr. Pay son, and that 



84 

ye Church would conclude nothing without Mr. Payson's 
kind approbation. We advised Mr. Kogers to repair to 
ye ministers either at Salem, or Ipswich for direction in 
order to his settlement. We came home in the rain. 
Cold. 

July 3. Sabb. sacra. Very full assembly. 107 com- 
municants. 

Aug. 8. Catching pigeons. 

12. Three doz. & 6 pigeons. 

Sept. 27. I was busy writing deeds, &c. 

Oct. 19. Storm. I went to Boxford to ye ordination 
of Mr. Rogers. I began, Mr. Rogers preached and 
prayed. Mr. Payson gave ye charge. Mr. Capen gave 
ye righthand of fellowship. Mr. Barnard concluded. 
Sang 90th Psalm. I came home late. 

Dec. 2. Chh. meeting. Ye Church voted, to choose 
another Deacon, at ye desire of Deacon Ingersoll, who is 
old and past service. Paid ye school dame. 

30. Chh. meeting. Benj. Putnam chosen Deacon by 
every vote except his own. 

1710. Jan. 2. Brave weather. I visited ye sick. 
Two men sawing. 

25. I went to Salem Lecture. Ye ministers there. 
Mr. Noyes distressed about ye division, &c. I visited 
sick at Wills Hill. 

Feb. 23. Mr. Cheever and Eli Putnam, Major Sewall 
and Mr. Grove Hirst, at my house. 

March 1. General meeting of ye Village. Many here 
at night. I had much discourse with Mr. Herrick. A 
vote about a barn. 

3. I had much clashing with Giles and Judd. 

8. I went to Salem Lecture. Rain. Mr. Capen 
preached. I had much discourse with Mr. Noyes. He 



85 

told me the design of building a new meeting House and 
settling a minister without ye Town Bridge was a wicked 
design, and had a wicked tendency, &c. 

9. I went with D. Putnam to Jos. Herrick's and met 
Mr. Blowers and D. S. Balch and we met and determined 
their difference. They seemed well satisfied. I came 
home late. 

10. I visited J. Goodale's, Buxton's, Pope and Flint. 
In the evening Edward Bishop was at my house. Mad, 
&c. 

March 16. Pubb. Fast. My text, 1 Joel, 14, & Isa. 
10, 11. 

17. I at home. My wife made 35 pounds candles. 
23. Men began to frame barn. Tailor here. 

28. Men at work. Three boys began to go to school 
on a new score. 

31. I bought 4 bush. Indian meal for 15 shil. 4d. I at 
study. Edward Bishop before ye Church ; suspended. 

April 7. Capt. Putnam [John] buried by ye soldiers. 

11. A storm of snow very grievious. 

18. We began to garden. 

May 10. My Lecture. I preached at ye importunity 
of ye people. My father here, &c. 

12. I was busy preparing for my journey to Long 
Island. 

13. I at study. Constable Locker here at night to 
summon me to Beverly, but I was busy. 

15. I set out for Long Island; lodged at Mr. Billings'. 

16. I travelled to Wight's in Providence. 

17. I travelled to Canterbury and then parted with four 
of ye company, and J. and E. Che v. went to New Lon- 
don. Lodged at Capt. Prentis. 

18. I was at a launching at Mr. Coits. 



86 

19. I went down to ye mouth of ye harbour and lay in 
ye boat at an anchor. 

May 20. I rowed over ye Sound and got on to Mr. 
Gardner's Island. Ye Indian's carried me over and set 
me on shore at Fire Place. At sunset I travelled eight 
miles to E. H. 

21. Sab. I preached at East Hampton in forenoon, 
from Luke 7, 2, and P. M., Luke 10, 41. I was very 
faint with my travelling. 

22. I visited ye people and found them very kind. 

24. I visited Mr. White at Sag [Harbor] and Mr. 
Whiting at S. Hampton. 

25. I prepared to come home. 

26. After 2 o'clock I came with my mother, first to 
Mr. Gardner's Island, and then in a whale boat; about 
sun one hour and one half high. I arrived safe at New 
London about 11 o'clock at night. We lodged at Mr. 
Coits. 

27. We travelled heavy laden to Major Fitches at 
Canter. 

28. Sab. I preached, P. M., at Canterbury. 

29. My horse ran away, which hindered us two hours. 
Mr. Easton came eight miles and brought my mother ; we 
travelled to Providence. 

30. I hired men to bring my mother. 30 inst. we 
came to brother Jonathan's. 

31. I came home and found all well and have had much 
experience of God's goodness to me abroad and to mine 
at home. 

June 8. I went with my wife to Wenham on J. Gan- 
sons horse. 

18. Sab. Mr. Blowers was ill, and sent me word he 
could not exchange as he expected. 






87 

July 5. Dined at Zach. Hicks and went to Boston in 
Calash to brother S. Green's. 

6. Bought a brass kettle, 3£. 6 shil. 6 d. ; and went to 
Cambridge and brought my mother home with me at 6 
o'clock. 

9 . Went to Wenham ; ye most plentiful rain we have 
had these three summers. 

10. I came home ; training, half ye company pricked. 
28. I tried first to catch pigeons. 

Aug. 2. I got two dozen of pigeons. Mr. Blowers 
here. 

7. Bain. Nine men 'listed for Port Koyal. 

8. Catched pigeons. 

10. Pubb. thanksgiving, especially for rain. 

16. Kain. Catched eight dozen and one half pigeons. 

28. Catched eight dozen pigeons. 

Sept. 1. Catched six dozen pigeons. 

Sept. 4. I went to Boston to visit Br. Sam. Gerrish 
sick. He was very bad at night. Saw old Mr. Mather. 
Visited Mr. Wads worth * 

Sept. 6. I carried my mother to Salem Lecture, dined 
with Maj. Sewell. 

18. Our fleet of 36 sail set out for Port Royall. 

28. Pubb. Fast for ye fleet against P. Royall. 

Oct. 3. I went to Wenham at ye ministers meeting, 
and then met Mr. Rogers of Ipswich and Mr. Blowers. 
We had deacon Fitches case. 

4. I went to Wenham with my wife. Mr. Noyes and 
I wrote over ye ministers determination. Boiled Syder. 

22. Sab. News from Port Royall; rain A.M. 

Nov. 6. Preparing for winter. Ben. H [utchinson] 
in my orchard. 

7. Storm at night. Capt. Eastes' brother here. I 



went to Benj. H. and prayed him to keep his horses out 
of my orchard. He told me if my feed was not eaten 
quickly ye snow would cover it, &c. 

8. B. Hu. horses in every night this week. 

Nov. 11. I at study. Sent for Benj. H. and prayed 
him to mend up his fence, which he did and kept them 
out this one night. 

Nov. 17. Benj. H. three jades having been here in my 
orchard every night this week, had got such a hank 
[ering] that they would not easily be drove out, so that 
J. H. tried last night at 9 o'clock to get them out till he 
was cold and tired, and forced to leave them in. And as 
we wer trying to get them out this morning, the two 
jades trying to jump out at once by ye well, one pressed 
auother so as he jumped into my well, and altho. we got 
him out with Mr. Hutchinson's help, yet he soon dyed. 
Snow. 

18. Snow. I went to Mr. H. he said I might pay for 
one-half of his colt, and that he could by the law force 
me to pay all. I told him I was no ways to blame about 
his colt being killed ; but I looked it as a Providential 
rebuke unto him for suffering his jades to afflict me. I 
told him he only was to blame, because I had spake and 
sent to him ten times to look to his horses. He told me 
no body desired him to fetter his horses in the winter, 
and that folks fields was mostly common. 

25. I went to Mrs. Walcuts and urged her to pole her 
wall. 

27. I told Benj. Hutch. I would give his boys 20 shil. 
for his colt that fell into my well, and also ye damage his 
horses had done me this month, which I valued 20 shil. 
more. And he said that would satisfy him and all his 
family. I told him I gave it to him to make him easy and 






89 

if that end was not obtained, I should account my money 
thrown away. For I knew no law did oblige me to pay 
for his colt, that came over a lawful fence into my well. 

Dec. 5. I had ground ploughed. Killed four hogs, in 
all 350 pounds. 

23. I at study ; not well. Clear and cold. 

28. Killed three hogs 316 pounds, so that we have this 
year killed 666 pounds of pork. 

1711. Jan. 2. Boys cyphering at home. 

22. I was called up at 4 o'clock to pray with Benj. 
Hutchinson's child ; it died at 6 o'clock. 

26, Killed a calf; sent John Hicks to Salem with 
21 3-4 lbs. to Mr. Kitchen. He bought ginger, starch, 
molasses and wine. 

Feb. 23. Gold. I wrote deeds for J. Ross. Brewed. 

25. Sab. Snowed hard all day ; a thin assembly. 

March 1. Cold. Ye church kept a Fast at ye house of 
Dea. Benj. Putnam's, to pray for ye pouring out of ye 
spirit on us, &c. a g. d. ; my wife ill. 

4. Sab. 100 communicants. 

14. I went to Salem, paid 24 shil. to Mr. Noyes. 
Bought a hat for Nedd at Mr. K's. 

19. I bought 3 acres of woodland of Benj. Hutchinson 
for 15£. I paid him 5£. and gave him a bond for 10£., 
to be paid in paper or silver, April 10, 1712. 

27. Meeting of ye Inhabitants about covering ye house 
&c. I had three men making wall. 

April 4. I went to Redding to a fast. Mr. Wads worth 
began & preached from 9 Math. P.M. I began and he 
preached 4 Phil. 6. I came home wet. 

17. Capt. Gardner came and measured my land, and 
Robert Hutchinson and we changed six acres and one- 
half. I am to maintain forever 47 poles 1-2 of fence 

12 



90 

against him, and I gave him 8£. in money to boot. We 
finished our deeds. 

24. Ministers meeting at my house ; Dea. B. Putnam 
went for Mr. Noyes, and John Hicks went home with 
him. 

25. Joseph Sibley dyed suddenly (as is supposed) by 
a fall from his horse near Dan. Rae's. 

26. I went ye funeral which was at Dan. Rae's. 
30. Planted corn. 

May 2. I visited John Deal. 

4. Chh. meeting, recVd to full communion Dan. An- 
drews wife and ye wife of Dea. Ben. Putnam. 

6. Sab. Sacrament; full assembly. I spake several 
things at night about a lecture. Several here at night. 

9. My lecture very full. 

10. I went to Capt. Putnam's house raising. 

15. Training and catechising, Most of ye company 
came in to meeting; text 20 Rev. 12 verse. Several 
visiters. 

17. Sam'l Goodale made new arbour. 

28. I went to Boston with my daughter Anna; log'd 
at brother Gerrish. 

29. I was at Mr. Thomas Brattles, heard ye organs and 
saw strange things in a microscope.* 

30. Mr. Thacher preached from . 

31. The ministers discoursed : — 1st about ye multipli- 
cation of Parishes, that care should be taken that such 
needless multiplications might be prevented, and 2d, that 
men might not preach or be ordained while too young ; 
3d, that the state of ye country as to schools might be 
represented to ye President and Boston ministers, and by 

♦First notice of organs in Massachusetts. 



91 

them to ye country.* 4th, that the consociation of 
churches might be strengthened. 

June 6. I went to ye raising ye New Meeting House 
at Col. Gardner's (Salem). 

17. Sab. Men pressed for Canada. 

18. Set 300 cabbages. 

July 1. Sab. Sacrament 102 communicants. 

2. Mrs. Howard with me to discourse about her beat- 
ing Mabel Evens and she said if she had done amiss she 
was sorry for it. But she said she was not sensible that 
she done amiss ; she had not abused or misused her maid, 
and she did not tell ye arbitrator that she struck Mabel 
one blow. And she said she had never struck her so 
much as she deserved. I told her she had been cruel and 
ought to repent and confess her sin. And I told her that 
she and her husband had reason to go mourning to ye 
grave for their cruelty to a naughty servant. 

4. I went to commencement, dined in ye Hall, ye Gen- 
eral Hill, Admiral Walker and many great officers there. 
I lodged at Joseph Hicks. 

5. I went to Roxbury, visited ye Gov. and Mr. Wal- 
ler, eat at L. L. Williams, went to Boston lecture. Mr. 
Hood preached 42 Isais., 21 v. I dined with Br. Gerrish 
and came home with my father Gerrish. 

16. Making hay. Showers and thunder that killed a 
cow of Jno. Ho. 

26. Pubb. Fast. I preached 17 Exod., 10 v. 

30. Fleet sailed for Canada. 

Aug. 1. Rain and rest. Boys catching pigeons daily. 

* It is here we discover an effort put forth to ascertain the condi- 
tion of our schools and report the same to the public. This I think 
we may suppose to be the very germ of the Board of Education, as 
now established in this Commonwealth. 



92 

3. Chh. meeting. Talk of a French fleet coming. 

6. Got in two loads of hay, being ye last of twelve 
loads this year. 

10. The towns hereabouts alarmed by a fleet in ye Bay. 
It proved ye. John Gerrish catching pigeons. 

27. Catched pigeons. 

30. Pubb. Fast for ye fleet at Canada. 

31. Killed squirrels that devour my corn exceedingly. 
I have killed 13 and they have eaten £ of my corn. It is 
said there are millions of them in ys village. 

Sept. 1. Hot. We have no bread, nor meal. Deus 
prov. I at study. Meal came at night. 

Sept. 11. Foul weather. We killed our cage pigeons.* 

13. Shot pigeons, raking pasture, binding stalks. 

15. We had news of our Fleet coming back from 
Canada, having lost 884 men by shipwreck, and pretend- 
ing that the pilots failed them. 

Oct. 2. Gathered apples. A great fire at Boston, 
burnt the old meeting house, &c. 

17. Rain. I went to Andover to Mr. S. Phillip's 
ordination. I began, Mr. Phil, preached and prayed, 
then Mr. Barnard read ye Church Covenant and gave ye 
charge, and four of us laid on hands. Mr. Payson gave 
the right hand of fellowship and concluded. I came 
home wet between 7 & 8 o'clock. 

Nov. 4. Sab. a g. d. Several sick. I was called 
upon in ye night. 

* Decoys used as flutterers to attract the notice of wild pigeons 
while on the wing, and bringing them down to the net, or shooting 
stand. Rev. Mr. Green, who appears to have been very fond of field 
sports, kept these decoy pigeons during the year. A much more inno- 
cent pastime than the decoying and hunting of supposed witches, 
which so much interested his predecessor in the ministry at Salem 
Village, the Rev. Samuel Parris. 



93 

7. I went to ye Fast at Capt. Gardner's new meeting 
house. Mr. Chever began, I preached from 10th Nehe., 
23 v. I began in the afternoon, Mr. Blowers preached 
from 3d of Psalms. My father Gerrish gave ye blessing. 
I came home with my wife and father and mother Gerrish 
in ye rain. 

14. I went to Salem lecture. Mr. Noyes preached. 
Dined with ye Judges. Came home in ye snow. The 
first snow. 

Nov. 25. Sab. This was the first Sabbath that ye peo- 
ple met in ye Meeting House by Col. Gardner's. Mr. 
Whiteing preached. 

28. I at study. Our people sent in many presents. 

29. Pubb. Thanksgiving. Very cold. Contributed 
for ye poor. I married two couples. 

Dec. 3. Cold. Wife not well. We killed five hogs. 

4. Salted pork. We have this year kill'd 756 pounds. 

26. Curious winter weather. Ye three Deacons at my 
house. Disposed of ye contributions for ye poor as 
follows : Widow Kenny, 15 shil. ; Widow Shelden, 10 
shil. ; Widow Sibly, 10 shil. ; Jona. Kenny, 10 shil. ; 
George Wyatt, 7 shil. ; Thomas Prince, 4 shil. ; N. 
Good, 9 shil. ; and there remains 9s. 9d. with Dea. E. 
Putnam, and 20 shil. with Dea. Ingersoll, and 19 shil. 
due from Sam'l Putnam. 

1712. Jan. 1. Pretty close winter weather. 

10. Very cold. Sold a load of hay to John Majury 
for 50 shil. 

11. I weighed 20 hundred, and almost one hundred 
lbs. I gave into his load. Jos. Hutch, sledded it to Sa- 
lem. 

Feb. 12. Mr. Prescott, cousin Gardner & Benj. Mars- 
ton dined here. Snow. Our cow very sick, she got cold 



94 

after her calving. I sent for D. Twiss and he came about 
noon. We were brewing sage and tansey ale. 1st he 
made her some flip of the wort, and put in ginger, rum, 
sugar and some powder of his, made of rhubarb, &c. 
2d, he boiled tansey, sage, hysop, and catnip in some of 
ye best wort, and so gave her two or three doses of them 
with some powder in it. 3d, at night he made flip of the 
wort. Twiss lodged here. 

13. In the morning, 4th, he gave the cow mulled syder 
and some wort. 5th, at noon a pint of hog's fat. 6th, 
and then flip. 7th, at night he boiled a pint of flax seed 
and gave her half of it, and at 8 o'clock in the evening 
some flip and ginger. 

14. The cow got up. We gave her the other flax seed 
and some flip, and the grain which she eat at several 
times. In ye afternoon Twiss came and blooded the cow 
in the tail and 8th we gave her a pail of small wort and 
some flaxseed. She was so well yt ye calf sucked. 
Gov. Herrick here. I paid Twiss 8 shil. for doctering ye 
cow. 

15. Gave ye cow some flaxseed and wort and grains. 
She mends apace. 

March 5. I went to Salem Lecture; dined with Mr. 
Noyes. 

7. Burnt brush. Sowed turnips. 

17. I went with Mr. Pr. to Cambridge and lodged at 
Boston. Visited Mr. Pemberton in ye evening. 

18. I Visited Br. Jonathan in Newton and dined at Mr. 
Hubbard's. I supped and lodged at ye President's. 

19. I visited my Aunt Hall at Mystic and Mr. Fox and 
W. and Mrs. Pierpont, and dined at Dea. Fitches and 
came home. 

29. John Hutchinson broke up ground for me. 



95 

April 9. Mr. Barnard, Sir. Cotton and Major Sewall 
here, &c. 

10. I went to Joseph Putnam's and agreed to give 3£. 
15 shil. for a cow and calf. Capt. N. Putnam at my 
house, and spake much against my preaching latterly on 
3d of Prov., 9 verse, and 30th Isah., 10 verse. 

12. I at study. I bought two black heifers of Nich. 
Howard for 4£., either in bills or money as it now passes, 
to be paid in the beginning of November next. 

22. School; two children went to Dame Cloyce. 
May 1. Forward Spring. 

7. My Lecture. Mr. Brown preached. I went with 
my wife to Boston. 

12. I went to Woburn and Cambridge ; lodged at Mr. 
Brattles. 

13. I went to Newton. Sold my houses there for 61£ ; 
to be paid Aug. 1, 1712. 

14. I carried Madame Brattle to Concord to Mr. 
Whiteing's ordination. I came home with Mr. Pitch and 
Mr. Blowers to my house. 

17. Sab. 5 owned ye Covenant and 2 children bap- 
tized. 

23. Finished sheep shearing ; boys weeding garden. 

27. Dry weather. I went to Boston. 

28. Mr. Cheever of Marblehead preached the Election 
Sermon. I dined with ye Governor. 

29. Rain. Ministers discoursed about sundries, &c. 
June 1. Sab. Sacra. 114 communicants. 

4. My Lecture ; full; few strangers. 

June 5. Bro. Sam. Gerrish with his wife, and Bro. 
Jno. Gerrish called at our house. My father was here, 
and I went with them to Wenham and my negro [Flora] , 
Nanne and Joseph. I came home. 



96 

6. Rain. We set 2 or 3 hundred cabbages. 
9. My Father Gerrish and Mother, and Bro. Sam'l and 
wife and Sister Nanne came and dined with us. 

11. I went to Wills Hill fishing. 

12. The people began to repair ye meeting house ; 5 
men at work. 

15. Sab. Mr. Emerson preached in ye afternoon. 

16. I rode to get men to work. 

17. I began to get a frame for ye Leanto, of ye Minis- 
try house. 

21. I at study. 7 men at work about ye house. 

22. Sab. Hot. Child baptized, Buxtons. 

23. 10 men at work; 8 about ye house and two men 
mowing — viz. Nathl. Prince and Jno. Carrel. 

25. Hot. I went to Redding to Mr, Brown's ordina- 
tion. I began. Mr. Br. preached, 20 Acts, 28, and 
prayed. Mr. Sheppard gave ye charge. Mr. Tappan ye 
ri^ht hand. Mr. Parsons concluded. 

26. Mr. Rogers and Fitch called at my house. I was 
making hay. 

30. I went to Salem to wait on Col. Waldren. 

July 2. I went to Commencement and returned to Bos- 
ton. 

3. Mr. Stoddard preached ye Lecture, 16 Math., 17 v. 
I dined and lodg'd at Mr. Cony's. 

9. I went to Salem Lecture. Rain, Discoursed with 
Mr. Corwin. 

23. I carryed my wife to Salem Lecture. Mr. Flint 
preached. 

25-1 got in 3 loads of hay. 

30. My Lecture. Strangers here. 

Aug. 5. I went to Woburn and Boston. 

6. I went to Roxbury and Newton and Cambridge and 






97 

agreed with Jos. Bush about that field. I got a deed of 
Jos. Bush and his wife and paid them 10£., and gave a 
bond for 6£. to be paid ye last of May next. I sold my 
House at Newton for 61£., to be paid next year, and my 
pasture for 45£. to be paid in 8 years. I gave bonds for 
ye money and interest, I came home. At night I mar- 
ry ed W. Walcut, 

8. I began to catch pigeons. 

13. I went to Beverly Lecture, 

18. Ministers Meeting at Mr. Blowers ; 5 ministers. 
25. I went to Boston with my wife. Wet with a 

shower in ye boat. We owned two deeds at Boston. 

Aug. 27, My Lecture. Mr. Prescott preached. 

Sept. 2. Training. I shot pigeons. 

7. Sab. Mr. Cheever preached all day. 

15. Gathered Winter apples. I went to Boston. 

23. Ministers Meeting at Wenham ; 7 ministers. 

29. Gathered apples, Old widow Kenny buried, 

Oct. 1. I went to Salem Lecture; dined at M. Cor- 
win's. 

7. Husking corn; finished. We bad about 30 bush. 

20. Made a chimney in ye cellar. 

25. I at study. Mv aunt Wei de died suddenly. 

27, Cos. Kitchen dyed. We killed a calf that weigh'd 
110 lbs. I bought it with a cow of Mr. Hunt. 

21.1 went with my wife to Cosn Kit, funeral ; ring and 
sctiv,* 

Nov. 12, I went to Saleni Lecture, Mr. Blowers 
preached, I dined with ye Superior Court. Snow, first 
fall, a foot deep. 

19, I at study. We had 2 bush, of wheat came home. 



f King and scarf presented. 
13 



98 

Public Thanksgiving. Contributed k for ye poor 3£. 10 
shil. 

25. I went to Wenham with my wife. Snow. Ye 3 
Deacons at my house at night and divided ye contribution 
to ye poor. Only they put about 30 or 35 shill. in their 
hands. It was divided to George Wyatt, Wm. Good, 
Widow Cloys, Widow Shelden, Widow Richards, and 
Widow Sibley. Deacon Edward Putnam hath ye account 
and ye remains. 

27. Not well. We cut up and salted 7 hogs, all 
weighing 648 lbs. 

29. Rain and very windy. I at study. We have had 
a fortnight of very stormy wet cold weather. 

Dec. 5. Church meeting : very thin. 

6. I at study. Lovely weather. 

7. Sab. Curious weather. 120 communicants. Cold 
and clear. I was writing accounts. 

15. Kill'd our cow Mulberry. She weighed 95 lbs. a 
quarter round, and had 36 lbs. of tallow; the hide 55 
lbs., ye heart 11 lbs., ye head 19 lbs. ; so that she came 
to 5£. 5 shil. in all. 

16. Cut up and salted our cow. Sold 1 quarter for 1£. 
19 shil. Mr. Amos Cheever dined here. 

23. Capt. Brown here about new District. 

31. I went to ye funeral of Deli Putnam. 

1713. Jan. 9. I went to Deacon Edward Putnam and 
married his daughter. 

16. Edward fell down and taken up (for) dead but 
recovered. 

27. I went to Beverly to advise with Dr. Hale about 
my head, which has long been stuffed up, &c. I dined 
with Mr. Blowers and came home in ye snow. 

Feb. 2. Very cold. Visited Mr, John Deajs, &c. 



99 

6. Moderate weather. Draw'd oft' 8 bar. of syder. 

8. Sab. Twins baptized, J. Ray men ts. 

15. Sab. Very cold and wind extremely high. 

24 Curious weather. Committee here at ye East 
about a meeting house. 

26. Wet. I visited ye sick. 

March 5. Cold. Fisk, Porter, Barnard, Prescott here. 
We roasted a turkey. Supped at nine. They went away 
after 10 o'clock. 

6. Taylor finished work; here 15 days. I killed a calf 
and sent Tom. Pierce to Salem with 3 quarters and the 
skin. He came home late and drunk — almost. 

17. Foul weather. I visited Dea. Ben. Putnam who is 
ill with a fall, &c. 

18. S. Goodale at work here. Thundered in ye morn- 
ing. 

30. I sold 15 hund. hay to Maj. Turner for 3 shil. per 
hundred. 

April 2. I went to Cambr. and left 8£. with Mr. Coo- 
ley to buy me cloaths. I came home at 9 o'clk. 

8. My Lecture. Storm of rain. Backward Spring. 

10. I visited ye sick. Maj. Sewall and Mr. Trescott 
here for hay. I at study. Sold hay 3 s. pr. C. Public 
Fast. 

31. Ministers Meeting at my house. Mr. Noyes, Mr. 
Gerrish, Blowers, Corwin, Rogers of Roxbury, and Pres- 
cott. 

23. I went to Salem to Madame Bradstreet's funeral. 

24. Deacon Benj. Gerrish of Salem dyed. 

25. I went to Wenham. Dogs kill'd my sheep, &c. 

26. Sab. I preached at Wenham and Mr. Barnard of 
Salem preached for me. I went to funeral of Uncle 
Gerrish. 



100 

28. Gardening. Changed lands with John Ganson 
and moved fence. He is to have 2 trees that stand on his 
lot. I gave him the trees that he had cut off my land by 
mistake. 

May 1. Warm weather. We gardened. Backward 
Spring. 

6. My Lecture. My father preached. I went on his 
horse to Winnesimet and brought my mother Gerrish, 
before lecture. 

May 25. I at Salem. Discoursed with Mr. Noyes. 
Borrowed 50£. of my aunt Gerrish. 

27. Election. M. Treat preached, 2 Psa., 8 v. I 
dined at my Uncle Deerings. 

28. Ministers Meeting at Mr. Pemberton's. I dined 
there. 

31. Sab. I read and expounded, 1 Psalm. I at study. 
Rain ; a great flood. 

10. I went to Salem Lecture. Mr. Noyes very stiff 
against dismissing ye new Parish. I went to a private 
meeting at Israel Porters. 

13. I at home. Whited chimneys. 

16. I went a fishing, to Wills Hill with my 3 boys. 

21. Sab. Mr. Prescott ill with fever and ague; his 
people here in ye afternoon. 3 baptized. 

24. My father and mother Gerrish here. I went to 
Salem Lecture. I had some warm discourse with Mr. 
Noyes about ye new Parish. Very hot so that we could 
not sleep. 

25. Sent John Green to Winnesymit for sister Nanna. 
Very hot weather. We are frightened that John tarrys 
so long. They came home well at 9 o'clock. 

26. Very hot. I went to Salem to ye funeral of Mr. 
John Higginson's wife. A very good woman that 
been long ill. 



101 

July 3. Church meeting; 40 men, and had much dis- 
course about contributing more liberally to support ye 
Lord's table. 

7. I went to Salem Lecture, carrying son Joseph to 
School, intending (if God please) to make him a schollar 
and minister. He boards at Cos. Hides. I am to give 
12£. pr year certain and 13£. uncertain. 

10. Visited Joseph Porter sick. Went to John Deals 
to ye meeting. Bought oxen giving 12£. 

12. Sab. Hot. Jos. Prince's child dyed of a fall. 

14. Peace made with the Indians at Piscataqua. 

21. I got in my last hay. I have about 8 loads. 

23. Hot. I went to Wills Hill to see meadow and 
bought it, &c. 

25. I at study. Visited Landlord Putnam, very sick 
and out of his head. 

Aug. 13. Blooded oxen and cows. Agreed with Jacob 
Fuller for his Great meadow 14 acres, for 40£. One 
20£. to be paid in a month and 20£. next May. 

Sept. 2. Rain. I went to Wills Hill. Got my deed 
signed by Jacob Fuller and wife. I gave bond for 40£. 
I changed horses with Edward Fuller ; I am to give him 
3£. 10 shil. to boot. I bought oxen of Joseph Fuller 
for 11£. 

5. Hot. Benj. Fuller came for me to visit his son that 
bleeds. 

9. I went to a fast at New District. I began, Mr. 
Prescott preached, 15 Ro., 30 and 32 v. Afternoon Mr. 
Noyes began and Mr. Shepard preached 140 Ps., 2 v. 

25. I went to Boston; log'd at Bro. Gerrishes. 

16. Mr. Sewall ordained at the South Church. Dr. 
Cotton Mather began ; Mr. Sewall preached from 1 of 
Corrin. 3d and 7 v. Mr. Pemberton made a long speech 



102 

3-4 of an hour about ordination and then gave ye charge, 
making two prayers while they laid on hands. Then Dr. 
Increase Mather gave ye right hand of fellowship and con- 
cluded. I dined at Judge Se wall's. 

20. Sab. I read ye letter from ye District ; dismist 
one member and chose messengers. 

23. I went with my wife to the ordination of Mr. Pres- 
cott. We gathered the Church in ye morning at Capt. 
Gardner's. Mr. Cheever was chosen Moderator and 
began with prayer. Mr. Prescott preached 2 Corrin., 5 
and 19 v. Mr. Shephard gave ye charge, and I ye right 
hand of fellowship, and Mr. Blowers concluded. We 
came home in the rain. 

Oct. 4. Sab. Cold and windy. I preached in ye Dea- 
con's seat, A. M. 

23. 5 men cutting wood and 8 teams carting gratis, 
viz. Capt. Putnam, Lieut. Putnam, Gus. Tarbell, Joseph 
Putnam, Israel Porter, Joseph Whipple, Jonath. Rea and 
Daniel Rea. 

Nov. 9. Trooping and training. I dined with Maj. 
Turner at Phillip's. 

16. I went to Salem, Commoners Meeting. 

18. Cold, cloudy and some snow. Mr. Roundy went 
out of the river with walnut wood.* 

23. Kill'd 3 hogs, 178, 93, 81 =352 lbs. Snow. 

24. Salted pork. Moderate weather. 38 years. f I 
went to funeral of Jona. Howard's wife. 

4. Cold. Chh. Meeting. I sold 3 oxen for 27£. 10 
shil. 14. Brave sledding. 

27. Sab. Slippery, windy. 

1714. Jan. 8. I went to Wenham ; met Mr. Th. Sis- 
ter N. distressed. 

* Danvers Port, probably, 
t This refers to the birth day of Mr. Green. 



103 

14. Pub. Fast by reason of sickness (ye measels) and 
scarcity of grain, a g. d. 

24. Sab. Full assembly. Child baptized. 

25. Deacons here. Contribution for poor 4£. 9 shil. 

26. Moderate weather all the month. 

Feb. 25. I went to Mr. Joseph Putnam's and married 
Jonathan Putnam. 

March 19. Men gardening. 

21. Sab. Eeceived Capt. Flint into Church. 

April 13. I went to ye funeral of Henry Kenney's 
wife. I changed horses with Ben. Knight and gave him 
50 shil. to boot. 

20. Catachizing 22 children. 

29. I went to Wills Hill; bought a yoke of oxen of 
T. F. for 11£., which I am to pay as soon as I can. 

May 14. I went to Wenham and fetched Sister Nanna. 
I changed one ox for 3 with Dea. Ed. Putnam. I am to 
pay him 8£. 10 shil. certain in ye fall, and if I can afford 
it 10 shil. more. 

16. Sab. Benny sick. Nick. Bayly dyed. 

17. Dr. Hale here. Thomas Bayly dyed. 

19. Benj. very bad. I went to Salem Ordination. Dr. 
C. Mather began, I gave ye right hand, Mr. Noyes 
gave ye charge, Mr. Gerrish concluded. Mr. Noyes 
gave ye charge mostly in ye third person (as we ordained 
him) and charged him, &c, and mixed his prayer with 
ye charge — now lamented the failings that now have 
been amongst us with respect to this settlement. But I 
hope God will forgive and accept. Mr. Corwin preached 
very well from 2 Corin. 2d, 16 vr., "Who is sufficient." 

21. Ben is very ill. Our hope and help is in God, of 
whose power and goodness we have so often had experi- 
ence. Mr. Prescott here. 



104 

23. Ben very bad. Jonathan Putnam went for Dr. 
Hale. He came at noon. 

24. I went to Beverly and Wenham, but could not find 
ye Doctor. 

27. Very hot. Mrs. Flint here. Ben. better. Dr. 
Hale log'd here. 

28. Very hot. I went to Salem to visit Coz. Hide mar- 
ried to Mr. Batter and Betsy Kitchen to Mr. T. Lindall. 
A fast at Madam Kitchen's. 

June 8. I went to ye raising ye Meeting House at 
Horse Bridge.* I began with prayer and came home. I 
went again at noon, dined at Mr. Herrick's. My father 
Gerrish concluded at night, and Mr. Blowers read and 
sung 122 Psalm. 

13. Sab. Preached against sleeping, &c. 

15. Training here. My father Gerrish here. I bought 
4 oxen. 

17. Dr. Hale here. I paid him 20 s. in full. 

29. Began to mow. 2 men. 

July 8. I went to Salem and P. M. viewed Mrs. P. farm. 

July 21. I went to Salem Lecture. Received 50 shil. 
of Ives and Mather. Reckoned with Coz. Hide and have 
paid him 12£. and 20 shil. for' John's board 1 year. 
Paid Sam. West 10 shil. Paid Marshall 10 shil. 

Aug. 2. I went to Boston with my wife ; stopped by a 
shower and great hail. We got to Boston at 9 o'clock. 

6. Sir. Andrews came to keep school. 

9. I agreed to give Mr. Ganson five bushels of shelled 
corn at harvest, for ye damage my oxen did ye last night. 

12. Cloudy but a great drought. 

13, Joseph went to mill P. M. I at study. 

* North Parish, Beverly. 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS 



VOLUME X 



IP .A. JEb T X ±. 



SALEM, MASS. 

ESSEX INSTITUTE PRESS 

1869. 



EXPLANATION. 



Figures enclosed in a parenthesis at the head or end of a name, 
thus, (1) Richard, or (2) Joseph, son of Richard (1), denote the num- 
ber of the individual, in their numerical order, and the small figures 
at the end of each name, thus, Joseph 2 , denotes the generation to 
which they belong. 

Names printed in large capitals, without date of birth, indicate that 
it is a subject of particular notice, and will be found without refer- 
ence to the Index, among the list under the generation attached to the 
end of the name, — as 4 JOSEPH 2 , or JOSEPH, No. 4, Gen. 2, and 
will be found treated of under that Generation. 
(2) 






PREFACE. 



The compilation of this work was commenced in Nov., 
1857, and finished as far as circumstances would then admit, 
in Dec, 1858, covering a space of thirteen months of unceas- 
ing labor, being employed under the patronage of Hiram 
Hutchinson, Esq., of New York. The work was intended 
at that time for publication, but on its completion, for 
some particular reason at the time on the part of the pro- 
jector, it was thought best to withhold it from publication, 
thereby disappointing a large number who were eagerly an- 
ticipating its appearance in print. The matter thus rested 
till the fall of 1867, when, being warmly urged by several 
influential gentlemen, the compiler again resumed the work, 
adding many more families, and much new and interesting 
matter, giving the whole work almost an entire new charac- 
ter, which will more than compensate for the delay. To 
many who have lived to a very advanced age, most of 
whom have since passed away, the author is greatly in- 
debted for much valuable assistance, which in a delay of a 
year or two, would have been irrecoverably lost. Others 
there are who have been indefatigable in lending their aid, 
some of whom anticipated the author's wants in procuring 
data and records of several families among their relatives, 
thus greatly facilitating his labors. Great care has been 
exercised in rendering all the details as correct as possible ; 
and where information has been supplied by others, it has 



IV PREFACE. 

been carefully examined, and such only made use of as the 
author had good reason to believe correct. 

Since the completion of the American Genealogy, Mr. 
Alcander Hutchinson, now a resident of France, after a 
long and careful investigation, assisted by J. L. Chester, 
Esq., of London, has prepared and published, in the Genea- 
logical Register of Boston, July number, 1868, the English 
Pedigree, or descendants of Barnard Hutchinson, living in 
1282. It is a most valuable and interesting production, 
and undoubtedly perfect in all its details ; and the author 
has incurred the responsibility of its partial introduction in 
this work, being entirely indebted to him for every particu- 
lar, thus bringing the history under two heads, English and 
American. 

The old story is rife among many (applicable also to any 
other family name) that "three brothers" composed the 
original American stock from whom this line of Hutchin- 
sons descended ; and it is asserted that one settled in New 
Hampshire, another in Massachusetts, and the third in Con- 
necticut. However true it may be of others, it is certain 
that Richard is the only representative of this particular 
branch of the Hutchinsons in this country. 

The following description of the family arms is given by 
Mr. Hutchinson, in his English history. 

"Gerit Crucem Fortiter." 
"Per pale gules and azure, semee of cross-crosslets or, a 
lion rampant argent. Crest, out of a ducal coronet or, a 
cockatrice with wings endorsed azure, beaked, combed and 
wattled gules." P. D. 

Salem, Oct., 1868. 



M\\t jlutohittisiotj ^aroiijr. 

OR, THE DESCENDANTS OF BARNARD HUTCHINSON OF 
COWL AM, ENGLAND. 



[Communicated, by Pcrley Derby.] 



HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH BRANCH. 

First Gen. (1) BARNARD HUTCHINSON, of Cowlam, County 
of York, living in the year 1282, in the reign of King Edward I, ap- 
pears to be the first reliable representative and progenitor of the 
Hutchinsons in England. But little is known of his personal history, 
and for an extended account of him, and the most prominent of his 
English posterity, the reader is referred to the July No., 18G8, of 
Drake's Genealogical Register, as referred to in the Preface. Mr. 
Hutchinson md. a dau. of John Boyville, Esq., and had three children : 

2. JOHN. 3. Robert. 4. Mary. 

Second Gen. (2) JOHN, son of BARNARD (1), md. Edith, dau. 
of Wm. Wouldbie. Four children : — 
5. JAMES. 6. Barbara. 7. Julia. 8. Margaret. 

Third Gen. (5) JAMES, son of JOHN (2), md. Ursula, dau. of 
Mr. Gregory, of Nafferton. Five children: — 
9. WILLIAM. 10. John. 11. Barbara. 12. a dau. 13. Eleanor. 

Fourth Gen. (9) WILLIAM, son of JAMES (5), md. Anna, dau. 
of Wm. Bennet, Esq., of Theckley. Four children: — 
14. ANTHONY. 15. Oliver. 16. Mary. 17. Alice. 

Fifth Gen. (14) ANTHONY, son of WILLIAM (9), md. 1st, 
Judith, clau. of Thos. Crosland; md. 2d, Isabel, dau. of Robert Harvie. 
Eight children : — 

18. WILLIAM. 19. Thomas. 20. John. 21. Richard. 22. Leo- 
nard. 23. Edmond. 24. Francis. 25. Andrew. 

Sixth Gen. (19) THOMAS, son of ANTHONY (14), supposed to 
have md. the dau. of Mr. Drake, of Kinoulton, County of Nottingham. 
He was living Oct. 9, 1550. Three children : — 

26. William, died 1550. 27. John. 28. LAWRENCE. 

(5) 



6 

Seventh Gex. (28) LAWRENCE, son of THOMAS (19), of Owl- 

thorpe; Will proved Oct. 9, 1577; mcl. Isabel , who was living 

1577. Five children : — 

29. Robert. 30. THOMAS. 31. Agnes. 32. Richard. 33. Wil- 
liam. 

Eighth Gen. (30) THOMAS, son of LAWRENCE (28), resided 
at Newark; d. 1598. Three children: — 
34. William. 35. THOMAS. 36. Joan. 

Ninth Gen. (35) THOMAS, son of THOMAS (30); buried at 
Arnold, Aug. 17, 1618; md. Alice . Seven children: — 

37. John, buried Sept. 2, 1627. 38. Isabel. 39. Humphrey. 
40. Elizabeth. 41. Robert, bapt. Sept. 6, 1601. 4.2. RICHARD. 
43. Thomas, bapt. June 16, 1605. 



THE HUTCHINSONS OF NEW ENGLAND. 

FIRST GENERATION. 

(1) RICHARD 1 , son of THOMAS (35), of Arnold, Eng., was born 
in 1602. The date of his birth is ascertained from a deposition on file 
in the office of the Essex County Court, Salem, Mass., where in a case 
of Cromwell vs. Ruck, 1660, he states his age as being 58 years. He 
emigrated to America in 1634, with his wife Alice, and four children, 
and settled in Salem Village, now Danvers, in the vicinity of Whipple 
and Hathorne's hill. There is some evidence, however, gleaned from 
the town records of Salem, that he may have primarily settled in the 
town proper, from the fact that in July 25, 1639, one TJailemon Dick- 
erson was granted four poles of land "neere Richard Hutchinson's 
house, to make tan pitts and to dress goates skinnes and hides." As 
tanning was not known to have been carried on in Salem Village at 
so early a period, much time has been spent in discovering this 
locality, but without avail; as after this, his name seems to have dis- 
appeared from the records of Salem. In 1636, Mr. Hutchinson re- 
ceived a grant of 60 acres of land from the town, and Apr. 3, follow- 
ing, 20 acres more. In the same year he was appointed on a com- 
mittee to survey Jeffrey's Creek (now Manchester), and Mackerell 
Cove. April 17, 1637, it was voted "that in case Ric'd Huchenson 
shall sett up plowing within 2 years he may haue 20 acres more to bee 
added to his pportion." This appears to be in consequence of the 
great scarcity of ploughs, there being but thirty-seven in all the 
settlements. In 1648, at Salem Village, he bought of Elias Stileman, 



his farm of 150 acres, for £15. The records do not show him to have 
been officially engaged in many matters of public trust, but he was 
undoubtedly a man of indomitable perseverance, great vigor of mind 
and physical endurance, a strict disciplinarian in religious affairs, a 
thorough agriculturist, and as he had amassed a large landed estate, 
he had, before the close of his life, divided much of his property 
among his children. He and his wife were members of the first ch., 
Salem, as early as 1636, on whose records he is first mentioned in con- 
nection with the baptism of his dau. Abigail. 

He md. 1st, Dec. 7, 1627, Alice, dau. of Joseph Bosworth, of Hol- 
grave; md. 2d, Oct., 1668, Susanna, wicl. of Samuel Archard, who d. 
Nov. 26, 1674; md. 3d, Sarah, wid. of James Standish. On the de- 
cease of the latter, Mr. Hutchinson was appointed administrator. At 
this third marriage he must have been at least 79 years of age, and 
certainly 66 on his second. His Will was signed Jan. 19, 1679, and 
proved Sept. 28, 1682. His widow survived him, and shortly after 
married for her third husband, Thomas Eoots, of Manchester, whose 
Will was proved Nov. 27, 1683. She was living as late as March 
1683-4. Eight ch. by Alice : — 

2. Alice, bapt. Eng., Sept. 27, 1628, buried the same year. 3. 
Elizabeth, bapt. Eng., Aug. 30, 1629, d. June 24, 1688 ; md. Nathaniel, 
son of Lt. John and Priscilla Putnam, b. 1621. d. July 23, 1700; yeo- 
man. Seven ch : — Samuel, b. Feb. 18, 1653: Nathaniel, b. Apr. 24, 
1655; John, b. Mar. 26, 1657, d. 1722; Joseph, b. Oct. 29, 1659, d. 
1723; Elizabeth, b. Aug. 11, 1662, d. Mar. 6, 1697; Benjamin, b. Dec. 
24, 1644, d. 1744; Mary, b. Sept. 15, 1668. 

4. Mary, bapt. Eng., Dec. 28, 1630; md. May 26, 1657, Thomas, son 
of Thomas and Tamosin Hale, of Newbury, b. 1633, d. Oct. 22, 1688; 
yeoman. Eight ch : — Thomas, b. Feb. 11, 1659, d. Jan. 8, 1746 ; Mary, 
b. July 15, 1660; Abigail, b. April 8, 1662; Hannah, b. Nov. 28, 
1663; Lydia, b. April 17, 1666; Elizabeth, b. Oct. 16, 1668; Joseph, 
b. Feb. 20, 1671; Samuel, b. June 6, 1674, d. 1723. 5. Rebecca, b. 
Eng., 1632; md. May, 1658, James Hadlock, yeoman, of Salem Vill. 
Three ch:— Hannah, b. July 1657; Sarah, b. Sept., 1659; Mary, b. 
Mar. 2, 1662. 

6. JOSEPH 2 . 7. Abigail, bapt. 1st ch., Salem, Dec. 25, 1636; md. 
Anthony Ashby of Bradford, Mass. Lived at Salem Vill. ; yeoman. 
Two ch: — Sarah, b. Dec. 16, 1672; a dau. b. Dec. 20, 1674. 8. Han- 
nah, bapt. 1st ch., Jan. 20, 1639; md. Apr. 12, 1662, Daniel, son of 
Thomas and Hannah Boardman, of Ipswich; yeoman. Five ch : — 
Thomas, b. July 15, 1666, d. 1751; Hannah, b. Feb. 18, 1670-1; Wait- 
John, b. Aug. 23, 1676; David and Jonathan, twins, b. June 21, 1682; 
the latter d. 1720. 

9. JOHN. 2 

[For the Will of Richard, see Appendix A.J 



SECOND GENERATION. 

(6) JOSEPH 2 , son of RICHARD (1), b. No. Muskhani, Eng., 1633. 
His deposition in Court is given at the same time, and is borne upon 
the same instrument, as that of his father, in 1660, where he gives his 
age as 27. He lived on the homestead, and acquired nearly all his 
property by deed of gift from his father. May 10, 1666, he received a 
" dwelling house, barne and land already broken up, which he hath 
now in his possession, * * * with all his meddowes & two acres 
& a halfe of medclow more or less within my son Nathanyell Putnam's 
field, the meddow comonly caled Peases meddow with the meddow 
which he hath at the meddow comonly caled Bishops meddow con- 
taining by estimation five acres * * * & at ye river comonly caled 
ye great river [Ipswich river] containing two acres and half," with 
another piece "lying at the S. end of that medow, which formerly be- 
longed to Capt. Price," containing i acres. In addition to the above, 
describing the bounds, he received tAvo parcels more, one containing 
200 acres, and the other 100 acres, besides "all the apple trees that are 
in my old orchard which lyes to the S. W. from my now dwelling 
house and two apple trees that are in the orchard behind the house." 
His homestead was situated and joined the site of the first meeting 
house in Salem Vill., the said site being an acre of his own land, he 
contributed to the proprietors to build upon. Recent investigations 
have led to the conclusion that his dwelling house was not far re- 
moved from this spot, standing in a field where traces of an old cellar 
are yet visible. 

In 1700, or thereabouts, the above church was taken down and 
erected upon another spot near by, and the site reverted to him again. 
The dimensions of the old meeting house were 34 feet in length, 28 
feet and 16 feet between joints. " It is believed," says Upham, " that 
he removed the frame to the other side of the road, and converted it 
into a barn, and used as such, where it remained till within the 
memory of aged people now living." 

Mr. Hutchinson lived through the ever memorable period of the 
Witchcraft delusion of 1692. Strong in his mind, and sensible as he 
was on every other subject, yet he was not proof against the current 
of thought which pervaded some of the noblest intellects of that age. 
Be was one of a number who entered a complaint against Tituba, an 
Indian woman living in the family of Rev. Samuel Parris, Sarah, the 
wife of Wm. Good, and Sarah, wife of Alex'r Osborn. 

In his lather's Will, it is expressed that the care of Sarah, his 
mother-in-law, be devolved on him. But shortly after his decease, 
she <h sired "to take her abode among her relations," which was just 
prior to her marriage with Mr. Roots. In doing this some difficulty 



occurred in the settlement of her affairs, between herself and Joseph, 
which appears in the following warrant taken from the Essex Co. Ct. 
Rec. "Joseph Hutchinson to appear at Court at Ipswich to answer 
to Complaint of Sarah Roots alias Hutchinson and Nathaniel Putnam 
for with holding a debt of due for charge & Expense In suport & 
maintenance of said Sarah dureing the time of their Administration 
on the estate of Richard Hutchinson deceased. Mar. 12, 1083-4." 

The following is her deposition. "Mar. 1684. Whereas I have 
signed to a wrighting which was made by my son in law Joseph 
Hutchinson which I understood was only a discharge for the goods 
that I carried away from my husband hutchinson, his house, which 
said wrighting to my best remembrance I never heard red, but was 
then Ready to confide in my son in lawes honesty for he told me I 
must give him a discharge for what I then carried away which I 
thought was reason and therefore signed to the said righting as a re- 
ceit for which I then received and no other waies. Sworne 22th of 
March 1683-4. Before Barth'w Gedney, Asst." 

The testimony of Joseph Holten and others, show that the conver- 
sation between Jos. Hutchinson and his mother-in-law, was conducted 
on the most friendly terms, and the separation was perfectly amicable. 
The following bill of costs produced against Nath'l Putnam is a curi- 
osity in its style. 

"Joseph Hutchinson's Bill of Cost against Nathaniel putnam. 

3 somensis taking out and sarving 

3 witnesis one day 

my going to get them sworn 

One day for getting a copy of my fathers Will and the record 
three dais atandons 

This bill of cost allowed by Court." . . . 110 

In 1658 he was chosen constable and tax gatherer, and his name ap- 
pears on the jury list for 1679 ; he was frequently chosen administrator 
and overseer, and often was witness to wills, deeds and inventories. 
There is no will or administration of his estate on record, he having 
during his life time, distributed his large property among his children. 
To his son Robert he gave his mansion house, barn, stock of cattle, 
and all his movable estate not given to his other children by deed of 
gift, viz. : — A lot of 25 acres where his house stands, 4£ acres where 
the old meeting house stood, 12 acres on Thorndike hill, and a lot on 
Ipswich river, bearing date June 3, 1708. To son Joseph, 50 acres 
where he now dwells, 4 acres on W. side of Ipswich river, and his 
rights in Cromwell's and Price's meadows, being 7 acres, and a right 
in a piece of meadow on Ipswich river, dated July 1, 1703 ; to his son 
John, 50 acres in 1694; to son Samuel, in 1707, 30 acres; to his son 
2 






4 6 


9 


6 





2 





2 6 





6 



10 

Ambrose, 20 acres, dated June 3, 1708; and in 1707, to son Richard, 
30 acres near Beaver dam ; and to his son Benjamin, 30 acres. There 
is no other evidence respecting the date of his decease, but that re- 
corded in Reg. of Deeds, of a deposition made June 26, 1716, by John 
Houlton, who takes oath at an .Inferior Ct. of Pleas, that he saw- 
Joseph Hutchinson, Sen'r., late of Salem, dec'd, sign a deed convey- 
ing 2 acres of land to Thomas Haines ; and as he was living Jan. 30, 
1715-16, he certainly died between these two dates, aged about 83 
years. 

He md. 1st, probably a daughter of John Gedney. In the admin- 
istration of the estate of Joseph's daughter, Bethiah, mention is 
made of a legacy of £13, lis, 7d, given her by her grandfather Ged- 
ney. The latter had a son Bartholomew, who had a dau. Bethiah; 
and as these names frequently occur in different families afterwards, 
the supposition is quite plausible. Md. 2d, Feb. 28, 1677-8, Lydia, 
dau. of Anthony and Elizabeth Buxton. She was wid. of Joseph 
Small, her second husband, md. Dec. 26, 1672 ; and at his dec. was 
appointed adm'x, May, 1676 ; Joseph Hutchinson and Jona. Walcott, 
appraisers. She was bapt. Apr. 27, 1689, and was living in June, 1708. 
Five ch : — 

10. Abigail, and 11. Bethiah, bapt. Sept. 26, 1666, latter d. Nov., 
1690. 12. JOSEPH 3 . 13. JOHN 3 . 14. BENJAMIN 3 . Six ch. by 
Lydia. 

15. Abigail, b. Jan. 14, 1678-9; md. Joseph Allen, bapt. 1st ch., 
Oct. 1672; Will app. May 13, 1740. Ten ch: — Abigail, b. June 1, 
1696; Joseph, b. Feb. 11, 1697-8; Benjamin, b. Apr. 26, 1699; John, 
bapt. June 1, 1701; John, bapt. Sept. 19, 1703; Abigail, bapt. Aug. 
12, 1705 ; Zebulon, bapt. Sept. 15, 1706. Robert. Bethiah. Eliza- 
beth, bapt. Oct. 3, 1714. 

16. RICHARD 3 . 17. Samuel, b. Oct. 9, 1682, living 1710. 18. 
AMBROSE 3 . 19. Lydia, b. Sept. 13, 1685; md. George, son of Sam- 
uel and Mary Nourse, b. July 29, 1682, d. 1759. Lived in Lynn; yeo- 
man. Four ch : — Elizabeth, bapt. Sept. 24, 1710. Mary, bapt. Aug. 
2, 1713. George, bapt. Oct. 16, 1715, d. 1799. Abigail. 20. Robert. 3 

(9) JOHN 2 , son of RICHARD (1), b. Salem Vill., May, 1643, d. Aug. 
2, 1676. Estate valued at £273, 5s, 6d. He settled on a portion of 
his father's farm, and at his decease he was in possession of about 650 
acres of land. He and his brother Joseph, prior to Mch., 1672, had 
erected a saw mill on Beaver Dam. A road being laid out from their 
father's house to said Dam, a complaint was preferred against them 
for obstructing the way, but there is no further record to show how 
the affair terminated. He md. July, 1672, Sarah, dau. of John and 
Rebecca Putnam, b. Sept. 4, 1654. One ch : — 



11 

21. Sarah, who md. Dca. Joseph Whipple, b. Nov. 1, 1666, d. Sept. 
19, 1740. Seven eh: — Sarah, b. Feb. 26, 1G91-2. Lydia, b. Feb. 2, 
1693-4. John, b. Oet. 23, 1695. Mary, bapt. Oct. 22, 1699. Mary 
and Joseph, b. Feb. 2, 1701-2; Matthew, b. Aug. 25, 1704. 

THIRD GENERATION. 

(12) JOSEPH, son of JOSEPH 2 (6), bapt. 1st eh., Salem, Sept. 26, 
1666; Will rec'd to Probate, June 3, 1751. He was rec'd as a mem. of 
the eh. at Salem Vill., Feb. 4. 1700, and afterwards chosen, Oct. 31, 
1732, a delegate to the church in Wenham, to assist in the ordination 
of Rev. John Warren. He settled on a portion of the old homestead 
farm, owned by his father, consisting of fifty acres of upland, which 
he afterwards rec'd by deed of gift, bearing date July 1, 1703. Inv. of 

his est. taken July 20, 1751, £393, 6s. He md. 1st., Elizabeth , 

b. 1664, "d. Dec. 21, 1700, aged 36 years;" md. 2d, Jan. 30, 1700-1, 
Rebecca Knight, of Topsfield. Nine ch. by Elizabeth. 

22. JOSEPH 4 . 33. Ruth, b. Feb. 26, 1690-1, living in 1766; md. 
Feb. 19, 1712-13, Josiah, son of John and Hannah Putnam, b. Oct. 29, 
1686 ; Will proved Sept. 2, 1766. Both rec'd into ch. Dec. 10, 1727. 

Yeoman. Seven ch: — Asa, b. July 31, 1714, d. 1775. Enos, b. 

Oct. 6, 1716; Will prob. Oct. 2, 1780. Josiah, b. Mar. 3, 1718-19, 
living 1766. Peter, bapt. Apr. 5, 1724, d. 1773. Elizabeth, bapt. 
July 4, 1725, living 1766. Elisha, bapt. Mch. 24, 1727-8, d. Feb. 16, 
1817. Ruth, bapt. June 4, 1732, living 17G6. 

24. Bethiah 4 , b. Dec. 24, 1693, d. Dec. 9, 1726 ; md. June 9, 1715, 
Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Sarah Putnam, b. Jan. 8, 1692; Will 
prob. Oct. 15, 1744. Yeoman. Two ch: — Benjamin b. Oct. 12, 1718; 
Eunice, b. May 21, 1722. 25. Ebenezer 4 . 26. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 22, 
1695, d. Feb. 18, 1702. 27. A son, b. Feb. 22, 1695. 28. Elisha, b. 
Mch. 14, 1697, d. Mch. 1, 1702. 29. Jasper, b. Jan. 31, 1698, d. Feb. 
16, 1701. 30. ELISHA 4 . One ch. by Rebecca. 

31. Elizabeth, bapt. Apr. 19, 1702 ; Will signed Oct. 14, 1778, ap- 
proved Jan. 1, 1779; md. May 5, 1724, Benjamin, son of John and 
Elizabeth (Holton) Buxton, of Salem Vill., b. Mch. 11, 1694-5; Will 
approved Dec. 3. 1770. Yeoman. No issue. 

(13) JOHN 3 , son of JOSEPH 2 (6), bapt. 1st ch., Salem, Sept. 26, 
1666; estate appraised Apr. 1, 1746, son William, adm. Inv. £61, 12s, 
9d. He was a farmer and lived on the homestead. He owned a large 
and valuable farm in Sutton, containing 179 acres, which he sold, Dec. 
26, 1723, to Isaac Richards, of Salem, for £150; also another farm of 
129 acres, which he sold two days after to Cornelius Putnam, of Sa- 
lem, for £150. He was rec'd into ch. Sept. 19, 1703. Constable and 
tax gatherer for the year 1706 ; md. 1st, May 7, 1694, Mary Gould ; md. 



12 

2d, Mch. 4, 1710, Hannah, dau. of Nehemiah and Ann (Dixey) Howard, 
b. Aug. 1, 1661. Five ch. by Mary. 

32. A son, b. Sept. 2, 1695, d. Dec. 1, 1695. 33. Mary, b. Oct. 2, 
1696; adm. granted Dec. 5, 1780, to Eli Curtis; md. Dec. 19, 1721, 
Daniel Wilkins, jr.; Will proved Jan. 4, 1742-3; rem'd to Middleton 
about 1729. Yeoman. Eight ch: — Mary, Abigail and Elizabeth, 
bapt. July 18, 1725. Rachel, bapt. June 4, 1727. Sarah, bapt. Apr. 
6, 1729. Mercy, b. Eeb. 2Q, 1731. Priscilla and Daniel mentioned 
in the Will. 34. JOHN 4 . 35. Abigail, b. Mch. 17, 1702; md. Mch. 5, 
1727-28, Benjamin, son of Benjamin and Sarah Putnam, b. Jan 8, 1692; 
Will proved Oct. 15, 1744. He also md. Bethiah, dau. of Joseph 
Hutchinson, jr. (see No. 23). Yeoman. One ch:— Abigail, bapt. 
Jan, 4, 1729-30. 36. Ebenezer 4 . Two ch. by Hannah : — 

37. Eunice, b. Apr. 9, 1712; md. 1731, Holyoke Putnam, of Middle- 
ton. 38. WILLIAM 4 . 

(14) BENJAMIN 3 , son of JOSEPH 2 (6), b. , d. 1733, intestate; 

no adm. on his estate. Feb. 7, 1733, he sold Sam'l Houlton ten and 
one-half acres of land for £168, and Oct. 5, same year, his son-in-law, 
Jona. Buxton, and Jane, his wife, sold to Benj. Hutchinson, jr., all 
their right and title in the estate of Benj. Hutchinson, late of Salem, 
dec'd, which certainly fixes nearly the date of his death. He was a 
farmer, and lived on that part of the homestead he rec'd from his 
father by deed of gift, containing 30 acres, bearing date Oct. 2, 1691. 
He afterwards acquired a considerable real estate by purchase, con- 
tiguous to the homestead, and owned a tract of 10 acres on the W. 
side of Ipswich river, which was given by his father to his bro. 
Robert, June 3, 1708, of whom he bought it Aug. 6, 1713, and sold it 
the next year to Walter Smith, for £20. Before his decease he had 
settled a snug little estate upon each of his remaining children, dis- 
posing of most of the remainder by deed of sale. While an infant he 
was adopted into the family of Dea. Nathaniel Ingersoll, his only 
child, a daughter, having died at an early age. A deed to this effect 
is recorded in the Probate Rec, which reads as follows : — 

"Benjamin Hutchinson, being an infant, when he was given to us 
by his parents, we have brought him up as our own child; and he the 
said Benjamin, living with us as an obedient son until he came of one 
and twenty years of age, he then marrying from us, I, the said 
Nathaniel Ingersoll, and Hannah my wife, on these considerations do, 
upon the marriage of our adopted son, Benjamin Hutchinson, give 
and bequeath to him * * * this deed of gift of ten acres of up- 
land, and also three acres of meadow * * *" dated Oct. 2, 1691. 
Dea. Ingersoll died in 1719, leaving a Will, wherein, "for the consid- 
eration of the great help he had been while living with him, and after 



13 

he had left," he 'bequeaths all the remaining part of his whole estate, 
both real and personal, except a lot of two acres (describing the 
same), after making provision for the rest of his family. 

But little more is known of his personal history, and that through 
the medium of the witchcraft papers, deposited in the office of the 
Essex Co. Ct., being at the time quite a youth, about 21 or 22 years of 
age, with a young wife, both of whom acted their part in this most 
singular drama, with an apparent air of sincerity, astonishing to all 
who may read or hear of these performances, the result of which was 
almost certain conviction of the innocent defendants, and an igno- 
minious death. 

He md. 1st, Nov. 14, 16—, Jane, dau. of Walter and Margaret 

Phillips, d. 7, 1711. He wtis ree'd into ch. May 7, 1699, and his 

wife, May 28, following; md. 2d, Jan. 26, 1714-15, Abigail Foster. 
Eleven ch. by Jane. 

3.9. A son, d. in infancy. 40. Benjamin, b. Aug. 31, 1690, d. Sept. 
18, 1690. 41. Hannah, b. May 7, 1692; md. Mch. 6, 1717-18, William, 
son of William and Elizabeth Henfield, bapt. May 1, 1690. One ch: — 
William, bapt. Oct. 30, 1720. 

42. BENJAMIN 4 . 43. Bethiah, b. Jan. 5, 1695-6. 44. NATHAN- 
IEL 4 . 45. Sarah, b. Dec. 26, 1701 ; md. Nov. 17, 1725, Cornelius, son 
of Benj. and Sarah Putnam, b. Sept. 3. 1702. Yeoman. No issue. 
46. Bartholomew, b. Apr. 27, 1703. 47. Jane, b. Aug. 1, 1705 ; md. 
Sept. 8, 1726, Jonathan, son of John and Elizabeth Buxton, b. July 25, 
1706; adm. granted his widow, Sept. 23, 1745. He was brother of 
Benjamin who md. Elizabeth (31), dau. of Joseph Hutchinson, jr. 
Two ch: — Jonathan, bapt. July 20, 1729 ; Benjamin, bapt. June 13, 
1735. 

48. Israel, bapt. Oct. 5, 1708, d. young. 49. John, d. before 1733. 
One ch. by Abigail. 

50. JONATHAN 4 . 

(16) RICHARD 3 , son of JOSEPH 2 (6), b. at Salem Vill., May 10, 
1681. He ceased to be taxed in 1738, after which date it is supposed 
he removed to the State of Maine, where some portion of his family 
lived and died. Dec. 8, 1707, his father deeded him a farm of 30 acres, 
joining the homestead, and the "New Dam, so called." From 1707 to 
1737, be had accumulated a large estate, portions of which were 
situated in the town of Middleton, and in the vicinity of the old 
meeting house. But just previous to the latter date he succeeded in 
disposing of most of it, preparatory to his supposed removal. He 
md. Feb. 16, 1713-14, Rachel Bance. Six ch : — 

51. STEPHEN 4 . 52. Lydia, bapt. Sept. 2, 1716. 53. Rachel, bapt. 
Sept. 29, 1723. 54. Elizabeth, bapt. Sept. 29, 1723. 55. Daniel, 
bapt. Aug. 17, 1729. 56. Joseph. 



14 

(18) AMBROSE 3 , son of JOSEPH 2 (6), b. at Salem Vill., June 4, 
1684. Adra. granted Sept. 26, 1757, to widow, and son George. He 
was a farmer, and lived and died upon that part of the homestead 
given him by his father, June 3, 1708, consisting of 30 acres, adjoining 
land owned by his brother Robert, and the highway. The inventory 
of his estate was £103, 9s, 2d. He md. June 24, 1709, Ruth, dau. of 
John and Elizabeth Leach, b. Mch. 31, 1G92. Six ch : — 

57. AMOS 4 . 58. James. 59. SAMUEL 4 . 60. John, bapt. July 5, 
1719, d. Lyndeboro about 1789. 61. James, d. 1752. 62. GEORGE 4 . 

(19) ROBERT 3 , son of JOSEPH 2 (6), b. at Salem Till., Nov. 13, 
1687; adm. granted Apr. 24, 1733, to son-in-law, Wm. Shillaber. 
Farmer. His homestead was situated hear the old meeting house. At 
the age of 21 he received from his father a farm of 30 acres, on the 
N. side of Ipswich river, the whole of which he sold in Aug., 1713, to 
his brothers, Joseph and Benjamin. In 1729, he sold to Peter Hobart, 
of Braintree, for £1000, two tracts of land situated on Beaver Dam 
brook, and on or near Thorndike hill. He was, it appears by the 
inventory of his estate, owner of one-quarter part of a grist mill and 
a scythe factory, and one sixth of "another mill." Inventory of his" 
estate, £879, 19s, Id. He md. 1st, Dec. 27, 1711, Elizabeth, dau. of 
Jonathan and Lydia Putnam, b. Feb. 2, 1686-7 ; md. 2d, June 6, 1717, 
Sarah Putnam. After the dec. of her husband, she had sett off as part 
of her dower, "one quarter part of the water mills on N. River, in 
partnership with Josh. Hicks, of Salem." Two ch. by Elizabeth. 

63. Sarah, bapt. Sept. 12, 1712, d. Dec, 1800; md. William Shilla- 
ber, d. 1748. Eight ch: — Elizabeth, bapt. 1st ch., middle precinct, 
Aug. 15, 1731 ; William, bapt. Sept. 22, 1734, d. Nov. 28, 1804; Robert, 
bapt. May 16, 1736, d. June 20, 1808; Samuel, bapt. May 21, 1738, d. 
1787; Sarah, bapt. Dec. 30, 1739; Elizabeth, bapt. Jan 3, 1741; Han- 
nah, bapt. May 1, 1743; Benjamin, bapt. June 24, 1744. 

64. Robert, bapt. May 16, 1716, d. before 1733. 



FOURTH GENERATION. 

(22) JOSEPH 4 , son of JOSEPH 3 (12), b. at Salem Vill., Jan. 27, 
1689; Will proved June 5, 1781. He was a farmer, and lived several 
years on the homestead after his marriage. In 1723-4, his father gave 
him "a tract of upland and meadow with a dwelling house on it," 
lying on the W. side of Ipswich river, which afterwards, in 1728, was 
included within the bounds of Middleton when that town was incor- 
porated. In Apr., 1729, he bought of James and David Prince, for 
£140, two pieces of meadow, "formerly in Salem, now Middleton," 
situated on the W. side of Ipswich river, one parcel lying on the 
river and the other on the brook. He removed to Middleton, and was 



15 

chosen Selectman for 1741 and 1742, and was also Constable for the 
latter year. In 1743 he bought of Richard Goldsmith and Hannah, his 
wife, for £55, seventy-four acres of upland in "Souhegan West," now 
Amherst, N. EL, in "Township No. 3, Lot. 38, 2d Division." He also 
owned a tract of land in Audover, which he purchased June 1!), 1750, 
of Benj. and Archelaus Fuller. He md. 1st, Oct. 10, 1710, Bethiah 
Gould; md. 2d, Jan. 19, 1719-20, Abigail, wid. of David Goodale, who 

d. , 1717; he was son of Zechariah and Elizabeth Goodale. 

Eight ch. by Abigail. 

65. JOSEPH 5 . Ruth, bapt. Apr. 29, 1722, d. Aug. 31, 182G, living to 
the great age of 104 years; md. Dec. 15, 1741, Stephen, son of Fran- 
cis and Jerusha Elliot, of Middleton, b. June 29, 1717. Three ch : — 
Stephen, b. July 9, 1742, d. Feb. 12, 1826; Andrew, b. Apr. 13, 1744, d. 
, 1793 (see No. 137) ; Asa, b. Sept. 23, 1745, d. Mch. 23, 1823. 

67. ABNER. 68. JOSIAH. 69 Sarah, bapt. Mch. 31, 1728. 

70. Elizabeth, b. 1730, d. Apr. 27, 1822, aged 92 years; md. Apr. 
7, 1752, Stephen Nichols, of Middleton, b. Feb. 10, 1716; aclm. granted 
his wife Elizabeth, June 4, 1776. Yeoman. Ten ch: — Stephen, b. 
Dec. 1, 1755; Joseph, bapt. Nov, 16, 1760, d. Mch. 4, 1833; Benjamin 
and Ruth, bapt. Nov. 16, 1760 ; Asa, bapt. Nov. 4, 1764 ; Elisha, bapt. 
Dec. 17, 1769, d. Mch. 3, 1842; Sarah, bapt. Mch. 1, 1772; Hannah, 
Betsy and Andrew. 

71. John, bapt. Jan. 6, 1734, d. young. 72. John. 

(25) EBENEZER 4 , son of JOSEPH 3 (12), b. at Salem Vill., Feb. 20, 
1694; Will signed May 24, 1769, rec'd to Probate, Jan. 2, 1776, son 
Robert, ex'r. He was a man of considerable affluence, his estate being 
valued after his decease, at £1610, 8s, 7d. He inherited most of his 
father's homestead, lands and buildings, and his "personal estate 
without door." He possessed a valuable farm, "lying within the 
Province of Hampshire," probably in Amherst, which, in his Will he 
bequeathed to his son Solomon, who had previously removed there. 
He was chosen Constable and Assessor for the year 1725. He md. 1st, 
Aug. 13, 1718, Hannah, dau. of Joseph and Bethiah (Raye) Gould, b. 
Feb. 20, 1698-9 ; md. 2d, Apr. 5, 1727, Hannah Shaw (formerly South- 
wick), wid. of Ebenezer Shaw, whom she md. Mch. 17, 1719-20. She 
was dau. of John and Hannah (Follet) Southwick, b. 1698. Three ch. 
by Hannah, 1st: — 

73. SOLOMON 5 . 74. Ebenezer, bapt. Mch. 29, 1730, d. young. 75. 
Hannah, bapt. Mch. 29, 1730, d. Sept. 23, 1804; md. July 7, 1737, 
Amos (57), son of Ambrose and Ruth Hutchinson. Four ch. by Han- 
nah, 2d: — 

76. Bethiah, bapt. Mch. 29, 1730; md. Nov. 26, 1751, Joseph, son of 
Eleazer Brown, bapt. Oct. 9, 1726. Will proved Oct. 6, 1801 ; wife 



16 

Bcthiah and son Ebenezer. exec'rs. Both rec'd to ch. July 27, 1755. 
Yeoman. Seven ch: — Betsy, b. Dec. 9, 1753; Asa, b. July 6. 1756; 
Ebenezer, b. May 3, 1750; Hannah, b. Mch. 29, 1762; Sarah, b. July 8, 
1765 ; Bethiah, bapt. July 24, 1768 ; Hitta, bapt. Aug. 25, 1771. 
77. ROBERT. 78. JOSEPH 5 . 79. JEREMY 5 . 

(30) ELISHA 4 , son of JOSEPH 3 (12), d. before 1730. He was a 
farmer and lived on a farm adjoining his father's homestead. He and 
his wife we're both rec'd into ch. Oct. 8, 1727 ; md. Jan. 12, 1726-7, 
Ginger Porter, dau. of Israel and Sarah (Putnam), bapt. Aug. 17, 
1707. She survived her husband, and md. 2d, Sept. 20, 1730, Daniel 
Andrew, son of Daniel and Hannah (Peabody), b. Sept. 28, 1704, by 
whom she had Sarah, b. Aug. 5, 1731; Daniel, b. July 13, 1734; John, 
b. Feb. 28, 1736; Nathan, b. Sept. 30, 1739. One child: — 

80. ISRAEL 5 . 

(34) JOHN 4 , son of JOHN 3 (13), b. at Salem Vill., Mch. 31, 1699, d. 
intestate, and was living as late as Aug. 1726; adm. was granted to 
his wid. Abigail, Oct. 28, 1726; inventory of his estate, £757, 19s, 9d. 
He was a farmer and lived on the estate given him by his father, in 
the vicinity of his homestead. Rec'd to ch. July 10, 1720; md. Nov. 
17, 1720, Abigail, dau. of John and Abigail Giles, b. Jan. 3, 1699. 
Three ch : — 

81. Abigail, bapt. July 1, 1722. 82. Mehitable, bapt. Apr. 19, 1724. 
83. Hannah, bapt. Sept. 25, 1726. 

(36) EBENEZER 4 , son of JOHN 3 (13), b. at Salem Vill., June 3, 
1705 ; no Will or adm. of est. Yeoman, and lived on his father's 
farm; md. Dec. 13, 1726, Mary Bound. Two ch: — 

84. William. 85. Ebenezer. 

(38) WILLIAM 4 , son of JOHN 3 (13), b. at Salem Vill., Jan. 16, 
1713-14, d. intestate, about 1757; guardianship of his ch., Ebenezer, 
William and Hannah, above 14 years of age, granted Apr. 14, 1757, to 
Noah Creesy, of Beverly. He probably lived upon the farm given 
him by his father, Mch. 1, 1736-7, which consisted of one-half of his 
land and meadow, including one-third of the orcharding at the W. 
end of his barn. He also owned rights in the common land at 
Beverly, which he sold Apr. 17, 1739, to "Randall Preson, taylor, of 
Beverly." He md. Nov. , 1733, Joanna, dau. of Joseph and Eliza- 
beth Trask, bapt. 1st ch., Beverly, Oct. 4, 1713. Four ch : — 

86. JOHN. 87. Hannah. 88. Ebenezer. 89. WILLIAM. 

(42) BENJAMIN 4 , son of BENJAMIN 3 (14), b. at Salem Vill., Jan. 



17 

27, 1693-4. His Will was proved May 10, 1780, being about 80 years 
of age at his decease. He is one of the iirst of the numerous de- 
scendants of the patriarch Richard, who is known, as far as we have 
definite knowledge, to have left the land of his fathers for a home in 
a strange and untried country, all of whom for more than one hun- 
dred years, had lived, thrived and died upon the original homestead ; 
and strange to relate, not a stone has yet been discovered to mark the 
resting place of any who had fallen asleep, in that most interesting 
locality. The first ancient stones that the compiler has yet found, 
were erected to the memory of a portion of Benjamin's family, in the 
burial ground at Bedford, Mass., adjoining the church there. 

He ceased to be taxed in Salem in 1734, arid it is quite probable he 
removed to Bedford some time during that year. He and his wife 
were members of the church, and Nov. 27, 1737, they received letters 
of dismission to the ch. in Bedford. Benjamin had large possessions 
at Salem Vill., and after the decease of his father, he bought of all 
his heirs their rights in the estate left them by inheritance, except 
that of his brother Jonathan, who was then under age. All of this 
property he shortly after disposed of prior to his removal, selling his 
homestead to Joshua Goodale, for £300, Dec. 20, 1733, reserving, 
however, one-half of his part in the cider mill. In addition to his 
agricultural pursuits, he appears, from the Registry of Deeds,. to have 
followed the employment of a cooper. He md. Feb. 7, 1715-16, Sarah, 
dau. of John and Mary (Nurse) Tarbell, b. Oct. 2, 1696. Seven ch : — 

90. NATHAN 5 . 91. Jane, bapt. Mch. 20, 1720; md. Feb. 18, 1745-6, 
Jona. Grimes, of Bedford. One ch : — Elizabeth, b. Bedford, Sept. 7, 
1747. 92. BENJAMIN 5 . 93. Sarah 5 , bapt. Feb. 21, 1724-5; md. Jan 

3, 1748-9, Israel, son of Israel and Sarah Putnam, b. Bedford, Mch. 
20, 1722-3. Five ch:— John, b. Apr. 23, 1750; Elizabeth, b. Sept. 17, 
1751; Sarah, b. July 28, 1753; Israel, b. Apr. 27, 1755; Daniel, b. Oct. 

4, 1759. 

' 94. Elizabeth, b. 1728, d. Mch. 12, 1750, aged 22 years. 95. Bar- 
tholomew, b. July 5, 1734, d. Sept. 20, 1749. 96. Mary, b. July 5. 
1734, d. Sept. 14, 1749. 97. John, b. 1737, d. Sept. 1, 1749, aged 12 
years. 

(44) NATHANIEL 4 , son of BENJAMIN 3 (14), b. at Salem Vill., 
May 3, 1698. His Will was signed May 5, 1756, and proved Oct. 24, 
1757. 

He and his first wife united with the church at Salem Vill., Mch. 15, 
1723-4. He lived on a small farm given him by his father, till 1733, 
when he removed with his family to Sutton, Worcester Co., and 
shortly after sold all his lands and right of inheritance, to his bro. 
Benjamin. He md. 1st, Mary; mcl. 2d, Joanna, dau. of Lot and Eliza- 



18 

bcth Conant, bapt. 1st eh., Beverly, Nov. 27, 1709, d. at Sutton, 1802, 
aged 93 years. She was great-grand-dau. of Roger Conant, who was 
b. at Budleigh, in Devonshire, Eng., about 1592, came to America 
about 1623, and settled first at Cape Ann, and soon after removed to 
Salem, where, it is said, he built the first house. He removed to 
Beverly some years before his decease, which occurred Nov. 19, 1679, 
aged 8-1 years. Lot Conant's Will was proved June 10, 1745; after 
making provision for the rest of his children, he gives his dau. Joanna 
Hutchinson, £20. He had rem'd some time previous to Ipswich, where 
he died. Three ch. by Mary. 

98. Maky, bapt. Mch. 15, 1723-4; md. Jona. Fitts. 99. Susanna, 
bapt. Nov. 28, 1725; md. Daniel Day. Four ch: — Moses, Daniel, 
Aaron, and Mirriam. 100. Bethiah, bapt. July 14, 1730; md. Eben'r 
Fitts ; lived in Dudley, Mass., where he d. 1790. Seven ch : — Mehita- 
ble, Caleb, Nathaniel, Ebenezer, Mary and Mercy, Seven ch. by 
Joanna. 

101. BARTHOLOMEW 5 . 102. Elizabeth, b. at Sutton, Nov. 1, 
1736. 103. Nathaniel, d. 1755, in the French war, at Skeensboro, 
now Whitehall. 104. LOT 5 . 105. BENJAMIN 5 . 106. JONATHAN 5 . 
107. Sarah, b. Aug., 1752, d. June 8, 1834; md. late in life to Samuel 
Rich, of Sutton; no issue. 

(50) JONATHAN 4 , son of BENJAMIN 3 (14), b. at Salem Vill., July 
IS, 1716; adm. granted to Abijah Ingalls, of Andover, Oct. 24, 1768. 
Removed to Andover in 1750, having sold his estate in Salem Vill., 
for £912, to Timothy Fuller, of Middleton, and the same year bought 
of Walter Smith, of Andover, for £240, a tract of land in said town, 
with dwelling house and barn, near "Mill Stone Rock," on the Salem 
road. He and his wife were members of the ch. at Salem Village, 
and "received letters of dismission, Jan. 31, 1762, to 1st ch. in An- 
dover, whither they had removed some years previous." He md. Jan. 
30, 1734-5, Elizabeth, dau. of John and Abigail (Leach) Ganson, bapt. 
Feb. 5, 1709-10. Four ch : — 

108. Benjamin, bapt. Aug. 13, 1738. 109. Jonathan, bapt. Oct. 26, 
1740; killed at the battle of Lake George, Sept. 2, 1758. 110. ELI- 
JAH 5 . 111. Sarah, b. at Andover, June 28, 1753, buried Dec. 9, 1778. 

(51) STEPHEN 4 , son of RICHARD 3 (16), bapt! Aug. 14, 1715. Re- 
moved, 1737, to Penobscot Co., Me., where he lived till the breaking 
out of the Indian war, in 1780, when he went to Windham, where he 
(1. about 1788. Yeoman. He md. 1st, Feb. 22, 1737-8, Abigail Has- 
kins, d. 1777; md. 2d, Hannah; md. 3d, Ann, wid. of Joseph Legro, 
of Marblehead, Mass., b. about 1728, d. at Hebron, Me., Aug., 1805. 
Eight ch. by Abigail. 



19 

112. STEPHEN 5 . 113. Daniel, d. at sea. 114. RICHARD 5 . 115. 
Lydia, d. at Gray, Me., about 1788. 116. Abigail. 117. Samuel. 
118. JOSEPH'. 

(57) AMOS 4 , son of AMBROSE 3 (18), bapt. June 10, 1710. He 
was a mariner, and it is probable lie died at sea; md. July 7, 1737, 
Hannah (74), dau. of Ebenezer and Hannah Hutchinson, bapt. Mch. 
29, 1730, d. Sept. 23, 1804. Three ch : — 

119. Amos, d. young, a cripple. 120. Seviah; md. Dec. 4, 1770, 
William, son of Ebenezer and Phebe Berry, b. Middleton, Sept. 9, 
1749, cl. 1786. Yeoman. Three ch: — Hannah, b. 1722, d. Aug. 4, 
1800; Amos; d. in N. Carolina; Israel, bapt. June 30, 1776. 121. Rum, 
b. at Danvers, May 23, 1752, d. Apr. 7, 1838 ; md. Sept. 10, 1795, Ben- 
jamin, son of Benjamin and Hannah Russell, b. Mch. 21, 1757, d. Apr. 
26, 1838 ; no issue. 

(59) SAMUEL 4 , son of AMBROSE 3 (18), bapt. Apr. 24, 1714. In 
early life a mariner; removed to Woodstock, Mass., where he engaged 
in the manufactory of scythes ; md. Nov. 13, 1735, Elizabeth, dau. of 
David and Martha Judd. Two ch : — 

122. Amos. 123. Samuel. 

(62) GEORGE 4 , son of AMBROSE 3 (18), b. at Salem Vill., Nov. 1, 
1730. He was a farmer, and shortly after his marriage removed, about 

1764, to Lyndeboro, N. H. He md. 1st, June 8, 1748, Elizabeth Bick- 
ford, of Middleton; md. 2d, Susan Bevins. Twelve ch : — 

124. William. 125. Samuel. 126. George. 127. Mary. 128. 
Susannah. 129. Betsey. 130. Effie, b. at Wilton, N. H., Apr. 2, 

1765, d. 1828 ; md. 1804, Nathan Tuttle, of Wilton, b. Apr. 9, 1769, d. 
Aug. 5, 1852. Cooper. One ch : — George H., b. at Wilton, Jan. 22, 
1805 (md. Mary Hutchinson, No. 252). 

131. Eda. 132. JAMES. 133. AMBROSE. Ruth, b. Nov., 1774. 
135. Clark. 



FIFTH GENERATION. 

(65) JOSEPH 5 , son of JOSEPH 4 (22), bapt. 1st ch., Salem Vill., 
Apr. 29, 1722. In his Will, signed Dec. 20, 1794, and proved May 1, 
1797, he very liberally provides for his wife's future maintenance, and 
gives to his son Elisha, 74 acres of land in Amherst, N. H., joining 
that which he already owned. He appoints his son Joseph executor. 
The inventory of his estate, appraised July 13, 1797, consisted of the 
homestead lands, 110 acres ; 5 acres of woodland in Andover ; 74 acres 
in Amherst ; a pew in the Middleton meeting house ; stock of cattle ; 



20 

husbandry tools ; furniture, &c, amounting to $3,614 40. He settled 
on a farm in Middleton, near the boundary line, and at his father's 
dec., rec'd by Will the westerly half of his estate, meadows and up- 
lands, and one-half of his stock of creatures. He md. 1st., 1746, Han- 
nah, dau. of David and Rebecca Richardson, of Middleton, b. Oct 28, 
1724; md. 2d, July 11), 1764, Keziah, dau. of James and Keziah Marble. 
Five ch. by Hannah : — 

136. Elizabeth, b. Feb. 4, 1747 ; md. Ebenezer Goodale. Will 
proved Apr. 5, 1791. Yeoman. 137. Hannah, b. Feb. 5, 1749, d. be- 
fore 1794; md. Dec. 26, 1765, Andrew, son of Stephen and Ruth 
Elliot (No. GG), b. at Middleton, Apr. 13, 1744, d. 1793. House- 
wright. Ten ch : — Ruth, b. June 29, 1766 ; Andrew, b. Mch. 23, 1768, 
d. Sept. 24, 1769; Hannah, b. Sept. 10, 1770; Ruth, b. Nov. 21, 1773; 
Elias, b. Dec. 17, 1775; Andrew, b. Nov. 27, 1777, d. Jan., 1824; Mary, 
b. Jan. 24, 1780; Elias, b. 1785; Hannah, b. July 5, 1788; Betsey, b. 
June 7, 1791, d. about 1810. 

138. ELISHA 6 . 139. Mary, b. Apr. 10, 1754, d. before 1797; md. 
Samuel, son of George and Abigail (Upton) Small, b. May 2, 1753; 
certificate of marriage given July 1, 1776. 140. JOSEPH 6 . 

(67) ABNER 5 , son of JOSEPH 4 (22), bapt. Sept. 6, 1724. Some 
time prior to his marriage he removed to N. H., and settled in that 
part of Amherst afterwards called Milford, where he d. Sept. 2, 1796. 
Yeoman. He md. Elizabeth, dau. of Elisha and Elizabeth Phelps, b. 
at Amherst, , d. Oct., 1801, in her 72d year. Two ch : — 

141. Jonathan, b. Mch. 5, 1761, d. Jan. 27, 1788. 142. Elizabeth 6 , 
b. July 25, 1765, d. Feb. 4, 1846 ; md. 1791, Isaac Bartlett, son of Isaac 
and Mary (Appleton), b. at Newton, Mass., Oct. 8, 1761, d. Sept. 30, 

1806. Yeoman. Five ch: — Abner H., b. Oct. 28, 1792, d. July, 1852; 
Betsey, b. Oct. 26, 1796; md. Abel Hutchinson (374); Jonathan, b. 
June 9, 1799 ; Lydia, b. Sept. 2, 1804, d. Dec. 1845 ; Sally, b. Mch. 8, 

1807, d. Mch. 30, 1807. 

(68) JOSIAH 5 , son of JOSEPH 4 (22), bapt. July 10, 1726. Lived in 
Middleton, where he engaged in agricultural pursuits. Adm. granted 
John Hutchinson, Apr. 2, 1782; inventory of est,, £39, 14s., 6d. Two 
of his ch., Joseph and Philip, were placed under guardianship, Dec. 6, 
1781; md. Dec. 8, 1748, Sarah Dean, of Middleton; adm. granted 
John Hutchinson, May 6, 1782. Eleven ch: — 

143. Ruth 6 , bapt. Sept. 16, 1750; mcl. Jonathan Russell, jr.; 

rec'd to 1st ch., Danvcrs, May 7, 1775. Four ch : — Huldah and Lydia, 
bapt. May 21, 1775 ; Aaron, bapt. Nov. 7, 1777; Jonathan, bapt. Oct. 8, 
1780. 

144. Saiiah, bapt. Nov. 1, 1752. 145. Phebe, bapt. Oct. 27, 1754, d. 



21 

1839; md. June 4, 1777, Jacob Mclntire, of Reading; rem'd to Kihh- 
burg, Mass. Three ch: — Josiah, Jessie and Phebe. 146. Sakaii, 
bapt. Oct. 12, 1755. 147. Irene, bapt. Aug. 12, 1759, d. Sept. 1854 ; 
md. Feb. 27, 1781, Daniel Mclntire, of N. Reading. Four ch : — Per- 
ley, Joseph, James, Susan. 

148. JOSIAH . 149. Mary, bapt. June 15, 17G6, d. Apr. 17, 1851 ; 
md. John Mclntire, b. 1759, d. Aug. 25, 1835. Nine ch: — Amos, b. 
Feb. 5, 1792, d, Jan. 18, 1835; John, b. Mch. 13, 1793; Jeremiah, b. 
Oct. 30, 1794, d. Dec. 4, 1831 ; George, b. Feb, 7, 1796 ; Elisha, b. Sept. 
17, 1798, d. Dec. 5, 1798; Elisha, b. Dec. 3, 1801; Jacob, b. Aug. 20, 
1802; Mary, b. Jan. 23, 1806, d. July 29, 1809; David, b. Feb. 24, 1807. 

150. Hannah, bapt. Feb. 19, 1769, d. Nov., 1846. 151. Philip Dean, 

bapt. Aug. 4, 1771, d. . 152. An Infant (twin), b. 1771, d. July 

10, 1771. 153. Betsy, bapt. June 26, 1774. 

(72) JOHN 5 , son of JOSEPH 4 (22), b. at Middleton, 1736, d. 1830. 
He and his wife were ree'd to ch. in Middleton, May 2, 1773. Yeoman. 
He md. Sept. 12, 1766, Lydia, dau. of Abraham and Ruth Goodell, b. 
May 17, 1741, d. Mch. 30, 1816. Three ch : — 

154. JOHN 6 . 155. Lydia, b. Apr. 9, 1770, d. Oct. 20, 1828. 156. 
JESSIE 6 . 

(73) SOLOMON 5 , son of EBENEZER 4 (25), b. at Salem Vill., 1721. 
He lived on his father's farm till about the year 1758, when he removed 
to Amherst, N. H. He was there chosen, Mch. 8, 1762, Selectman and 
Surveyor of Highways. At the same time he and Samuel Steward 
were chosen "a committee to buy a burying cloth and enclose the 
Grave yard." He removed thence to Fayette, Me., where he d. about 
1815. He md. Oct. 22, 1746, Hannah, dau. of Amos Putnam, of Salem 
Vill., b. 1726, d. at Amherst, N. H., 1802. Five ch : — 

157. SOLOMON 6 . 158. EBENEZER 6 . 159. ASA 6 . 160. Hittie, b. 

at Amherst, N. H., 1760, d. at Hillsboro, 1799; md. Cram. 

161. Hannah, b. 1778, d. Sept., 1821. 

(77) ROBERT 5 , son of EBENEZER 4 (25), bapt. Feb. 25, 1733, d. 
Dec, 1785. He inherited his father's homestead, and owned land in 
Andover and Middleton. Inv. of estate £457, 15s, 9d. Lived in Dan- 
vers (formerly Salem Vill). He md. June 16, 1767, Eunice, dau. of 
Amos Buxton. Nine ch : — 

162. DANIEL 6 . 163. Eda, b. Dec. 27, 1769, d. Nov. 19, 1841; md. 
May, 1796, Asa Putnam, b. at Danvers, Sept. 23, 1765, d. Oct. 9, 1823. 
Five ch: — Eunice, b. Sept. 17, 1796; Hezekiah, b. Mch. 3, 1799, d. 
Mch. 20, 1802; Hezekiah, b. Apr. 19, 1802, d. at sea; Robert, b. June 
20, 1805; md. Mary Hutchinson (324) ; Asa, b. May 20, 1808. 

164. Joseph, b. Apr. 25, 1771, d. young. 165. Job, b. Oct. 7, 1772, 



22 

d. Aug. 23, 1856. 166. ABIJAII 6 . 167. Betsey, b. June 24, 1778, d. 
July 4, 1861. 168. Eunice, b. Feb. 10, 1780, d. Oct. 4, 1796. 169. Eben, 
b. Mch. 16, 1784, d. July 1, 1844. 170. Robert, b. June 4, 1785, d. 
Nov. 6, 1828. 

(78) JOSEPH 5 , son of EBENEZER 4 (25), bapt. May 18, 1735; adm. 
granted Robert Hutchinson, June 6, 1769. Iuv. of est., £125, 5s. lOd. 
He was a fanner and shoemaker; md. Jan. 29, 1767, Ruth Pritchard. 
One ch : — 

171. Hannah 6 , b. Dec, 1769, d. at Middleton, Aug. 28, 1813; md. 
June 28, 1787, Samuel, son of Samuel and Martha White, b. Sept. 2, 
1764, d. Sept. 5, 1818. Nine ch: — Hannah, b. Mch. 6, 1789; Ruth, b. 
July 30, 1791, d. Mch. 10, 1812; Samuel, b. July 3, 1794; Olive and 
Oliver, twins, b. Aug. 21, 1796; Joseph, b. July 11, 1799; Perley, b. 
July 28, 1802, d. Feb. 23, 1839; md. Eliza Hutchinson (328); Lydia 
and Charlotte. 

(79) JEREMY 5 , son of EBENEZER 4 (25), b. at Salem VilL, June 
29, 1738, d. Apr. 7, 1805. He was a farmer, and lived on that portion 
of his father's homestead left him by inheritance, consisting of a 
dwelling house, barn, and 14 acres on the great road, 22 acres of pas- 
ture land, and one-half of the old orchard. He md. Apr. 11, 1760, 
Sarah, dau. of Asa and Sarah Putnam, b. Oct. 22, 1739, d. Oct., 1781. 
Eight ch : — 

172. Sarah, b. Feb. 12, 1762, d. July 14, 1815 ; md. Oct. 13, 1788, 
Jethro Russell, jr., b. Sept. 16, 1764; rem'd to Danville, Vt., where he 
d. Apr. 11, 1833. Four ch:— Jeremy, b. at Danvers, Dec. 18, 1788; 
Elijah, b. at Danville, Feb. 8, 1792, d. Sept. 25, 1867; md. Eliza, wid. 
of Perley Hutchinson (337); Mahala, b. Mch. 30, 1795; Sarah H., b. 
Sept. 15, 1797, d. Jan. , 1821. 

173. EBENEZER 6 . 174. Bethiah, b. Mch. 8, 1766, d. July 2, 1801. 
175. Meiiitable, b. Jan. 10, 1768, d. Mch. 2, 1835. 176. JOSEPH 6 . 
177. Hannah, b. Mch. 23, 1772, d. Apr. 9, 1813. 

178. Jeremy, b. Oct. 28, 1774, d. June 5, 1853; unm'd. Credit is 
due him, for the first information we have respecting this branch of 
the Hutchinson family. Impelled by curiosity, he drew upa" family 
tree," in which he introduced without elaboration, the male descend- 
ants of Richard, somewhat in the form of a pedigree. Some time 
after his decease this chart was found among other papers of his 
which, becoming known outside of the family, prompted the desire to 
perpetuate this very brief and imperfect history, in a more elaborate 
form. He was a man of much leisure, in consequence of bodily in- 
firmities, and possessed in a good degree, a mathematical turn of 
mind. Inventory of his est., $2221 84. 

179. ASA 6 . 



(80) ISRAEL, son of ELISHA (30), bapt. 1st ch., Salem Vill., Nov. 
12, 1727. He settled in that part of Danvers known as Danversport, 
near the Grist Mills, a short distance above, on the opposite side of 
the road. His homestead, consisting of nearly 3 acres of land, a house 
and barn, he purchased of Samuel Clark for £2G0, the deed bearing 
date Apr. 15, 17G2 ; and on the same day he sold his house on Porter's 
plain, to the same individual. Prior to this, Mch. 9, 1762, he bought 
of James Richardson, for 5s., one-eighth part of two Grist Mills, and 
one Saw Mill on Crane River, and June 19, and Dec. 20, same year, he 
bought of two other share owners, for £3GG, 13s., 4d., a quarter more 
from each. There were three of these mills beside the Saw Mills, which 
stood on or near the same site of the present Grist Mill, near the Iron 
Foundry. A very large and commodious Grist Mill has recently been 
erected, 1868, situated between these two buildings. In early life he 
evinced an active interest in military affairs, and in the year 1757, he 
enlisted as a private in a scouting party, under Capt. Israel Her- 
rick, and penetrated the country now included in the State of Maine. 
During the following year he was appointed Lieut, in Capt. Andrew 
Fuller's Co., and was actively engaged at Lake George and Ticonder- 
oga. In 1759, we find him at the head of a company, scaling the 
heights of Abraham, with Gen. Wolfe, which resulted in the entire 
route of the French under Montcalm. After the news of the Battle 
of Lexington had reached Danvers, Mr. Hutchinson, who then com- 
manded a company of 60 minute men, hastened immediately with his 
small force, but before arriving at the scene of action, he met the 
British in full retreat, and engaged them with signal success, which 
bravery resulted in a Lieut. Colonel's commission, in Col. Mansfield's 
Regiment, and subsequently was promoted to a Colonelcy, in which 
capacity he served during the Revolution. Among other scenes in 
which he was actively engaged, we find him at the siege of Boston, 
occupying Fort Hill, Dorchester Heights, Forts Lee and Washington, 
and crossing the Delaware with Washington on his retreat, from 
whom he received the strongest proofs of his approbation, and appre- 
ciation of his valuable services. After the war he was chosen to the 
Legislature for twenty-one years in succession. While in that body, 
he with others, was chosen, Sept. 23, 1779, a committee to confiscate 
and sell at public auction, the property of William Brown and others, 
as notorious conspirators against the government. On this committee, 
he served afterwards in 1782 and 1784. William Brown's fine mansion 
house, then standing on the site of the present Market House in Sa- 
lem, was sold, Nov. 6, 1784, to Elias Hasket Derby, for £650. Mr. 
Hutchinson was affable, social, and generous in his nature, and courte- 
ous in his deportment. His death was caused, Mch. 15, 1811, by a fall 
in his mill, while at work on the water-wheel. He md. 1st, 1748, Anna, 



24 

dau. of Robert Cue, of Wenham ; md. 2d, Mehitable, wid. of Dea. 
Archelaus Putnam, and dau. of Joseph Putnam and Elizabeth (Porter), 
b. Jan. 13, 1720. She md. Archelaus Putnam, Apr. 12, 1739, and after 
his dec. she and Mr. Hutchinson were joint overseers in the last ad- 
ministration. Four ch. by Anna : — 

180. Ginger, b. Sterling, Mass., June 23, 1749, d. Mch. 7, 1831 ; md. 
Mch. 23, 1769, John, son of Bartholomew and Sarah Brown, b. Oct. 20, 
1740, d. Aug. 30, 1820. Ten ch :— Nancy, b. Sept. 8, 1772, d. Apr. 14, 
1854 : John, bapt. Apr. 12, 1775, d. Feb. 4, 1781 ; Sally, b. Sept. 30, 1777, 
d. Sept. 4, 1857 ; Ellery, b. July 12. 1780, d. Mch. 3, 1846 ; Samuel Fair- 
field, b. Apr. 30, 1783; Mira, b. Sept. 30, 1785; John G., b. Sept. 2, 
1788; Mary, b. May 26, 1791, d. May 10, 1851; Israel, b. Apr. 4, 1794. 

181. Anna, b. Mch. 26, 1751, d. Sept. 5, 1838; md. May 23, 1771, 
Samuel, son of Dr. Jos. Fairfield, of Wenham, b. July 20, 1748, d. 
Nov. 26, 1810; no issue. 182. Elizabeth, b. Apr. 10, 1752, d. Sept. 4, 
1775; md. Francis Brown, of Newbury, who d. Sept. 7, 1775. Two 
ch: — Betsy, b. Feb. 25, 1773; Samuel, b. Apr. 14, 1775. 183. Elisha, 
b. May 25, 1755, d. 1777, in Halifax prison, having been taken a pris- 
oner of war on board a privateer. One ch. by Mehitable : — 

184. ISRAEL 6 . 

(86) JOHN 5 , son of WILLIAM 4 (38). He was a farmer, and lived 
on his father's estate ; he owned tracts of land both in Middleton and 
Andover. Tvvocli: — 

185. Israel. 186. John. 

(89) WILLIAM 5 , son of WILLIAM 4 (38). Adm. granted his wid. 
Mary, Oct. 26, 1771 ; est. appraised five days after, at £60, 3s., lOd. 
He was a blacksmith, and lived at Danvers. He md. Jan. 11, 1768, 
Mary, dau. of Solomon Martin and Dorothy (Lovejoy), of Andover, 
b. Aug. 27, 1737; adm. granted Solomon Martin, Apr. 8, 1777. One 
ch: — 

187. Phebe, b. Mch. 26, 1769. 

(90) NATHAN 5 , son of BENJAMIN 4 (42), bapt. 1st ch., Salem Vill., 
Feb. 10, 1717. He was a farmer, and rem'd with his father to Bed- 
ford, in 1734; thence to Amherst, now Milford, where he d. Jan. 12, 
1795. Md. Rachel Stearns. Six ch : — 

188. SAMUEL 6 . 189. NATHAN 6 . 190. BENJAMIN 6 . 191. EBEN- 
EZER 6 . 192. BARTHOLOMEW 6 . 

193. Rachel, b. May 19, 1766, d. Sept. 12, 1842; md. Daniel John- 
son, d. Nov. 28, 1831. Six ch: — Fanny, b. 1793; Daniel, b. Oct. 19, 
1795, d. Aug. 20, 1832; James, b. Jan. 12, 1797; Emily, b. 1781; Thos. 
dfefferson, b. 1783, d. Nov. 1, 1834; Rachel, b. 1799, d. Sept. 18, 1821. 



25 

(02) BENJAMIN, son of BENJAMIN (12), bapt. Sept. 30, 1722; 
rem'd with his father to Bedford, Mass., where he d. 1813. Yeoman. 
He was md., July 31, 1750, by Rev. Nieholas Bowes, to Rebecca Lane, 
of Bedford. Six ch : — 

194. Mary, b. at Bedford, Aug. 21, 1751 ; md. Nov. 23, 1775, Samuel, 
son of John and Rebecca Page, of Rindge, N. H., b. Aug. 1, 1751 ■ no 
issue. 195. Susanna, b. Aug. 8, 1754. 196. John, b. June 29, 1757, 
d. Aug. 14, 1757. 197. Betsy 6 , b. Jan. 20, 1760: md. Feb. 12, 1788, 
Sam'l Parkhurst, of Chelmsford. 198. Rebecca, b. Feb. 10, 1762. 
199. Sarah, b. Nov. 9, 1765. 

(101) BARTHOLOMEW, son of NATHANIEL (44), b. at Sutton, 
June 28, 1734. His Will was proved Apr. 4, 1820. He was a thrifty 
and enterprising farmer, and owned an estate of nearly 200 acres in 
Sutton, a great portion of which he inherited by Will, and succeeded 
his father to the homestead. He md. 1st., Aug. 4, 1763, Ruth, dau. of 
Dea. John and Susanna Haven, of Framingham, b. 1743, d. 1796 ; md. 
2d, Rebecca Monroe. Ten ch : — 

200. NATHANIEL. 201. JOHN 6 . 202. Asa, b. Dec. 24, 1767, d. 
young. 203. BARTHOLOMEW 6 . 204. Lois, b. Jan 18, 1772, d. at 
Bellingham, Mass., Aug. 17, 1799; md. Simeon Holbrook. One ch: — 
; — , d. at birth. 

205. TIMOTHY 6 . 206. Ruth, b. June 7, 1776, d. at Douglass, Mass. ; 

md. Lee; no issue. 207. SIMON 6 . 208. Betsy, b. Apr. 22, 

1781; md. Oct. 16, 1804, Jonas, son of Jesse and Mary Cummings, of 
Sutton, b. Aug. 14, 1779. Lives in Paris, Me. Four ch: — Chandler, 
b. Oct. 30, 1805, d. Aug. 3, 1807; Simon H., b. May 10, 1809. d. May 
23, 1857; Calista, b. Dec. 26, 1810; Charles F., b. May 13, 1817. 
209. Lucy, b. Apr. 24, 1784, d. June 23, 1812; md. 1808, Sylvester, 
son of Dr. Nathaniel F. and Hannah (Gibbs) Morse, b. at Douglass, 
Mass., Jan., 1783, d. at Sutton, Nov. 7, 1820. One ch: — Alanson, b. 
at New Braintree, Dec, 1809, d. at Sutton, Feb. 6, 1829. 

(104) LOT, son of NATHANIEL (44), b. at Sutton, Aug. 1, 1741; 
rem'd to Vt., and settled in Braintree, where he d. Mch. 24, 1818. 
Yeoman. He md. Hannah Morse, b. 1744, d. Jan. 17, 1815. Six 
ch: — 

210- Joanna, b. at Worcester, June 7, 1768, d. at Brookfleld, Dec. 
26, 1856; md. 1st, Israel Osborn; md. 2d, Amaziah Grover, who d. at 
Brookfield, Vt., 1842; no issue. 211. Hannah, d. So. Hadley; md. 
Timothy Jones ; no issue. 212. AARON 6 . 213. ASA 6 . 214. Polly, 
d. at Braintree, July 11, 1825; mcl. Josiah Wellington, of Braintree, 
who d. Mch. 22, 1817. Yeoman. Seven ch: — David, b. Apr. 8, 1803; 
Ashley; Luther, cl. at Lenox, Mich., 1839; Lucy; Polly, d. 1842, in 
4 



26 

Indiana; Sylvester Levi, b. 1813; Amos Hubbard, b. Men. 24, 1815. 
215. ABIATHAR 6 . 

(105) BENJAMIN, son of NATHANIEL (43), b. at Sutton, Jan. 30, 
1744, d. at Royalston, Mass., Jan. 7, 1840. He rem'd to Royalston, 
prior to 1770, while then a wilderness, and settled upon a tract of 
land about one and a half miles distant N. W. from the centre of the 
town. The place was first settled in 1754, and named for Col. Isaac 
Royall, one of its proprietors. There being no roads in the vicinity 
of Mr. Hutchinson's settlement, one was laid out by the Selectmen, 
in 1770, leading by the east side of his house. He was a carpenter as 
well as farmer, and assisted in building the two first meeting houses 
in town. He was a man of industrious habits, kind, benevolent and 
useful, and often chosen to fill important town offices, and was ever 
ready to assist in forwarding the interests and settlement of the 
town. He md. 1st, Judith Libby, b. 1746, d. May 19, 1795; md. 2d, 
1797, wid. Mary Partridge (formerly Hill), of Braintree, b. 1748, cl. 
Aug. 7, 1830. Eight ch. by Judith : — 

216. Judith, b. July 16, 1771, cl. Feb. 20, 1772. 217. BENJAMIN 6 . 
218. Daniel 6 , b. Feb. 15, 1775, d. Aug. 17, 1777. 219. Joshua, b. Nov. 
7, 1776, d. Aug. 23, 1781. 220. Daniel, b. July 22, 1779, d. July 11, 
1782. 221. JOSHUA 6 . 222. Stephen 6 , b. June 22, 1784, cl. about 1795. 
223. Anna 6 , b. June 21, 1789; md. Oct. 19, 1819, Patrick McManas, b. 
at Dummerston, Vt., 1783. Lives in St. Johnsbury. Two ch : — 
Danforth, b. Apr. 22, 1822; cl. Aug. 26, 1823; Alhanan, b. Jan. 26, 
1824. 

(106) JONATHAN, son of NATHANIEL (43), b. at Sutton, Sept. 2, 
1746. He was a farmer, and rem'd to Royalston, probably with his 
bro. Benjamin, where he lived till March, 1789, when he went to Con- 
cord, Vt., where he d. Sept. 1, 1807. He md. Ruth Underwood, b. at 

Framingham, Mass., , d. at Concord, Vt., May 14, 1834. Five 

ch: — 

224. DAVID 6 . 225. SAMUEL 6 . 226. Betsy, b. at Royalston, Feb., 
1784, d. at Concord, Vt., Dec. 5, 1855; md. 1812, Buckley, son of Ed- 
ward and Patty Adams, b. Lincoln, Mass., 1789. Yeoman. Seven 
ch: — Mary II., b. at Watcrford, Vt., 1814; Amos, b. 1816; Nancy, b. 
1819; Laura, b. 1821, d. May, 1851; Rhoda, b. at Concord, Vt., 1823; 
Simon H., b. 1825; John Q., b. 1829, cl. at N. Y., July, 1848. 

227, AMOS 6 . 228. Polly, b. Jan. 6, 1789. Lived at Royalston, 
Mass., Derby, Concord, and at present (1868) in Charleston, Vt. ; md. 
Jan. 2S, 1813, Robert, son of Robert and Polly Hamilton, b. at Con- 
way. Mass., Oct. 4, 1786. Yeoman. Seven ch:— James W.. b. at 
Concord, Vt., Jan. 14, 1S14; William, b. Feb. 2, 1816; Gilbert H., b. 



27 

Sept. 9, 1818; Maria, b. Nov. 11, 1821; Mary, b. Dec. 4, 1821; George 
W., b. July 19, 1828; Benj. Franklin, b. Feb. 10, 1833. 

(110) ELIJAH, son of JONATHAN (49), bapt. 1st ch., Salem A ill., 
June 5, 1743. He rern'd to Andover with his father, 1750, where he d. 
Sept., 1768. Yeoman. Md. Hannah . Two eh : — 

229. Hannah, b. 1766. 230. Phebe, b. July, 1768. 

(112) STEPHEN, son of STEPHEN (51), b. 1741. He was a far- 
mer, and rem'cl with his father to Maine, about 1737, and settled in 
Windham, where he d. Dec. 10, 1826; md. 1st, Sarah Sawyer, who d. 
at Cape Elizabeth, 1774; md. 2d, wid. Elizabeth Webb, dau. of John 
and Elizabeth Mabery, of Marblehead, b. 1742, d. Sept. 9, 1827. Four 
ch. by Sarah : — 

231. Stephen. 232. Josiah, b. Windham, 1769, drowned, 1794. 
233. RICHARD 6 . 234. Abigail. 

Two ch. by Elizabeth: — 

235. Sarah, b. Dec. 23, 1777, d. May 20, 1849; md. Dec. 31, 1795, 
James, son of James and Mary Fogg, b. at Scarboro, Me., June 17, 
1769, d. at Windham, Aug. 21, 1825. Yeoman. Three ch: — Hannah, 
b. Feb. 4, 1797, d. July 29, 1856 ; Josiah, b. Mch. 6, 1799 ; Eliza, b. 
Sept. 18, 1802. 236. Charity 6 , b. Nov. 20, 1784. Lives in Windham, 
Md., June 1801, Silas, son of James and Mary Fogg, b. at Searboro, 
Feb. 22, 1781, d. Apr. 6, 1833. Five ch: — James, b. Dec. 27, 1805; 
Abigail, b. Feb. 22, 1808; Eliza, b. Jan. 29, 1810; Stephen, b. Oct. 8, 
1813; Lydia, b. June 14, 1814. 

(114) RICHARD, son of STEPHEN (51), b. , Maine; rern'd 

to Windham, thence to Raymond, where in 1780-1, he was killed by 
the falling of a tree upon him. Yeoman. Md. Nancy Westcott. Two 
ch: — 

237. DANIEL 6 . 238. John, b. at Windham, 1775, drowned at Heb- 
ron, Me., May, 1803. 

(118) JOSEPH, Rev., son of STEPHEN (51), b. 1755; rem'd to 
Windham, thence, about 1794, to Hebron, where he d., Feb., 1800. 
He was a soldier in the Revolution, and was present at the defeat and 
capture of Gen. Burgoyne. A few years after his marriage he was 
ordained to the ministry, and became widely known and distinguished 
as a travelling preacher; he visited such places especially as were 
without a settled minister; and so earnest were his efforts in that 
direction, that his health became seriously enfeebled, and he was 
obliged to retire from his labors, a short time before his decease. He 
md., 1778, Rebecca, dau. of Joseph and Ann Legro, b. at Marblehead, 
Mass., Nov., 1759, d. Buckneld, Me., July, 1843. Eleven ch: — 






28 

239. JOSEPH 6 . 240. SAMUEL 6 . 241. Abigail, b. Aug. 1G, 1783, 
d. 1787. 242. Lydia, b. July, 1785; mcl. Nathaniel, son of Joshua and 
Abigail Keene, b. at Pembroke, Mass., Mch., 1777. Lives at E. Hebron, 
Me. Yeoman. Twelve ch:— Abigail, b. Aug. 8, 1803; Stephen, b. 
July 22, 1805, d. Sept. 20, 1805; Rebecca, b. Sept. 18, 1807; Sarah, b. 
Apr. 14, 1810; Nancy, b. Apr. 16, 1812, d. Sept. 14, 1812; Nathaniel, b. 
Aug., 1814; Daniel H., b. Sept. 30, 1816; Joseph H., b. Oct. 27, 1818; 
Isaac H., b. Aug. 27, 1820; Samuel H., b. Mch., 1824; Lydia, b. Jan. 
22, 1827; Christopher Columbus T., b. Feb. 21, 1832. 

243. STEPHEN 6 . 244. HENRY H 6 . 245. DANIEL 6 . 246. Re- 
becca, b. Aug. 7, 1793, d. Buckfield, Aug., 1816. 247. Betsy, b. at 
Hebron, July, 1795; md. Robert Martin. Pour ch : — Hannah, Caro- 
line, Ezekiel, Henry. 248. JOHN 6 . 249. Benjamin R., b. Nov., 1799, 
d. Aug., 1802. 

(132) JAMES, son of GEORGE (62), b. . He was a soldier 

and patriot in the Revolutionary war, and enlisted, Apr. 8, 1775, under 
Capt. Josiah Crosby, in Col. Reed's regiment. He was at the battle of 
Bunker Hill, where he w r as mortally wounded, and d. June 24, 1775. 
Adm. of his estate was granted his wid. Sarah, Sept. 27, 1775. Lived 
at Lyndeboro. Md. Sarah . One ch : — 

250. JAMES 6 . 

(133) AMBROSE, son of GEORGE (62), b. at Wilton, N. H., Feb. 
12, 1773; rem'd, 1802, to Williamstown, Vt., about 1807, to Roxbury, 
Vt., thence to Brookfleld, Vt., where he d. Aug. 28, 1836. Yeoman. 
Md. June 6, 1799, Deborah, dau. of David and Mary Cram, b. at 
Lyndeboro, N. H., July 22, 1776. Six ch : — 

251. Mary B., b. at Wilton, June 18, 1800; md. 1st, July 28, 1825, 
Samuel, son of Samuel and Mary Belcher, b. at Randolph, Mass., Oct. 
10, 178(5, d. at Roxbury, Vt., Aug. 5, 1830. Carpenter; no issue. Md. 
2d, Feb. 19, 1833, George H., son of Nathaniel and Effie (Hutchinson 
130) Tuttle, b. at Wilton, Jan. 22, 1805. Live in Wilton, N. H. Two 
ch: — Mary C, b. Feb. 4, 1834; Nancy B., b. June 6, 1835. 

252. Martha', b. Sept. 9, 1802, d. at Williamstown, 1802. 253. 
SEWELL 6 . 254. Lois, b. July 28, 1806; md. Samuel Stearns, of 
Peterboro. 255. AMBROSE B 6 . 256. Caroline, b. June 21, 1812, d. 
Sept. 7, 1813. 



SIXTH GENERATION. 

(138) ELISHA, son of JOSEPH (65), b. at Middleton, Mass., Dec. 
6, 1751, d. at Milford, Oct. 12, 1800. He was a farmer, and as he 
ceased to be taxed in 1779, it is supposed that he rem'd, about that 
period, to Amherst, N. II., and settled on the banks of the Souhegan 









29 

River, in the N. W. part of the present town of Milford, which was 
set off from Amherst, and incorporated Jan. 11, 1794. lie \v:is one of 
the first settlers, the place then being but a howling wilderness, and 
the cry of wolves were frequently heard as they passed in close prox- 
imity to the rude settlement. Once a moose made his appearance, 
and Mr. Hutchinson giving the alarm to his neighbors, they grasped 
their guns, and with a merry shout, gave chase to the huge animal as 
he bounded away through the woods at lightning speed. It was a 
long and tiresome chase, and buoyed up by their elated spirits and the 
novelty of the affair, the animal was at last surrounded, and driven to 
narrow quarters, when he was quickly dispatched, carried home and 
equally divided among his pursuers. In addition to his own estate, he 
ree'd from his father by Will, already referred to, 74 acres joining 
westerly on his own bounds, being the same piece of upland bought 
of Richard Goldsmith, Jan. 26, 1742-3, and lying in Township, No. 3. 
He was one of the first to answer his country's call in the Revolution, 
and enrolled himself as a private in Capt. Jeremiah Page's Co. of 
militia, at Danvers, which engaged the British at Lexington, on the 
19th of April. He was chosen Surveyor of Amherst, Mch. 12, 1787. 
He md. Nov. 10, 1772, Sarah, dau. of Amos and Mary Buxton, b. at 
Middleton, 1751, d. at Amherst, Feb. 5, 1828. Three ch : — 
257. ANDREW 7 . 258. JESSE 7 . 259. Sarah; md. Wm. Marvell. 

(140) JOSEPH, son of JOSEPH (65), b. at Middleton, Aug. 3, 1757, 
d. Dec. 7, 1807. He was a farmer. Lived in Middleton and succeeded 
to his father's homestead. The inventory of his estate at his dec, 
was valued at $3,409, including 121 acres of land. He md. 1st, Nov. 

2, 1780, Hannah, dau. of Archelaus and Hannah Fuller, b. 1757; md. 

2d, Rebecca, wid. of Jacob Goodale, of Middleton, and dau. of 

Newhall. Four ch. by Hannah : — 

260. ELIJAH 7 . 261. JOSEPH 7 . 262. ARCHELAUS 7 . 263. LEVI 7 . 

Three ch. by Rebecca : — 

264. Rebecca, b. Sept. 21, 1797, d. Aug. 27, 1821; md. Mch. 3, 1818, 
Amos King, 3d, of Peabody (formerly So. Danvers), b. Mch. 3, 1788. 
Lives in Peabody. Yeoman. One ch : — Rebecca Hutchinson, b. July 

3. 1820; md. Samuel Hutchinson (614). 265. Sally, b. Apr. 5, 1799, d. 
July 4, 1816. 266. BENJAMIN 7 . 

(148) JOSIAH, son of JOSIAH (68), bapt. at Middleton, Feb. 26, 
1764, d. Dec. 1814. Lived in Middleton and succeeded to his father's 
estate. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 29, 1788, Elizabeth, dau. of Benjamin 
Peters, of Reading, Mass., b. 1766, d. June 17, 1852. Nine ch: — 

267. Rufus, d. 1837, at Fayal. 268. DAVID 7 . 269. ISRAEL 7 . 
270. Hannah Chickering, b. Mch. 24, 1795; md. Dec. 31, 1817, 



30 

Joseph, son of Jonathan and Mary Neal, 1). at Salem, Dec. 31, 1793, d. 
Sept., 1866. He was a descendant of John Neal, of Salem; admitted 
freeman, May 18, 1642. Mason, and lived in Salem. Ten ch : — Han- 
nah, b. Sept. 7, 1818; Elizabeth H., b. July 21, 1820; Sarah H., b. 
Sept. 28, 1822, d. Nov. 20, 1823; Caroline A., b. May 10, 1824; Joseph 
W., b. Feb. 7, 1827; Rufus B., b. Mch. 9, 1829; Charles H., b. Nov. 2, 
1831; George L., b. Jan. 8, 1834; Mary E., b. Nov. 12, 1830, d. Sept., 
1867; James M., b. Oct. 19, 1839. 

271. IRA 7 . 272. Sarah Dean, b. Oct. 5, 1800; md. Sept. 28, 1824, 
Joseph, son of Aaron and Margaret Wallis, b. Sept. 25, 1802. Lives 
in Salem. Cabinet maker. Four ch : — Joseph, b. Oct. 24, 1825; 
Samuel, b. Oct. 28, 1827, d. July 6, 1833; John Peirson, b. May 25, 
1832; Caddie Matilda, b. Aug. 14, 1840. 273. Naamah, b. July 5, 1803, 
d. Nov. 13, 1868; md. July 23, 1835, David Peirce, b. Jan. 23, 1800. 
Lives in Peabody. Morocco Dresser. Six ch : — Eunice Pope, b. Jan. 
12, 1836; Charles Page, b. June 25, 1837, d. July 13, 1837; Charles 
Page, b. July 16, 1838; David Hutchinson, b. Mch. 17, 1840; Michael 
Shepard, b. June 23, 1845; Samuel Wallis, b. Aug. 14, 1847. 274. 
Eliza, b. Dec. 5, 1805 ; md. Feb. 15, 1834. Four ch : — George Warren, 
b. July 12, 1828; Emma, b. Feb. 9, 1830; Frederick Augustus, b. Feb. 
1, 1832; Matilda Shepard, b. Jan. 4, 1834. 275. Josiah, b. Oct., 1813. 

(154) JOHN, son of JOHN (72), b. at Middleton, Apr. 25, 1767, d. 
July 10, 1850; rem'd to Danvers. Yeoman. Md. Mch. 31, 1795, Patty 
Holt, of Andover, b. July 25, 1777. Nine ch: — 

276. Parley, b. May 19. 1795. 277. Sally, b. Aug. 19, 1797 ; md. 
Apr. 27, 1828, Sans Standley, of Marblehead, b. Oct. 15, 1804. Three 
ch:- Samuel A., b. June 2, 1829; Robert B., b. Feb. 21, 1831; Sarah 
J., b. Jan. 18, 1836. 

278. Lydia, b. Jan. 27, 1799, d. Dec. 15, 1844; md. May 1, 1818, 
James Crowell, of Danvers, b. Nov. 12, 1799. Twelve ch : — Harriet, 
b. Sept. 24, 1818; Elizabeth, b. Aug., 1822, d. May 10, 1823; Louisa, b. 
Aug. 10, 1824; James, b. June 18, 1826; Henry, b. Mch. 22, 1828, d. 
May 27, 1850; Augustus, b. Mch. 11, 1830, d. Feb. 8, 1853; Eliza, b. 
Feb. 25, 1832, d. Oct. 11, 1833; Sarah Ann, b. Dec. 21, 1833; George, 
b. Dec. 7, 1885; Hannah, b. Jan. 12, 1838; Benjamin, b. Mch. 31, 1840, 
d. Aug. 5, 1841; Benjamin, b. Feb. 21, 1842. 

279. WILLIAM 7 . 280. Eli, b. Oct. 27, 1806. 2S1. Mary Holt, b. 
May 23, 1809; md. 1st, Apr. 13, 1828, Frederick Dale, son of Ebenezer 
and Hannah (Very), b. Mch. 13, 1808, d. Dec. 2, 1833; md. 2d, Oct. 23, 
1836, David R. Howard, son of Benjamin F. and Mary (Martin), b. 
May 17, 1814. Three ch. by Frederick : — Mary Ann, b. Oct. 11, 1829 ; 
Martha Jane, b. Nov. 12, 1831 ; a son b. at Middleton, d. at Dauvers, 
June 4, 1833. One ch. by David R:— Nancy Ellen, b. May 22, 1837. 






31 

282. EBENEZER, b. Sept. 19, 1814. 283. Nancy, b. June 2, is 10. 
284. JACOB. 

(15(5) JESSE, son of JOHN (72), b. at Middleton, Feb. 4, 177!); 
rem'cl to Danvers, where he d. July 10, 1853. Carpenter. He md. 
May 24, 1804, Mehitable, dau. of Ephraira and Mehitable Lacy, b. May 
25, 1784. Twelve ch: — 

285. Infant, b. May 18, 1806, d. May 22, 180G. 280. Jeremiah L., 
b. Nov. 2, 1807, d. Feb. 23, 1848. 287. Clarissa, b. Dec. 1G, 1809 ; md. 
Mch. 20, 1832, Cornelius M. Roundy, of Boston, b. May 1, 1808. Lives 
in Danvers. Two ch: — George, b. Nov. 10, 1833; Alfred 11., b. June 
28, 1837. 288. Infant, b. Dec. 23, 1811, d. Dec. 30, 1811. 280. In- 
fant, b. Jan. 25, 1813, d. Mch. 26, 1813. 

290. KIMBALL 7 . 291. OSGOOD 7 . 292. Mehitablf, b. Jan. 18, 
1819; md. Nov. 13, 1838, Josiah, son of Jacob and Mary Welch, b. 
Sept. 29, 1814. Two ch : — George Thomas, b. May 1, 1840; Albert, b. 
Apr. 7, 1849. 293. Ephraim, b. Jan. 27, 1821, d. Apr. 15, 1832. 294. 
Betsy Farnum, b. Mch. 23, 1823, d. Dec. 3, 1842. 295. Andrew, b. 
May 18, 1826, d. Sept. 7, 1830. 296. Andrew, b. June 28, 1830, d. 
Aug. 9, 1834. 

(157) SOLOMON, son of SOLOMON (73), b. at Salem Vill., Nov. 
10, 1750; reni'd with his father to Amherst, in 1758, and thence to 
Fayette, Me., where he d. about 1821. He was at one time Town 
Clerk at Amherst. Yeoman. Md. Susan Riddle, of Bedford, N. II. 
Five ch : — 

297. Susan. 298. Samuel. 299. David. 300. Solomon. 301. 
Hannah. 

(158) EBENEZER, son of SOLOMON (73), b. at Danvers, Mch. 22, 
1753. He went to Amherst with his father, in 1758, and thence to N. 
Paris, Me., where he erected saw mills on the Little Androscoggin 
River, and engaged in the lumber business till about 1812, when he 
sold his mills, and removed with his family to Ohio, where he d. about 
1828. He md. Littlefleld. Nine ch : — 

302. Polly. 303. Ebenezer. 304. Abraham. 305. Solomon. 
30G. Nathaniel. 307. Asa. 308. John. 309. Robert. 310. Han- 
nah. 

(159) ASA, son of SOLOMON (73), b. at Amherst, Nov. 17, 1759. 
He was a farmer, and rem'ct to Fayette, Me., Feb., 1799, where he d. 
June 27, 1848. Md. July, 1784, Eunice, clau. of Andrew Davis, b. at 
Amherst. May, 1764, cl. at Fayette, Mch. 30, 1855. Ten ch : — 

311. Eunice, b. Oct. 1G, 1785; md. Apr. 2, 1809, Daniel W., son of 



32 

Moses and Lydia Whittier, b. at Raymond, N. H., Sept. 9, 1783. Re- 
sides in S. Chest'ervillc, Me. Yeoman ; no issue. 312. Mary, b. Nov. 
13, 1786, d. at Winthrop, Me., Apr., 1839. 313. Asa. 314. Hittie, b. 
Oct. 16, ;789, d. at Madrid, Me. Feb., 1849; md. 1810, John, son of 
William and Martha Hankerson, of Madrid, b. at Readfield, Sept. 10, 
1774, cl. at Madrid, Sept., 1861. Yeoman. Five ch : — William, b. 
Dec. 18, 1810; Asa, b. Sept. 20, 1813; John, b. Feb., 1817; Hiram, b. 
Sept., 1820, d. 1824; Myrinda, b. Sept. 23, 1824. 315. Daniel, b. Dec. 
17, 1791; rem'd to Fayette with his father, thence to Winthrop, Me., 
where he d. Oct., 1833. Yeomen. Md. Achsah Higgins; no issue. 
316. LuriiEK, d. at Fayette, Dec, 1815. 

317. JOSEPH 7 . 318. Sarah, b. at Fayette, July 16, 1800; md. Nov. 
25, 1828, Comfort, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Smith, b. at Read- 
field, Me., Sept. 20, 1800. Lives in Troy, Me. Yeoman. Four ch: — 
George, b. Nov. 23, 1830; Octavie, b. Mch. 4, 1833; John, b. Nov. 16, 
1835; Jane, b. June 1, 1841. 319. Fanny, b. May 29, 1803, d. at Win- 
throp, 1803. 320. HIRAM 7 . 

(162) DANIEL, son of ROBERT (77), b. at Danvers, May 22, 1768, 
d. Nov. 6, 1844. Lived in Danvers and Greenfield, N. H. Yeoman. 
Md. Aug. 19, 1790, Ruth, dau. of Richard and Lyclia Whittridge, b. 
Sept. 22, 1771, d. Nov. 8, 1843. Seven ch : — 

321. Nancy, b. Nov., 1791, d. at Nashua, Oct. 16, 1854; md. Jan. 26, 
1819, Amos, son of Benjamin and Mary Ball, b. at Hancock, N. H., 
Sept. 19, 1795. Lives in Nashua. Carpenter. Five ch : — Francis 
Newton, b. Nov. 9, 1820; William Horace, b. Jan. 19, 1823; Susan 
Mariah, b. Jan. 23, 1825 ; Alfred Augustus, b. Jan. 9, 1829, d. Dec. 19, 
1830; Alfred A., b. May 7, 1831. 322. Eunice, b. Feb., 1797, d. at 
Jaffrey, N. H., Nov. 6, 1828; md. Feb. 20, 1823, Joseph, son of Joseph 
and Elizabeth Hodge, b. at Jaffrey, Nov. 9, 1786. Lives in Jaffrey, 
Two ch:— William Harvey, b. at Hancock, N. H., Aug. 4, 1824; 
Joseph Jackson, b. at Jaffrey, Feb. 11, 1828. 

323. WILLIAM 7 . 324. Mary 7 , b. at Greenfield, N. H., Apr. 24, 
1808; md. June 20, 1832, Robert Putnam, son of Asa and Eda (Hutch- 
inson, 163), b. June 20, 1806. Lives in Danvers. Shoemaker. Four 
ch:— Eunice, b. at Groton, N. H., Oct. 8, 1832; William, b. at Dan- 
vers, Apr. 14, 1837; Elmira, b. July 15, 1840; Robert, b. Aug. 18, 
1848, d. same day. 325. Betsey, b. Dec. 11, 1811, d. Oct. 14, 1834. 
326. James Lawrence, b. at Danvers, July 7, 1813. 327. Joseph, d. 
young, aged 11 years. 

(166) ABIJAH, son of ROBERT (77), b. at Danvers, Nov. 28, 1774, 
d. Jan. 3, 1861. Lived in Danvers. Yeoman. Md. Mch. 18, 1800, 
Irene, dau. of Robert Badger, b. Lyndeboro, N. H., Jan. 20, 1780, d. 
Mch. 30, 1S64. Ten ch : — 



33 

328. Eliza, b. Oct. 25, 1800, d. Nov. 6, 1845; mil. Arehclaus Hutch- 
inson (262). 329. Rebecca, b. Mch. 19, 1803, d. May 6, L846; md. 
Dec. 24, 1834, George W. Priest. Two ch: — George F., b. June 8, 
1838; Eebecca F., b. Mch. 29, 1843; 330. Ruth, b. July 26, L805, d. 
June 10, 1814. 331. Elias, b. Aug-. 2, 1806. 332. Irene, b. Nov. 28, 
1810, cl. at Lowell, Sept. 22, 1832. 333. Eunice, b. May 4, 1813. 334. 
Edith, b. Oct. 2G, 181G, d. Nov. 24, 18G8. 335. Ruth, b. Apr. 10, 
1819. 

336. BENJAMIN F 7 . 337. Lucinda 7 , b. Apr. 21, 1824; md. July 23, 
1854, Lewis, son of Darius and Mary (Keyser) Dickcrson, b. Feb. 25, 
1816. Lives in Ipswich. Farmer and Shoemaker. One ch: — John 
Lewis, b. July 24, 1855. 

(172) EBENEZER 7 , son of JEREMY (78), b. at Danvers, July 10, 
1764, d. at Danville, Vt., Aug. 25, 1849; rem'd thence, Feb. 19, 1801, 
about fifteen years after its first settlement, and when the town was a 
wilderness, and infested with wild beasts. His farm consisted at first 
of fifty acres ; afterwards he added fifty more, living for some length of 
time in the most primitive style. About 1801-2, rem'd to Gilmanton, 
N. PL, and then six years after to Barnston, Canada, residing there 
till 1810, when he returned to Danville. Yeoman. Md. June 4, 1792, 
Anna Caves, of Danvers, b. at Chebacco, Apr. 14, 1760, d. Oct. 27, 
1842. Three ch: — 

338. PERLEY 7 . 339. Jeremy, b. at Danvers, Mch. 30, 1795; rem'd 
to Danville, Vt., wdiere he now resides. Md. Sept. 4, 1849, Eunice 
Huse, b, at Enfield, N. PL, P'eb. 25, 1800; no issue. 340. Sarah PL, 
b. Mch. 4, 1800; md. Dec. 19, 1838, Hiram Merritt, b. at Derby, Vt., 
May 23, 1799, d. Oct. 1, 1853. Lived in Danville; no issue. She md. 
2d, Jan. 4, 1864, John Drew, b. at Pittsfield, N. H., Feb. 17, 1799. 
Yeoman. 

(176) JOSEPH, son of JEREMY (79), b. at Danvers, Apr. 9, 1770, 
d. Jan. 1, 1832. He was a farmer and lived in Danvers. Md. Feb. 9, 
1806, Phebe, dau. of George Upton, of N. Reading, b. Mch. 2, 1777, d. 
Jan. 27, 1861. Five ch: — 

341. ELIJAH 7 . 342. Benjamin, b. at Danvers, Feb. 28, 1810. He 
is a« farmer and lives in Danvers. Md. Jan. 26, 1838, Catherine Eliza- 
beth Fuller, dau. of John and Anna (Symonds), b. at Middleton, Aug. 
15, 1816, d. Feb. 7, 1863; no issue. 

343. Jeremy, b, Aug. 12, 1813, d. Sept. 4, 1815. 344. Amos, b. Nov. 
15, 1814, d. Mch. 13, 1818. 345. Amos, b. Apr. 2, 1818, d. Jan. 27, 
1831. 

(179) ASA, son of JEREMY (79), b. at Danvers, Mch. 4, 1777, d. 
5 



34 

May 11, 1854. Lived iu Danvers. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 23, 1814, Kuth 
Putnam, b. Men. 25, 1786. Five ch: — 

346. Eben, b. Oct. 15, 1814. 347. James Putnam, b. Dec. 15, 1816. 
Lives in Danvers. Shoe Manufacturer. Md. Dec. 4, 1854, Jerusha 
W. Dale, b. Dec. 29, 1826. 348. Hannah, b. Apr. 17, 1820. 349. 
Mary Pope, b. June 26, 1823; md. June 17, 1856, James A., son of 
James A. S. and Betsy F. Bartlett. One ch : — Mary Putnam, b. June 
18, 1857. 350. Sarah, b. Oct. 3, 1828. 

(184) ISRAEL, son of ISRAEL (80), b. at Danvers, Sept. 27, 1760, 
and lived in that part of the town called the Port. He was a farmer, 
and also carried on the grist mills after his father's decease. He md. 
1st, Dec. 15, 1785, Susannah, dau. of William and Abigail Trask, b. at 
Beverly, Nov. 22, 1766, d. Dec. 5, 1794 ; md. 2d, July 18, 1795, Eunice 
Putnam, b. at Danvers, Jan. 3, 1766, d. Mch. 20, 1817; md. 3d, Aug., 
1820, at Newton, to Abigail French, of Portsmouth, N. H., d. at Rox- 
bury, Dec, 1832. Four ch. by Susannah : — 

351. Hannah, b. Oct. 3, 1786, d. Apr. 9, 1857; md. July 5, 1807, 
Nicholson, son of Zebulon and Jerusha Marcy. He was first a store- 
keeper and afterwards a farmer. Nine ch : — William N., b. Apr. 16, 
1808, d. June 23, 1808; Zebulon C, b. May 2, 1809; Susan T., b. May 
22, 1811; Albert N., b. Nov. 3, 1813; Israel H., b. Nov. 17, 1815; Por- 
ter; Olive P., b. Feb. 2, 1818; Harriet, b. Nov. 29, 1819; Eunice. 

352. Susannah, b. Sept. 1, 1789, d. Nov. 20, 1845. 353. Betsy 7 , b. 
Jan. 14, 1791, cl. Mch. 31, 1850; md. May 21, 1809, Briggs R. Reed, 
son of Ezekiel and Mary (Rogers), b. at Bridgeport, Conn., May 2, 
1784, d. at Danvers, Sept. 28, 1835. Resided in Boston, Weymouth, 
Pembroke, and Danvers. The father of Mr. Reed was inventor of a 
patent for making tacks, at Abington, Mass. Eleven ch : — Mary Ann, 
I), at Boston, Jan. 1, 1810; Elizabeth, b. at Weymouth, Dec. 17, 1811; 
Susan J., b. at Pembroke, May 11, 1814; William Briggs, b. at Dan- 
vers, Dec. 15, 1816 ; Edward R., b. Mch. 14, 1819, d. at Topsfield, Nov. 
5, 1838; Augustus, b. Apr. 13, 1821; George W., b. Aug. 5, 1823; 
John, b. Aug. 13, 1825, d. Apr. 4, 1847; James H., b. Jan. 28, 1828; 
Joseph W., b. May 7, 1830, d. July 27, 1856. His death was caused by 
the explosion of a boiler on board the steamer " Empire State," at 
Fall River. Baptist Clergyman. Cornelius H., b. Aug. 28, 1832. 
354. Israel, b. Apr. 3, 1794, d. Nov. 5, 1815. 

Four ch. by Eunice : — 

355. Meiiitable P., b. July 22, 1796, d. Oct. 22, 1796. 356. Eunice, 
b. Dec. 19, 1797, d. Mch. 11, 1866; md. May 3, 1839, Capt. John, son 

of John and Rachel Kenney, b. at Danvers, Nov. 26, 1807, d. . 

Lived in Gloucester. Mariner; no issue. Have an adopted ch., 
Susan Putnam Davenport, dau. of her sister, Mehitable P. (358). 



35 

357. ELISHA 7 . 358. Mehitable Putnam, b. Apr. 23, 1805, <J. Apr. 
22, 1837; md. Sept. 9, 1830, Daniel Davenport, of Andover. One oh : 
— Susan Putnam, b. June 21, 1831; adopted by her aunt, Eunice (356). 

(188) SAMUEL, son of NATHAN (90), b. at Amherst, N. II., 1749. 
He was a farmer, and rem'd to Wilton, N. II., where he d. Sept. 27, 
1821. He md. about 1773, Mary Wilkins, b. 1752, d. June 29, 1841, 
aged 89 years. Nine ch : — 

359. SAMUEL 7 . 360. Mary 7 , b. at Wilton, Sept. 18, 1777, d. Sept. 

18, 1838 ; md. Dea. Joshua, son of Joshua and Elizabeth 

(Keyes) Blanchard, b. at Wilton, July 10, 1771, d. July 23, 1810. Yeo- 
man. Eour ch: — Abel, b. Oct. 10, 1802; Lydia, b. July 9, 1805, d. 
Nov. 8, 1821; Ezra, b. Aug. 25, 1808, d. Sept. 8, 1851; Joshua, b. June 
29, 1810. 361. Rachel, b. June 3, 1779, d. Dec. 20, 1865; md. Mch. 
17, 1803, David Lovejoy, son of Samuel and Lydia (Abbot), b. at Wil- 
ton, July 16, 1779, d. May 22, 1833. Lived in Wilton. Yeoman. Ten 
ch: — Lydia, b. Dec. 30, 1803, d. Jan. 10, 1844; Samuel, b. Feb. 20, 
1806, d. July 26, 1844; Mary, b. June 21, 1808; Abiel, b. May 25, 1810; 
William, b. Mch. 3, 1814; Isaac, b. June 29, 1816; Clarissa, b. Sept- 
10, 1818, d. Dec. 27, 1853; David, b. Mch. 1, 1821; Rachel, b. Apr. 9, 
1823 ; Sarah, b. Aug. 4, 1826, d. Nov. 3, 1854. 

362. JOTHAM 7 . 363. FREDERICK 7 . 364. Betsy, b. July 31, 1785 ; 
md. Mch., 1808, Richard, son of Pierce and Eunice Gage, b. at Pel- 
ham, N. H., Mch. 20, 1784, d. July 17, 1854. Lived in Wilton. Yeo- 
man. Nine ch: — David, b. Dec. 1, 1809; Samuel, b. Sept. 6, 1811, d. 
Apr. 21, 1851; Pierce, b. Sept. 4, 1813; Isaac N., b. June 12, 1815; 
Mary, b. June 1, 1817; Elvira, b. July 11, 1819; Charles, b. July 16, 
1821, d. June 24, 1856; George W., b. Sept. 7, 1823; Sidney R., b. Oct. 
14, 1826. 

365. ARIEL 7 . 366. SOLOMON 7 . 367. Fanny, b. May 5, 1790; md. 
June 12, 1811, Putnam Wilson, son of Abiel and Abigail (Putnam), b. 
at Lyndeboro, Oct. 9, 1795. Resides at Newport, Me. ; rem'd thence 
from Wilton, Oct., 1826. Farmer and Lumberman. His father, Abiel, 
was b. at Andover, Mass., and served seven years in the Revolution, 
and rem'd afterwards to Lyndeboro. He md. Abigail, dau. of Philip 
Putnam, Esq., of Wilton. Ten ch: — Abiel, b. Sept. 27, 1812; Har- 
riet, b. Dec. 6, 1814; Putnam, b. Oct. 26, 1816; Philip, b. Sept. 10, 
1818; George, b. Sept. 26, 1820; Lydia, b. Aug. 8, 1823, d. Dec. 12, 
1838; Fanny, b. Jan. 3, 1825; Joseph, b. at Newport, Jan. 18, 1827, d. 
Oct. 13, 1838; Charles Edwin, b. May 16, 1829; Hollis B., b. Nov. 21, 
1832. 

(189) NATHAN, son of NATHAN (90), b. in that part of Amherst, 
now Milford, Feb., 1752, d. Dec. 26, 1831. He was a farmer and lived 



36 

in Milford. Md. 1778, Rebecca Peabody, dau. of William and Rebecca 
(Smith), b. Jan. 2, 1752, d. Feb. 25. 1826. Seven ch : — 

368. NATHAN 7 . 369. Rebecca S., b. Oct., 1781, d. at Maryland, 
Sept. 9, 1850; md. Nehemiah Hayward, b. 1779, d. May 16, 1849, aged 
70. Two ch : — George M., b. 1809, d. Apr. 7, 1840; Betsy, b. Mch. 19, 
1807; md. David Hutchinson (589). 

:;:<>. REUBEN 7 . 371. Ira, b. 1785, d. Jan. 5, 1833, unm'd. 372. 

Olive, b. 1789, d. Apr. 16, 1828; md. , 1809, Dr. John, son of 

John and Mary Wallace, b. at Milford, 1781, d. Aug. 4, 1837. One ch: 
— Robert Bums, b. Oct. 7, 1810. Dr. Wallace md. 2d, Sept. 15, 1829, 
Eliza, dau. of Moses and Betsy Burns, b. 1807. One ch: — John 
James, b. 1830. Lives at Union Co., Ohio. She md. 2d, Joseph 
Davis, of Hancock, N. II. 

373. JONAS 7 . 374. ABEL 7 . 

(190) BENJAMIN, Lieut., son of NATHAN (90), b. at Amherst, 
June 9, 1744, d. at Milford, Sept. 12, 1832. Lived in Milford. Yeo- 
man. Md. Susanna, dau. of William and Rebecca (Smith) Pea- 
body, b. at Amherst, Nov. 4, 1755, d. Aug. 23, 1834. Six ch : — 

375. BENJAMIN 7 . 376. Sarah, b. Mch. 16, 1779, d. Nov. 9, 1865; 
unm'd. She was a woman endowed with superior faculties of mind, 
a very retentive memory, and to whom the compiler is indebted for 
much valuable information connected with this work. 377 Susan, b. 
Apr. 20, 1781, d. Aug. 2, 1783. 378. LUTHER 7 . 379. EUGENE 7 . 
380. Calaope, b. Apr. 7, 1787, d. Sept. 25, 1848. 

(191) EBENEZER, son of NATHAN (90), b. at Amherst, Sept. 10, 
1756, d. Jan. 31, 1831. Lived in E. Wilton. Yeoman. Md. Peb. 3, 
1780, Phebe, dau. of Hezekiah and Margaret Sawtell, b. at Shirley, 
Dec. 11, 1759, d. Apr. 5, 1835. Ten ch : — 

381. EBENEZER 7 . 382. Phebe 7 , b. at E. Wilton, June 21, 1782, d. 
Oct, 11, 1824 ; md. her cousin, Jotham Hutchinson (363). 383. JOHN 7 . 
384. HEZEKIAH 7 . 385. SYLVESTER 7 . 386. SYLVANUS 7 . 387. 
Asenath, b. Aug. 16, 1793, d. Peb. 5, 1826. 388. JAMES 7 . 

889. STEARNS 7 . 390. Peggy, b. Nov. 4, 1802; md. Apr. 6, 1819, 
Benjamin, son of Peter and Hannah (Burnam) Hopkins, b. at E. Wil- 
ton, Oct, 15, 1797. Lives in E. Wilton. Farmer and Miller. Four 
ch: — Benjamin, b. Nov. 12, 1820; Herman, b. Aug. 6, 1825; Phebe, b. 
Nov. 15, 1829 ; William, b. Aug. 30, 1838. 

(192) BARTHOLOMEW, son of NATHAN (90), b. at Amherst, 
L758, d. Sept. 23, 1841. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Oct. 14, 
1784, Phebe, dau. of Jacob Haggett, of Andover, Mass., bapt. May 10, 
1767, d. Aug. 27, 1849. Thirteen ch : — 



37 

891. JACOB 7 . 392. Lucy, b. Dec. 20, 1786; md. Reuben Hutchin- 
son (370). 393. ALFRED 7 . 

394. Achacy, b. Nov. 6, 1790, d. Oct. 20, 1852; md. Mch., 1808, 
Jona. Buxton, b. Mch. 18, 1787, d. Sept. 16, 1844. Lived in Milford. 
Twelve ch : — Mara Ann, b. Nov. 16, 1808; Annette M., b. July 16, 
1810; Achacy, b. July 22, 1813, d. Jan. 2, 1850; George, b. Sept. 21, 
1815; Caroline, b. Oct. 20, 1817; William, b. Oct. 1, 1819; Jonathan, 
b. Aug. 4, 1821, d. Mch. 25, 1844; Rhoda H., b. June 24, 1823; Charles, 
b. Oct. 11, 1825, cl. Nov. 6, 1848; James, b. July 25, 1828; Henry Clay, 
b. June 17, 1830, d. Feb. 19, 1831 ; Henry Clay, b. Nov. 29, 1832. 

395. Minerva, b. Jan. 31, 1792, cl. June 14, 1831; md. 1808, Samuel 
Henry, b. at Milford, 1786, cl. about 1828. Two ch .- — Christiana, b. 
Mch. 25, 1810, cl. Feb. 4, 1829; George W., b. Aug. 20, 1812. 396. 
Nancy, b. May 19, 1794, cl. Oct. 11, 1821; md. 1820, Luther Jones, b. 
Dec. 13, 1796. He was son of Luther Hoar, of Worcester. After the 
decease of his parents he was, while an infant, adopted into the family 
of Jona. Jones, and assumed their name. Yeoman. One ch : — Nancy 
b. Dec. 2, 1820. 

397. Augustus, b. July 25, 1796, d. 1800. 398. Rhoda, b. July 2, 
1798, cl. Mch. 20, 1822. 399. Alvah, b. Jan. 25, 1800, cl. July 6, 1826; 
400. Myra, b. Dec. 24, 1801, d. Dec. 3, 1837; mcl. Oct. 19, 1823, Dr. 
William Darracott, jr., b. June 22, 1799. Lives in Milford. Dentist. 
Five ch: — Samuel, b. Feb. 12, 1825, d. Feb. 16, 1825; William, b. Dec. 
8, 1826, d. June 5, 1852 ; Christiana Henry, b. Jan. 31, 1829, d. Dec. 
13, 1853; George Lafayette, b. July 17, 1831; Albert M., b. Aug. 7, 
1834. 

401. Eliza, b. Oct. 4, 1803; md. Feb. 3, 1823, Holland Hopkins, b. 
Apr. 4, 1802, d. at Illinois, Nov. 17, 1857. Lived in Milford. Seven 
ch : — Henry A., b. May 9, 1824, cl. June 8, 1831 ; Harriet E., b. July 30, 
1826, d. Oct. 30, 1854; John H., b. Feb. 7, 1832, d. Feb. 22, 1853; Jane 
M., b. Feb. 25, .1835; Frye, b. April 23, 1839; James B., b. Jan. 31, 
1845, d. Dec. 29, 1852; Ellen J., b. June 6, 1846. 

402. AUGUSTUS 7 . 403. Albert S., b. Dec. 8, 1807, d. Aug. 20, 
1834. 

(200) NATHANIEL, son of BARTHOLOMEW (101), b. at Sutton, 
Mass., Apr. 13, 1764. He was a farmer, and rem'd to Braintree, Vt., 
in 1785, where he d. Aug. 3, 1794. He was one of the first settlers of 
that town, and his wife's mother-in-law, Abigail, " was the first female 
that moved into Braintree, and, in consideration of that circumstance, 
the town voted to her, Sept. 16, 1788, a grant of 100 acres of land." 
(Gen. of Flint family.) Md. 1786, Lucy, dau. of Silas and Sarah 

(Norton) Flint, b. at Windham, Conn., Aug. 21, 1762, d. . Four 

ch:- 






38 



404. NATHANIEL 7 . 405. Lucy, b. 1790, d. Apr., 1794. 40G. In- 
fant, b. and d. 1792. 407. Infant, b. and d. 1794. 

(201) JOHN, son of BARTHOLOMEW (101), b. at Sutton, Jan. 18, 
1766. He was a farmer, and rem'd to Braintree, Vt., in the fall of 
1793, where he d. May 29, 1845. He was a man of more than ordinary 
abilities and was chosen seventeen times to the Vermont Legislature. 
Md. Feb., 1792, Lucy, dau. of Asa and Mehitable Kenney, b. at Sutton, 
Sept. 23, 1771, d. Nov. 2, 1868. Nine ch: — 

408. RUFUS 7 . 409. Polly, b. at Braintree, Vt., Mar. 24, 1795. d. 
July 4, 1845; md. Sept., 1814, Nathan Morse, b. Nov. 3, 1791. Four 
ch: — Nathan, b. June 30, 1816, d. Jan. 18, 1832; Polly, b. Jan.. 1818, 
d. Apr. 12, 1849; Betsey, b. Jan., 1820; Lucy, b. Nov. 3, 1825, d. Jan. 
18, 1832. 410. JAMES 7 . 

411. Sally, b. Aug. 19, 1799, d. Northfield, Vt., May 18, 1853; md. 
Dec. 5, 1823, Amersa Nichols, b. July 10, 1791, d. Mch. 28, 1835. Lived 
in Northfield, Vt. Yeoman. Three ch : — Amersa, b. June 27, 1825' 
d. Sept. 2, 1826; Sarah, b. Jan. 17, 1828, d. Jan. 27, 1832; George A., 
b. Aug. 9, 1834. 

412. Betsey, b. Dec. 2, 1801, d. Aug. 4, 1848; md. June 10, 1836, 
Warren Harlow, b. Feb. 28, 1805. Lived in Randolph, Vt. Yeoman. 
Four ch: — Elizabeth M., b. Sept. 3, 1837, d. July, 1843; Celia, b. Jan. 
11, 1845; Alvin and Alonzo, twins, b. Aug. 4, 1847. 

413. Kelita, b. Mch. 6, 1804; md. Isaac Allen, b. July 29, 

1788. Lived in Braintree, Vt. Yeoman; no issue. 414. Lucy, b. 
Feb. 1, 1806; md. Dec. 29, 1829, Alvin Braley, b. Nov., 1807. Yeo- 
man. Three ch: — George, b. Oct. 8, 1832, d. Dec, 1833; George, b. 
Apr. 2, 1835; Lucy, b. Apr. 2, 1847. 415. John, b. Mch. 19, 1808, d. 
July 26, 1816. 416. Ruth, b. May 8, 1813; md. Jan. 5, 1837, Cassim 
B. Hawes, b. Feb. 18, 1812. Lives in Randolph, Wis. Yeoman. 
Three ch: — Alban, b. Jan. 5, 1838; Marion L., b., Jan. 11, 1840; Celia 
E., b. Aug. 26, 1841. 

(203) BARTHOLOMEW, son of BARTHOLOMEW (101), b. at Sut- 
ton, Mass., Jan. 7, 1770. Farmer and Carpenter; rem'd to Dixfield, 
Me., Feb., 1800, where he d. Feb. 14, 1855. He md. Jan., 1797, Olive 
Kenney, dau. of Stephen and Mary (Bartlett), b. at Sutton, Mch. 20, 
1777, d. Dec. 6, 1847. Seven ch : — 

417. Fanny F., b. July 13, 1797; md. Sept. 12, 1814, Thomas Morse, 
son of Nathan and Abigail (Staples), b. July 26, 1794. Resides in E. 
Dixfield. Yeoman. Eight ch: — B. Franklin, b. Apr. 5, 1816; Abi- 
gail S., b. Feb. 14. 1818; Russell S.. b. Jan. 17, 1820; W. Harris, b. 
Sept. 29, 1822; Gilbert A., b. Oct. 10, 1824; Sylvester H., b. Feb. 10, 
1828; Olive H., b. Mch. 20, 1830; Bartholomew H., b. June 1, 1832. 






39 

418. Susan, b. Dec. 29, 1798; md. May 28, 1818, Spencer Thomas, 
son of Holmes and Mary (Dingley), b. Mch. 31, 1787. He served five 
years in the war of 1812, and was wounded in the mouth at the battle 
of Lundy's Lane. He is a farmer, and lives in E. Dixfield. Ten ch : 
— Diantha J., b. Mch. 31, 1819; Spencer, b. Jan. 13, 1821; Nathaniel 
T., b. Nov. 29, 1823; Abbie H., b. Sept. 23, 1825; Rebecca M., b. Jan. 
20, 1827, d. Dec. 16, 1829; Salome D., b. Mch. 28, 1829; James M., b. 
Apr. 20, 1831; Ripley, b. Feb. 11. 1833, d. Oct. 1, 1848; Fanny H., b. 
Nov. 11, 1837; Sylvander M., b. Dec. 25, 1839. 

419. Rebecca M., b. at Dixfield, Aug. 29, 1800; md. Jan. 18, 1830, 
Ansel, son of Joseph and Patience (Joy) Staples, b. at Sanford, Me., 
May 4, 1795. Lives in Dixfield. Yeoman. Four ch : — Susan H., b. 
May 7, 1831; Hannibal H., b. Mch. 10, 1834; Ellen R., b. Nov. 18, 
1837; Rebecca C, b. Sept. 22, 1842. 

420. JAMES H 7 . 421. SYLVESTER M 7 . 422. Ruth B., b. May 
19, 1816; md. Mch. 15, 1842, Sylvester S.Kidder, son of Jacob and 
Esther (Waite), b. June 13, 1818. Lives in E. Dixfield. Yeoman. 
Two ch: — Hialmer A., b. May 24, 1844; F. Linette, b. Aug. 22, 1850. 
423. Horace L., b. Mch. 25, 1821. 

(205) TIMOTHY, son of BARTHOLOMEW (101), b. at Sutton, 
July 31, 1774. He was a farmer, and rem'd 1st, to Paris, Me., and 
thence about 1818, to Albany, Me., where he d. Mch. 14, 1867, aged 93 
years. Feb. 17, 1818, after he removed to Paris, he sold to his bro. 
Simon, for $85, all his right and title in the estate bequeathed to him 
by Dea. John Haven, situated in the W. part of the town of Sutton. 
In early life he fitted himself for a teacher, and for twenty years, dur- 
ing a portion of the year, he served in that capacity with much suc- 
cess. In Albany he was chosen lor many years to offices of honor 
and trust; was an ardent supporter in the cause of temperance and 
all other moral reforms, besides leading a life of strict piety for over 
seventy years. He md. Mch., 1796, Nizaula, dau. of Ebenezer and 
Sarah (Chase) Rawson, a descendant of Secretary Rawson, b. at Sut- 
ton, Apr. 18, 1777. Fourteen ch : — 

424. LEWIS 7 . 425. GALEN 7 . 426. Nizaula, b. Jan. 13. 1801, d. 
at Portland, Sept. 2, 1855; md. 1822, Herman, son of Samuel and 
Lydia Town, b. at Salem, Mass., Aug. 16, 1797. Lives in Albany. 
Yeoman. Two ch: — Arabella R., b. Dec. 7, 1824; Clara D,, b. July 
26, 1830. 427. MARMADUKE RAWSON 7 . 428. James Sullivan, 

b. Nov. =■, d. young. 429. Charlotte, b. May — , d. young. 

430. HAVEN 7 . 431. TIMOTHY HARDING 7 . 

432. Arvilla 7 , b. Feb. 19, 1812; md. Jan. 29, 1837, William, son of 
Simeon and Mehitable Evans, b. at Shelburne, N. H., Jan. 21, 1812. 
Lives in Milan, N. H. Yeoman. Seven ch : — Edwin F., b. at Berlin, 






40 

N. H., Jan. 29, 1838; Caroline, b. at Milan, Aug. 17, 1839, d. Oct. 2, 
1850; Virgil P. b. Oct. 29, 1841 ; Kawson H., b.'Aug. 2, 1845; William 
8., b. June 27, 1847 ; Osmon C, b. Mch. 21, 1850; Clara Emily, b. Aug. 
18, 1854. 433. Clarissa, b. Feb. 8, 1813; md. June 20, 1833, William 
II., son of Samuel and Esther Pingree, b. at Norway, Me., Dec. 20. 
1804. He is a farmer, and lives in Norway. Six ch : — Edwin F., b. 
at Albany, Me., July 14, 1834, d. Aug. 28, 1837; Harriet, b. Jan. 20, 
1836, d. Sept. 8, 1837; Rosanna, b. at Norway, Feb. 25, 1838; Mary E., 
b. Apr. 2, 1840; Roena, b. Jan. 20, 1843; Caroline, b. May 4, 1852. 

434. EDWIN F 7 . 435. Mary, b. Feb., 1816, d. Feb., 1843; md. 
Sept. 5, 1839, Dustin P., son of John and Hannah Ordway, b. at Con- 
way, N. H. Lives in Milan, N. H. Yeoman. One ch : — Sumner H., 
b. Mch. 31, 1842. 436. Diantha, b. Oct. 12, 1819; md. June 8, 1841, 
Prescott, son of David and Abigail Lovering, b. at Poland, Me., Feb. 
1, 1816. Residence at Greenwood, Me. Yeoman. Five ch : — Eliza, 
b. May 6, 1842, d. Nov. 12, 1842; Sabra Rawson, b. Feb. 8, 1845; 
Lewis H., b. Apr. 18, 1848; Francis Hill, b. Jan. 17, 1850; Dustin Ord- 
way, b. June 5, 1851, d. Sept. 23, 1853. 437. EBENEZER SUMNER 7 . 

(207) SIMON, son of BARTHOLOMEW (101), b. at Sutton, Apr. 
26, 1779. Lives in Sutton, at an advanced age. He bought, Jan. 10, 
1806, for $1,666.66, one-half of his father's lands, 160 acres, and build- 
ings ; the first piece containing 123 acres, being the homestead, with 
the buildings upon it. He md. 1st, Nov. 27, 1806*, Vandalynda, dau. of 
Nathaniel F. and Hannah (Gibbs) Morse, b. at Sutton, Apr. 28, 1785, 
d. Aug. 18, 1839; md. 2d, Jan., 1841, Mrs. Sophia, wid. of Lewis 
Batchelder, and dau. of Abel and Loreno (Rice) Newton, b. at South- 
boro, Mass., July 20, 1800. Twelve ch : — 

438. Alaxa Ann, b. Sept. 7, 1807; md. Nov. 1, 1830, Alanson A. 
Lombard, b. at Millbury, Mass., Jan. 25, 1803. Lives in Sutton, 
Three ch: — Frances Ann, b. Apr. 5, 1832, cl. Apr. 29, 1837; Henry 
F., b. Jan. 19, 1834; Edwin, b. Dec. 22, 1837, d. May 6, 1838. 439. 
Sylvander, b. Mch. 7, 1809. Grad. Amherst Coll. in the class of 
1836, and entered the Theological Seminary at Princeton, N. J., where, 
after remaining a short time, he was directed by his medical adviser 
to try a warm climate for the benefit of his health. He accordingly 
went to Athens, Ga., and engaged as a tutor in the College at that 
place ; he however continued to decline, and d. June 15, 1838. 

440. Dexter, b. Mch. 14, 1811, d. July 24, 1813. 441. Lucy Morse, 
b. Sept. 24. 1812; md. May 4, 1853, Jona. D. Holbrook, b. at Upton, 
Mass.. Mch. 11. 180S; no issue. 442. CHARLES DEXTER 7 . 443. 
HORACE 7 . 444. Hannah Gihbs, b. July 23, 1818, d. July 16, 1845. 
446. Bartholomew, b. Sept. 3, 1820, d. Sept. 14, 1820. 446. ED- 
WARD HAVEN 7 . 



41 

447. Emeline Bemis 7 , b. July 23, 1823; md. Aug. 30, 1853, Amos 
Brown, b. at Charlton, Mass., Apr. 13, 1813. Two ch: — Clara Eliza- 
beth, b. at Brooklyn, N. Y., July 9, 1854: Helen Herrick, b. July 2, 
1856. 448. Mary Lee, b. Sept. 23, 1828, d. July 28, 1844. 449. Mar- 
garet, b. Oct. 12, 1830, d. June 3, 1831. 

(212) AARON, son of LOT (104), b. at Sutton, Oct. 1, 1771; rem'd 
early to Pembroke, western N. Y., and afterwards, Feb. 11, 1815, to 
Darien, N. Y., where he d. Feb. 12, 1836; also lived in Randolph and 
Williamstown, Vt. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 15, 1796, Hannah, dau. of 
Jacob and Mehitable (Flint) Parish, b. at Windham, Conn., May 21, 
1779. After the dec. of her husband, Mrs. Hutchinson rem'd to Wau- 
watora, Wis., where she d. Dec. 13, 1863. Six ch: — 

450. DANIEL PARISH 7 . 451. CHESTER FLINT 7 . 452. Hannah 
M. 7 , b. at Williamstown, Vt., May 19, 1809; md. June 14, 1827, Alex- 
ander L., son of John and Rachel Munroe, b. at Springfield, Mass., 
Dec. 2, 1799. Lives in Milwaukie. Four ch : — Emeline, b. at Darien, 
May 19, 1828; Marshal E., b. Feb. 18, 1830; John H., b. Dec. 5, 1833; 
Edward L., b. at Milwaukie, Dec. 4, 1844. 

453. RODOLPHUS ALBINUS 7 . 454. AARON PARISH 7 . 455. 
Helena M., b. at Randolph, Vt., May 15, 1814; md. Apr. 3, 1836, San- 
ford, son of Jacob and Hannah Wheeler, b. at Watertown, N. Y., Nov. 
4, 1811. Lives in Rockland, 111. Two ch : — Julia Rosilla, b. at Mil- 
waukie, Dec. 27, 1841 ; Parish H., b. Feb. 26, 1846. 

I (213) ASA, son of LOT (104), b. at Sutton, Sept. 15, 1780. Farmer. 
Removed to Vt., and md. Mch. 3, 1808, Christiana Churchill, of Chit- 
tenden, and immediately rem'd to Shoreham, Vt. Lived in Shoreham, 
Braintree, Chittenden and Shrewsbury, Vt. Eight ch :— - 

456. Electa 7 , b. at Shoreham, May 11, 1809, d. at Lyons, N. Y., Aug. 
30, 1850; md. Jan. 1, 1835, Miles S., son of Jacob and Sarah Leach, 
b. at Lyons, Aug. 17, 1810. Lives in Lyons. Trader. Seven ch: — 
Rosabella, b. Oct. 3, 1835; Theodore A., b. Jan. 15, 1837, d. Feb. 5, 
1855; Deborah E., b. Nov. 30, 1838, d. July 25, 1847; Gerald R., b. 
Dec. 21, 1840, d. Aug. 8, 1841; Sarah C, b. Oct. 22, 1842; John H., b. 
June 4, 1845 ; Esbon B., b. July 10, 1847. 457. Philancia 7 , b< Feb. 27, 
1811; md. Apr. 22, 1835, Thadeus O. Warner, of Lyons, N. Y. ; rem'd 
to Lyons, Mich. Seven ch : — Harriet A., b. at Lyons, Mich*, Feb. 10, 
1836; Frances H., b. June 11, 1837, d. Feb. 28, 1839; Martha F., b. 
Oct. 7, 1839; Lawson S., b. Oct. 7, 1841; Lucius C, b. Apr. 25, 1844; 
Emily E., b. Oct. 1, 1846; Electa M., b. Nov. 17, 1848. 

458. Alzina, b. July 16, 1813, d. May 23, 1827. 459. Aaron, b. at 
Braintree, Sept. 6, 1816. 460. Drucilla, b. at Shrewsbury, Jan. 21, 
1819. 461. Israel, b. Mch. 10, 1822. 462. Eliza Ann, b. at Chitten- 
6 



42 

den, June 18, 1825, d. Jan. 25, 1826. 463. Christiana, b. at Shrews- 
bury, Oct. 28, 1826 ; md. Mch. 30, 1830, Thomas Eudgers, at Lyons, 
Mich. One ch : — Nancy Lane, b. at Portland, Mich., Oct. 6, 1852. 

(215) ABIATHER, son of LOT (104), b. at Sutton, , 1787; 

rem'd to Braintree with his father, where he d. Mch. 17, 1844. House 
joiner. Md. 1st, Susannah Hall; md. 2d, Polly Gleason; md. 3d, 
Betsy Moses, or Mosier, b. at Gilmanton, N. H., Feb. 13, 1804, d. at 
Braintree, Mch. 23, 1837; md. 4th, wid. Eunice Curtis. Lives in 
Braintree. Four ch. by Susannah : — 

464. Abmina. 465. Caleb. 466. George. 457. J3etsy; all d. 
young. One ch. by Betsy : — 

468. Rufus M., b. at Braintree, Aug. 3, 1834. Lives in Calais, Vt. ; 
unm'd. 

(217) BENJAMIN, son of BENJAMIN (105), b. at Royalston, 
Mass., Apr. 18, 1773; rem'd to Waterford, Vt., about 1801, where 

he d. Jan. 18, 1827. Yeoman. Md. , 1800, Nabby, dau. of Eli- 

phalet Rogers, of Royalston, b. 1776, d. July 5, 1848, aged 72. Four 
ch: — 

469. FARWELL J 7 . 470. BENJAMIN 7 . 471. Polly, b. at Water- 
ford, 1805, d. young. 472. Abigail 7 , ,b. Nov. 18, 1808; md. Jan. 6, 
1831, Robert P., son of Samuel and Perces Porter, b. at Pomfret, Vt., 
Apr. 13, 1808. Lived in Charleston and Burke, Vt. Resides at present 
in Waukau, Wis. Yeoman. Four ch : — Mary and Martha, twins, b. 
at Charleston, Aug. 31, 1831 ; Lyman, b. Sept. 1, 1836, d. July 10, 1838 ; 
Robert P., b. June 5, 1842. 

(221) JOSHUA 7 , son of BENJAMIN (105), b. at Royalston, Mass., 
Apr. 13, 1782 ; rem'd to Sutton, where he d. Feb. 16, 1854. It is said 
that he was a man of excellent christian character, an industrious and 
hard working farmer; and that his wife was a woman of unusual 
executive powers, skill and beauty, combined with a pure and chris- 
tian-like deportment throughout life. Md. Jan. 6, 1822, Betsey, dau. 
of Jona. and Lucy (Lilly) King, b. at Sutton, Feb. 22, 1801, d. Oct. 23, 
1855. Three ch : — 

473. ORVILLE K 7 . 474. OTIS K. A 7 . 

475. Elizabeth M., b. at Royalston, Aug. 23, 1835; md. Aug. 4, 
1S56, Admiral P., son of Simon J. and Mary B. Stone, b. at Piermont, 
N. II., Aug. 14, 1820. Entered Dartmouth Coll., N. H., 1840. Sick- 
ness compelled him to leave before his class grad. in 1844. Finished 
his course by private study. He taught an Academy in Southbridge, 
also in Millbury. Went to Plymouth, Apr., 1856, where he officiated 
as Principal of the High School for several years, when he removed 



43 

to Portland, Me., and has present charge of the High School there. 
One ch: — Willie Carloss, b. at Plymouth, Oct. 9, 1859. 

(224) DAVID, son of JONATHAN (106), b. at Royalston, Dec. 10, 
1773; rem'd to Concord, Vt., about 1820, where he d. Aug. 4, 1828. 
Yeoman. Md. May 2, 1796, Olive, dan. of Jona. and Mary Ames, b. 
at Natick, Mass., Nov. 2, 1778, d. Mch., 1860. Twelve ch : — 

476. Nancy, b. at Royalston, July 20, 1796, d. Jan. 16, 1868. 477. 
John, b. Dec. 23, 1797, d. Oct. 13, 1822. 478. Ruhama, b. July 17, 
1801, d. Apr. 27, 1814. 479. Magdalexa W., b. May 1, 1803. 480. 

Betsy, b. Mch. 27, 1805, d. Dec. 30, 1862 ; md. , John, son of 

Jedediah and Anna Smith, b. at Acworth, N. H., Aug. 1, 1791, d. Dec. 
28, 1862. Lived in St. Johnsbury, Vt. Parmer; no issue. 

481. JONATHAN A 7 . 482. TITUS 7 . 483. Mary Ann 7 , b. Apr. 20, 
1813, d. at Waterford, Vt., June 15, 1841; md. Jan. 15, 1840, Luther, 
son of Sylvanus and Elizabeth Hemmingway, b. at Waterford, Sept. 
13, 1808. Yeoman. One ch : — An infant, buried with its mother. 
484. Sally Ann 7 , b. July 10, 1816 ; mcl. May 20, 1839, Solomon, son of 
Solomon and Betsy Gee, b. at Lunenburg, Vt., Oct. 16, 1819. Lives 
at St. Johnsbury. Yeoman. Pour ch: — Alzina, b. Dec. 20, 1840; 
Henry, b. Nov. 7, 1842; Charles, b. Apr. 9, 1844; Helen E., b. Aug. 17, 
1855. 

485. Ruhama 7 , b. Aug. 16, 1818 ; md. Mch. 3, 1844, Willard, son of 
Samuel and Martha Adams, b. at Concord, Vt., Sept. 28, 1816. He is 
a farmer and lives in Concord. Pive ch : — Mary Ann H., b. at Con- 
cord, Dec. 26, 1844; Edward, b. Peb. 24, 1847; Jerome, b. May 30, 
1848, d. Mch. 27, 1851; Emora, b. Mch. 7, 1849; David H., b. Peb. 7, 
1853, 486. HORATIO S 7 . 487. GEORGE R 7 . 

(225) SAMUEL, son of JONATHAN (105), b. at Royalston, Apr. 10, 
1775; rem'd with his father to Concord, Vt., where he d. Peb. 11, 

1855 f Yeoman. Md, — , 1796, Delight, dau. of Jesse and Delight 

Woodbury, b. at Royalston, Mch. 9, 1777, d- at Concord, Aug. 19, 1839. 
Seven ch : — 

488. Philena, b. at Concord, Apr. 23, 1798; md. Apr. 22, 1835, 
Moses, son of Charles and Hannah Greenfield, b. at Henniker, N. H., 
June 9, 1785. Resides in Concord. Yeoman ; no issue. 489. Rox- 
anna 7 , b. Jan. 28, 1800; md. Mch. 20, 1823, Jonas, son of Jonas and 
Elizabeth Warren, b. at Bethlehem, N. H., Apr. 25, 1796. He is a 
farmer and resides at Charleston, Vt. Six ch: — Annah, b. Jan. 18, 
1824; Abigail, b. Aug. 28, 1825, d. Feb. 26, 1833; Otis W., b. Dec. 28, 
1829; Charles, b. Dec. 26, 1832; Abby J., b. June 12, 1835; Myron, b. 
July 12, 1845. 490. HIRAM 7 . 491. Malinda 7 ; md. John Smith, of 
Moira, N. Y. 



44 

492. Mary, b. Feb. 26, 1806 ; md. Nov. 16, 1830, Hiram, son of Enos 
and Rhoda Harvey, b. at Waterford, Vt., Mch. 24, 1804. He is a mil- 
ler, and lives in Charleston, Vt. Four ch : — Aurelia M., b. Mch. 13, 
1830, d. Dec. 11, 1830; Cordelia, b. Apr. 23, 1836, d. Nov. 13, 1838; 
Samuel Enos, b. May 23, 1838; Sumner F., b. Aug. 1, 1841. 493. 

Ruth, b. ; md. Joseph Gray, of Charleston, Vt. Eight ch : — 

Riley, Marcus, William, Charles, Alonzo, Augusta, Amelia, and 
Milo. 494. Sarah, b. July 28, 1815; md. Jan. 19, 1848, Stephen S. P., 
son of Stephen S. and Mercy (Paine) Mathewson, b. at Lyndon, Vt., 
Aug. 23, 1807. Lives in Lyndon. Yeoman. Three ch : — Thomas 
P., b. Jan. 6, 1852; Edy H., b. Aug. 23, 1854; Mercy M., b. Jan. 29, 
1856. 

(227) AMOS, son of JONATHAN (106), b. at Royalston, Dec. 29, 
1778; rem'd to Concord, Vt., 1790, where he d. Jan. 22, 1860. Yeo- 
man. Md. Aug. 10, 1807, Ruth, dau. of Soloman and Ruth Babcock, 
b. at Royalston, Mass., Dec. 2, 1785, d. at Concord, Apr. 6, 1859. 
Eight ch : — 

495. Polly, b. at Concord, Vt., Mch. 12, 1808; md. June 16, 1834, 
Stephen, son of Nathaniel and Susan Reed, b. May 10, 1811, d. July 1, 
1854. Lived in W. Concord. Yeoman. Seven ch : — Ruth B., b. at 
W. Concord, Apr. 7, 1835, d. July 17, 1852; Stephen H., b. Oct. 7, 
1836; Nathaniel G., b. July 27, 1839; Lucius S. F., b. June 27, 1842; 
Winthrop T., b. Oct. 5, 1844; Amos H., b. Oct. 5, 1847; Celia M., b. 
July 18, 1850. 496. Sarah, b. Oct. 19, 1811; md. Jan. 24, 1855, Jacob 
F., son of Leonard and Phebe (Farr) Dean, b. at Bradford, Vt., May 
12, 1802. Lives in St. Johnsbury. Farmer and Mechanic; no issue. 
497. Sophronia 7 , b. Feb. 5, 1814; md. May 3, 1840, Lucius S., son of 
Arad and Desire Freeman, b. at Waterford, Vt., July 11, 1812. Lives 
in Waterford. Yeoman. Two ch:— Lorenzo Dow, b. Aug. 31, 1843; 
Lucilla S., b. Oct. 30, 1848. 

498. STEPHEN 7 . 499. Hiram, b. Apr. 30, 1821, d. Aug. 19, 1827. 
500. Ruth, b. Mch. 17, 1825, d. Mch. 17, 1833. 501. Judith B., b. 
July 4, 1827; md. Apr. 3, 1853, Nathaniel, son of Reuben and Mary 
Gilbert, b. at St. Johnsbury, June 11, 1811, d. May 23, 1868. Lived in 
Concord, Vt. Yeoman. Three ch : — Sarah Ella, b. May 9, 1854 ; 
Florence E., b. Feb. 13, 1857; George N., b. Apr. 28, 1859. 502. 
HIRAM N 7 . 

(233) RICHARD, son of STEPHEN (112), b. at Windham, Me., 
Nov., 1770. He was a farmer, and rem'd about 1790-1, to Chebeague 
Isl., where he d. Jan., 1822. This island is situated in Casco Bay, 
about ten miles N. E. of Portland, three and one-half miles long, and 
one and a half miles broad, containing about five hundred inhabitants. 



45 

Md. 1793, Deborah, dau. of Ambrose and Deborah (Soule) Hamilton, 
b. at Chebeague, Aug. 8, 1767, d. Nov., 1852. Six ch : — 

503. STEPHEN 7 . 504. SAMUEL 7 . 505. Sarah, b. Sept. 27, 1798 ; 
md. James Hamilton, jr., b. at Chebeague, June, 1800. Six eh: — 
Lovena, b. Nov., 1826; Louisa, b. Sept., 1829, d. 1850; Julia, b. Apr., 
1834; Deborah, b. Aug., 1837; two ch., d. at birth. 506. Simeon, d. 
young. 507. William, b. Sept., 1804, d. Aug., 1822. 

508. Emma, b. Sept. 30, 1806; md. , 1823, Samuel, son of 

Alexander and Patience (Stowell) Koss, b. at Gray, Me., June 9, 1802. 
Lives at Chebeague Isl. Yeoman. Eleven ch : — Lovina, b. June 1, 
1823; Mellen, b. Oct. 29, 1824, d. Feb. 1, 1846; Elias, b. July 9, 1827; 
Alexander, b. Feb. 25, 1829, d. June 1, 1851 ; Samuel, b. Jan. 29, 1831 ; 
Luther, b. Jan. 27, 1833; Charles, b. Nov. 17, 1834, d. Jan., 1835; 
Susan, b. Dec. 21, 1836; Edward, b. June 28, 1839; Ellen, b. Dec. 13, 
1842 ; George, b. July 28, 1844. 

(237) DANIEL, Rev., son of RICHARD (114), b. at Windham, Me., 
Jan. 8, 1773, d. at Hartford, Me., Dec. 13, 1853. Lived in Hebron, 
Buckfield, Turner, and Hartford. He was regularly ordained as a 
Baptist Clergymen. He md. 1st, 1798, Mercy, dau. of Joshua and Abi- 
gail (Ames) Keene, b. at Hebron, May 2, 1776, d. at Hartford, July 27, 
1840; md. 2d, Jan., 1844, Catherine, dau. of Nathan Crafts, Esq., b. at 
Jay, Me., where she now resides. Nine ch : — 

509. JOSEPH 7 . 510. March, b. at Hartford, Mch. 7, 1804; md. 
Feb. 4, 1827, Robert Bates, b. at Abington, Mass., July 10, 1802. 
Lives in Hartford, Me. Yeoman. Two ch : — William Hervey, b. 
Sept. 28, 1828, d. Jan. 30, 1831; Elizabeth Lincoln, b. July 3, 1832. 
511. RICHARD 7 . 512. JESSE D 7 . 513. Abigail, b. at Buckfield, 
Mch. 17, 1809; md. Jan. 30, 1843, Sumner F., son of Timothy and 
Leah Fernald, b. at Buckfield, June 18, 1818. Lives in Livermore, 
Me. Cabinet Maker. Three ch: — Mercy Ellen, b. June 13, 1844; 
Charles Edwin, b. Feb. 16, 1850; Adelia Jane, twin, b. same time, d. 
Feb. 20, 1850. 

514. NANCY, b. May 2, 1811 ; lives at Canton Mills. 515. RODNEY 7 . 
516. Hannah, b. at Turner, May 2, 1815; mcl. Oct. 7, 1839, Benjamin, 
son of Seth and Julette Foster, b. at Livermore, Sept. 27, 1812. Lives 
in So. Livermore, Me. House wright. Four ch : — Sarah H., b. Oct. 
14, 1840, d. Sept. 30, 1841; Frances E., b. Aug. 21, 1842; George M., 
b. Apr. 17, 1845; Carroll C, b. at Brunswick, Jan. 21, 1853. 

517. Persis S., b. at Hartford, Me., July 25, 1818; md. , 1842, 

William, son of Thomas and Phebe Coolidge, b. at Livermore, Aug. 
21, 1811. Residence, Canton Mills, Me. Merchant. Two ch: — 
Emily N., b. at Livermore, Aug. 5, 1845; Edward E., b. Feb. 19, 1849. 



46 

(230) JOSEPH, Rev., son of JOSEPH (117), b. at Windham, Me., 
Nov. 2, 1779; rem'd with his father to Hebron, about Mch., 1795, 
where he d. Jan. 21, 1840. He was a farmer, and also a Freewill Bap- 
tist preacher. For a number of years a Selectman, and once a Repre- 
sentative to the Legislature. Md. July, 1801, Deborah, dau. of Jesse 
and Ruth Fuller, b. at Hebron, Oct. 2, 1780. Five ch : — 

518. JOSEPH 7 . 519. Ruth, b. at Hebron, June 13, 1809; md. Mch. 
1, 1834, Stafford S., son of Samuel and Lucy Bridgham, b. at Minet, 
Me., Mch. 29, 1807. Lives in Lewiston, Me. Inn Keeper. One ch : — 
Derrick S., b. at Hebron, Dec. 24, 1834. 

520. Wealthy, b. Aug. 2, 1811; md. Sept. 8, 1839, William P., son 
of William and Araminta Allen, b. at Minot, Dec. 26, 1811. He is a 
farmer and mechanic, and lives in W. Minot. Four ch : — Levi, b. 
Mch. 24, 1841, d. Sept. 9, 1848; Stafford B., b. Oct. 2, 1843, d. Sept. 3, 
1848; Albion P., b. Nov. 30, 1845; William Henry, b. Oct. 10, 1850, 
521. Nancy 7 , b. Dec. 5, 1813; md. May 11, 1836, Seth, son of William 
and Hannah Loring, b. at Turner, Apr. 3, 1807. He is a farmer, and 
lives in Turner. Five ch.: — Lucy, b. Jan. 26, 1838; Maria, b. May 6, 
1843; John M., and Isaac N., twins, b. Oct. 24, 1847; Frederick M., b. 
Jan. 31, 1850. 522. Lydia 7 , b. May 7, 1816; md. Nov. 28, 1839, Alvan, 
son of William and Mary Howard, b. at Gloucester, Me., Sept. 23, 
1811. Residence, Lewiston, Me. ; no issue. 

(240) SAMUEL, Rev., son of JOSEPH (118), b. at Windham, Me., 
Aug. 8, 1780, d. at Bucktield, Mch. 7, 1828. He was first a Freewill 
Baptist Clergyman, but afterwards changed his views to Universalism. 
Lived in Gorham, Me. He md. Mch. 15, 1803, Mercy, dau. of Seth 
and Sarah Randall, b. May 24, 1780, d. Oct. 7, 1828. Ten ch : — 

523. Benjamin R., b. at Gorham, Aug. 16, 1804; rem'd to Wis., 
where he d. 1844. 524, Rebecca, b- Jan. 8, 1805, d. Sept. 24, 1839; 
md. Phelps Ames, and rem'd some years since to Texas. 525. Sam- 
uel, b. Aug. 15, 1807, drowned, Apr. 9, 1832, in "twenty mile stream;" 
md. , Rebecca Bicknell. 

526. BUZZELL 7 . 527. JOSEPH 7 . 528. Stephen, b. Mch. 25, 1815, 
d. Aug. 16, 1854; unm'd. 529. EBENEZER 7 . 530. Betsy, b. Mch. 
19, 1819; living in Texas. 531. Mercy, b. Feb. 25, 1822; living in 
Texas. 532. ASA FOSTER 7 . 

(243) STEPHEN, son of JOSEPH (118), b. at Windham, Me., Aug. 
10, 1787, d. at Buckfield, Sept., 1850. Lived in Windham, Hebron and 
Buckfleld. Yeoman. He md. 1st, 1809, Asenath D., dau. of Samuel 
Gilbert, b. at Leeds, Me., 1790, d. 1828; md. 2d, Jennette Alden. Six 
ch. by Asenath : — 

533. STEPHEN D 7 . 534. CHANDLER 7 . 535. HORACE 7 . 536. 






47 

MARK 7 . 537. Betsey, b. at Buckfield, Dec. 1821, d. July, 1823. 538. 
ALBION PARRIS 7 . 

Four ch. by Jennette :»— 

539. Jennette A., b. Mch., 1830; md. Oct. 20, 1849, Samuel F., son 
of Simon and Catherine Record, b. at Buckfield, Jan. 1, 1822. Resides 
in Norway, Me. Boot and shoe manufacturer. Three ch : — Milton 
LaRoy, b. at Auburn, Me., Sept. 20, 1850; Nelson Burgess, b. Jan. 18, 
1852; Royal Benton, b. Dec. 20, 1854. 540. Augusta H., b. Feb., 
1831, d. at Lewiston, Feb., 1853. 541. Vesta A., b. Apr., 1833, d. Apr., 
1835. 542. Asenath, b. Jan., 1836; md. June 17, 1857, Lewis O'Brien, 
b. at Quebec, Canada, May 5, 1829. Lives in Norway, Me. Merchant 
Tailor. Three ch: — Alton, b. at Buckfield, 1852; a dau., b. at Tur- 
ner, 1854, d. 1855; Emma J., b. at Norway, 1857. 

(244) HENRY H., son of JOSEPH (118), b. at Windham, Aug. 13, 
1789. Lived in Hebron, and resides at present in Buckfield, Me. 
Was Rep. to the Maine Legislature, and for a number of years Select- 
man. He md. Mch., 1812, Caroline, dau. of Edmund and Hannah 
Landers, b. at Minot, Me., Jan. 30, 1791. Four ch : — 

543. Benjamin R., b. at Hebron, Nov., 1812, drowned in Merrimack 
river, at Amesbury, N. H., June, 1834. 544. HENRY H 7 . 545. Han- 
nah 7 , b. at Buckfield, Mch. 23, 1816, d. Nov. 20, 1821. 546. EDMUND 7 . 

(245) DANIEL, son of JOSEPH (118), b. at Windham, Aug. 8, 
1791; rem'd to Turner, Me., where he d. Apr., 1851. He was a far- 
mer, and held the office of Selectman and Assessor for a number of 
years, and was several times chosen Rep. to the Legislature. Md. 
Charlotte, dau. of Tobias and Abigail Ricker. Two ch : — 

547. Charlotte, b. June, 1818. 548. Daniel, b. 1822. 

(248) JOHN, son of JOSEPH (118), b. at Hebron, Me., Nov. 15, 
1797, d. at Buckfield, Apr. 6, 1846. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 21, 1823, Han- 
nah, dau. of Edmund and Hannah (Sebra) Landers, b. at Minot, Sept. 
2,1802. Three ch: — 

549. JOHN COLBY 7 . 550. JOSIAH 7 . 551. James F., b. at Hebron, 
Oct. 10, 1829, d. at Buckfield, May 25, 1830. 

(250) JAMES, son of JAMES (132), b. at Amherst, N. H., Apr. 28, 
1772. He removed to Wilton, N. H., where he now resides. He is a 
person of a very dignified appearance, being nearly, or quite, six feet 
tall, and proportionably large other ways ; very communicative, and 
interesting in narrations pertaining to history of his times, and to 
whom I am much indebted for many valuable facts concerning this 
work. Yeoman. Md. 1st, July 4, 1797, Ruth Stiles, b. Oct. 7, 1772 ; 



48 

(1. Aug. 7, 1823; mcl. 2d, Sept. 23, 1824, Anna Spalding, b. Nov. 30, 
1777. Four cli. by Ruth : — 

552. James, b. Nov. 20, 1800. 553. Abner S., b. Dec. 10. 1803. 
554. SARAH, b. Sept. 23, 1806. 555. JOHN 7 . 

(253) SEWELL, son of AMBROSE (132), b. at Williamstown, Vt., 
Oct. 1, 1803; rem'd with his father to Roxbury, Vt., Nov., 1805, where 
he now resides. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 3, 1827, Nancy, dau. of Bernard 
and Phebe Blanchard, b. at Brookfield, Vt., Mch. 30, 1808. Ten ch : — 

556. Timothy Lewis, b. at Brookfield, June 26, 1829, d. Feb. 26, 
1850. Md. Betsey Hemmingway, Apr. 3, 1848; no issue. 557. Ber- 
nard, b. at Roxbury, Dec. 13, 1830, d. Jan. 18, 1831. 558. Jedson 
Matthew 7 . 559. Sewell Stearns, b. Oct. 9, 1835. 560. Nancy El- 
vira, b. Mch. 16, 1837 ; md. Mch. 16, 1854, Luther G. Tracy. Two ch : 
— Luther F., b. 1854; Clarence F., b. 1856. 

561. William Alphonso, b. Nov. 21, 1839. 562. Hannah Ursula, 
b. Aug. 30, 1840, d. Sept. 11, 1844. 563. Asenath Victory, and 564. 
Tamar Vilora, twins, b. July 21, 1842. 565. Amasa Jackson, b. July 
24, 1845. 

(255) AMBROSE B., son of AMBROSE (133), b. at Roxbury, Vt., 
Nov. 25, 1808, d. Sept. 1, 1857. Lived in Roxbury. Yeoman. Md. 
May 5, 1831, Sarah, dau. of Amos and Polly Blanchard, b. at Brook- 
field, Vt., Mch. 7, 1809. Twelve ch: — 

566. EZRA BARTLETT 7 . 567. Infant, b. June 11, 1833, d. same 
day. 568. George D., b. Mch. 7, 1834, d. Sept. 19, 1837. 569. Sawen 
G., b. June 19, 1835, d. Apr. 19, 1847. 570. Betsy D., b. Nov. 29, 
1836, d. Apr. 25, 1847. 571. George D., b. Sept. 29, 1838, d. Apr. 23, 
1847. 

572. J. Francis, b. July 22, 1840, d. Apr. 30, 1847. 573. James Car- 
loss, b. Apr. 22, 1842. 574. Amos B., b. Jan. 11, 1844, d. Apr. 22, 
1847. 575. Betsy D., b. Jan. 8, 1848. 576. George F., b. Sept. 9, 
1849, d. July 25, 1851. 577. S. Orlana, b. June 18, 1852, d. Dec. 21, 
1854. 



SEVENTH GENERATION. 

(257) ANDREW, son of ELISHA (138), b. at Middleton, Feb. 1, 
1775. When quite young he rem'd with his father to Amherst (now 
Mil ford), where he settled, and d. Oct. 22, 1862. He and his brother 
Jesse succeeded to their father's estate, situated on the Souhegan river. 
He was deacon of the Baptist ch. in Milford. He md. Martha, dau. of 
Nathaniel and Phebe Rayment, b. at Hamilton, Mass., Feb. 6, 1777, d. 
at Milford, Mch. 10, 1858. Ten ch: — 



49 

578. NATHANIEL 8 . 579. Elisiia, b. Oct. 25, 1799, d. Nov. 9, 1800. 
580. Elisiia, b. Feb. 6, 1801, d. Feb. 9, 1843. 581. Jonathan, b. Jan. 
17, 1804, d. Sept. 9, 1805. 582. Sally, b. Oct. 11, 1804, d. Dec. 20, 
1806. 583. Sally, b. Sept. 7, 180G, d. Dec. 28, 1807. 584. STILL- 
MAN. 8 585. Phebk D., b. Mch. 25, 1814. 580. Mary G., b. Dec. 11, 
1817, d. July 24, 1854. 587. Martha C, b. Dec. 30, 1819. 

(258) JESSE, son of ELISHA (138), b. at Middleton, Feb. 3, 1778, 
and rem'd the year following with his father to Amherst (now Mil- 
ford), where he lived till about 1823-4, when he, with his family, ex- 
cepting David and Noah, rem'd from their mountain residence to a 
farm in one of the valleys below, through which ran the Sonhegan 
river. Prior to their removal, the old home had been the birth- place 
of fourteen children, some of whom, endowed with remarkable musi- 
cal gifts, have left an ineffaceable impression upon the public mind, 
both in this country and England. Jesse Hutchinson was a very re- 
ligious man through life ; and he with his brother Andrew, erected the 
first Baptist meeting house in Milford, where they with their families, 
forming the greater proportion of the audience, met for some time, 
and worshipped God, and sang praises from full and overflowing 
hearts. Before his conversion, Jesse was considered an adept in the 
use of the violin, and was passionately fond of secular music, to a de- 
gree which, after his religious emotions were awakened, he repented 
of, throwing aside his violin, and finding solace alone in the melody of 
vocal sounds. Mrs. Hutchinson herself gave early indications of 
musical talent, and it was while singing one day in a village choir, 
that she first, by her voice, attracted the attention of her future hus- 
band. Her father, Andrew Leavitt, is said to have been very fond of 
psalmody, from whom the musical talent of the Hutchinsons may have 
been hereditary, He lived a very exemplary life, and died at the ripe 
age of ninety-three years. Mr. Hutchinson was by turns a farmer, 
carpenter, and cooper, as circumstances seemed to favor. He md., 
Aug. 7, 1800, Polly, dau. of Andrew and Sarah (Hastings) Leavitt, b. 
at Amherst, N. H., June 25, 1785, d. at Milford, Sept. 20, 1868. Her 
husband d. Feb. 16, 1851, aged 73. Sixteen ch : — 

588. Jesse, b. Feb. 25, 1802, d. Apr. 5, 1811. His death was caused 
by the overturning of a pile of boards upon him, near a saw mill, be- 
ing blown down by a sudden gust of wind. 589. DAVID 8 . 590. 
NOAH B 8 . 591. Polly, b. June 7, 1806, cl. Sept., 1809. 592. AN- 
DREW B 8 . 593. ZEPHANIAH K 8 . 594. CALEB 8 . 595. JOSHUA 8 . 
596. JESSE 8 . 597. Benjamin P., b. Oct. 3, 1815, d. Dec. 23, 1844. 
598. JOSEPH JUDSON 8 . 

599. Sarah Rhodia, b. Mch. 14, 1819; md. 1st, Isaac A., son of 
Abner H. and Sally (Fisher) Bartlett, and grand-son of Isaac and 
7 



50 

Elizabeth (Hutchinson) Bartlett (142), b. Feb. 28, 1817, d. Dec. 22, 
1844; nid. 2d, May 2G, 1855, Matthew Gray, b. May 22, 1800. Yeoman. 
Lives in Milford. One ch. by Isaac: — Marietta Caroline, b. Mch. 17, 
1844. Three ch. by Matthew : — The first two dying in infancy ; Nellie, 
b. Jan. 2, 1860. 

GOO. JOHN WALLACE 8 . 601. ASA BURNHAM 8 . 602. Eliza- 
beth, b. Nov. 14, 1824, d. Sept. 27, 1828. 603. Abby J., b. Aug. 29, 
1820; md. Feb. 28, 1849, Ludlow, son of Rev. William Patton, D.D. 
and Mary (Weston), b. at N. Y., Aug. 3, 1825. Resides in N. Y. city. 
Banker and broker ; no issue. 

(260) ELIJAH, son of JOSEPH (140), b. at Middleton, Feb. 8, 1781, 
d. at Danvers, Sept. 10, 1818. Housewright. Md. Feb. 3, 1808, Nancy, 
dau. of Simeon and Elizabeth (Whittridge) Mudge, b. at Danvers, 
Apr. 7, 1785, d. Sept. 17, 1815. Three ch: — 

604. Simeon, b. Oct. 22, 1808, cl. Aug. 27, 1816. 605. Elizabeth 
W., b. Mch. 27, 1811; md. June, 1833, Joseph Porter, jr., b. at Mt. 
Vernon, N. H., Aug. 23, 1809. Lives in Danvers. Six ch: — Mel- 
ville A., b. Dec. 12, 1834, cl. June 14, 1839; Leverett H., b. Sept. 11, 
1837, d. June 11, 1839; Melville A., b. Dec. 26, 1839; d. Sept. 10, 
1844; Leverett H., b. June 23, 1843; Lucilla A., b. Apr. 7, 1847; 
Elizabeth J., b. May 10, 1851. 606. Nancy, b. July 6, 1813, d. Feb. 9, 
1815. 

(261) JOSEPH, son of JOSEPH (140), b. at Middleton, Mch. 18, 
1782; rem'cl to Danvers, where he d. May 10, 1842. Yeoman. Md. 
1st, June 28, 1808, Sally, dau. of Samuel and Elizabeth Curtis, b. Oct. 
16, 1782, d. 1815. Md. 2d, June 21, 1820, Rhoda Mackintire, d. at Dan- 
vers, Nov. 10, 1830. Four ch. by Sally : — 

607. HIRAM 8 . 608. Joseph, b. Aug. 13, 1810, d. Apr. 6, 1825. 609. 
Mary, b. Feb. 15, 1812; md. June 24, 1841, George Putnam (613), son 
of Levi and Betsy Hutchinson. 610. ELISHA PUTNAM 8 . 

One ch. by Rhoda : — 

611. Sally, b. Feb. 15, 1821. 

(262) ARCHELAUS, son of JOSEPH (140), b. at Middleton,- Feb. 
28, 1784, d. June 5, 1825. Lived in Middleton and Danvers. Yeo- 
man. Md. June 8, 1818, Eliza, dau. of Abijah (166), and Irene Hutch- 
inson, b. Oct. 25, 1800, cl. Nov. 6, 1845. Two ch : — 

612. Eliza Ann Jane, b. Apr. 20, 1819, d. at Reading, Aug. 22, 
1840; md. Dec. 25, 1839, Charles Higbee, b. Nov. 13, 1817; no issue. 
613. Archelaus Eustis, b. Dec. 28, 1825. 

After her husband's dec, Mrs. Hutchinson md. 2d, Nov. 30, 1826, 
Perley, son of Samuel and Hannah White, b. July 28, 1802, d. Feb., 



51 

1838. Three ch : — Albert H., b. Dec. 2, 1827; William J., b. Aug. 22, 
1830; Irene Augusta, b. Sept. 8, 183G, d. young. 

(263) LEVI, son of JOSEPH (140), b. at Middleton, May 13, 1786; 
rem'd to Danvers, where he d. Mch. 10, 1844. Yeoman. Md. May 5, 
1811, Betsy, dau. of Benjamin and Hannah (Putnam) Russell, b. Jan. 
21, 1780. Mr. Russell md. for his 2d wife, Ruth (121), dau. of Amos 
Hutchinson. Six ch : — 

614. GEORGE PUTNAM 8 . 615. SAMUEL 8 . 616. Benjamin R., b. 
Oct. 10, 1816, drowned Oct. 13, 1850, in San Francisco Bay, Cal. ; 
unm'd. 617. Simon, b. Aug. 17, 1818, d. July 12, 1845; unm'd. 618. 
LEVI RUSSELL 8 . 619. Alven Elijah, b. Jan. 22, 1826. 

(266) BENJAMIN, son of JOSEPH (140), b. at Middleton, May 5, 
1802; rem'd with his father to Danvers; afterwards settled in So. 
Danvers, where he now resides. Lived a few years in Lowell. Yeo- 
man. Md. Dec. 4, 1826, Martha A., dau. of Amos and Abigail King, 
b. at So. Danvers, Jan. 25, 1805. Nine ch : — 

620. CLEAVES KING 8 . . 621. Susan Elizabeth, b. Feb. 2, 1829. 
622. Rebecca Newhall, b. Oct. 9, 1831 ; md. May 7, 1863, William N., 
son of Dr. Joseph and Maria Osgood, of So. Danvers, b. Apr. 12, 
1835. Lives in Thompson, Conn. Cashier of the bank there. One 
ch :— William Henry, b. Mch. 14, 1865. 

623. EDWIN AUGUSTUS 8 , b. at So. Danvers, Jan. 1, 1834; rem'd, 
Sept., 1853, to Cincinnati, O., where he now resides. Importer and 
dealer in Hardware. Md. Feb. 25, 1863, Cate D., dau. of James B. 
and Cate D. Ferguson, b. at Salem, Mch. 10, 1839; no issue. 624. 
Benjamin Franklin, b. at So. Danvers, Jan. 19, 1836, where he now 
lives. Dealer in W. I. Goods. Md. Apr. 12, 1865, Susan A., dau. of 
Tobias and Margaret Hanson, b. at Salem, Mch. 30, 1841; no issue. 

625. WILLIAM H 8 . 626. Martha Maria, b. Dec. 10, 1840. 627. 
Amos King, b. Dec. 7, 1843. 628. Frank Dudley, b. Mch. 14, 1848. 

(268) DAVID, son of JOSIAH (148), b. at Middleton, Feb. 13, 1790; 
rem'd to Cambridgeport, where he d. Mch., 1825. Housewright. Md. 
May 27, 1819, Fanny, clau. of David and Eunice Peabody, b. at Middle- 
ton, July 14, 1798, cl. May 7, 1832. Two ch : — 

629. AUGUSTUS RICHARDSON 8 . 630. David. 

(269) ISRAEL, son of JOSIAH (148), b. at Middleton, July 29, 1792; 

rem'd to Lynn, where he d. , 1849. Md. Eliza, dau. of 

and Rebecca French, b. 1799, d. at Boston, Dec. 7, 1851. Four ch : — 

631. Eliza Ann, b. Mch. 14, 1818; md. 1st, June 16, 1835, John Fur- 
ber, b. Mch. 29, 1814, d. at Lynn, Sept., 1843; md. 2d, Nov. 15, 1846, 









52 

David Low, b. , 1805. Three cli. by John: — Arianna, b. Dec. 

18, 183G; John C, b. Sept. 6, 1839, d. Nov., 1839; John C, b. Jan. 9, 

1842. One ch. by David : — David, b. Mch. 6, 1854. 632. Hannah 
Silsbee, b. Dec. 26, 1819; md. Feb. 16, 1835, John Lifkin, b. Apr. 7, 
1815. Lives in Lynn. Shoemaker. Three ch : — Caroline Augusta, 
b. Mch. 17, ]836; Sally Ann, b. July 11, 1838; Emma Eddy, b. Mch. 7, 

1843. 633. Rebecca, d. young. 634. Josiah, b. 1823. 

(271) IRA, son of JOSIAH (148), b. at Middleton, Apr. 5, 1797. 
Yeoman. Md. May 10, 1824, Hannah, dau. of Stephen and Mary 
(Mansfield) Wilson, b. Oct. 8, 1801, d. in the fall of 1866. Nine ch : — 

635. AUGUSTUS LUCAS 8 . 636. Benjamin Peters, b. Jan. 27, 
1827, cl. Mch. 2, 1827. 637. BENJAMIN PETERS 8 . 638. Samuel 
Flint, b. Mch. 27, 1831. 639. Sarah Dean, b. June 7, 1833. 

640. Adeline Wilson, b. Oct. 1, 1835. 641. Ruby Griffin, b. Apr. 
11, 1839; md. Oct., 1856, John Henry Crowley, of Salem. 642. Olive 
Elizabeth, b. Feb. 5, 1840. 643. Horace Mansfield, b. Nov. 5, 1841. 

(279) WILLIAM, son of JOHN (154), b. at Danvers, July 9, 1803. 
Resides in Danvers. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 24, 1825, Lucy, dau. of 
Ebenezer and Lydia Berry, b. Aug-. 20, 1806. Four ch : — 

644. Lucy Jane, b. Nov. 25, 1826, cl. June 8, 184$: ; md. Apr. 13, 
1846, Richard Goss, of Marblehead, b. Apr. 17, 1821. One ch : — Wil- 
liam Putnam, b. July 9, 1848. 

645. WILLIAM HENRY 8 . 646. JAMES AUGUSTUS 8 . 647. Mary 
Ann, b. Apr. 6, 1833 ; md. Nov. 25, 1852, John 2d, son of Josiah and 
Betsy Gould, b. at Topsfield, Dec. 5, 1826. Lives in Topsfield. 
Butcher. Two ch : — Josiah Loring, b. Dec. 22, 1854; Charles Augus- 
tus, b. May 17, 1858. 






(284) JACOB, son of JOHN (154), b. at Danvers, Aug. 8, 1819. 
Lives in Danvers. Shoe manufacturer. Md. Sept. 24, 1844, Sarah 
Colony, b. at New Durham, N. H., Aug. 22, 1820. Four ch : — 

648. Sarah Jane, b. June 13, 1845. 649. Jacob Augustus, b. Apr. 
1, 1847. 650. George Kilburn, b. May 28, 1851. 651. Charles, b. 
Apr. 28, 1860. d. Apr. 29, 1863. 

(290) KIMBALL, son of JESSE (156), b. at Danvers, Jan. 14, 1814. 
Lives in Danvers. Shoe manufacturer. Md. Jan. 20, 1847, Emily 
Helen Prentiss, b. at Marblehead, Sept. 27, 1821. Three ch: — 

652. Horace Kimball, b. Jan. 11, 1851. 653. Mellen Prentiss, b. 
June 14, 1852, d. Aug. 13, 1854. 654. Emily, b. July 12, 1857. 

(291) OSGOOD, son of JESSE (156), b. at Danvers, Sept. 5, 1816; 






53 

rem'cl to Lawrence, where he now resides. He md. June 7, 1850, Han- 
nah Tappan Berry, b. Feb. 24, 1824, d. at Lawrence, Nov. 22, 1856. 
Two ch: — 
655. Charles C, b. June 7, 1851. 656. Frank Osgood, b. Sept. 12, 

1853. 

(313) ASA, son of ASA (159), b. at Amherst, July 8, 1788. He was 
a farmer, and rera'd with his father, Feb., 1799, to Fayette, Me., where 
he now resides. He md. 1st, Feb. 27, 1816, Betsy, dau. of Jonathan 
and Abigail Woodman, b. at Oanclia, N. H., Oct. 29, 1786, d. at Fayette, 
Oct. 23, 1833; md. 2d, Hannah B., dan. of Daniel and Mary Tewks- 
bury, b. at Amesbury, Mass., Dec. 22, 1804. Two ch. by Betsy : — 

657. Abigail Woodman, b. Dec. 18, 1820, d. Oct. 26, 1832. 658. 
Mary Jane, b. Oct. 2, 1822 « md. Oct. 2, 1843, Eev. Frederick Augus- 
tus, son of John and Miriam T. Wadleigh, b. at Salisbury, Mass., May 
25, 1814. Eesides in Arlington, Vt. Three ch: — Abby Elizabeth, b. 
at Guilford, Vt., June 16, 1845 ; John F., b. at Arlington, Jan. 23, 1850; 
George H., b. Aug. 5, 1852. 

(317) JOSEPH, son of ASA (159), b. at Amherst, Aug. 12, 1794; 
rem'd with his father to Fayette, where he now lives. Has lived in 

Eeaclfleld and Winthrop, Me. Yeoman. Md. , 1814, Sarah, 

dau. of Eobert and Sarah Waugh, b. at Fayette, Sept. 6, 1793. Four 
ch: — 

659. Sarah Jane W., b. Sept. 16, 1816, d. June 9, 1832. 660. Sulli- 
van A., b. Jan. 12, 1825. 661. Horace W., b. Mch. 7, 1829. 662. 
HOEATIO D 8 . 

(320) HIEAM, son of ASA (159), b. at Fayette, May 20, 1806. 
Shoe manufacturer and Apothecary. He rem'd, Jan. 28, 1837, to Burn- 
ham, Me., where he now lives. Md. Mch. 18, 1829, Abigail B., dau. of 
Asahel and Deborah Chandler, b. at Sandwich, Mass., July 16, 1803. 
Four ch : — 

663. George M., b. Feb. 10, 1830, d. Apr. 11, 1831. 664. Eliza 
Ann, b. Dec. 14, 1832; md. Oct. 23, 1853, Eufus B., son of Eev. Otis 
and Betsy B. Williams, b. at Burnham, Jan. 2, 1831. Yeoman. Two 
ch:— Edwin W., b. Oct. 9, 1854; Adelia Ida, b. Oct. 10, 1856. 665. 
Ellen Orvilla, b. Sept. 5, 1836, d. Feb. 1, 1858. 666. Julia Emeline, 
b. Sept. 6, 1839, d. July 9, 1855. 

(323) WILLIAM, son of DANIEL (162), b. at Danvers, 1801; rem'd 

to Lynn, where he d. Oct. 30, 1824. Shoemaker. Md. , 1823, 

Mary Cammal. One ch : — 

667. Mariah D., b. June 8, 1824, d. Jan. 27, 1848; md. Dec. 22, 1844, 



54 

Henry D., son of Edmund and Grace F. Gilman, b. at Lynn, Oct. 17, 
1824. Shoemaker. One ch : — A son, b. Mch., 1847, d. same day. 

(336) BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, son of ABIJAH (16G), b. at Dan- 
vers, June 23, 1821. He is a lawyer, and rem'd to Provincetown, 
Mass., Feb. 22, 1860, where he now lives. Began the practice of law, 
Apr., 1859. Md. Sept. 30, 1858, Mary Jane, dau. of Samuel and Sarah 
DeMerritt, b. at Lee, N. H., July 15, 1823. She was formerly a school 
teacher a number of years in Danvers. Two ch : — 

668. Anna Edith, b. June 12, 1861, d. July 24, 1863. 669. Frankie 
Sturgis, b. Dec. 18, 1866, d. Sept. 3, 1867. 

(338) PERLEY, son of EBENEZER (173), b. at Danvers, Apr. 9, 
1793. He was a farmer, and rem'd to Danville, Vt., where he d. Sept. 
21, 1820. He md. Feb. 29, 1817, Eliza Huse, b. at Enfield, N. H., Feb. 
27. 1796, d. July 19, 1867. After her husband's dec, she md. 2d, Mch., 
1821, Elijah, son of Jethro Russell, jr. and Sarah (172), b. Feb. 8, 1792, 
d. Sept. 25, 1867. Two ch: — 

670. JEREMY 8 . 671. Ann Eliza, b. at Danville, Vt., Feb. 28, 1820; 
md. Aug. 26, 1845, Nathan Porter, b. at Danville, Aug. 15, 1819. Lives 
in Jericho, Vt. Two ch : — Julia A., b. July 31, 1847; Alice Rosa, b. 
Apr. 13, 1851, 

(341) ELIJAH, son of JOSEPH (176), b. at Danvers, Mch. 22, 1808. 
He is a farmer, and lives in that portion of Danvers called Braman- 
ville, west of the common, a tract of land originally owned, and given 
to the town for a training field, by Dea. Nathaniel Ingersoll, in the 
early settlement of the place. A deacon of the Congregationalist ch. 
in that part of the town. Md. Dec. 5, 1832, Ruthey, dau. of Allen and 
Ruth (Putnam) Nourse, b. at Danvers, Dec. 6, 1803. Eight ch: — 

672. EDWARD 8 . 673. Alfred, b. Oct. 3, 1835. Resides in Dan- 
vers. Shoe manufacturer, at Boston. Md. May 9, 1867, Abby, dau. of 
Eben and Sarah T. Colcord, b. at Danvers, May, 1844; no issue. 674. 
Warren Putnam, b. Feb. 16, 1837. Resides in Danvers. Shoe manu- 
facturer. Md. Dec. 13, 1865, Daphney C, dau. of Daniel and Pauline 
F. Towne, b. at Danvers, Dec. 22, 1841; no issue. 675. Emily, b. 
Aug. 28, 1838. 676. Harriet Endicott, b. July 20, 1841 ; md. Feb. 13, 
1867, William Henry, son of William and Serena Preston, b. at Dan- 
vers, Sept. 9, 1840. Lives in Danvers, Shoe manufacturer; no issue. 

677. Mary, b. Dec. 20, 1842. 678. Martha Ellen, b. Sept. 30, 
1844. 679, ALMiRA Putnam, b. July 27, 1847, d. Aug. 27, 1849. 

(357) ELISHA, son of ISRAEL (184), b. at Danvers, Sept. 27, 1799; 
rem'd to Haverhill, where he d. Aug. 3.0, 1860. Shoe manufacturer. 



55 

Md. June 10, 1823, Harriet, dau. of Thomas and Sarah (Carr) Morri- 
son, b. at Newburyport, Dec. 14, 1801. Six ch : — 

G80. Sarah M., b. Mch. 4, 1824; md. June 15, 1844, John W., son of 
John W. and Sarah Clark, b. at Truro, Mass., Dec., 1821, d. from a 
wound rec'd at the battle of Autietam. Lived in Haverhill. Mason; 
no issue. 681. WILLIAM AUGUSTUS 8 . G82. Eunice Putnam, b. 
Feb. 11, 1828. 683. Harriet Frances, b. June 30, 1833, d. Dec. 17, 
1867; md. July 20, 1856, George H., son of Humphrey and Alice Hoyt, 
b. at W. Newbury, June 10. 1833. Resides in Haverhill. Leather 
dealer, One ch: — Georgia Frances, b. Nov. 3, 1866, d. Jan. 9, 1867. 

684. Thomas Morrison, b. May 7, 1835, d. Apr. 4, 1836. 685. Mary 
Elizabeth Thetelle, b. June 15, 1848 ; md. Nov. 22, 1866, John N., 
son of Nahum and Almira Witham, b. at Newbury, Aug. 11, 1844. 
Lives in Haverhill. Grocer. 

(359) SAMUEL, son of SAMUEL (188), b. at Wilton, N. H., Nov. 
19, 1776, d. Nov. 5, 1852, Yeoman. Md. June 5, 1798, Martha, dau. 
of Silas and Sybil (Reed) Howard, b. at Westford, Mass., Sept. 4, 
1774, d. Sept. 21, 1856. Thirteen ch : — 

686. Melinda, b. at Wilton, Nov. 21, 1798. 687. Sarah, b. Nov. 24, 
1799: md. Dec. 25, 1828, John Patten, b. at Bedford, N. H., May 3, 
1805, d. Dec. 20, 1835. Blacksmith. His widow resides at present in 
Charlestown, Mass. Four ch : — James G., b. at Nashua, July 18, 
1829; David, b. July 1, 1831, d. Aug. 25, 1833; Andrew J., b. Aug. 3, 

1833, d. Aug. 25, 1835; Sarah S., b. Apr. 2, 1836. 

688. Martha, b. at Milford, Feb. 25, 1801 ; md. June 3, 1821, An- 
drew Burnham, b. at Lyndeboro, Nov. 14, 1800. Lives in Mt. Vernon, 
N. H., where he rem'd in 1843. Yeoman. Eight ch : — William T., b. 
at Lyndeboro, Feb. 11, 1823; George, b. May 23, 1824; Jane, b. Sept. 
14, 1827; Lavina and Louisa, twins, b. Mch. 4, 1828; James, b. July 6, 

1834, d. June 25, 1851; Israel, b. Nov. 1, 1838; Albert, b. Jan. 7, 1840. 

689. Mary, b. Mch. 20, 1802; md. Mch. 4, 1823, Robert, son of 
James and Sarah Ritchie, b. at Peterboro, N. H., July 27, 1798. Lives 
in Jeffry, N. H. Yeoman. Twelve ch : — James, b. at Peterboro, Jan. 
11, 1824; Samuel, b. July 19, 1825; John, b. June 21, 1827; William 
R., b. Sept. 16, 1829; George C, b. May 5, 1831; Mary J., b. Jan. 20, 
1833 ; Alvin, b. Feb. 24, 1835 ; Darius, b. at Jeffry, Aug. 12, 1836, d. 
Aug. 28, 1863; Henry, b. Nov. 7, 1837, d. Sept. 30, 1864; Edmund F., 
b. Dec. 10, 1839, d. Nov. 26, 1862; Sarah M., b. May 27, 1842; Adel- 
bert, b. Feb. 13, 1846. 

690. Rachel, b. Aug. 25, 1803. 691. FREEMAN 8 . 692. Francis, 
b. Oct. 24, 1805. 693. Lavina, b. 1807 ; md. Austin George. Twelve 
ch. 

694. Cyrene, b. 1809, d. 1835. 695. Samuel, b. 1811, d. . 









56 

60(5. Sybil, b. Mch. 17, 1812, d. Nov., 1840. 697. Harriet N., b. Mch. 

10, 18H; md. Feb. 10, 1864, Earl C, son of Joshua and Mary (Saun- 
ders) Gordon, b. at Salem, N. H., Aug. 15, 1804, where he now resides. 
Yeoman; no issue. 698. Jane, b. 1819, d. 1825. 

(362) JOTHAM, son of SAMUEL (188), b. at Wilton, N. H., Apr. 

11, 1781, d. June 12, 1839. Lived in Wilton. Yeoman. Md. 1810, 
Phebe (382), dau. of Ebenezer (191) and Phebe (Sawtell) Hutchinson, 
b. at E. Wilton, June 21, 1782, d. Oct. 11, 1824. Three ch : — 

699. Mariaii, b. Feb. 14, 1811, d. Apr. 27, 1855. 700. HARVEY 8 . 
701. Alathena, b. May 4, 1819. 

(363) FREDERICK, son of SAMUEL (188), b. at Wilton, July 10, 

1783, d. . Lived in Wilton. Yeoman. Md. Aug. 8, 1811, Mary, 

dau. of John and Rhoda (Holt) Dale, b. at Wilton, Sept. 10, 1783. 
Seven ch : — 

702. CHARLES 8 . 703. Mary, b. Oct. 20, 1813; mcl. Apr. 28, 1840, 
Nathan Hazelton. Two ch : — Mary Adeline, b. at Wilton, Apr. 23, 
1842; Timothy Center, b. Sept. 23, 1845. 

704. Lydia Dale, b. Feb. 5, 1816, d. Oct. 2, 1818. 705. ABEL 
FISK 8 . 706. Lyman, b. Oct. 28, 1820, d. Mch. 16, 1822. 707. Lydia 
Dale, b. Feb. 27, 1823, d. July 12, 1825. 708. FREDERICK LYMAN 8 . • 

(365) ABIEL, son of SAMUEL (188), b. at Wilton, Nov. 1, 1787. 
Rem'd to Nashua, N. H., Mch. 6, 1846, where he d. Yeoman. Mcl. 
1st, Nov. 2, 1813, Sophia, dau. of William R. Pettingill, b. 1790, d. at 
Wilton, Aug. 23, 1826. Md. 2d, Jan. 22, 1828, Sarah, dau. of Sardis 
and Mehitable Miller, b. at Alstead, N. H., Feb. 9, 1806. Four ch. by 
Sophia: — 

709. SomiA A., b. at Wilton, Aug. 10, 1815, d. Sept. 6, 1852. 710. 
Ariel P.,b. June 22, 1817. 711. Orin, b. Aug. 25, 1819. 712. Laorsa, 
b. Aug. 26, 1821. 

Eight ch. by Sarah : — 

713. Sarah Melissa, b. Sept. 25, 1828; md. July 10, 1857, Richard 
Ewes, of Providence, R.I. 714. SARDIS MILLER 8 . 715. STEPHEN 
BARNARD 8 . 716. ANDREW JACKSON 8 . 717. William Dustin, b. 
Apr. 9. 1835, d. May 31, 1839. 718. Oscar, b. Aug. 12, 1836. 719. Al- 
BERT, b. Mch. 11, 1838, d. May 16, 1839. 720. Aman, b. Aug. 25, 1839. 
721. George Dwight, b. Apr. 6, 1844. 

(366) SOLOMON, son of SAMUEL (188), b. at Wilton, N. H., Mch. 
27, 1792: rem'd to Nashua, N. H., 1835, where he d. Apr. 14, 1849. 
Musician. Md. May 10, 1812, Catherine P., dau, of Jacob and Mary 
(Pearsons) Flynn, b. at Milford, Oct. 7, 1795. Niue ch: — 

722. ROBERT 8 . 723. JACOB F 8 . 724. GEORGE W s . 725. Cather- 



57 

ine, b. at E. Wilton, July 3, 1820; md. Oct. 9, 1838, Stephen F., son 
of Stephen and Amity Shirley (Lamb) Atwood, b. at Worcester, Dec. 
5, 1816. Resides in Nashua. Surveyor. Seven ch : — Loretto M., b. 
Apr. 9, 1840; Adeline F., b. Oct. 1, 1842; Albert F., b. Dec. 28, 1844; 
Frank W., b. Dec. 3, 1847; George S., b. Dec. 4, 1850; Katy J., b. May 
8, 1853, d. Sept. 20, 1854; Carrie J., b. Mch. 20, 185G. 

726. Harriet, b. July 3, 1823, d. Sept. 16, 1824. 727. HENRY O 8 . 
728. Harriet E., b. May 5, 1829; md. July 26, 1864, Obadiah H., son 
of William and Fanny Peters, b. at Bradford, Apr. 4, 1825. Lives in 
Nashua. Machinist. One ch: — Emma L., b. Mch. 5, 1868. 729. 
Lucy A. F., b. July 17, 1832, d. Sept. 7, 1851; md. July 19, 1850, 
Henry H., son of Joseph and Abigail Law, b. at Brookline, N. H., 
Apr. 27, 1828. Lives in Nashua. Coachman; no issue. 730. Samuel, 
b. Jan. 28, 1838, d. Sept. 28, 1839. 

(368) NATHAN, son of NATHAN (189), b. at Milford, N. H., Apr. 
25, 1779. Lived in Milford and Temple, N. H., and Boston, Mass., 
where he d. Sept. 12, 1823. He was a farmer, and subsequently a tra- 
der. Md. Apr. 26, 1807, Lydia, dau. of Jona. and Abigail (Wyman) 
Jones, b. at Woburn, Mass., Feb. 13, 1783. She lives at present, in 
Derry, N. H. Four ch : — 

731. Olivia, b. at Milford, Feb. 20, 1808; md. Dec. 6, 1832, Abijah 
Spalding, of Wilton. Three ch: — Horatio A., b. Sept. 10, 1833; 
Theresa A., b. Sept. 6, 1836; Henry E., b. Jan. 12, 1840. 732. ERAS- 
TITS 9 . 733. Horatio, b. Nov. 16, 1817, d. 1819. 734. Augustus 
Stuart, b. May 9, 1823, d. 1866 ; md. Willoughby. 

(370) REUBEN, son of NATHAN (189), b. at Milford, Sept. 9, 1782, 
d. Aug. 25, 1861. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. June 7, 1804, 
Lucy (392), dau. of Bartholomew, aud Phebe Hutchinson, b. at Mil- 
ford, Dec. 20, 1786, d. July 15, 1858. Twelve ch : — 

735. Lucy C, b. at Milford, Jan. 17, 1805, d. Oct. 15, 1813. 736. 
ROBERT 8 . 737. Sophia, b. Sept. 12, 1810; md. Dec. 30, 1828, James 
B., son of Jona. and Sybil Farwell, b. at Groton, Mass., May 11, 1805. 
Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Eight ch: — Adelia Sophia, b. July 20, 
1833; Henry, b. Feb. 19, 1835, d. Feb. 13, 1857; Caroline Jennette, b, 
Feb. 21, 1837; George Clifton, b. Apr. 3, 1839; Lucy Ann, b. Apr. 10, 
1841; Josephine H., b. May 16, 1843; James N., b. Apr. 8, 1846; Han- 
nah Elizabeth, b. Aug. 15, 1849. 

738. Sophronia, b. at Milford, Aug. 31, 1812; md. 1st, Mch. 11, 
1847, Abner, son of Nathaniel and Rebecca (Mason) Holt, b. at Tem- 
ple, N. H., Oct. 11, 1810, d. July 30, 1851, without issue. Wheel- 
wright. Md. 2d, Apr. 29, 1852, Ira, son of Nehemiah and Mary 
(Wright) Holt, b. at Temple, July 26, 1815. Lives in Milford. Box 
8 






58 



and Pattern maker; no issue. 739. REUBEN 8 . 740. Nathan R, b. 
Nov. 7, 1816. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Nov. 17, 1842, Abby 
Maria, dan. of Benjamin and Betsy Conant, b. Oct. 25, 1823; no issue. 

741. EDMUND P 8 . 742. Clifton, b. Oct. 11, 1820, d. Jan. 15, 1822. 

743. Lucy C, b. Apr. 8, 1823; md. Eeb. 14, 1843, Holland Prouty, b. 
at Milford, Apr. 8, 1823. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Two ch: — 
Charles Albert, b. Sept. 9, 1848, d. Aug. 5, 1849; Charles Holland, b. 
July 11, 1850. 744. Clifton, b. Men. 14, 1825, d. . 745. Re- 
becca P., b. Aug. 13, 1826; md. Aug. 27, 1846, Christopher C. Shaw, 
b. Mch. 20, 1824. Lives in Milford. Clerk. Two ch:— Horatio C, 
b. July 31, 1847; Charles J., b. Dec. 15, 1851. 746. Jennette, b. Oct. 

11, 1828; md. Feb. 1, 1848, John, son of Adam and Mary (Gordon) 
Dickey, b. Apr. 8, 1820, d. Mch. 6, 1868. Lived in Milford. Tin and 
sheet-iron worker. Three ch : — Prank Gordon, b. June 24, 1852; 
Kate Alice, b. Peb. 1, 1858; Hattie Prances, b. Nov. 28, 1867. 

(373) JONAS, son of NATHAN (189), b. at Milford, June 2, 1792, 
d. Sept. 13, 1857. Physician. He attended medical lectures and com- 
pleted his studies at the medical school connected with Dartmouth 
Coll., Dec, 1814. Rem'd to Hancock, N. H., where he commenced 
practice, and continued his residence there till Nov., 1841, when he 
rem'd to Milford. Represented the town of Hancock in the Legisla- 
ture during the years 1833-4-5. Md. Sept. 5, 1815, Nancy, dau. of 
John and Mary (Bradford) Wallace, of Milford, b. June 5, 1794. Pive 
ch: — 

747. Robert Bruce Wallace, b. at Hancock, Nov. 14, 1816, d. Dec. 

12, 1819. 748. Isabel Ann Braidfoot, b. Nov. 11, 1820; md. Oct. 11, 
1866, Dr. Francis P., son of Samuel F. and Eunice F. Pitch, b. at 
Greenfield, N. H., Oct. 2, 1806. Lives in Milford; no issue. 

749. Lucretia Josephine, b. May 16, 1823, d. Oct. 26, 1839. 750. 
Helen Curtis, b. Nov. 22, 1828, d. July 30, 1830. 751. Catherine 
Frances, b. Aug. 9, 1831 ; md. Mch. 10, 1852, Clinton S., son of Calvin 
and Eunice Averill, b. at Milford, Sept. 22, 1827. Lawyer. One ch: 
— Catherine Isabella, b. June 23, 1859, d. Aug. 30, 1859. 

(374) ABEL, son of NATHAN (189), b. at Milford, Aug. 8, 1795, 
d. Feb. 19, 1846. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 22, 1816, Betsy, dau. of Isaac 
and Elizabeth Bartlett (141), b. at Amherst, Oct. 26, 1796. Nine 

Ch: — 

752. Elizabeth, b. June 18, 1816. 753. ABEL FORDYCE 8 . 754. 
GEORGE CANNIN 8 . 755. Jerusha Peabody, b. Apr. 20, 1825 ; md. 
Joseph Judson Hutchinson (see 598). 756. ANDREW JACKSON 8 . 
757. ISAAC BARTLETT 8 . 758. Helen Augustine, b. Nov. 16, 1832, 
d. Apr. 12, 1855. 759. NATHAN 8 . 760. Jonas, b. Jan. 10, 1840. 



59 

(375) BENJAMIN, son of BENJAMIN (190), b. at Milford, Aug. 5, 
1777, d. Oct. 14, 1857. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Nov., 1803, 
Azubah Tarbell, b. at Mason, N. H., Oct. 9, 1780, d. Apr. 24, 18G3. 
Seven ch : — 

761. Benjamin, b. Aug. 5, 1804, d. Aug. 28, 1813. 702. Sally D., 
b. Nov. 2, 1805; md. Oct. 24, 1834, Emri Clark, of Heath, Mass. Lives 
in Milford. One ch : — Miranda Frances, b. Sept. 27, 1835. 7G3. 
Miranda, b. June 11, 1808, d. Sept. 25, 1849. 7G4. William P., b. 
May 1G, 1811, cl. July 31, 1811. 765. BENJAMIN F 8 . 766. Lucy, b. 
May 14, 1820; md. Dec. 31, 1845, George W. Boyleigh, b. Sept. 6, 1823. 
Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Two ch : — Ella Miranda, b. June 1, 1847 ; 
Kate Emilyette, b. Nov. 7, 1856, d. Mch. 9, 1857. 

(378) LUTHER, son of BENJAMIN (190), b. at Milford, N. H., Apr. 
2, 1783. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. 1st, May 2, 1809, Sarah, 

dau. of Joshua Mear, b. , d. Jan. 6, 1857. Md. 2d, Nov. 12, 

1857, wid. Betsy (Tay) Crosby, b. Mch. 14, 1792. Four ch: — 

767. Cassandana, b. June 20, 1812; md. Dec. 25, 1837, John B., son 
of John and Orphia Hopkins, b. Sept., 1803. Rem'd to Waltham, 
Mass., 1837. Dealer in Dry Goods for two years; followed farming 
till 1850, when he went to California, where he d. Apr. 11, 1857; no 
issue. 768. EVELYN MILTON 8 . 769. ELBRIDGE 8 . 770. GERRY 5 . 

(379) EUGENE, son of BENJAMIN (190), b. at Milford, Mch. 11, 
1785, d. Feb. 7, 1854. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. 1812, Susan 
Danforth, b. , d. Feb. 16, 1855. Three ch : — 

771. Eugene, b. Mch. 25, 1813. 772. Susan, b. Feb. 3, 1816; md. 
Jan. 4, 1848, George Savage, b. Jan. 8, 1823. Lives in Auburn, N. H. 
Yeoman. Three ch: — Eugene Alphonzo, b. Dec. 6, 1850; Georgianna 
Arabel, b. Mch. 4, 1853, d. May, 1854; Susan Rosabel, b. Feb. 20, 1855. 
773. Eliza, b. May 16, 1820; md. Sept. 6, 1842, George W., son of 
Henry and Hannah Moore George, b. at Goffstown, N. H., Nov. 8, 1817. 
Lives in Manchester, N. H. Yeoman. Six ch : — Lydia Vilany, b. 
Nov. 6, 1843; Eugene Alphonzo, b. Aug. 4, 1845, d. Apr. 2, 1848; Eliza 
Josephine, b. Oct. 29, 1847; Mary Almaretta, b. Feb. 20, 1850; Rebec- 
kah Little, b. Sept. 6, 1854 ; Frank Westley, b. Oct. 30, 1857. 

(381) EBENEZER, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, Sept. 18, 
1780; rem'd to Weld, Me., Jan., 1804, where he d. Jan. 23, 1845. Yeo- 
man. Md. 1803, Rhoda, dau. of Eben and Rhoda Dale, b. at Wilton, 
, d. at Weld, June 27, 1852. Eleven ch : — 

774. Rhoda Dale, b. Oct. 18, 1804; md. Oct. 20, 1828, Jacob A. 

Whitney, of Weld, b. , d. Oct. 13, 1852. Yeoman. Five ch: — 

Emily H., b. Aug. 27, 1830; Ebenezer H., b. Feb. 28, 1832; Amasa H., 






60 • 

1). July 27, 1834; Jacob A. ; b. Sept. 11, 1838; Lucy B., b. Nov. 8, 1844. 
775. EBENEZER 8 . 776. Anna, b. Apr. 13, 1808; racl. Sept. 21, 1826, 
William Winter, b. at Carthage, Me., Mch. 23, 1802. Yeoman. Eour 
ch: — Betsy, b. Mch. 11, 1S27, d. Mch. 1, 1833; Mary Ann, b. Apr. 23, 
1830; Melvin L., b. Oct. 21, 1835 ; Juliett, b. Mch. 3, 1840; md. Luther 
Hutchinson (1243). 777. Achsah, b. Apr. 13, 1808; md. Nov. 12, 
1826, Abel Holt, of Weld, b. May 10, 1805, d. Feb. 20, 1853. Ten ch : 
— Sylvanus, b. July 10, 1827; Amos, b. Oct. 16, 1829; Lydia, b. Sept. 
10, 1831 ; Daniel, b. Mch. 5, 1834; Eliza, b. Mch. 5, 1836; Rhoda Dale, 
b. Mch. 26, 1843; Nancy, b. Nov. 1, 1846; Hezekiah, b. May 13, 1848; 
Mandana, b. Oct. 5, 1852, d. Feb. 17, 1853. 

778. JOHN 8 . 778. Lydia Dale, b. May 22, 1812; md. Jan. 8, 1834, 

Abner C. Holman, of Carthage, b. , cl. in the fall of 1866. Five 

ch : — Hannibal, b. July 3, 1836, d. May 14, 1852; Lydia Dale, b. Feb. 
4, 1838 ; Belinda Marcilla, b. Jan. 10, 1841 ; Daniel Gorcling, b. Dec. 

21, 1844; Sylvester Henry, b. Oct. 14, 1847. 779. REUBEN 8 . 780. 
Piiebe, b. Dec. 18, 1816, d. July 17, 1867; md. Nov. 26, 1840, Reuben, 
son of William and Rachel French, b. at Livermore, Me., Jan. 11, 
1819. Resides at Boston. Railroad waste cleaner and bleacher. Five 
ch:— William H., b. at Jay, Me., Aug. 26, 1841; Rachel Ann, b. Feb. 
19, 1843; Luther A., b. Sept. 14, 1845; Harriet A., b. at Boston, Dec. 

22, 1847; George 0. E., b. Mch. 16, 1850. 

781. LUTHER 8 . 782. Belinda, b. Dec. 7, 1821; md. Mch. 10, 1846, 
Hezekiah S. Taylor. Lives in Mexico, Me. Carpenter. Four ch : — 
Daniel G., b. at Dixfield, Apr. 10, 1847; Livonia F., b. Feb. 7, 1849; 
Eugene F., b. Dec. 1, 1851; Leonah C, b. June 9, 1855. 783. Eliza, 
b. Sept. 25, 1825, cl. Apr. 11, 1831. 

(382) JOHN, son of EBENEZER (190), b. at Wilton, July 10, 
1784, d. Oct. 28, 1853. Yeoman. Md. Sept. 25, 1813, Esther, dau. 
of Winslow and Rebecca (Sawtell) Lakin, b. at Francistown, N. H., 
Jan. 22, 1784, drowned in Souhegan river, Nov. 28, 1850. Five 
ch : — 

785. John Sawtell, b. at Wilton, July 1, 1814. 786. Winslow, b. 
Jan. 14, 1816. 787. Elvira, b. July 14, 1820 ; md. May 8, 1838, George, 
son of George and Lydia Whitfield, b. at Wilton, Me., Oct. 17, 1818. 
Lives in Francestown, N. H. Yeoman. Seven ch : — George Edward, 
b. June 1, 1840; Alvirah Mariah, b. June 18, 1842; Emer Francis, b. 
Aug. 17, 1845; James Harrison, b. Oct. 15, 1848; Almira Augusta, b. 
Apr. 22, 1851; William Wilson, b. Oct. 24, 1853; Charles Warren, b. 
at Lowell, May 12, 1856. 788. Almira, b. July 14, 1820; md. Apr. 6, 
1840, Justice, son of Benjamin and Mary Felch, b. at Weare, N. H., 
Aug. 1, 1820. Lives in No. Weare, N. H. Mechanic. Two ch: — 
Hosca B., b. Feb. 23, 1845; Elvira F., b. Jan. 30, 1848. 



61 

(384) HEZEKIAH, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, N. H., 
May 14, 1786. Lived in Wilton, Bedford, and Lowell, Mass., where 
he d. Mch. 18, 1852. Carpenter. Md. Oct. G, 1807, Rachel, dan. of 
Ebenezer and Ann Gould, b. at Rmdge, N. II., June 7, 1785. Nine 
ch: — 

789. Selina Ann, b. Mch. 3, 1808, cl. Apr. 14, 1808. 790. HEZEKIAH 
ALVIN 8 . 791. BENJAMIN 8 . 792. Betsy S., b. June 2, 1814; md. 
May 19, 1836, Samuel, son of Samuel and Sally Rugg, b. at Lancaster, 
Mass., July 6, 1807. Resides in Lowell. Machinist. Two ch: — 
Mary Ann, b. Mch. 21, 1837, d. Oct. 23, 1844; Emily Newhall, b. Nov. 
14, 1851, d. Oct. 26, 1852. 

793. Elmira, b. Apr. 10, 1816, d. at Lowell, Oct. 9, 1832. 794. 
Rachel Ann, b. July 2, 1818; md. Apr., 1852, John L. Jones, of Pel- 
ham, N. H. Yeoman. One ch: — Emma C, b. at Pelham, July 14, 
1856. 795. Lucy, b. Sept. 20, 1820; md. May 31, 1853, David B., son 
of Edward and Eunice (Hazen) Weston, b. at Derry, N. H., May 29, 
1815. Resides in Charlestown, Mass. House and Sign painter; no 
issue. 796. JOHN GOULD 8 . 797. Eliza Susannah, b. Sept. 27, 
1826, d. at Lowell, Dec. 30, 1850. 

(385) SYLVESTER, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, N. H., 
June 21, 1789. Lives in Wilton. Yeoman. Md. Dec. 15, 1815, Char- 
lotte Blanchard, b. Nov. 4, 1796. Seven ch : — 

798. Emily, b. Eeb. 27, 1816; md. Samuel Brown, b. Eeb. 8, 1808. 

799. ISAIAH 8 . 800. FERDINAND 8 . 801. EDWARD B 8 . 802. 
ISAAC B 8 . 803. APPLETON 8 . 804. Albert, b. June 17, 1833. 

(386) SYLYANUS, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, Aug. 
12, 1791, d. Apr. 17, 1855. Yeoman. Md. Aug. 4, 1818, Hannah, dau. 
of Peter and Hannah (Burnham) Hopkins, b. at Milford, Aug. 19, 
1790. Fourch: — 

805. SYLVANUS 8 . 806. Betsy R., b. Oct. 26, 1826, d. , 1843. 

807. Emeline II., b. Apr. 7, 1829; md. Sept. 25, 1850, Henry H., son 
of Jesse Travers, b. at Hillsboro, N. H., July 12, 1828. Lives in 
Nashua. Mechanic. One ch: — Henry Frank, b. Mch. 6, 1854. 808. 
Jane L., b. Oct. 12, 1829; md. Apr. 5, 1855, Isaac P., son of Isaac 
and Chloe Abbot, b. at Jackson, Me., Mch. 1, 1826. Lives in Milford. 
Mechanic. 



JAMES, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, June 12, 
1797. Lives in Wilton. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 26, 1836, Lucinda, dau. 
of Hollis and Polly (Wright) Read, b. at Hollis N. H., Nov. 8, 1800. 
One ch : — 
809. James Harrison, b. Aug. 14, 1840. 






62 

(389) STEARNS, son of EBENEZER (191), b. at Wilton, N. H., 
June 13, 1800; rem'd to Erancistown, N. H., Jan., 1827, where he 
d. Dec. 26, 1860. Yeoman. Md. Nov. 11, 1824, Nancy H., dau. of 
Caleb and Nancy H. Houston, b. at Lyndeboro, Nov. 3, 1804. Eight 
ch: — 

810. Phebe, b. at Wilton, Nov. 11, 1825; md. Nov. 9, 1842, Willard 
N. Harraden, b. at New Boston, N. H., Nov. 26, 1820; rem'd to Man- 
chester, thence to Boston, Mass., where he now resides. Four ch : — 
George N., b. Aug. 10, 1843, d. Sept. 8, 1844; Charles N., b. Oct. 
27, 1844. Taken prisoner June 22, 1863, at the raid on the Weldon 
R. P., and conveyed to the Andersonville prison, where he d. the Nov. 
following. George W., b. Mch. 13, 1849 ; Eugene C, b. Aug. 25, 1850, 
d. Apr. 2, 1857. 811. Minot Stearns, b. at Erancistown, Aug. 26, 

1827, d. at Concord, May 11, I860. 

812. Nancy Holmes, b. Mch. 10, 1830; md. Rev. Henry S., son of 
Newman S. and Abigail (Stark) White, b. at Hoosic, N. Y., Apr. 7, 

1828. Lived in N. Bedford, Mass., and rem'd thence to Ann Arbor, 
Mich., where he is now pastor of a newly dedicated church in that 
place, Three ch : — Abby Frances, b. June 4, 1853, d. June 30, 1853; 
Frank Newman, b. Aug. 15, 1854; Charles Henry, b. Aug. 12, 1856. 
813. Mary Angeline, b. Oct. 13, 1832; md. May 27, 1853, Charles C. 
Mills, b. at Boston, Mch. 18, 1827. Resides in Manchester. Two ch : 
— Abby Davis, b. Nov. 12, 1855; Flora Estella, b. July 31, 1857. 814. 
Laurinda, b. Mch. 15, 1836. 815. Emily, b. Nov. 20, 1838. 816. 
Rodney Houston, b. Dec. 3, 1841, drowned at Manchester, Aug. 14, 
1859. 817. George Lewis, b. Oct. 18, 1844, d. Mch. 13, 1861. 



(391) JACOB, son of BARTHOLOMEW (192), b. at Milford, N. H., 
Feb. 5, 1785, d. Mch. 23, 1859. Yeoman. Md. 1st, Elizabeth Burn- 
ham, b. Sept. 5, 1788, d. Jan. 18, 1839. Md. 2d, June 2, 1839, Esther, 
dau. of Phineas and Susan Whitney, b. Sept. 29. 1788, d. Feb. 6, 1867. 
Five ch. by Elizabeth : — 

818. Betsy, b. Mch. 21, 1808; md. Nov, 20, 1823, Dr. William Shaw, 
b. Jan. 4, 1803. Lives in Milford. Four ch : — Christopher Columbus, 
b. Mch. 20, 1824; Luthera Adaline, b. Oct. 17, 1837, d. Oct. 4, 1854; 
Mary Jane E., b. Nov. 13, 1841, d. Sept. 29, 1843; Ella F., b. July 12, 
1846. 819. Jane, b. Mch. 21, 1814, d. Jan. 23, 1841; md. Oct., 1833, 

Milton Y. Wilkins ; rem'd to California, where he d. . Two ch : 

— A child, d. nameless; Milton V., d. young. 820. Harriet, b. Nov. 
13, 1817 ; md. Nov. 23, 1847, Luther S. Bullard, b. Nov. 18, 1819. Lives . 
in Milford. Yeoman. One ch: — Frances Jane A., b. Aug. 29, 1848. 
821. Maria A., b. Nov. 13, 1826, d. Aug. 30, 1854; md. Apr., 1846, 
Timothy C. Center. Lives in Wilton. Inn-holder. Two ch: — Ella 
M., b. Sept. 28, 1848; Charles T. 



(393) ALFRED, son of BARTHOLOMEW (192), b. at Milforcl, Aug. 
27, 1788. Resides in Milford Village. Yeoman. Md. May 8, 1810, 
Lydia, clau. of Jonathan and Rachel Foster, b. Nov. 11, 1789. Ten 
ch: — 

822. Paulina, b. Mch. 6, 1811, d. at Lawrence, Mass., Oct., 18G5; 

md. Mch. 4, 1834, William T. Little, b. , d. at Wethersfield, 111., 

aged 36 years. Four ch : — Lydia D., b. Jan. 17, 1835; Nancy T., b. 
Apr. 26, 1837; Adeline P., b. Aug. 27, 1842; Ruth Maria F., b. Jan. 16, 
1844. 823. RODNEY K 3 . 824. JONATHAN D 8 . 825. Roxanna, b. 
Nov. 21, 1815, d. Mch. 31, 1854; md. Oct. 8, 1839, John G. Raymond. 
Lives in Milforcl. Blacksmith. Two ch : — Rebecca J., b. Aug. 27, 
1840, d. Aug. 12, 1854; Abby J., b. Aug. 31, 1848. 826. FRANCIS P 8 . 

827. Charlotte E., b. July 30, 1819; md. Aug. 29, 1837, Thomas 
M., son of Mansfield and Rachel King, b. at Amherst, Sept. 28, 1812. 
Lives in So. Merrimack, N. H. Blacksmith. Six ch : — Helen, b. May 
23, 1840; Charlotte, b. Feb.'l3, 1843, d. Jan. 12, 1845; Newton M., b. 
Sept. 2, 1845; Mary Ann, b. Sept. 23, 1852; Frank P., b. Feb. 1, 1855; 
Emma R., b. Jan. 13, 1857, d. Dec. 31, 1863. 828. Rachel F., b. Dec. 
21, 1821, d. Sept. 1, 1854; md. Aug. 13, 1844, Sumner Constantine. 
Lives in Clinton, Mass. Blacksmith. Two ch : — William Sumner, 
b. Sept. 9, 1848, d. Oct., 1853; Clara lone, b. Apr. 28, 1851. 829. Al- 
fred A., b. May 26, 1825, d. Nov. 24, 1834. 830. NATHAN C 8 . 831. 
Rhoda F., b. Dec. 4, 1832; md. Oct. 27, 1851, William R. Peirce, b. 

, 1831, d. Sept. 19, 1854. One ch: — Cora Adeline, b. Sept. 21, 

1852. 

(397) AUGUSTUS, son of BARTHOLOMEW (192), b. at Milford, 
Aug. 5, 1805, d. Mch., 1866. Md. June, 1836, Adelaide Smith, who d. 
Jan. 10, 1856. Eight ch: — 

832. Albert S., b. Nov. 21, 1836. 833. William A., b. Mch. 31, 
1839, d. Mch. 31, 1843. 834. Phebe Jane, b. May 26, 1841. 835. 
Mary Adelaide, b. June 15, 1843. 836. Sarah Antoinette, b. Nov. 
1, 1846. 837. Ann A., b. June 14, 1849, d. Sept. 11, 1851. 838. Willie 
O., b. June 5, 1851, d. May 2, 1856. 839. Lizzie A., b. Oct. 20, 1854, 
d. Sept. 21, 1856. 

(404) NATHANIEL, son of NATHANIEL (200), b. at Braintree, 
Vt., Apr. 22, 1787, where he now lives. Yeoman. Md. 30, 1808, 
Nancy, dau. of Jesse and Hannah Stearns Kenney, b. at Barnard, Vt., 
Mch. 12, 1789, d. Aug. 24, 1864. Seven ch : — 

840. Eliza Ann, b. Dec. 14, 1810; md. Nov. 26, 1835, Daniel, son of 
Robert and Hannah (Webster) Cram, b. at Roxbury, Vt., Mch. 26, 
1809. Lived in Braintree, Vt., and Burns, La Crosse Co., Wis. ; rem'd 
thence, Nov. 8, 1866, to Salisbury, Mo., where he now resides. Yeo- 



64 

man. Five cli : — Eliza Jane, b. Oct. 30, 1836 ; Ellen Maria, b, Apr. 18, 
1838; Azro D., b. Oct. 4, 1841, d. June 21, 1863; Vasco Haws, b. Aug. 
13, 1844; Lucius Lawson, b. Aug. 8, 1850. 

841. A Sox, b. Jan. 9, 1810, cl. same clay. 842. Alden. b. June 28, 
1813, cl. Men. 24, 1814. 843. SYLVANDER 8 . 844. JOHN 8 . 845. 
Azuo, b. Jan. 12, 1823, d. Jan. 31, 1823. 846. Harriet Newell, b. 
Oct. 25, 1824 ; md. Apr. 13, 1847, Lucius, son of Belcher and Nancy 
(Lawson) Salisbury, b. at W. Randolph, Vt., June 11, 1824; rem'd to 
Keytesville, Mo., thence to Salisbury, Mo. Eor thirteen years a mer- 
chant; since then engaged in farming. Five ch : — Mary E., b. Jan. 
17, 1849, d. May 13, 1852; Alice C, b. Sept. 3, 1851; Lucius W., b. 
July 3, 1857, d. Mch. 2, 1866; Arthur V., b. Mch. 28, 1861; Hattie 
H., b. Mch. 14, 1864. 

(408) RUFUS, son of JOHN (201), b. at Sutton, May 9, 1793; 
rem'd with his father to Braintree, Vt., in the fall of 1793, where 
he has since lived. Yeoman. Md. July 2, 1818, Abigail, 4th dau. of 
Henry and Elephal Brackett, b. at Braintree, Mch. 24, 1797. Seven 
ch: — 

847. JOHN B 8 . 848. CHARLES 8 . 849. RUFUS 8 . 

850. Minora A., b. Sept. 16, 1826, d. Apr. 10, 1848; md. Nov. 30, 
1847, Seth Mann, now living at Freeport, 111. ; no issue. 851. Ele- 
phal, b. Jan., 1831, cl. Sept., 1832. 852. GEORGE 8 . 853. Samuel, b. 
Feb. 26, 1835. 

(410) JAMES, son of JOHN (201), b. at Braintree, Vt., Feb. 27, 
1797, cl. Mch. 3, 1861. Lived in W. Randolph. Yeoman. Md. 1st, 
Nov. 16, 1820, Sophia, dau. of Henry and Dinah F. Brown, b. at Ran- 
dolph, Vt., Nov. 12, 1801, d. at Braintree, Mch. 3, 1861 ; md. 2d, Mch., 
1862, Mrs. Julia B. Cady. Eight ch : — 

854. WILLIAM 8 . 855. JAMES 8 . 856. HENRY 8 . 857. JOHN 8 . 

858. Sophia, b. Mch. 26, 1832; md. Jan. 9, 1854, Harvey Spaulding. 
Resides in Lawrence, Kansas. 859. Ruth E., b. Oct. 12, 1834; md. 
1865, Henry Leis. Resides in Lawrence, Kansas. 860. LYMAN 8 . 
861. Edwin, b. Nov. 2, 1840, d. at Lawrence, Kansas, Oct. 26, 1864. 

(420) JAMES H., son of BARTHOLOMEW (203), b. at Dixfield, 
Me., Aug. 2, 1805; rem'd to Fayette, Me., Mch., 1835, where he is at 
present engaged in agricultural pursuits. Md. Feb. 1, 1831, Martha, 
dau. of Joseph and Hannah (Walton) Davis, b. at Fayette, Aug. 7, 
ism;. Fivech: — 

862. Joseph D., b. Dec. 3, 1832, cl. Mch. 3, 1833. 863. Cynthia C. 
b. May 3, 1834. 864. Helen A., b. July 30, 1836. 865. Henry J., b 
Aug. 19, 1840. 866. Albert C, b. Dec. 12, 1846. 



65 

(421) SYLVESTER M., son of BARTHOLOMEW (203), b. at Dix- 
field, Me., Feb. 17, 1812; rem'd to Jay Bridge, Me., Apr. 17, 1848, 
where he now resides. Mill owner. Md. July 23, 1840, Lydia, dau. 
of Israel and Betsy (Paine) Bean, b. at Jay, Me., Sept. 2, 1814, d. 
Mch. 20, 1852. Twoch: — 

8G7. Charles A., b. June 24, 1846. 868. Frank W., b. June 23, 
1851, d. Apr. 23, 1852. 

(424) LEWIS 8 , son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at Sutton, Mass., Oct. 3, 
1797; rem'd with his father to Albany, Me., thence to Norway, Me., 
and afterwards to Milan, N. H., in 1835, where he now resides. Yeo- 
man. Md. 1st, Jan. 12, 1820, Abigail, dau. of Enoch and Martha 
(Wood) Merrille, b. at Andover, Mass., Nov. 1, 1789, d. Nov. 6, 1851. 
Md. 2d, Feb. 21, 1852, Caroline, dau. of Ichabod and Rachel (Cole) 
Packard, b. at Hebron, Me., Jan. 12, 1809. Four ch. by Abigail. 

869. ALMON 8 . 870. Angeline, b. at Norway, May 19, 1825; md. 
Jan., 1852, Stephen, son of Edmund and Susan Merritt, b. at Norway, 
Jan., 1825. Yeoman. Two ch : — Georgianna, b. Nov., 1853; Isabel, 
b. May, 1855. 871. FREELAND 8 . 872. Arvilla, b. Nov. 24, 1833; 
md. Ransom F., son of Ransom and Julia (Swan) Twichel, b. at 
Milan, N. H., Jan., 1832. Lives in Milan. Yeoman. One ch : — 
Ervin, b. May 26, 1858. 

(425) GALEN, son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at Sutton, Mass., Jan. 8, 
1798; rem'd with his father to Albany, Me., thence to Milan, N. H., 
where he is engaged in farming and lumbering. Md. June 10, 1821, 
Olive, dau. of Benjamin and Elizabeth (Merrill) Flint, b. at Norway, . 
Me., Jan. 26, 1799. Four ch : — 

873. Elizabeth, b. Dec. 31, 1821, d. Oct. 15, 1839. 874. SULLI- 
VAN 8 . 875. Galen, b. Dec. 31, 1829, d. Jan. 29, 1831. 876. Timothy, 
b. Nov. 21, 1831. 

(427) MARMADUKE RAWSON 8 , son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at 
Sutton, Feb. 12, 1802 ; rem'd with his father to Albany, Me., where 
he now resides, engaged in farming. Md., Feb. 27, Sophia, dau. of 
Asa and Lydia Cummings, b. at Albany, Me., Dec. 19, 1802. Five 
ch: — 

877. LYMAN 8 . 878. CHARLES 8 . 879. Daniel, b. Apr. 19, 1834. 
880. Miranda, b. Sept. 24, 1837; md. Oct. 30, 1861, Peter, son of 
James and Fanny Wardwell, b. at Albany, May 16, 1829. Lives in 
Albany. Yeoman; no issue. 881. Roena, b. Sept. 9, 1845. 

(430) HAVEN 8 , son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at Sutton, Nov. 1, 1808. 
Resides in Albany, Me. Yeoman. Md. Dec. 23, 1834, Laurinda, dau, 
9 






66 

of David and Milly Kimball, b. at Waterford, Me., Apr. 27, 1806. 
lour ch : — 

882. HORACE 8 . 883. Infant, b. , d. 1840. 884. Frederick, 

b. Dec. 31, 1842. 885. Austin, b. Nov. 29, 1846. 

(431) TIMOTHY HARDING 8 , son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at San- 
gerville, Me., Men. 5, 1810. From 1822 till 1846, a mill builder. 
Afterwards erected a mill on the Androscoggin river, and followed 
lumbering till 1855, when he disposed of his property, andrem'd Mch., 
1856, to Gorham, Me., where he still resides. Md. Dec. 22, 1856, Eliza 
Amelia, dau. of James and Betsy Hazelton, b. at Orford, Me., June 6, 
1824; No issue. 

(434) EDWIN F. 8 , son of Timothy (205), b. Nov. 16, 1815;rem'd 
in 1840, to Milan, N. H., thence to Auburn, Me., where he now lives. 
Yeoman. Md. July 23, 1843, Eliza Ann, dau. of Benjamin and Eliza- 
beth (Merrill) Flint, b. at Norway, Apr. 6, 1821. Seven ch: — 

886. Liberty Haven, b. at Milan, Mch. 1, 1844. 887. Harlon, b. 
Nov. 21, 1845. 888. Freedom, b. Aug. 6, 1847. 889. Luella, b. June 
18, 1849, d. Dec. 17, 1854. 890. Melvin, b. Aug. 27, 1851. 891. Ara- 
bella Libby, b. June 26, 1853. 892. Henrietta, b. Mch. 26, 1855. 

(437) EBENEZER SUMNER, son of TIMOTHY (205), b. at Albany, 
Me., Dec. 1, 1822. Lives in Albany. Yeoman. Md. June 15, 1845, 
Betsy Flint, dau. of William and Eleanor Pingree, b. at Norway, Me., 
Oct. 4, 1824. Fourch: — 

893. Mary Ursula, b. Sept. 30, 1846; md. Nov. 28, 1866, John E. 
Saunders. Lives in Mechanic Falls, Me. One ch : — Mary Annette, b. 
Dec. 7, 1867. 894. Orinda, b. May 28, 1853. 895. Luella Angellne, 
b. June 22, 1857. 896. Ambrose Burnside, b. June 2, 1862. 

(442) CHARLES DEXTER, son of SIMON (207), b. at Sutton, 
Mass., Oct. 18, 1814; rem'd to Northbridge, thence to Dudley, Mass., 
where he d. June 9, 1849. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 24, 1844, Elizabeth W. 
Pope, b. at Dudley, May 26, 1818. Two ch : — 

897. Charles Pope, b. at Northbridge, Aug. 4, 1845, d. Jan. 3, 1847. 
898. Mary Elizabeth, b. at Dudley, May 23, 1847. 

(443) HORACE, Rev., son of SIMON (207), b. at Sutton, Aug. 10, 
1816. Grad. Amherst, 1839; studied theology at Andover, and after 
completing his studies, settled in the ministry at Burlington, Iowa, 
where he d. Mch. 7, 1846. Md. Sept., 1844, Susan Bacheller; no issue. 

(446) EDWARD HAVEN, son of SIMON (207), b. at Sutton, Aug. 



67 

22, 1821. Lives in Sutton. Md. Dec. 12, 1844, Mary Ann Waters, b. 
at Millbury, Mass., Dec. 12, 1820. Four ch : — 

899. William Horn, b. Feb. 28, 1846. 900. Mary Elizabeth, b. 
Aug. 30, 1848. 901. Charles Edwin, b. Feb. 3, 1851. 902. Martha 
Anne, b. Mch. 30, 1854. 

(450) DANIEL PARISH, son of AARON (212), b. at Randolph, Vt., 
Aug. 1, 1797; rem'd to Darien, N. Y., thence to Wheatland, 111., where 
he now lives. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 9, 1820, Urania, dau. of Richard 
and Mary Pray, b. at Richfield, N. Y., Apr. 24, 1800. Nine ch : — 

903. Mary Susanna, b. at Darien, N. Y., Mch. 15, 1821 ; md. Wil- 
liam Brown. Lives in Lawrence, 111, Yeoman. Two ch : — Anna 
and George. 

904. Hannah Urania, b. July 19, 1822, d. Aug. 10, 1822. 905. LOT 
PERRY 8 . 906. Lovina, b. Jan. 29, 1828, d. at Waupaca, Wis., Nov. 4, 
1854; md. William Thompson, who lives at present in Waupaca. 
Merchant. Three ch: — Urania, Hettie and Perry. 

907. Andelucia, b. Mch. 1, 1829, d. at Wheatland, 111., Feb. 2, 1846. 
908. Amanda, b. Jan. 11, 1832, d. Sept. 19, 1838. 909. Hannah Min- 
erva, b. July 11, 1834, d. Feb. 7, 1842. 910. John, b. July 25, 1839, d. 
at Harvard, 111., Dec. 10, 1857. 911. Amanda Minerva, b. at Wheat- 
land, July 3, 1842, d. Dec. 12, 1844. 

(451) CHESTER FLINT, son of AARON (212), b. at Randolph, Vt., 
July 19, 1799; rem'd to Genesee Co., N. Y., thence to Johnstown, 
Wis., and thence, Apr. 2, 1855, to Waupaca, Wis., where he d. Jan. 
20, 1867. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 29, 1824, Susannah, dau. of Richard 
and Mary Pray, b. at Richfield, N. Y., Apr. 24, 1800. Three ch : — 

912. DELOSS 8 . 913. GEORGE 8 . 914. Denison Palmer, b. at 
Darien, N. Y., Feb. 15, 1837. 

(453) RODOLPHUS ALBINUS, son of AARON (212), b. at Wil- 
liamston, Vt., Jan. 6, 1806; rem'd to Big Foot, 111., where he d. Aug. 
20, 1860. Yeoman. Md. 1st, at Orangeville, N. Y., Jan. 22, 1833, 

Julia, dau. of John and Rachel Middick, b. , d at Alden, N. Y., 

May 17, 1838. Md. 2d, wid. Lydia Finch, of Alden, dau. of George 
and Susannah Hunt. Two ch. by Lydia : — 

915. Orrin Finch. 916. George Albinus. 

(454) AARON PARISH, son of AARON (212), b. at Williamstown, 
Vt., Feb. 11, 1812. Resides in Darien, N. Y., whither he rem'd with 
his father, Feb. 11, 1815. Yeoman. Md. 1st, Mch. 1, 1842, Maria 
Louisa, dau. of Jabis and Asenath Backus, b. at Hebron, Conn., Nov. 
7, 1818, d. at Darien, Feb. 7, 1852. Md. 2d, Jan. 2, 1853, at Alden, 



68 

wid. Ruth Miles, dau. of Jonathan and Bridget Beardsell, from Hinch- 
liffe, Eng., b. at Marsdin., Eng., Jan. 3, 1820. Three ch. by Maria L : — 

917. Amanda Maria, b. June 18, 1843. 918. Henry Parish, b. Aug. 
7, 184G. 919. Charles Backus, b. July 9, 1849. 

Three ch. by Ruth: — 

920. George Alfard, b. Oct. 28, 1853. 921. Ella Beardsell, b. 
July 9, 1857. 922. Grace, b. June 14, 1858. 

(469) FARWELL J., son of BENJAMIN (217), b. at Waterford, 
Vt., Oct. 23, 1801; rem'd to W. Concord, Vt., where he now resides, 
Mch. 17, 1854. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 3, 1823, Mary, dau. of Edward 
and Esther L. (Rice) Nichols, of Brookfield, Vt., b. Dec. 19, 1802, d. 
Eeb. 17, 1868. Four ch: — 

923. MILO 8 . 924. Jane Josephine, b. at Waterford, Oct. 4, 1828 ; 
md. Dec. 3, 1851, Edwin R., son of Henry and Charity Turner, b. 
July 22, 1826. Lives in Concord, Vt. Yeoman. One ch: — Frank 
H., b. Oct. 9, 1859. 

925. Mary Ann, b. Dec. 29, 1831, d. Apr. 9, 1853. 926. Ida M., b. 
Nov. 22, 1848. 

(470) BENJAMIN, son of BENJAMIN (217), b. at Waterford, Vt., 
Oct. 10, 1803, d. Mch. 18, 1865. Lived in Waterford. Yeoman. Md. 
May 15, 1834, Sophronia, dau. of Abiel and Rebecca (Chase) Richard- 
son, b. at Waterford. Apr. 18, 1807. Six ch : — 

927. Benjamin Franklin, b. Mch. 12, 1835. 928. JOSEPH W 8 . 
929. Annette R., b. Feb. 5, 1842. 930. Abial E., b. Apr. 19, 1845, d. 
Sept. 2, 1846. 931. Herbert B. M., b. June 22, 1848, d. Aug. 12, 1867." 
932. Abial J., b. May 19, 1852. 

(473) ORVILLE K., son of JOSHUA (221), b. at Royalston, Mass., 
Mch. 11, 1823. Resides in Westboro, Mass., where, Feb. 12, 1849, he 
became connected with the State Reform School, as an assistant 
teacher. He received the most of his education at Leicester Acad- 
emy, and afterwards entered life as a teacher of youth. In Mch., 
1850, he was chosen assistant superintendent of the Reform School, 
and Aug. 5, 1867, was promoted to superintendent, which office he 
now holds, at a salary of $1,400. Md. June 26, 1861, Abbie A., dau. 
of Otis and Adeline Brigham, b. at Westboro, Mch. 21, 1833; no 
issue. 

(474) OTIS K. A., son of JOSHUA (221), b. at Royalston, Mass., 
Feb. 14, 1828. Lived in Royalston, Newport, R. I., and rem'd thence, 
in 1858, to Chicago, 111., where he now lives in the practice of law; 
also U. S. Commissioner, under the title of Hutchinson and Luff. 



Md. Aug. 27, 18G1, Katherine B., dau. of Hon. George and Eliza- 
beth M. Engs, b. at Newport, R. I., Apr. 17, 1838. Four ch : — 

933. John Mein, b. at Newport, Oct. 7, 1862, d. Aug. 27, 1803. 934. 
Mary Engs, b. at Chicago, Oct. 10, 18G3. 935. George Orville, b. 
Jan. 7, 1865, d. Aug. 20, 1866. 936. Katherine E., b. Apr. 9, 1867, d. 
Apr. 21, 1867. 

(481) JONATHAN A., son of DAVID (224), b. at Concord, Vt., 
Jan. 17, 1807; rem'd to Canaan, Vt., Jan. 19, 1854, where he now lives. 
Yeoman. Md. 1st, Dec. 9, 1835, Sarah D., dau. of John and Sally 
Williams, b. at Concord, Vt., Oct. 21, 1810, d. at Canaan, Dec. 30, 
1856. Md. 2d, June 6, 1858, Melissa, dau. of Ezekiel and Gartrew 
Flanders, b. at Warner, N. H., Nov. 30, 1825. Four ch. by Sarah D :— 

937. Alden, b. Aug. 28, 1838. 938. Arozina, b. Feb. 8, 1841, d. 
1861. 939. John W., b. July 3, 1845, d. 1863. 940. Charles, b. Sept. 

2, 1851. 

Three ch. by Melissa : — 

941. David A., b. 1860. 942. Albert B., b. 1862. 943. Sarah A., 
b. 1864. 

(482) TITUS, son of DAVID (224), b. at Concord, Vt., Feb. 11, 
1809. Has lived in Concord, Vt., Littleton, N. H., and Waterford, 
Vt. ; rem'd to St. Johnsbury, Mch. 20, 1854, where he now lives. 
Blacksmith. Md. Dec. 26, 1838, Susan, dau. of Sylvanus and Eliza- 
beth Hemingway, b. at Waterford, Vt., Oct. 5, 1810. Two ch : — 

944. Susan Amanda, b. May 12, 1841. 945. John, b. Dec. 20, 1845. 

(486) HORATIO S., son of DAVID (224), b. at Concord, Vt., Dec. 
17, 1820. Lives in St. Johnsbury, where he rem'd, Apr. 1, 1850. 
Blacksmith. Md. May 28, 1843, Sally, dau. of Sylvanus and Elizabeth 
Hemingway, b. at Waterford, Vt., Aug. 28, 1816. One ch: — 

946. An Infant, b. and d. Feb. 29, 1848. 

(487) GEORGE R., son of DAVID (224), b. at Concord, Vt., Aug. 
19, 1823. Lives in St. Johnsbury, Vt. Yeoman. Md. Oct. 4, 1846, 
Hannah, dau. of Levi R. and Hannah Farr, b. at Waterford, Vt., Dec. 

3, 1825. One ch : — 

947. Hannah Rosaltha, b. July 20, 1847, d. Apr. 26, 1858. 

(490) HIRAM, son of SAMUEL (225), b. at Concord, Vt., Jan. 29, 
1802; rem'd Mch., 1814, to Charleston, Vt., where he now resides. 
Yeoman. Md. 1st, Oct. 7, 1830, Melinda, dau. of Benjamin Smith 
md. 2d, Mch., 1858, Clarinda Smith. Seven ch. by Melindia: — 

948. Edwin H., b. Nov. 3, 1831. 949. Harrison E., b. Aug. 10, 



70 

1833, d. Nov. 10, 1845. 950. Alonzo E., b. June 8, 1835. 951. Irena 
M., b. May 10, 1837. 952. Aurillia, b. July 23, 1839. 953. Mary M., 
b. July 15, 1846. 954. Silas L., b. July 1, 1848. 

(498) STEPHEN, son of AMOS (227), b. at Concord, Vt., Oct. 3, 
1818; rem'd to St. Johnsbury, Men. 13, 1867, where he at present re- 
sides. Yeoman. Md. 1st, Aug. 12, 1849, Mary Jane, dau. of Joel and 
Lucy Lewis, b. at Littleton, N. H., May 23, 1824, d. Oct. 3, 1855. Md. 
2d, July 4, 1858, Adeline, dau. of John and Ruth McDonald, b. Mch. 
20, 1834. Two ch. by Mary Jane : — 

955. Edgar Stephen, b. Dec. 22, 1850, d. Dec. 29, 1866. 956. Solo- 
mon Elison, b. Dec. 22, 1850. 

(502) HIRAM N., son of AMOS (227), b. at Concord, Vt., Aug. 30, 
1829, where he now lives. Yeoman. Md. May 20, 1857, Ellen C, 
dau. of Dennis and Caroline May, b. at Waterford, Vt., Dec. 11, 1835. 
Three ch : — 

957. Aaron Ereeman, b. Mch. 1, 1862. 958. Hannah Caroline, b. 
Nov. 23, 1863. 959. Mary May, b. Apr. 24, 1867. 

(503) STEPHEN, son of RICHARD (233), b. at Chebeague Isl., 
Me., July 23, 1794, d. June 9, 1837. Master mariner. Last part of his 
life was pilot of Steamer Bangor. Md. Nov. 27, 1817, Susan, dau. of 
Alexander and Patience Ross, b. at Gorham, Me., Oct. 29, 1792. Seven 
ch : — 

960. Lucinda, b. Sept. 10, 1818; md. Oct. 16, 1838, Joseph B., son 
of Samuel and Jane Clark, b. at Lyman, Me., Jan. 11, 1813. Resides 
at Cape Elizabeth Depot, Me. Keeper of a Livery Stable. Earmer 
and Harness maker. Six ch: — Edward Rackleff, b. at Gray, Me., 
July 10, 1839; Susan Jane, b. Oct. 28, 1842, d. Eeb. 30, 1843; Samuel, 
b. at Portland, Mch. 16, 1845; Stephen H., b. Aug. 30, 1847, d. Sept. 
17, 1847; Joseph B., b. Jan. 24, 1850, d. Dec. 29, 1857; Stephen H., b. 
July 22, 1855. 

961. William, b. Apr. 15, 1820, d. Apr. , 1820. 962. Susan, b. 

June 15, 1822, d. Nov. 3, 1844. 963. Julia Ann, b. Apr. 10, 1826; md. 
July 11, 1847, Alvin, son of Greenfield and Sarah Hall, b. at Cumber- 
land, Me., Jan. 16, 1822. Ship-master. Lives in W. Weymouth, Me.; 

no issue. 964. Erederick, b. , d. in infancy. 965. Charles, b. 

Nov. 15, 1830, d. May 28, 1831. 966. EREDERICK AUGUSTUS 8 . 

(504) SAMUEL, son of RICHARD (233), b. at Chebeague Isl., June 
1, 1796; rem'd to Portland, Mch., 1848. Mariner. Md. Sept., 1817, 
Jane, dau. of John and Anna Hamilton, b. at Chebeague, Mch. 23, 
1797. Tench: — 






71 

967. ISAAC 8 . 968. WILLIAM 8 . 969. HENRY 8 , 970. JAMES 8 . 
971. Samuel, b. Oct. 17, 1827, d. at Sea, Feb., 1845. 972. Adalink, b. 
Nov. 5, 1829. 973. ANDREW 8 . 974. Stephen, b. Sept. 27, 1834. 
975. Two ch. d. in infancy. 

(509) JOSEPH, Rev., son of Rev. DANIEL (237), b. at Hebron, 
Me., Feb. 25, 1801. Lived in Hartford, Canton, Livermore, and Au- 
burn, Me. ; rem'd to Brunswick, Me., Nov., 1848, where he now lives. 
Baptist clergyman. Md. May 10, 1821, Polly, dau. of Richard and 
Betsy Dearborn, b. at Hartford, Me., Apr. 10, 1804. Ten ch: — 

976. JOHN BUZZELL 8 . 977. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN 8 . 978. 
Mary Wilson, b. at Hartford, Me., Feb. 5, 1825; md. May 27, 1853, 
Thomas, son of Hector and Mary G. Foster, b. at Abington, Mass., 
June 9, 1833. Lives in Abington. Shoe manufacturer. One ch : — 
Mary Jane, b. Dec. 26, 1853. 

979. DANIEL 8 . 980. WILLIAM PENN 8 . 981. Thurza Jane, b. 
at Hartford, Me., Dec. 28, 1833; md. Jan. 16, 1854, William, son of 
Gideon and Elizabeth Owen, b. at Brunswick, Me., Mch. 22, 1832, d. 
June 3, 1854. Lived in Abington, Mass. Ship joiner; no issue. 

982. Albion Dearborn, b. Apr. 12, 1836. 983. Edwin Darius, b. 
Sept. 21, 1840. 984. Alzernon Roscoe, b. Feb. 21, 1843, d. Aug. 28, 
1857. 985. Calvin Briggs, b. Aug. 27, 1845. 

(511) RICHARD, son of Rev. DANIEL (237), b. at Buckfield, Me., 
June 8, 1806. Resides in So. Hartford, Me. Yeoman. Md. 1st, 
Mary, dau. of Edward and Sarah Blake, b. Oct. 31, 1809, d. at Hart- 
ford, Me., Feb. 8, 1855. Md. 2d, Jan. 23, 1856, Emma Cole, of N. Yar- 
mouth, Me. Four ch. by Mary : — 

986. Sarah H., b. Aug. 18, 1834, d. June 7, 1837. 987. Mary Ellen, 
b. Aug. 1, 1838; md. June 3, 1856, George F., son of William and 
Joanna Stearns, b. at Paris, Me., Sept. 20, 1826. Resides in So. Paris. 
Railroad contractor. One ch : — Mary Blake, b. at Paris, Feb. 11, 
1857. 988. Edward Blake, b. at So. Hartford, Apr. 30, 1841. 989. 
Frances A., b. June 26, 1845. 

(512) JESSE D., son of Rev. DANIEL (237), b. at Hartford, Me., 
Dec. 29, 1807. Lived in Hartford, Me., Dorchester, Quincy, and rem'd 
thence, Apr. 1, 1841, to No. Scituate, Mass., where he now resides. 
Yeoman. Md. 1st, Mch. 20, 1834, Patience, dau. of Capt. Levi and 
Patience Vinal, b. Feb. 21, 1812, d. July 22, 1841. Md. 2d, July 30, 
1842, Sarah L. Vinal, dau. of the foregoing, b. Apr. 28, 1823, d. Dec. 27, 
1856. Two ch. by Patience : — 

990. Mary Frances, b. Mch. 17, 1837; md. Ephraim N. Gardner, of 
Scituate Harbor. 991. Albert, b. Apr. 10, 1840. 



72 



Five ch. by Sarah L : 

992. Harriet Louisa, b. May 9, 1843. 993. Nelson Vinal, b. Apr. 
24, 1845. 994. Julia Amanda, b. Apr. 12, 1847. 995. Joseph Drew, 
b. Apr. 24, 1853. 996. Sarah L., b. Dec. 17, 1856. 

(515) RODNEY, son of Rev. DANIEL (237), b. at Turner, Me., Jan. 
7, 1813. Lives in Buckfleld, Me. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 3, 1841, Olive 
B., dau. of Luther and Mary (Mason) Whitney, b. at Hartford, Me., 
May 16, 1822. Seven ch: — 

997. Nancy A., b. Oct. 8, 1846. 998. Clifford, b. Aug. 21, 1850. 
999. Carrol B.,' b. Nov. 6, 1852. 1000. Herbert L., b. Aug. 20, 1857. 
1001. Mary A., b. Dec. 15, 1859. 1002. William H., b. Dec. 18, 1862. 
1003. Burton A., b. July 8, 1867. 

(518) JOSEPH, son of Rev. JOSEPH (239), b. at Hebron, Me., Apr. 
19, 1807. Resides in Hebron. Farmer, School Teacher, and Insur- 
ance Agent. Md. 1st, Sept. 16, 1833, Lucy, dau. of William and Han- 
nah Loring, b. at Turner, Me., Sept. 8, 1812, d. July 2, 1836. Md. 2d, 
Mrs. Celia A. Davis, and dau. of Hezekiah and Hannah Lovejoy, b. at 
Peru, Me., Aug. 1, 1812, d. at Hebron Me., May 26, 1845. Md. 3d, 
Laura, wid. of Lucius Cary, and clau. of Abel and Patty Kinsley, b. at 
Auburn, Me., Feb. 2. 1809. One ch. by Lucy : — 

1004. Lucy Ann, b. Aug. 8, 1835; md. George Vernile, of Califor- 
nia. 

Two ch. by Celia: — 

1005. Mary D., b. Apr. 10, 1840. 1006. Ellen, b. July 4, 1842. 

(526) BUZZELL, son of SAMUEL (240), b. at Gorham, Me., Aug. 
15, 1809. Lives in Mechanic Falls, Me. Yeoman. Md. Harriet, 
dau. of George A. Bradman, b. at Minot, Me., Oct. 29, 1816. Six 
ch: — 

1007. Harriet Ellen, b. Nov. 23, 1836. 1008. George William, 
b. Apr. 4, 1839, d. Apr. 4, 1855. 1009. Ebenezer F., b. July 24, 1840. 
1010. Sophronia S., b. Jan. 18, 1844. 1011. Franklin M., b. Sept. 4, 
1846. 1012. Wesley E., b. Nov. 25, 1851. 



(527) JOSEPH, Rev., son of SAMUEL (240), b. at Gorham, Me., 
Apr. 5, 1811. Lives at Mechanic Falls, Me. Clergyman. Md. 1st, 
Oct. 4, 1835, Rhoda, dau. of William and Dolly (Chase) Tuttle, b. at 
Buckfleld, Me., Mch. 16, 1810, d. June 4, 1843. Md. 2d, Oct. 25, 1843, 
Matilda, dau. of Levi and Louis Rawson, b. at Paris, Me., Aug. 6, 
1812. Four ch. by Rhoda : — 

1013. SAMUEL HIRAM 8 . 1014. JOSEPH HENRY 8 . 1015. Almon 
Herbert, b, Aug. 16, 1840. 1016. Frances Adeline, b. July 29, 1842; 



73 

md. Jan. 15, 1861, Stephen D. Bailey. Shoe manufacturer. One ch : — 
Willie, b. Mch. 31, 18G2, d. Sept., 18GG. 

Three ch. by Matilda: — 

1017. Louis Anna Alpha, b. Nov. 4, 1844, d. Dec. 10, 1861 ; md. 
June 10, 1861, Elmer V. Walker. Lives in Minot, Me. Book-keeper. 
One ch: — Alpha E., b. Sept. 24, 1861. 1018. William Alpiieus, b. 
July 7, 1847. 1019. Ada Eva, b. Apr. 17, 1852. 

(529) EBENEZER, Rev., son of SAMUEL (240), b. at Gorham, Me., 
Mch. 5, 1817. Resides at Cape Elizabeth Depot, Me., whether lie 
rem'd, Apr., 1853. Clergyman. Md. June 30, 1842, Frances B., dau. 
of Jonah and Elizabeth Dyer, b. at Cape Elizabeth, May 16, 1824. 
Four ch : — 

1020. Abby F., b. July 13, 1844, d. Aug. 11, 1844. 1021. Edwin F., 
b. Oct. 21, 1848. 1022. Willie H., b. July 5, 1853, d. May 16, 1854. 
1023. Willie H., b. Feb. 3, 1857. 

(532) ASA FOSTER, Rev., son of SAMUEL (240), b. Aug. 1, 1824: 
settled in Sabatus, Me., where he rem'd, May 4. 1855. Freewill bap- 
tist clergyman. Md. Oct. 15, 1850, Elenor, dau. of Thomas and Lucy 
Frank, b. at Portland, July 14, 1819. One ch : — 

1024. Lucy Frank, b. at New Gloucester, Me., Oct. 24, 1854. 

(533) STEPHEN D., son of STEPHEN (243), b. at Hebron, Me., 
Sept. 5, 1812. Lives in Paris, Me. For the period of eleven years 
prior to 1858, was Register of Deeds for Oxford Co., Me. ; at present 
engaged in trade. Md. June 11, 1837, Mary, dau. of John and Lucy 
(Chipman) Atkinson, b. at Minot, Me., Sept. 17, 1808. Five ch: — 

1025. Mary Annette, b. July 29, 1838. 1026. John Randolph, b. 
Apr. 11, 1840. 1027. Winfield Scott, b. May 27, 1845. 1028, 
George Washington, b. Apr. 11, 1848. 1029. Katy Worth, b. July 
27, 1851. 

(534) CHANDLER, son of STEPHEN (243), b. at Buckfield, Me., 
Oct. 10, 1814, d. June 30, 1862. Lived in Buckfield, Augusta, and 
Paris; rem'd to Norwav, Me., May 10, 1854. Cabinet maker. Md. 
Nov. 17, 1841, Clarissa A., dau. of Elisha and Caroline Buck, b. at 
Buckfield, Me., Apr. 23, 1817, d. Aug. 25, 1862. Nine ch: — 

1030. Albion L'Forest, b. Aug. 7, 1842. 1031. Henry Almerrin, 
b. Apr. 20, 1844. 1032. Alice Adelaide, b. Mch. 19. 1846, d. June 18. 
1865. 1033. Sarah Bannister, b. Sept. 17, 1847. 1034. Clark Bridg- 
ham, b. July 31, 1850. 1035, Lorena Isabel, and 1036. Carrol Le- 
roy, b. July 27, 1853. 1037. Emma Lucretia, and 1038. Klmer Her- 
bert, b. Dec. 25, 1854; both d. Apr. 24, 1855. 
10 



74 

(535) HORACE, son of STEPHEN (243), b. at Buckfield, Me., Mch. 
23, 1817; rem'd to Livermore, Me., where lie now resides, Feb. 9, 
1842. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 1, 1840, Gustava, dau. of Chandler and 
Thankful Alden. b. at Turner, Me., Nov. 28, 1817, d. Dec. 11, 1863: 
md. 2d, Sept. 17, 1864, Mary S. Cheney. Two ch: — 

1039. Benjamin Alden, b. Dec. 25, 1840. 1040. Horace Aubry, b. 
Mch. 7, 1847. 

(536) MARK, son of STEPHEN (243), b. at Buckfield, Me., Aug., 
181!). Lives in E. Turner, where he rem'd, Mch., 1851. Yeoman. 
Md. Mch. 28, 1849, Eliza, dau. of Benjamin and Polly Alden, b. at Tur- 
ner, Feb. 22, 1824. Two ch : — 

1041. Walton, b. June 2, 1850. 1042. Austin, b. Nov. 6, 1852. 

(538) ALBION PARRIS, son of STEPHEN (243), b. at Buckfield, 
Aug. 29, 1825; rem'd Jan. 20, 1849, to Livermore, Me.; afterwards 
sold his farm and went to Canton, Me., where he purchased a grist 
mill. Mel. Mch. 20, 1851, Emily Augusta, dau. of Tristram C. and 
Bethiah B. Norton, b. at Livermore, Me., Nov. 1, 1829. Two ch: — 

1043. Tristram Norton, b. June 5, 1853. 1044. Asenath E., b. 
1860. 

(543) HENRY H., son of HENRY H, (244), b. at Hebron, Me., June 
30, 1814. Resides in Buckfield, Me. Yeoman. Md. Mch. 30, 1837, 
Ruth, dau. of Caleb and Polly Cushman, b. at Buckfield, Aug. 9, 1811. 
Three ch : — 

1045. Caroline, b. July 13, 1838; md. Nov. 20, 1856, William H., 
son of Levi and Polly Mitchell, b. at Turner, Me., June 2, 1821, where 
he now lives. Yeoman. Two ch: — Rose E., b. Feb. 8, 1859; Ruth 
A., b. July 29, 1S62. 1046. Sophronia, b. July 4, 1840; md. July 3, 
1866, Edwin W., son of Henry and Olive W. Davis, b. at Lewiston, 
Me., Nov. 24, 1839; rem'd Nov. 29, 1863, to Lynn, Mass., where he 
now resides. Boot and shoe manufacturer. One ch : — Henry Albert, 
b. May 6, 1867. 1047. George D., b. Nov. 24, 1843. 

(546) EDMUND, son of HENRY H. (244), b. at Buckfield, Oct. 19, 
1819. Lived in Hartford, Buckfield, Winthrop, Stoughton and Heb- 
ron; rem'd thence to Minot, Me., Feb. 15, 1858. Boot and shoe manu- 
facturer. Md. Feb. 29, 1840, Sarah, dau. of Isaac and Ann Young, b. 
;it Hartford, Me., Oct. 18, 1815. Seven ch: — 

1018. Fjrancis, b. Sept. 27, 1840. 1049. Benjamin, b. July 17, 1842. 
1050. Martha, b. Aug. 27, 1844. 1051. Elmer P., b. July 25, 1846, d. 
Mch. 21, 1849. 1052. Elmer P., b. Aug. 1, 1850. 1053. Julia, b. Sept. 
1!). L852. L054. Leweller, b. Apr. 9, 1854, d. Sept. 13, 1857. 






75 

(549) JOHN COLBY, son of JOHN (248), b. at Hebron, Mo., Dec. 
30, 1824. Lives in E. Hebron. Mel. Mcli. 27, 1849, Martha B., dau. of 
Alvah and Nancy (Chase) Gilbert, b. at Buckfield, July 31, 1820. Two 
ch: — 

1055. Persis Maria, b. Sept. 5, 1852. 105G. Carro Alma, b. Dec. 
25, 1855. 

(555) JOHN, son of JAMES (250), b. at Wilton, Me., May 10, 1815; 
where he now resides. Yeoman. Md. 1st, Nov., 1838, Asenath Flint 
Chandler, b. Feb. 22, 1815, d. June 30, 1851; md. 2d, Feb. 17, 1852, 
Nancy Abby, dau. of Jacob and Sarah Rideout, b. July 17, 1823. Five 
ch. by Asenath : — 

1057. John Anset, b. , d. in infancy. 1058. Asenath Ann, 

b. Oct. 7, 1843, d. Jan. 19, 1851. 1059. John Stiles, b. Mch. 22, 1844. 
1060. Francis A., b. July 13, 1846, d. May 7, 1851. 1061. Charles A., 
b. Feb. 14, 1848, d. Oct. 20, 1851. 

Two ch. by Nancy : — 

1062. George Alva, b. Sept. 16, 1855, d. Nov. 15, 1855. 1063. Anna 
Malvina, b. May 29, 1857. 

(558) JEDSON MATTHEW, son of SEWELL (253), b. at Roxbury, 
Vt., Feb. 22, 1832. Lives in Nestoria, Wis. Md. Dec. 25, 1853, Diana 
M. Fuller. 

1066. Three children, all of whom d. in infancy. 

(566) EZRA BARTLETT, son of AMBROSE B. (255), b. at Rox- 
bury, Vt., Nov. 27, 1831. Resides in Buflalo Co., Wis. Yeoman. 
Md. Mch. 20, 1856, Nancy Atilda, dau. of Amasa and Sally Blanchard. 
Two ch : — 

1067. Sarah Rosetta. 1068. Amasa Bartlett. 



EIGHTH GENERATION. 

(578) NATHANIEL, son of ANDREW (257), b. at Milford, N. H., 
June 28, 1798, d. May 6, 1859. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. June 
2, 1822, Lucinda Pearson, b. Jan. 27, 1801. Two ch: — 

1069. Everett, b. Sept. 17, 1825. 1070. Ann Jane, b. Nov. 2, 1827. 

(584) STILLMAN, son of ANDREW (257), b. at Milford, July 19, 
1812. Resides in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 5, 1834, Emeline, dau. 
of Moses and Rhoda Lull, b. Nov. 2, 1813. Four ch : — 

1071. Lucretia A., b. Nov. 19, 1837; md. May 8, 1862, Edward A., 
son of Charles and Elizabeth Burns, b. at Milford, Nov. 4, 1836. Lives 



76 

in Charlestown, Mass. Milk dealer. One ch : — Harry Jewett, b. 
May 81, 1865. 1072. Sophronia A., b. Jan. 8, 1841, d. Feb. 24, 1866. 
1073. Alvaro Oliver, b. July 5, 1846. 1074. Stillman Hubbard, b. 
Sept. 15, 1849. 

(589) DAVID, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Oct. 11, 1803. 
Eesides in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 28, 1829, Betsy, dau. of Ne- 
hemiah and Rebecca S. Hayward (369), b. Mch. 19, 1807. Eight ch: — 

1075. Georgianna, b. Jan. 23, 1830; md. Oct. 27, 1857, John N. 
Gatch, of Milford, Ohio. 1076. Hayward, b. Jan. 19, 1832. 1077. 
Jesse L., b. Eeb. 5, 1834, d. at Nashua, June 10, 1856. 1078. Elias S., 
b. Dec. 24, 1835. 1079. John W., b. Mch. 24, 1838. 1080. Virginia, 
b. June 16, 1840. 1081. Delia Florence, b. Aug. 4, 1845. 1082. 
Lucretia O., b. Aug. 12, 1848. 

(590) NOAH B., son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Jan. 26, 1805. 
Lives in Mt. Vernon, N. H., where he owns a valuable farm, which 
for many years he has tilled with great success. He md. Apr. 5, 1827, 
Mary. dau. of James and Azubah Hopkins, of Mt. Vernon, b. Jan. 9, 
1806, d. May 16, 1866. Ten ch: — 

1083. Frances Jane, b. May 21, 1828, d. Oct. 25, 1833. 1084. An- 
drew Buxton, b. July 9, 1830. Resides in Germantown, N. J. Car- 
penter. Md. Dec. 5, 1867, Ellen T., dau. of Rev. David Kline, b. Mch. 
29, 1845; no issue. 1085. Matthew Bartlett, b. Apr. 16, 1832. 
1086. Aaron Bruce, b. Aug. 4, 1834. 1087. Ann Jane E., b. May 
15, 1S36 ; md. Nov. 16, 1864, Daniel, son of Daniel and Charlotte Sar- 
gent, b. at Goffstown, N. H., Aug., 1825. Lives in Mt. Vernon, N. H. 
Stone cutter. Two ch: — Willie, b. Sept. 5, 1865, d. Mch. 11, 1866; 
Eddie, b. Sept. 2, 1867. 

1088. LUCIUS BOLLES 9 . 1089. David Judson. Merchant. Lives 
in N. Y. 1090. Mary Victoria, b. June 22, 1845, d. May 14, 1864,. at 
So. Orange, N. J., while engaged in teaching school. 

1091. Chestina Augusta, b. Oct. 5, 1847. 1092. Henry Appleton, 
b. Aug. 16, 1850. 



(592) ANDREW B., son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, N. H., Aug. 
19, 1808. The earlier part of his life was spent on his father's farm, 
when lie afterwards rem'd to Boston and engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits, till his decease, Oct. 20, 1860. He possessed a fine musical 
talent, but never could persuade himself to quit his legitimate employ- 
ment to engage, like his brethren, in a public profession of it. While 
they were maturing plans to enter upon their professional career as 
vocalists, his advice was sought in the matter ; but he rather viewed 
it as a wild speculation, and urged them, in a spirit of caution, to 






77 

abandon the enterprise, but without avail. lie nid. June 22, 1834-j 
Elizabeth Ann, dau. of Jacob and Catherine Todd, b. at Rowley, 
Mass., Dec. 27, 1813. Five ch: — 

1093. Jacob Todd, b. July 10, 1836. 105)4-. Andrew Leavitt, b. 
June 11, 1838, d. 18G7. 1095. Marcus Morton, b. Oct. 24, 1844. 
1096. Benjamin Peikce, b. Apr. 14, 1848. 1097. Katie, b. Nov. 15, 
1850. 

(593) ZEPHANIAH, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Jan. 7, 1810; 
rem'd, 1832, to Greenville, 111., where he d. Apr. 17, 1853. Yeoman. 
Md. 1st, Aug., 1836, Abby, dau. of Mark Perkins, b. at Mt. Vernon, 
N. H., Feb. 25, 1811, d. Apr. 20, 1848; md. 2d, Sept. 10, 1849, Elizabeth 
Nettleton, of Newport, N. H. Four ch. by Abby : — 

1098. Harriet, b. July, 1837, d. Apr. 17, 1842. 1099. Hette, b. July 
26, 1841. 1100. Levi Woodbury, b. Mch. 19, 1845. 1101. Mark Per- 
kins, b. Dec. 5, 1847, d. May 1, 1848. 

One ch. by Elizabeth : — 

1102. Mary Frances, b. Feb. 6, 1851. 

(593) CALEB, son of JESSE (257), b. at Milford, Nov. 25, 1811, d. 
Jan. 16, 1854. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 18, 1835, Laura, dau. of Oliver and 
Susan (Smith) Wright, b. Nov. 22, 1816. Five ch : — 

1103. Laura Ann, b. Jan. 23, 1837. 1104. Mary Josephine, b. 
Nov. 26, 1839. 1105. Susan Maria, b. July 24, 1842. 1106. Caleb 
George Mason, b. May 20, 1844. 1107. Caroline Jennette, b. Sept. 
24, 1850. 

(595) JOSHUA, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Nov. 25, 1811. 
Yeoman and Vocalist. Md. June 3, 1835, Irene, clau. of Nathan and 
Sarah Fisher, of Francestown, N. H., b. Oct. 26, 1810. Three ch : — 

1108. JUSTIN EDWARDS 9 . 1109. Lowell Mason, b. Oct. 28, 
1839, d. Aug. 7, 1843. 1110. Julia Ella, b. Aug. 23, 1847, d. Sept. 30, 
1848. 

[For further particulars concerning the history of Joshua, see Ap- 
pendix B.] 

(596) JESSE, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Sept. 29, 1813, d. 
at Cincinnati, O., May 15, 1853; rem'd to Lynn, 1836, and built him a 
residence on that fine eminence called High Rock. His trade was that 
of a printer, and also possessed much mechanical skill. He was the 
inventor of an improvement on the air-tight stove, which was highly 
approved of, and was one of the original number in their attempt to 
penetrate the far-famed Pirate's Cave of Lynn, but without success. 
The songs composed by him are of a very distinctive and original 
character, among which are the "Old Granite State," "Good Old Days 



78 

of Yore," "Slave's Appeal," the "Congressional Song," and many 
others. He mcl. June 8. 1836, Susanna W. Hartshorn, b. at Amherst, 
Oct. 13, 1815, d. at Lynn, Sept. 10, 1851. Six ch : — 

1111. James Garrison, b. July 3, 1838, d. Apr. 18, 1842. 1112. 
Charles Follex, b. May 1, 1840, d. May 8, 1842. 1113. Andrew Ed- 
ward, b. Jan. 7, 1842, d. Apr. 27, 1842. 1114. Jesse Herbert, b. Aug. 
8, 1843, d. Apr. 23, 1844. 1115. James, b. Jan., 1847, d. 1849. 1116. 
Susan Mary Emma, b. Jan. 16, 1851, d. Sept. 21, 1851. 

(598) JOSEPH JUDSON, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milforcl, Mch. 
14, 1817, d. at Lynn, Jan. 11, 1859. As his history is identitied with 
that of his musical brethren, John and Asa, a more extended notice of 
him will be given in Appendix B. He md. July, 1844, Jerusha Pea- 
body (755), dau. of Abel and Betsy Hutchinson, b. at Milford, Apr. 20, 
1825. Twoch: — 

1117. Kate Louisa, b. May 14, 1845. 1118. Jennie Lind, b. Jan. 4, 
1848, d. Mch. 15, 1863. 

(600) JOHN WALLACE, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milforcl, Jan. 4, 
1821. Resides in Lynn, on High Rock. He and his brother Jesse 
were two of the first settlers on that beautiful eminence, which com- 
mands a very extended view of the city and the ocean. For a furthei 
account of his history, see Appendix B. He md. Feb. 21, 1843, Fanny 
Burnham, dau. of David A. and Susanna (Parker) Patch, of Lowell, 
b. June 27, 1822. Three ch : — 

1119. Henry John, b. Dec. 18, 1844. 1120. Viola Gertrude, b. 
Apr. 18, 1847; md. Apr. 15, 1868, Lewis A., son of Judge Campbell, of 
Cherry Valley, N. Y., b. Nov. 4, 1842. Lives in Toledo. Merchant. 

(601) ASA BURNHAM, son of JESSE (258), b. at Milford, Mch. 14, 
1823. Resides in Hutchinson, Minnesota. A detailed account of his 
history will be found in Appendix B. He md. Apr. 26, 1847, Elizabeth 
B., dau. of Frederick B. and Phebe B. Chase, of Nantucket, Mass., b. 
Mch. 14, 1828. Four ch: — 

1121. Abby, b. Mch. 14, 1849. 1122. Frederick Chase, b. Feb. 4, 
1851. 1123. Oliver Dennett, b. Jan. 15, 1856. 1124. Ellen Chase, 
b. May 22, 1861, d. at New York, Jan. 24, 1867. 

(607) HIRAM, son of JOSEPH (260), b. at Middleton, Mass., Nov. 
10, 1808. In 1853 he removed to France, where he became exten- 
sively engaged in the manufacture of India-rubber goods. He estab- 
lished two large factories there, and one at Manheim, Grand Duchy 
of Baden. These were the first factories of the kind of any import- 
ance introduced in Europe, and gave employment to nearly one thou- 






79 

sand people. He md. July 5, 1831, Mary Ann, dau. of Abraham and 
Elizabeth Luf berry, b. at Burlington, N. J., Men. 13, 1815. Eight 
ch: — 

1125. ALCANDER 9 . 1126. Abraham Lufberry, b. at New Orleans, 
Nov. 24, 1834, d. July 10, 1835, on passage from N. 0. 1127. Sarah 
Elizabeth, b. at N. Brunswick, N. J., June 19, 1836; md. Dec. 8, 
1864, Right Rev. Horatio Southgate, for a number of years Bishop of 
Constantinople. 

1128. Mary Frances, b. Dec. 1, 1837; md. 1st, Nov. 11, 1862, Capt. 
W. L. Gwin, of the TJ. S. N., who was killed Jan. 3, 1863, while bom- 
barding the fortifications of Haine's Bluff, near Vicksburg, Miss., 
with the Iron Clad "Benton;" md. 2d, Aug. 15, 1864, to Henry P. 
Moorhouse, Esq. 

1129. John Gardner, b. Oct. 5, 1839, d. Nov. 3, 1845. 1130. Char- 
lotte Carter, b. June 24, 1841, d. Sept. 16, 1841. 1131. Hiram, b. 
Aug. 25, 1843. 1132. Charles Louis Richard, b. at Paris, Erance, 
Oct. 1, 1859. 

(610) ELISHA PUTNAM, son . of JOSEPH (261), b. at Danvers 
Aug. 9, 1813. Lived in S. Danvers (now Peabody), where he carried 
on the shoe and grocery business ; rem'd thence to Lynn and engaged 
in the wholesale trade of shoes, under the firm of Richardson and 
Hutchinson. He afterwards went to Beaufort, S. C, where he lived 
till the decease of his wife, when he returned to New York. Md. 
Mch. 14, 1837, Ruth Louisa Richardson, of Middleton, b. Dec. 12, 1817, 
d. July 30, 1868. Nine ch : — 

1133. Joseph Curtis, b. July 27, 1837. 1134. Walter Derby, b. 
Feb. 2, 1840. 1135. Ezra Almon, b. May 22, 1842. 1136. Ann Ame- 
lia, b. June 6, 1844. 1137. Julia Louisa, b. Sept. 4, 1846, d. Sept. 15, 
1849. 1138. Ella Putnam, b. Aug. 31, 1848. 1139. Elisha Morton, 
b. Dec. 14, 1850. 1140. Susan White, b. Mch. 30, 1853. 1141. 
Charles Sumner, b. Apr. 24, 1856. 

(614) GEORGE PUTNAM, son of LEVI (263), b. at Danvers, Oct. 
25, 1812. Resides in Danvers. Yeoman. Md. June 24, 1841, Mary 
(609), clau. of Joseph and Sally Hutchinson, b. Feb. 14, 1812. Four 
ch: — 

1142. George Henry, b. May 23, 1842. 1143. Myran Russell, b. 
Apr. 14, 1844. 1144. Mary Elizabeth, b. Apr. 3, 1846. 1145. Hiram 
Lufberry, b. Apr. 15, 1849. 

(615) SAMUEL, son of LEVI (263), b. at Danvers, Nov. 28, 1814, 
Lives in So. Danvers. Yeoman. Md. May 9, 1847, Rebecca H., dau. 
of Amos and Rebecca (264) King, b. at So, Danvers, July 3, 1820. 
Two ch : — 



80 

1146. George Thomas, b. May 1, 1840. 1147. Albert, b. Apr. 7, 
1849. 

(G18) LEVI RUSSELL, son of LEVI (263), b. at Danvers, Dec. 9, 
1820; rem'd to Lynnfield Centre, where he at present resides. He 

md. , Harriet Smith, dau. of William and Lois Parker, b. Dec. 

27, 1816. Three ch: — 

1148. Elizabeth, b. Sept. 28, 1845, d. Mch. 10, 1846. 1149. Fran- 
cis, b. Mch. 3, 1846. 1050. Wilbour, b. Apr. 28, 1851. 

(620) CLEAVES KING, son of BENJAMIN (266), b. at So. Dan- 
vers, Oct. 21, 1827; rem'd to Conklinville, N. Y., July, 1864. Tanner. 
Md. Oct. 12, 1865, Caddie, dau. of Henry and Mary Poor, b. at So. 
Danvers, Sept. 28, 1839. One ch: — 

1151. Henry Poor, b. at Hadley, N. Y., Apr. 13, 1867. 

(625) WILLIAM H., son of BENJAMIN (266), b. at Lowell, Mass., 
Mch. 7, 1838. Lives iu Gallipolis, O. Dealer in hardware, cutlery, 
etc. Md. Nov. 15, 1866, Sarah T., dau. of Dr. Augustus and Alice O. 
Peirce, b. at Tyngsboro, Mass. One ch : — 

1152. Alice Olivia, b. at Gallipolis. Nov. 19, 1867. 

(629) AUGUSTUS RICHARDSON, son of DAVID (268), b. Feb. 
22, 1821. Lives in Wenham. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 26, 1846, Hannah 
Goldsmith, dau. of Jacob and Rebecca Dodge, b. at Wenham, July 21, 
1819. Three ch: — 

1153. Levi Curtis, b. May 30, 1846. 1154. Lucy Goldwait, b. 
May 28, 1848. 1155. William Augustus, b. Feb. 11, 1857. 

(635) AUGUSTUS LUCAS, son of IRA (271), b. Dec. 11, 1825. 
Lives in Milwaukie, Wis. Formerly a shoe manufacturer. At present 
engaged in the grain trade. Md. Sept. 23, 1851, Susannah R., dau. of 
Zaddock and Lucinda Lawrence, b. at Groton, Mass., July 20, 1827. 
Two ch : — 

1156. Mary Susan, b. July 19, 1853. 1157. George Augustus, b. 
Oct. 9, 1857. 

(637) BENJAMIN PETERS, son of IRA (271), b. July 24, 1829; 
rem'd, 1856, to Milwaukie, where he engaged in the shoe trade ; after- 
wards went (1858) to Chicago, where he has amassed a fortune in the 
grain and packing business. Md. Aug. 24, 1853, Sarah M., dau. of 
William and Lydia Ingalls, of Lynn, b. Feb. 18, 1833. Five ch : — 

1158. Charles Lawrence, b. Mch. 7, 1854. 1159. Helen Maria, 
b. Sept. 3, 1855. 1160. Katie, b. Nov. 24, 1858. 1161. Hattie S., b. 
Aug. 16, 1863. 1162. Annie L., b. Sept. 6, 1866, cl. Feb. 24, 1S68. 



81 

(045) WILLIAM HENRY, son of WILLIAM (279), b. at Darners, 
Dec. 3, 1828, where he now lives. Shoe manufacturer. Md. July 18, 
1852, Caroline A., dau. of Jeremiah and Mary Peabody, b. June 7, 1831. 
Two ch : — 

1163. Alvan Augustus, b. Oct. 11, 1852. 1164. Henry Willis, b. 
Dec. 25, 1855. 

(646) JAMES AUGUSTUS, son of WILLIAM (279), b. at Danvers, 
Oct. 14, 1830. Lives in Danvers. Shoe manufacturer. Md. May 7, 
1851, Nancy Ingalls, dau. of Joseph B. and Patty Perkins, b. Nov. 7, 
1831. Onech: — 

1165. Emma Ingalls, b. Mch. 23, 1853. 

(662) HORATIO D., son of JOSEPH (317), b. at Winthrop, Me., 
Mch. 7, 1829 ; rem'cl, 1853, to Boston, where he engaged in the practise 
of law. Commenced the study of law, in 1850, under Hon. Seth 
May, of Winthrop, Me., Judge of Supreme Court. Gracl. at Dane 
Law School, Cambridge, July, 1853. Md. Dec. 31, 1854. Harriet 
Sophronia, dau. of Sheldon and Sarah Stone, b. at Newbury, N. Y., 
Feb. 22, 1833. Two ch: — 

1166. Harriet Eleanor, b. Sept. 8, 1855. 1167. Horatio, b. July 
17, 1858. 

(670) JEREMY, son of PERLEY (338), b. at Danville, Vt., Dec. 31, 
1817. Lives in California, where he rem'cl, Nov. 2, 1852. Yeoman. 
Md. Dec. 6, 1842, Martha, dau. of Noah and Mary (Cram) Lane, b. 
, d. Aug. 18, 1851. One ch : — 

1168. Alden Perley, b. Aug. 26, 1848. 

(672) EDWARD, son of ELIJAH (341), b. at Danvers, Sept. 14, 
1833. Residence at Danvers. Engaged in the shoe business in Bos- 
ton, under the name of E. and A. Mudge & Co., 39 Pearl st. Md. Feb. 
23, 1858, Almira, dau. of William and Serena Preston, b. at Danvers, 
Sept. 13, 1833. One ch: — 

1169. Claira, b. May 29, 1866. 

(681) WILLIAM AUGUSTUS, son of ELISHA (357), b. Nov. 10, 
1825. Resides in Plaistow, N. H. Shoe manufacturer. Md. Feb. 7, 
1856, Mary Esther, dau. of John and Mehitable Emery, b. at W. New- 
bury, Aug. 23, 1834. Three ch : — 

1170. William Elisha, b. Apr. 5, 1858, d. Apr., 1861. 1171. Frank 
Emery, b. Nov. 8, 1862. 1172. Homer Scott, b. Feb. 22, 1864. 

(691) FREEMAN, son of SAMUEL (359), b. at Milford, N. H., Oct. 
11 



82 

24, 1S05. Lives in Wilton, N. H. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 19, 1828, 
Louisa, dau. of Joshua and Beulah Moore, b. at Milforcl, Aug. 31, 1806. 
Nine ch : — 

1173. Mariah Louisa, b. July 29, 1828; md. Mch. 18, 1844, Joseph 
A. Brown, b. Jan. 5, 1824. Lives in Nashua. Four ch: — Martha 
Jennettc, b. June 21, 1850; Rebecca Ann, b. Jan. 31, 1853; Ella Maria, 
b. Apr. 2(5, 1855 ; William Henry, b. June 9, 1857. 

1174. Martha Jane, b. Feb. 11, 1830, d. Oct. 13, 1846. 1175. Mat- 
thew Freeman, b. Feb. 11, 1830, d. July 6, 1847. 1176. FRANCIS 
CLIFTON 9 . 1177. Dorinda Beulah. b. Mch. 7, 1834. 1178. Charles 
Leroy, b. Feb. 18, 1837. 1179. James Wilson, b. Dec. 24, 1839. 1180. 
Timothy Newell, b. July 21, 1842. 1181. Isaac Newton, b. May 15, 
1844. 

(700) HARVEY, son of JOTHAM (362), b. at Wilton, Aug. 6, 1816. 
Lives in Wilton. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 9, 1846, Hannah, dau. of Isaac 
and Eunice Jewett, b. at Nelson, N. H., June 6, 1824. Two ch : — 

1182. Mariett, b. Nov. 28, 1851. 1183. Hannah Jane, b. Oct. 6, 1856. 

(702) CHARLES, son of FREDERICK (363), b. at Wilton, Jan. 5, 
1812 ; rem'd, 1836, to Pepperell, Mass. Shoe manufacturer. Md. Nov. 
30, 1842, Thirza, dau. of David and Betsy Shattuck, and wid. of 
Charles B. Shattuck, of Pepperell, b. Feb. 13, 1804; no issue. 

(705) ABEL FISK, son of FREDERICK (363), b. at Wilton, June 
27, 1818; rem'd to Mechanicsburg, O. Merchant. Md. June 18, 1839, 
Mary Mo wry. Two ch : — 

1184. Mary Elizabeth. 1185. Wilton. 

(708) FREDERICK LYMAN, son of FREDERICK (363), b. at Wil- 
ton, Sept. 13, 1827. Lives in Wilton. Shoemaker. Md. May 15, 
1852, Joanna Sophronia (1213), dau. of Robert and Eliza Ann Hutchin- 
son, b. at Milford, Aug. 6, 1836 ; no issue. 

(714) SARDIS MILLER, son of ABIEL (365), b. at E. Wilton, May 
11, 1830; rem'd with his father to Nashua, where he d. Jan. 10, 1857. 
Md. Sept. 24, 1853, Charlotte Leonard, of Nashua. Two ch : — 

1186. A child, b. , d. , aged 2 years. 1187. A child, b. 

Feb., 1857. 

(715) STEPHEN BARNARD, son of ABIEL (365), b. at E. Wilton, 
Oct. 4, 1831. Lives in Springfield, Mass. Md. Feb. 5, 1853, Susan H. 
Merrill, of Nashua. One ch: — 

1188. A child, 1). , 1857. 



83 

(71G) ANDREW JACKSON, son of ABIEL (365), b. at E. Will on, 
Nov. 30, 1833. Lived in Nashua; rem'd to So. Reading, July, 1869. 
Iron moulder. Mel. July 11, 1855, Eliza A., dau. oi' Lewis and .Mary 
Green, of Granby, Canada East, b. Eeb. 23, 1834. One eh : — 

1189. Willie Andrew, b. July 24, 1856. 

(722) ROBERT, son of SOLOMON (36G), b. at E. Wilton, Sept. 16, 
lSl4. Lived in Nashua, Milford, and Boston ; rem'd July 17, 1839, to 
Iowa City* Iowa, where he now resides. Mechanic. Md. Oct. 19, 
1843, Julia M., dau. of Zelah and Elizabeth Whetstone, b. at Cincin- 
nati, Jan. 8, 1842. Ten ch : — 

1190. Julia C, b. Sept. 23, 1844. 1191. Zelaii W., b. Feb. 6, 1846. 
1192. Laura C, b. Dec. 1, 1847. 1193. Charles J., b. Oct. 21, 1849. 
1194. Erank P., b. July 15, 1853. 1195. Willie V., b. June 6, 1856, d. 
Sept. 13, 1857. 1196. Sophia W., b. July 6, 1858.- 1197. Hannah J., 
b. Apr. 5, 1860. 1198. Carrie W., b. Apr. 4, 1*862. 1199. Sarah A., b. 
Mch. 23, 1864. 

(723) JACOB E., son of SOLOMON (366), b. at E. Wilton, Aug. 14, 
1816; rem'd from Nashua to Salt Lake City, where he d. May 7, 1867. 
Trader. Md. Constantia E. C. Langdon, who cl. at Salt Lake City, 
Dec. 1, 1865. Seven ch: — 

1200. Nathaniel, b. , 1837. 1201. Catherine, b. , 1843. 

1202. George, b. , 1844. 1203. Jacob, b. , 1846. 1204. 

Ellar, b. , 1850. 1205. David, b. , 1853. 1206. Ruth, b. 

, 1858. 

(724) GEORGE W., son of SOLOMON (366), b. at E. Wilton, July 
18, 1818. Lived in Nashua; rem'd, 1831, to Boston; 1850 to Indiana; 
1856 to Iowa City ; thence to Kansas, and one year after to the Rocky 
mountains, where he lived five years, and thence to Osawkie, Kansas, 
where he now lives. Eor several years a hotel keeper ; at present a 
painter. Md. Sept. 7, 1840, Mary, dau. of John E. and Margaret 
Blankenburgh, b. at Portland, Me., Mch. 29, 1817. One ch: — 

1207. Georgianna, b. June 15, 1842, d. Feb. 10, 1843. 

(727) HENRY O., son of SOLOMON (366), b. at E. Wilton, July 17, 
1826 ; rem'd, 1856, to Iowa City. Lived in Nashua, Boston, and other 

places. Painter. Md. , 1849, Judith, dau. of Thomas and Anna 

Hamlett, b. at Nashua, Nov. 11, 1832. Two ch : — 

1208. Nellie V. A., b. July 27, 1850. 1209. Henrietta, b. Oct. 5, 
1853. 

(732) ERASTUS, son of NATHAN (368), b. Mch. 16, 1810. Resides 






84 

in Cambridge, Mass. Md. Sept. 13, 1835, Sarah Beers, of Lynn. Two 
ch : — 

1210. Henry Erastus, b. July 4, 1839. 1211. Kate Olivia, b. Sept. 
10, 1846. 

(736) ROBERT, son of REUBEN (370), b. at Milford, Jan. 15, 1809, 
d. Jan. 8, 1852. Lived in Milford. Yeoman. Md. July 4, 1833, Eliza, 
Ann, dau. of Nathan Holt, b. at Temple, N. H., Jan. 3, 1815. Seven 
ch : — 

1212. Eliza Augusta, b. Sept. 8, 1834, d. Oct. 30, 1837. 1213. 
Joanna Sophrona, b. Aug. 6, 1836; md. Frederick L. Hutchinson 
(708). 1214. Charles Mason, b. Oct. 25, 1838; md. Hannah Eaton, 
of Wilton. 1215. Jane Augusta, b. Jan. 30, 1842; md. Geo. French, 
of Nashua. 1216. Robert Bruce, b. Jan. 16, 1845, d. Oct. 18, 1846. 
1217. Clara Jennette, b. Aug. 23, 1847; md. Oct. 8, 1866, William, 
son of Patrick and Hannah Dillon, b. at Lowell, June 2, 1844. Lives 
in Wilton. Overseer and wool carder. One ch : , b. Jan. 30, 1867. 

1218. Ella Syrena, b. July 20, 1850. 

(739) REUBEN, son of REUBEN (370), b. at Milford, Sept. 9, 1814. 
Resides in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Jan. 15, 1840, Judith, dau. of 
William and Abigail Daws, b. June 12, 1816. Two ch : — 

1219. James Harrison, b. Aug. 27, 1840. 1220. Mary Elizabeth, 
b. Feb. 6, 1846. 

(741) EDMUND P., son of REUBEN (370), b. at Milford, Nov. 1, 
1818. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Apr. 6, 1845, Mariah L., dau. 
of Jonas and Sarah T. Center, b. at Greenfield, N. H., Aug. 11, 1821. 
Four ch : — 

1221. Frank Edmund, b. at Wilton, July 31, 1848. 1222. Sarah 
Francilla, b. at Millford, Nov. 4, 1853, cl. Sept. 16, 1854. 1223. 
Francilla Mariah, b. Sept. 8, 1856. 1224. George B., b. Apr. 15, 
1858, d. Mch. 17, 1861. 

(753) ABEL FORDYCE, son of ABEL (374), b. at Milford, Mch. 20, 
1820; rem'd, 1856, to Madison, Wis., thence back to Milford, where he 
now resides. Merchant. Md. Apr. 11, 1848, Deborah, dau. of Levi 
and Rhocla (Griffin) Hawkes. b. Jan. 22, 1822. Four ch : — 

1225. George Edward, b. Mch. 14, 1849, d. Apr. 28, 1851. 1226. 
Ellar Mary, b. June 12, 1851. 1227. Frederick Sawyer, b. Feb. 14, 
1854. 1228. Grace Darling, b. Nov. 10, 1864. 

(754) GEORGE CANNIN, son of ABEL (374), b. at Milford, Dec. 7, 
1822, d. Nov. 11, 1863. Lived in Milford. Keeper of a livery stable. 



85 

Mcl. Jan. 1. 1850, Margaret, dau. of Andrew and Hannah Fuller, b. 
June, 1823, d. Feb. 17, 1855. One ch: — 

1229. Charles George, b. Jan. 31, 1855. 

(75G) ANDREW JACKSON, son of ABEL (374), b. at Milford, May 
19, 1827; rem'd to Hutchinson, Min., where he lived a few years and 
returned to Milford, where he d. Jan. 5, 1864. Md. Mch. 19, 1857, 
Harriet, dau. of Hiram A. and Syrena (Emerson) Daniels, b. Aug. 8, 
1833. One ch : — 

1230. Andrew Judson, b. Apr. 30, 1859. 

(757) ISAAC BARTLETT, son of ABEL (374), b. at Milford, June 
27, 1829. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Oct. 20, 1859, Lizzie A., 
dau. of James and Almira (Goodale) Morrill, b. at Milford, Oct. 26, 
1840. One ch : — 

1231. Nellie E., b. Oct. 1, 1860. 

(759) NATHAN, son of ABEL (374), b. at Milford, Mch. 26, 1835. 
Keeper of a livery stable at Milford. Md. Dec. 25, 1862, Louisa M., 
dau. of Gilbert and Nancy (Stiles) Tapley, b. at Wilton, June 3, 1833. 
One ch: — 

1232. Lewis J. H., b. Dec. 21, 1864. 

(765) BENJAMIN E., son of BENJAMIN (375), b. at Milford, June 
10, 1814. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Dec. 25, 1839, Eliza, dau. 
of William and Lydia (Putnam) Richardson, b. Nov. 14, 1816. Two 
ch: — 

1233. Mary Elizabeth, b. Jan. 31, 1846. 1234. Emri Orlando, b. 
July SO, 1849. 

(768) EVELYN MILTON, son of LUTHER (378), b. at Milford, 
Aug. 17, 1815. Lives in Waltham, Mass. Painter. Md. Nov. 1, 1840, 
Esther P., dau. of Ebenezer O. and Cynthia Hawes, b. at Boston, Nov. 
12,1819. Three ch: — 

1235. Esther, b. Oct. 7, 1841, d. Oct. 18, 1841. 1236. Angeline, b. 
June 18, 1843. 1237. George Milton, b. May 17, 1846. 

(769) ELBRIDGE, son of LUTHER (378), b. at Milford, Dec. 9, 
1817. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Nov. 3, 1844, Cynthia Knight. 
One ch : — 

1238. Josephine Annabella, b. Aug. 7, 1850. 

(770) GERRY, son of LUTHER (378), b. at Milford, Mch. 21, 1820; 
rem'd to Waltham, thence to Worcester, where he now lives. Painter. 



86 

Mcl. Jan. 22, 1848, Elizabeth R., dan. of John and Lydia Bobbins, b. at 
Wilton, Me., Sept. 23, 1822. Two ch : — 

1239. Ella Rosabella, b. at Waltham, Nov. 2, 1851, d. May 4, 1857. 
1240. Elbridge Gerry, b. at Worcester, Mch. 5,*1856, d. May 7, 1856. 

(775) EBENEZER, son of EBENEZER (381), b. at Weld, Me., May 
8, 1806, where he now resides. Yeoman. Md. Mch. 10, 1829, Mary, 
dau. of Phillip and Hannah Judkins, b. Jan. 21, 1809. Nine ch : — 

1241. NATHAN 9 . 1242. Charity, b. Mch. 12, 1831 ; mcl. Oct., 1855, 
Bradley Wait, of Dixfleld. Lives in Mexico, Me. ; no issue. 1243. 
LUTHER 9 . 1244. Charles, b. Nov. 20, 1835. 1245. Phebe, b. Oct. 
15, 1837. 1246. Hannah, b. Jan. 10, 1841. 1247. Permelta, b. Sept. 
23, 1843. 1248. Emery, b. Feb. 11, 1847. 1249. Tyler, b. June 10, 
1849. 

(778) JOHN, son of EBENEZER (381), b. Apr. 16, 1810. Resides 
in Weld, Me. Yeoman. Mcl. 1st, Nov. 27, 1834, Hannah, dau. of 
Philip and Hannah Judkins, b. Mch. 4, 1813, d. Oct. 26, 1853. Mcl. 
2d, Apr. 8, 1854, Martha, dau. of Seth and Sally Phinney, of Weld, b. 
Aug. 2, 1834. Five ch. by Hannah : — 

1250. Lucinda, b. Mch. 4, 1838; md. Dec, 1857, Low, son of Loren 
and Drucilla P. Phinney, b. Apr. 19, 1838. Lives in Weld. Yeoman. 
Four ch : — William Lee, b. July 13, 1858; Elizabeth J., b. June 15, 
1861; Sarah, b. May, 1864; Mary E., b. June, 1867. 

1251. Hiram H., b. June 11, 1842, d. Mch. 28, 1865. 1252. Gorham 
Murch, b. Mch. 11, 1844. 1253. Isaiah White, b. Oct. 29, 1846. 1254. 
James Hannible, b. Mch. 24, 1852. 

Four ch. by Martha : — 

1255. Stillman Wyman, b. Apr. 2, 1857. 1256. Rhoda M., b. Apr. 
27, 1859. 1257. John E., b. Jane 5, 1862. 1258. Martha A., b. Nov. 
7, 1864. 

(780) REUBEN, son of EBENEZER (381), b. at Weld, May 30, 1814. 
Lives in Weld. Yeoman. Md. May 19, 1841, Isabel C. Pratt, of 
Weld, b. May 19, 1820. Six ch : — 

1259. Reuben C, b. Sept. 29, 1841. 1260. Julia Ann, b. Apr. 5, 
1844, d. May 29, 1847. 1261. Grace Olive, b. Apr. 6, 1846. 1262. 
Julia Ann, b. Jan. 22, 1848, d. Aug. 28, 1857. 1263. Elisha Turner, 
b. Nov. 22, 1850. 1264. Mary Jane, b. Jan. 3, 1856. 

(782) LUTHER, son of EBENERER (381), b. at Weld, Mch. 14, 
1819, d. June 16, 1844. Yeoman. Md. , Lucy Baker. Three ch :— 

1265. Almeda, b. , d. June 13, 1856. 1266. Livonia. 1267. 

Betsy. 



87 

(790) HEZEKIAH ALVIN, son of HEZEKIAH (384), b. at lied lord, 
Mass., Apr. 10, 1809; rcm'd, 1833, to Westford, Mass., where he now 
lives. House carpenter. Md. Apr. 11, 1833, Abigail, dau. of Lemuel 
and Abigail Bicknell, b. at Westford, Dec. 20, 1813. Seven eh : — 

1268. Martha Almira, b. July 23, 1833. 1269. William, b. Dec. 4, 
1834. 1270. Eliza Ann, b. Mch. 20, 183(5; md. Jan. 30, 1855, George;, 
son of John and Lois Hutchins, b. at Westford, July 28, 1828, where 
he now lives. Yeoman. Two ch : — Elizabeth Ann, b. Jan. 21, 1856; 
Georgianna, b. Dec. 27, 1857. 

1271. George, b. Oct. 16, 1839. 1272. Emily, b. Nov. 1, 1841. 1273. 
Erancis, b. Mch. 4, 1843. 1274. Ellen, b. Mch. 2, 1845, d. Aug. 21, 
1867. 

(791) BENJAMIN, son of HEZEKIAH (384), b. at Bedford, Mass., 
June 23, 1812. Lived in Lowell, Alexandria, N. H., and Billerica, 
Mass. Resides at present in Manchester, N. H. Md. Mch. 22, 1835, 
Mary L., dau. of John T. and Mary Symonds, b. at Alexandria, N. H., 
Oct. 21, 1814. Ninech: — 

1275. Mary L., b. Apr. 18, 1836. 1276. B. Eranklin, b. Oct. 17, 
1337. 1277. Eliza A., b. Aug. 19, 1839. 1278. Gustavus B., b. Nov. 
10, 1840. 1279. John G., b. July 7, 1843. 1280. Caroline R., b. 
Jan. 14, 1846. 1281. Lydia J., b. Sept. 3, 1848. 1282. Augusta 
E., b. June 2, 1852. 1283. Willie H., b. Apr. 15, 1855, d. Sept. 9, 
1855. 

(796) JOHN GOULD, son of HEZEKIAH (384), b. at Bedford, July 
21, 1822; rem'd Apr. 1, 1851, to Reading, Mass., where he now lives. 
Yeoman. Md. May 15, 1851, Martha Emeline, dau. of Wm. S. and 
Susan M. Bryer, b. at Boothbay, Me., Dec. 17, 1821. One ch:— - 

1284. Charles Holmes, b. Apr. 3, 1854. 

(799) ISAIAH, son of SYLVESTER (385), b. at Wilton, Jan. 26, 
1819. Lives in Milford. Yeoman. Md. Nov. 11, 1847, Calista A., 
dau. of Erastus and Anna Brown, b. Eeb. 6, 1829. Two ch : — 

1285. Luella Calista, b. Aug. 5, 1848. 1286. Anna Erancilla, b. 
Oct. 28, 1851. 

(800) FERDINAND, son of SYLVESTER (385), b. at Wilton, N.H., 
Mch. 16, 1821, where he now lives. Shoe manufacturer. Md. May 
28, 1846, Lucy Jane, dau. of Oiiver and Lucy K. Barrett, b. at Wilton, 
Oct. 27, 1825. One ch: — 

1287. Oliver B., b. June 16, 1849. 

(801) EDWARD B., son of SYLVESTER (385), b. at Wilton, June 



12, 1823. Lives in Wilton. Md. Aug. 26, 1846, Caroline E. Jones, b. 
Sept. 1G, 1820. Four ch: — 

1288. Alonzo E., b. May 10, 1847, d. Apr. 19, 1850. 1289. Emily 
A., b. Jan. 3. 1849. 1290. Charles E., b. Aug. 28, 1850, d. Mch., 1857. 
1291. Caroline E.', b. July 14, 1852, d. Sept. following. 

(802) ISAAC B., son of SYLVESTER (385), b. at Wilton, Sept. 4, 
1826. Lives in Wilton. Operative. Md. Nov. 8, 1849, Sarah O., 
dau. of Eli and Sarah Hinds, b. at. Eden, Vt., Mch. 14, 1828. Two 
ch: — 

1292. Izetta, b. Aug. 1, 1852. 1293. Clara, b. June 6, 1857. 

(803) APPLETON, son of SYLVESTER (385), b. at Wilton, Apr. 
17, 1829, where he now resides. Laborer. Md. Aug. 7, 1853, Mary 
A., dau. of William and Rebecca Currier, b. at Wilton, Nov., 1835. 
Two ch : — 

1294. Frank A., b. Nov. 26, 1855. 1295. Willis M., b. Mch. 29, 1857. 

(805) SYLVANUS, son of SYLVANUS (386), b. at Wilton, Oct. 12, 
1831. Lives in Wilton. Mechanic. Md. Sept. 29, 1853, Clarinda, 

dau. of Mark D. and Lucy (Whipple) Langdell, b. at Lowell, , 

1832; no issue. 

(823) RODNEY K., son of ALFRED (393), b. at Milford, Aug. 7, 
1812. Lives in Milford. Carpenter. Md. 1st, Nov. 12, 1840, Susan 
E. R., dau. of John and Susannah Hartshorn, b. at Hancock, Vt., 
Dec. 9, 1818, d. Aug. 17, 1853. Md. 2d, Oct. 6, 1855, Sirepta J. Harts- 
horn, sister to his first wife, b. at Lyndeboro, June 21, 1826. Five ch. 
by Susan : — 

1296. Alfred Alonzo, b. Jan. 7, 1842. 1297. Rodney Lorenzo, b. 
Feb. 4, 1844, d. Aug. 27, 1847. 1298. Mary Olivia, b. Oct. 3, 1846. 
1299. Susan Louella, b. Oct. 6, 1849, d. July 27, 1856. 1300. Viletta 
Jane, b. Mch. 2, 1853, d. July 17, 1856. 

Four ch. by Sirepta : 

1301. Susan Viletta, b. Nov., 1857. 1302. John C. b. Dec. 22, 
1859. 1303. Willie E., b. Dec. 21, 1861. 1304. Grace B., b. June 7 
1866. 



(824) JONATHAN D., son of ALFRED (393), b. at Milford, Mch. 
3, 1814. Lived in Amherst; resides at present in Nashua. House 
carpenter. Md. Apr. 11, 1837, Nancy J., dau. of Hugh and Nancy 
McConikee, b. at Bedford, N. H., Apr. 11, 1819. Two ch : — 

1305. Charles Alonzo, b. May 1, 1838. 1306. Martha Jane, b. 
Dec. 25, 1840. 






89 

(826) FRANCIS P., son of ALFRED (393), b. at Milford, July 28, 
1817. Lives in Manchester. N. H. Carriage maker and blacksmith. 
Md. Apr. 23, 1839, Lorinda Goodwin. Two ch : — 

1307. Asenatii, b. Aug. 14, 1839. 1308. Adeline, b. Nov. 14, 1841. 

(830) NATHAN C, son of ALFRED (393), b. at Milford, Nov. 14, 
1828. Lives in Milford. Carpenter. Md. Apr. 8, 1852, Sarah, dau. of 
David and Sarah Willoughby, b. at Milford, June 14, 1827. Four ch :— 

1309. Alice D., b. Aug. 31, 1858. 1310. Fred. Albert, b. Jan. 4, 
1862. 1311. Myrta Bell, b. Nov. 11, 1864. 1312. Eva Drucilla, b. 
June 25, 1867. 

(843) SYLVANDER, son of NATHANIEL (403), b. at Brain tree, 
Vt., July 14, 1815. He commenced teaching school in his native town, 
in the fall of 1834, and after an experience of two winters, he engaged 
in a school in Randolph, Mass.; afterwards in Wilton, Northboro, 
Hingham, and the last twelve years, till June, 1864, in N. Bedford, 
where he now resides. At present engaged in the sale of books and 
stationary. Md. Aug. 6, 1855, Elizabeth Horton, dau. of Capt. Thomas 
and Elizabeth Horton Howland, b. at So. Dartmouth, Mass., May 20, 
1833. Four ch : — * 

1313. Elizabeth Howland, b. Dec. 7, 1856. 1314. Henry Syl- 
vander, b. Oct. 9, 1860. 1315. Frank Thomas, b. Sept. 3, 1863, d. 
June 21, 1864. 1316. Harriet Eliza, b. Mch. 1, 1866. 

(844) JOHN, son of NATHANIEL (404), b. at Braintree, Aug. 30, 
1819; rem'd to Keytesville, Mo., where he arrived Nov. 16, 1852, and 
was keeper of a hotel in that place till his removal, Apr. 15, 1860, to 
Salisbury, Mo., where he is at present engaged in the sale of stoves 
and tin-ware. Md. 1st, July 1, 1841, Elizabeth Lucy, dau. of Uriel and 
Elizabeth (Prescott) Stone, b. at Hartland, Vt., June 23, 1819, d. at 
Keytesville, Aug. 25, 1853, without issue. Md. 2d, Sarah Ann Stone, 
sister to his first wife, b. at Hartland, Vt., Aug. 19, 1821. Two ch. by 
Sarah : — 

1317. Herbert, b. July 2, 1855. 1318. Libbey Nancy, b. Jan. 26, 
1859. 

(847) JOHN B., son of RUFUS (408), b. at Braintree, Vt., Oct. 8, 
1819, d. at W. Randolph, Vt., Mch. 26, 1867, of Consumption. He 
grad. at the University of Vt., Aug., 1843 ; rec'd degree of A. M., Aug., 
1848; admitted to the Bar, in Orange Co., June 1, 1845, and com- 
menced the practice of law at W. Randolph, in 1848, where he con- 
tinued till his decease. Elected Judge of Probate, from the District 
of Randolph, and held the office from Dec. 1, 1853, to Dec. 1, 1856. 
12 



90 

Elected in Mch., 1855, a member of Council of Censors (a body of 
thirteen members chosen every seventh year), for the revision of the 
State Constitution. He represented the town of Randolph in the 
Legislature in 1856, and was chosen Senator from Orange Co., 1857. 
He was universally respected for his moral and intellectual worth, and 
died lamented by all who knew him. He md. Oct. 24, 1849, Lucretia 
M., youngest dau. of Hon. N. P. Gregory, of Plattsburgh, N. Y. ; no 
issue. 

(848) CHARLES, son of RUEUS (408), b. at Braintree, July 31, 
1820; rem'd June 12, 1854, to River Falls, Peirce Co., Wis., where he 
now resides. Yeoman. Md. May 20, 1845, Jane Velina, dau. of Cal- 
vin and Deborah Randall, of Braintree, b. Dec. 5, 1828. Three ch : — 

1319. Manora Jane, b. Sept. 16, 1849. 1320. Lucy Eugenia, b. 
Mch. 12, 1854. 1321. Charles Arthur, b. June 12, 1860. 

(849) RUFUS, son of RUEUS (408), b. at Braintree, Dec. 31, 1823. 
Lives in Braintree. Yeoman. Md. 1st, June 2, 1850, Sarah, dau. of 
David and Polly Partridge, b. at Braintree, May 29, 1821, d. Jan. 17, 
1854. Md. 2d, Oct. 4, 1854, Minora, dau. of Daniel and Arvilla Loomis, 
b. at Braintree, July 2, 1834. One ch. by Sarah : — 

1322. Charley R., b. Dec. 29, 1853. 
One ch. by Minora : — 

1323. John H., b. Jan. 16, 1865. 

(S52) GEORGE, son of RUEUS (408), b. at Braintree, Mch. 6, 1833. 
Lives in Braintree. Yeoman. Md. Dec. 19, 1853, Rosina Mary, dau. 
of Jesse H. and Polly Cram, b. at Braintree, Apr. 30, 1856. Two ch : — 

1324. Mary Inez, b. Apr. 30, 1854. 1325. Anna Maria, b. Oct. 7, 
1855. 

(854) WILLIAM, son of JAMES (410), b. at Randolph, Vt., Jan. 24, 
1823; rem'd Mch., 1856, to Lawrence, Kansas, where for awhile he 
engaged in mercantile affairs, and afterwards, in 1861, went to Wash- 
ington, where he is at present engaged as Examiner in the Pension 
Bureau. At an early age he betrayed a marked intellectual ability, 
and soon after his marriage he became editor and publisher of the 
(jfreen Mountain Herald, printed at W. Randolph, which was conducted 
with more than ordinary skill. He was always considered a radical 
reformer, a strong anti-slavery man, and an ardent supporter of the 
temperance cause. Since his removal to Kansas, and under its Terri- 
torial government, he was prominently engaged in most of its public 
a Hairs ; was a member of both branches of the Eree State, or Topeka 
Legislature, and was a member of the Wyandot Constitutional Con- 






91 

vention, where he was Chairman of the Committee on Bill of Rights. 
He has been a member of both Generals Lane and Robinson's staff, 
and was actively engaged in the local war for two years. Has been 
both Secretary and Treasurer of the State Central Committee during 
the time that most of the eastern aid was received by them. He also 
was a prominent candidate with the Free State party on different occa- 
sions, for both a delegate to Congress, and Secretary of State, under 
a state organization; and throughout has acted with what has been 
known as the radical wing of the Free State party. In addition to this 
he has been correspondent of the 1ST. Y. Times for three years, under 
the nom-de-plume of Bandolph; and also for the Chicago Tribune, 
Washington Bepublic, Boston Traveller, and St. Louis Democrat. Also 
during this period was a member of the Senate and House of Repre- 
sentatives under the Topeka Constitution. 

He md. Mch. 3, 1847, Helen M., dau. of Lewin and Anna (Burch) 
Fisk, of Randolph, b. Oct. 8, 1827. Six ch : — 

1326. Erwin Verone, b. May 23, 1848, d. Sept. 26, 1849. 1327. 
Alma Valora, b. Mch. 22, 1851, d. Jan. 6, 1857. 1328. Helen Maria, 
b. June 19, 1854. 1329. William James, b. Oct. 5, 1857. 1330. Annie, 
b. Apr. 28, 1864, d. Sept. 22, 1864. 1331. Alice R., b.-Mch. 22, 1866. 

(855) JAMES, son of JAMES (410) b. at W. Randolph, Vt., Jan. 1, 

1826. Resides in Randolph. Yeoman. He was elected in Nov., 1856, 
a delegate from Orange Co., Vt., to the State Constitutional Conven- 
tion. In Sept., 1864, was elected Associate Judge of the Co. Ct., 
and again in Sept., 1865, was elected to the same office, and Sept. 1, 
1868 was elected State Senator. He md. Nov. 2, 1847, Abby B., dau. 
of Elijah and Patience (Neff) Flint, b. at Braintree, Oct. 1, 1828. She 
is a descendant of the seventh generation from Thomas Flint, who 
emigrated from Wales, Eng., and settled in So. Danvers, now known 
as Peabody ; no issue. 

(856) HENRY, son of JAMES (410), b. at W. Randolph, Oct. 27, 

1827. Lives in Randolph, Wis., where he rem'd Mch., 1864. Yeoman. 
Md. Oct. 3, 1852, Laura, dau. of Nathan A. and Abigail B. Parish, b. 
at Braintree, June 22, 1833. Four ch : — 

1332. Charles Parish, b. Feb. 19,. 1855, d. Mch. 27, 1858. 1333. 
Mary, b. Oct. 24, 1858. 1334. Carleton, b. Oct. 16, 1861. 1335. 
James, b. Mch. 31, 1866. 

(857) JOHN, son of JAMES (410), b. at W. Randolph, Vt., Mch. 27, 
1830. Lawyer. Grad. Dart. Coll., July, 1853. He was one of the 
first who emigrated to Kansas, and settled, Oct., 1854, in Lawrence. 
He became a member of the first Territorial Legislature, and was also 



92 

elected to the first State Legislature, and at its second session was 
chosen Speaker of the House. In April, 1861, he was appointed by 
President Lincoln, Secretary of Dakotah Terr., and held the office till 
April, 18G5, when he was appointed Consul at Leghorn, Italy. He 
md. Oct. 1, 1857, Lydia A. Fowler, of Yates Co., N. Y. Two ch : — 

1336. Estella, b. at Minneapolis, Min., Jan., 1861. 1337. Florence, 
b. at Leghorn, Dec. 22, 1866. 

(860) LYMAN, son of JAMES (410), b. at W. Eandolph, Aug. 12, 
1837. Md. Nov. 22, 1859, at De Kamsey, Canada East, Paulina M., 
dau. of James and Lucy (Horton) Eead. Three ch : — 

1338. Willis Horton, b. Aug. 21, 1860, d. Apr. 26, 1864. 1339. 
Edwin, b. Feb. 1, 1865. 1340. Carrie, b. July 6, 1866. 

(869) ALMON, son of LEWIS (424), b. at Norway, Me., June 10, 
1820, d. Mch. 17, 1856. Lived in Milan, N. H. Yeoman. Md. July 4, 
1842, Martha M., dau. of Obadiah and Elizabeth (Hanson) Witham, b. 
at Milton Mills, N. H., Nov. 19, 1824. Five ch: — 

1341. Charles A., b. Sept. 1, 1843. 1342. Martha Rosetta, b. 
June 8, 1845. 1343. Ellen Mahalah, b. Nov. 16, 1847, d. July 14, 
1853. 1344. Emma Abby, b. Aug. 11, 1850. 1345. Frank William, 
b. Jan. 11, 1854. 

(871) FREELAND, son of LEWIS (424), b. at Norway, Me., Aug. 
14, 1831. Lives in Milan. Yeoman. Md. Feb. 14, 1857, Adrianna, 
dau. of J. L. and A. (Emery) Blake, b. at Milan, Jan. 2, 1838. One ch : — 

1346. Theodocia, b. Mch. 21, 1858. 

(874) SULLIVAN, son of GALEN (424), b. at Milan, June 10, 1826. 
Lives in Contoocookville, N. H. Md. Jan. 2, 1850, Elzina Eastman, b. 
at Whitefield, N. H., Nov. 4, 1831. Two ch : — 

1347. Aurin, b. Feb. 13, 1851. 1348. Olive, b. Feb. 24, 1853. 

(877) LYMAN, son of M. RAWSON (427), b. at Albany, Me., Jan. 4, 
1S28; rem'd to Madison, Wis., 1851, where he now lives. House 
joiner. Md. 1855, Martha Stone, of Prairie Du Sac; no issue. 

(878) CHARLES, son of M. RAWSON (427), b. at Albany, Me., 
May 2, 1831; rem'd Nov., 1862, to Gray, Me., where he now lives, in 
the practice of medicine. Grad. Med. Coll., at Albany, June, 1858, 
and commenced practice at Cape Elizabeth, in the same year. Md. 
Jan. 4, 1865, Mrs. M. J. Hatch, dau. of Dr. Solomon P. and Harriet 
(Whitney) Cushman. b. at Brunswick, Me., 1831. Two ch: — 

1349. Laura Cushman, b. Oct. 18, 1865. 1350. Charles Lyman, b. 
Feb. 17, 1868. 



93 

(882) HORACE, son of HAVEN (430), b. at Albany, Me., July 22, 
1837. Lives in Waterford, Me. Yeoman. Md. Dec. 3, 18G3, Hattie, 
dau. of John and Lucinda Procter, b. at Waterford, Feb. 1G, 1835. 
Two cli : — 

1351. Ikvin, b. Sept. 28, 1864. 1352. Laura F., b. May 4, 1867. 

(905) LOT PERRY, son of DANIEL P., (450), b. at Darien, N. Y., 
Sept. 9, 1823; rem'd Jan. 29, 1852, to Milwaukie, where he still 
resides. Milk dealer. Md. Jan. 23, 1849, Aurelia, dau. of Jabez and 
Asenath Backus, b. at Hebron, Conn., Aug. 24, 1823. Five ch : — 

1353. Julia Louisa, b. Sept. 7, 1850. 1354. Emma Jane, b. May 8, 
1853. 1355. Frederick Perry, b. June 10, 1857, d. Dec. 18, 1859. 
1356. Nellie Andalussia, b. June 7, 1861. 1357. May Frances, b. 
June 4, 1865. 

(912) DELOSS, son of CHESTER FLINT (451), b. at Darien, N. Y., 
Sept. 5, 1828. Lived in Johnstown and Waupaca, Wis. ; rem'd thence 
in 1850, to Farmington, Wis., where he d. May 2, 1857. The circum- 
stances attending his death are as follows : — He was returning from 
his father's in Waupaca, to his home in Farmington, about eight miles 
distant, when he overtook George Severance at the road side, who 
was awaiting his return. On being asked to ride, he got into the 
wagon and took his position behind Mr. Hutchinson. They had pro- 
ceeded but a short distance when Severance, alluding to difficulties 
that had existed between them, struck him on the head with a walk- 
ing stick, knocking him out of the wagon, and repeating the blows 
till he was dead. Severance then took the body and threw it into a 
stream near by, where it was found the following evening. He was 
afterwards arrested, confessed his guilt, and placed in confinement in 
a jail in Portage Co., from which he soon after made his escape. He 
was subsequently re-arrested, but through the corruption of the 
officers having him in charge, was permitted to escape, and has not 
since been heard of. 

He md. 1st, Mch. 14, 1850, Sarah, dau. of Henry Cope, b. at Ohio, 
1829, d. July 20, 1851; md. 2d, May 30, 1852, Adaline, dau. of George 
and Laura Smith, b. at Vermont, 1831. One ch. by Sarah: — 

1358. Henry Chester, b. July 20, 1851. 
Three ch. by Adaline. 

1359. DeElbert, and 1360. DeElton, b. Sept. 20, 1853. Gardner 
G., b. May 30, 1855. 

(913) GEORGE, son of CHESTER FLINT (451), b. at Darien, 
N. Y., Mch. 15, 1833; rem'd Apr. 2, 1855, to Waupaca, Wis., where he 
still lives. Yeoman. Md. 1st, Mch. 25, 1855, Susan, dau. of John and 



94 

Susan Severance, b. 1839, d. July 27, 1856; md. 2d, Dec. 5, 1859, 
Catherine, dau. of Michael and Mary Clinton, b. Feb. 17, 1813. Two 
ch. by Catherine : — 

1361. Julia, b. Feb. 11, 1860. 1362. Mary, b. Mch. 22, 1864. 

(923) MILO, son of FAEWELL J. (469), b. at Waterford, Vt., Nov. 
20, 1825. Lives in Concord, Vt. Yeoman. Md. July, 1858, Lucy A., 
dau. of Dominicus and Lucy Jordon, b. at Chelmsford, Mass., June 
30, 1828. Two ch : — 

1363. Ward B., b. Feb. 7, 1857, d. July 14, 1859. 1364. Harry D., 
b. May 12, 1866. 

(928) JOSEPH W., son of BENJAMIN (470), b. at Waterford, Vt., 
July 23, 1838, d. in the battle at Cold Harbor, June 10, 1864. Md. 
Mch., 1861, Mary Stacy. Two ch: — 

1365. Irvin. 1366. Estella. 

(966) FREDERICK AUGUSTUS, son of STEPHEN (503), b. at 
Portland, Me., Mch. 15, 1833. Lives in Portland. Steamboat engi- 
neer. Md. June 22, 1854, Elizabeth Lilly of Gray, Me. One ch : — 

1367. Lizzie, b. Oct. 13, 1856. 

(967) ISAAC, son of SAMUEL (504), b. at Chebeague Isl., Me., 
Dec. 1, 1818. Resides in Portland. Shipmaster. Md. Oct. 23, 1836, 
Jane A., clau. of Jonathan and Elizabeth Hamilton, b. at Chebeague, 
Nov. 25, 1809. Three ch : — 

1368. Irene Pratt, b. Feb. 14, 1838; md. Dec. 18, 1855, Daniel O. 
Holmes. One ch : — Charles Fremont, b. Aug. 24, 1856. 1369. Levi, 
b. Nov. 8, 1840, d. May 20., 1851. 1370. Isaac James, b. Sept. 3, 1844. 

(968) WILLIAM, son of SAMUEL (504), b. at Chebeague Isl., Mch. 
11, 1820. Lives in Portland. Shipmaster. Md. 1st, Aug. 31, 1840, 
Hannah, dau. of Simeon and Thankful Webber, b. at Chebeague, 
Sept. 21, 1819, d. Feb. 10, 1842; md. 2d, Caroline M., dau. of Elijah 
and Fanny Baker, of Falmouth, Me. One ch. by Hannah : — 

1371. Mary, b. Jan. 19, 1842. 
One ch. by Caroline : — 

1372. William Henry, b. Oct. 27, 1851. 

(969) HENRY, son of SAMUEL (504), b. at Chebeague Isl., Nov. 4, 
1823, d. at sea Feb., 1845. Mariner. Md. Feb. 4, 1845, Harriet, dau. 
of Elijah and Fanny Baker, b. May 14, 1821. One ch : — 

1373. Harriet Abby, b. Nov. 18, 1845. 



(970) JAMES, son of SAMUEL (504), b. at Chebeague Isl., Nov. 5, 






95 

1825. Lives in Portland. Shipmaster. Md. Dec. 9, 1845, Jane A. S. 
York, dau. of Reuben and Elizabeth (Pearson) Gage, b. at Portland, 
Dec. 12, 1824. Two ch: — 

1374. Elizaeeth Jane, b. Jan. 4, 1847. 1375. Charles Howard, 
b. Mch. 8, 1850. 

(973) ANDREW, son of SAMUEL (504), b. at Chebeague Isl., June 
27, 1832; rem'cl Nov. 1, 1855, to Henry, 111., where he now lives. 
Painter. Md. Eeb. 8, 1857, Rebecca, dau. of Margaret and Abel 
Snyder, b. at Lancaster Co., Pa., Nov. 20, 1835. One ch : — 

1376. Edward Stephen, b. Eeb. 12, 1858. 

(976) JOHN BUZZELL, son of Rev. JOSEPH (509), b. at Hartland, 
Me., Nov. 13, 1821. Lived in Hartford, Me., Bridgewater, Mass., and 
rem'd to Abington, Mass., Mch. 1, 1842. Shoe-cutter. Md. Oct. 31, 
1842, Susanna P., dau. of Eliab and Mary Noyes, b. at Abington, Nov. 
11, 1824. Eive ch: — 

1377. Susan Frances, b. Jan. 11, 1845. 1378. Joseph Wilson, b. 
Oct. 11, 1848. 1379. Charles Austin, b. Eeb. 3, 1851. 1380. Samuel 
Soule, b. Nov. 30, 1854. 1381. Rosco Algernon, b. Aug. 23, 1857. 

(977) BENJAMIN ERANKLIN, son of Rev. JOSEPH (509), b. at 
Canton, Me., Oct. 20, 1823. Has lived in Livermore; rem'd Nov., 
1844, to Abington, Mass., where he now resides. Housewright. Md. 
Mch. 12, 1848, Mary W., dau. of Hector and Mary G. Poster, b. at 
Abington, Oct. 25, 1829. Eour ch: — 

1382. Elizabeth Williams, b. Apr. 24, 1849. 1383. Herbert 
Franklin, b. May 12, 1851. 1384. George Brewer, b. Eeb. 6, 1853, 
d. May 28, 1858. 1385. Robemer Nancy, b. Oct. 10, 1857. 

(979) DANIEL, son of Rev. JOSEPH (509), b. at Hartford, Me., 
Apr. 20, 1828. Lived in Harpswell, Me., and N. Bridgewater, Mass. 
Lives at present in Brunswick, Me. Ship carpenter. Md. Apr. 25, 
1850, Harriet C, dau. of Houghton and Margaret Rideout, b. at Bruns- 
wick, Nov. 3, 1830. Eour ch : — 

1386. William Edwin, b. Feb. 1, 1851. 1387. George Albert, 
Apr. 19, 1852. 1388. Wendell Phillips, b. May 22, 1854. 1389. 
Mahala Dearborn, b. Oct. 25, 1856. 

(980) WILLIAM PENN, son of Rev. JOSEPH (509), b. at Hartford, 
Me., Mch. 8, 1831. Resides in Brunswick, Me. Shipsmith. Md. 
Feb. 4, 1857, Mary, dau. of David S. and Jane S. Perkins, b. at Bruns- 
wick, Aug. 28, 1837. 

1390. A child (nameless), b. Jan. 23, 1858, d. same day. 






96 

(1013) SAMUEL HIRAM, son of Rev. JOSEPH (527), b. at Peru, 
Me., Aug. 28, 1836. Lives in Mechanic Palls, Me. Md. Peb. 16, 1858, 
Laura, clau. of Benjamin and Eveline Hodgdon, b. at Turner, Me., 
Jan. 28, 1841. One ch: — 

1391. Arthur L., b. Jan. 1, 1860. 

(1014) JOSEPH HENRY, son of Rev. JOSEPH (527), b. at Minot, 
Swan's Island, Me., from whence he rem'd Nov. 20, 1862, to Rockland, 
Me. Housewright. Md. Apr. 24, 1860, Sarah, dau. of James and 
Jane Joyce, b. at Swan's Island, May 12, 1841. Two ch : — 

1392. Nellie J., b. Jan. 31, 1861. 1393. Auressa, b. Sept. 15, 1867. 

(1088) LUCIUS BOLLES, son, of Noah B. (590), b. at Mt. Yernon, 
N. H., Jan. 6, 1839. Lives in N. Y. City. Commission broker. Md. 
Jan. 6, 1864, Alice M., dau. of Boynton and Alice Rollins, b. at Hop- 
kinton, N. II., July 6, 1841. One ch: — 

1394. Alice, b. June 22, 1867. 

(1108) JUSTIN EDWARDS, son of JOSHUA (595), b. at Milford, 
Dec. 21, 1837. Lives in Amherst, N. H. Yeoman. Md. July 11, 
1864, Mary, dau. of Thomas and Catherine Lewis, b. at Kingston, Ire- 
land, Mch. 17, 1847. Two ch : — 

1395. Ludlow Mason, b. July 23, 1865. 1396. Thomas Joshua, b. 
Aug. 22, 1867. 



NINTH GENERATION. 






(1121) ALCANDER, son of HIRAM (607), b. at New Brunswick, 
N. J., Dec. 31, 1832. He accompanied his father to France in 1853, and 
md. at Chatillon-sur-Loing (Loiret) Prance, Jan. 19, 1858, Henrietta- 
Emma-Aimes Torrens, eldest dau. of Henri-Louis, Count de Loyante, 
and niece of Duke and Duchesse de Montmorency de Luxemborg. 
" His wife's grandfather, the Count Anne-Phillippe de Loyante was 
one of those French officers who came to America and helped us to 
gain our Independence. He was Lieut. Col. of Artillery and Inspec- 
tor General of the Fortifications of Virginia, and member of the 
order of Cincinnatus, and remained in America from 1778, till the 
close of the war. He left his order of Cincinnatus to his son, who 
has transmitted it, in default of male issue, to his son-in-law, Alcan- 
der Hutchinson." Since his marriage he has resided in India, and was 
U. S. Consul at Singapore, from 1860 till 1862. Lives at present at 
Langlie, pres Montarges Loiret, and is extensively engaged in the 
rubber business. Four ch : — 

1397. Renee Caroline, b. Feb. 14, 1859. 1398. Marianne Grizelle, 



97 

b. May 2, 1800. 1399. Barnard-Alcander-Riciiard db Loyam % )>. 
Sept. 24, 1862. 1400. Hiram-Emmanuel-Henri-Dieudonne de Loy- 
ante, b. July 24, 18G6. 

(1176) FRANCIS CLIFTON, son of FREEMAN (691), b. at Mil- 
ford, N. H., Mch. 17, 1832. Md. Jan. 17, 1853, Susan Adelia Blake, b. 
Sept. 4, 1832. Two ch : — 

1401. Willis Orrin, b. Dec. 12, 1853. 1402. Francis Freeman, b. 
Aug. 3, 1856. 

(1241) NATHAN, son of EBENEZER (775), b. at Weld, Me., Sept. 
6, 1829. Md. Dec., 1855, Mary Elizabeth Newhall. One ch : — 

1403. Charles. 

(1243) LUTHER, son of EBENEZER (775), b. at Weld, Feb. 11, 
1833. Md. May 13, 1855, Juliett, dau. of William and Anna (Hutchin- 
son, 776) Winter, b. Mch. 3, 1840. Two ch : — 

1404. Ellah, b. Oct., 1855. 1405. Wallis Everett, b. May 3, 1857. 

13 



APPENDIX 



The following is a copy of the WILL of RICHARD HUTCHIN- 
SON, as found recorded in the Probate Office, in Salem, Mass. 

28: 9mo. 1682. 

In the name of God Amen, I Richard Hutchinson, of the towne of 
Salem bein of pfect (perfect) memorye, & vnderstanding & Thought 
weake in body by Reason of age, doe make this my last will & testa- 
ment. 

1. First I doe bequeath my soule into the hands of the Lord whoe 
gave it when it shall please him to call for it, and my body to be de- 
cently buried by my executor with assured hopes of a resurection. 

2. In respect of that outward estate, which it hath pleased the 
Lord to bestow vpon me & is now at my dispose my will is as fol- 
loweth. 

1. In relation to my deare & loueing wife, my will is that shee 
shall be & remaine at my son Joseph Hutchinson house during her 
natural life if shee see cause there to be prouided for with convenient 
house roome meat drink & lodging & all other things whatsoeuer 
that may be comfortable & suitable for one of her age, during her 
life, and ten shillings yearly to be at her dispose to be paid by him in 
money or butter, or if shee see cause to remoue from thence & to live 
in any other place Then shee shall haue all that estate, which was in 
her hands, when I marryed her excepting that pcell (parcel) of land 
which Samuel Leach of Manchester had, which was for the paiment 
of her debt, the sd estate to be at her dispose to whome soeeuer shee 
pleaseth, But if shee remaine at my son Hutchensons house during 
her life, then the said estate shalbe in the hands of my executor & be 
fully at his dispose only her wearing apparrell shalbe at her liberty to 
dispose of at her decease. 

21y. In respect of my lands my will is 

1. That my sonn in law Anthony Ashby & my daughter Abigaile 
his wife, shall have twenty Acres of land lying by the hill, called 
Hathorne's Hill & lying the whole length of my land, this land being 
free to them theire heirs & assignes. 

2. I giue to my sonn in law Daniell Bordman & my daughter 
Hanah his wife theire heirs or assignes, twenty acres of land, lying 
by and adjoyning to the land aboue expressed & lying the whole 
length of my land. 

3. I giue to my Grand children Bethiah Hutchenson & Sarah Had- 
lock & each of them ten acres free to them & their assignes, lying by 
& adjoining to the land, aboue expressed & lying the whole length of 
the land. 

4. I giue vnto black Peter my seruant, four acres of land lying by 
& adjoyning to the land aboue expressed to him & his heires, or if he 



100 

haue noe heires then it shall returne to my executor his heires & as- 
signes. 

5. I give unto my son in law nathaniell Putnam & my son in law 
Thomas Hale & my son in law James Hadlock, each of them forty 
shillings to be paicle by my executor within two years after my de- 
cease. 

6. Alsoe I give to my son in law Daniell Bordman & Anthony 
Ashby each of them forty shillings, to be pd. by my executor within 
two years after my decease, all ye sd. aboue written sums to be pd. in 
coraon pay at price currant. 

7. Lastly I make my son Joseph Hutchenson sole executor to this 
my last will & testament enjoyning him his heirs & assignes to pay all 
my debts and leagacies & I doe freely give vnto him his heirs or 
assignes peeter my seruaut & all the rest of my estate both moueable 
& Iraoueable. This is my last will & testament made by me this 19 
January in ye yeare of our Lord one thousand six hundred seaventy 
nine. 

This clause (twenty acres of land betweene the 28 & 29 line) inter- 
lined before the signing thereof. 

His 

Witness Eichard H Hutchenson [seal] 

James Baily mark 

Joseph mazury. 

B. 

The following account of the Hutchinson vocalists, is condensed 
from a book published by them called the "Book of Words of the 
Hutchinson Family ;" and as their history is inseparable, and of com- 
mon interest, it was thought best to include a biographical sketch of 
each, viz: — Judson, John, Joshua and Asa, under one head. At an 
early age they evinced a passionate fondness for music ; self tutored, 
and graduated from beneath the paternal roof, a company of singing 
brothers, such as the world has seldom had the good fortune to 
patronize and enjoy. Their career has been fertile with incident, 
both humorous and productive of much good. Temperance and Free- 
dom were the themes on which they paved their way to notoriety and 
ultimate success. They were bold, outspoken, and fearless of results ; 
even in that portion of our country once infested with the scourge of 
Slavery, they were tolerated even more than any one else would have 
hoped for. As they progressed in their home instruction some of 
their number ventured to foreshadow thoughts of future fame and dis- 
tinction, to illuminate their pathway through life. Their progress 
was marked first, by Judson's procuring at the age of fifteen, a violin, 
which he obtained on credit, for the paltry sum of four dollars, the 
result of some extra labor done upon the farm. Next, Asa equaly 
ambitious and persevering, procured of his brother Andrew, then a 
merchant in Boston, a bass-viol, which had been played on for over 
thirty years in the Old South Church, in Boston. It was the first 
Yankee bass-viol ever constructed, and was made with a simple jack- 
knife, by an ingenious American. Contemporary with this event oc- 
curred the production of another violin, which John procured by 
raising vegetables. Armed and equipped, the lads prepared themselves 
for a long and thorough course of self tuition; but owing to their 
father's conscientious scruples concerning the profanity of such exer- 
cises, they were obliged to resort to some portion of a retired and 



101 

unfrequented field, where their drill was conducted for at least twelve 
months in a primitive style. So persevering were they in their secret 
practice that at the end of two years they astonished their friends 
and neighbors generally, and their father especially, in the sudden 
production of a programme consisting of a few select pieces, such 
as "Washington's March," "Hail Columbia," "Yankee Doodle," 
"Wrecker's Daughter," and others of like merit, which so completely 
allayed the former prejudices of the Senior Hutchinson, that he after 
this allowed them the free use of the mansion in which to complete 
their musical education. During this period their vocal powers were 
not by any means neglected, and often the combined effect of their 
voices with the instruments sent a thrill of perfect delight throughout 
the household. As time sped on attempts were made at concertizing 
beneath the paternal roof on Thanksgiving and Fast days; and even 
the old minister of the village church became so elated as to invite 
them to give their first Public Concert in the Baptist meeting 
house, which offer they at once accepted. On the appointed evening 
Squire Livermore addressed the people on music, after which " Old 
Hundred" was sang by all present, followed by various other pieces, 
aided by their two sisters Abby and Rhoda. When Asa and John had 
arrived at their majority their father intimated to them the propriety 
of self-maintenance ; and taking the hint, they proceeded at once 
with horse and sleigh to Boston, where they met their brother An- 
drew, and were soon joined by Judson and Joshua with whom they 
consulted as to the practicability of entering life as public singers. 
The plan was acceded to by all but Joshua, who pleaded more press- 
ing duties at home, he then being engaged as teacher of a singing 
school. Although the plan was not entirely dropped they did not 
enter at once upon their project, and being in want of the necessary 
means to advance their first stage of action, they went to work with 
their hands in Lynn. While in Boston, in 1840, they attended a tem- 
perance lecture delivered by Mr. John Hawkins, at the Marlboro 
chapel, at the conclusion of which they signed the pledge, and have 
ever since publicly advocated that cause through the medium of their 
songs. Labor by day and rehearsals by night, after a number of 
months, eventually put them in a proper condition to realize the begin- 
ning of their aspirations, by their first professional appearance in the 
town of Wilton, adjoining Milford, in the Baptist Church, under the 
name and style of "iEolian Vocalists," which was heralded through 
printed posters, 3x2£ inches in size. This concert was attended by 
upwards of fifty persons, at twelve and a half cents each, which, de- 
ducting expenses, left them a clear profit of exactly six and a quarter 
cents. Not at all disparaged at such a meagre beginning as this, they 
took a tour for a week through several other small towns, and so per- 
severing were their efforts, that in the end they declared a dividend 
of thirty-seven and a half cents each, which so discouraged their 
brother Judson, "that if they did not meet with better success next 
week he would quit." On the following week another trial was made, 
travelling through the northern part of the county, which resulted in 
a much larger profit of four dollars each, and better hopes of the 
future. They visited Nashua, where they gave three concerts, and 
afterwards went to Lynn, where they were still more successful in 
their financial affairs. At these Lynn concerts they were joined by 
their sister Abby, then in her twelfth year, where she became a great 
favorite. From Lynn their next move was a journey "down East," 



102 






visiting Salem, Newburyport, Portsmouth, and Kennebunk. Jesse for 
the first time accompanied them. Arriving in Kennebunk they dis- 
covered that through some mismanagement not a bill had been posted. 
It was five o'clock and something must soon be done, when suddenly a 
happy thought striking the mind of Jesse he seized the huge dinner 
bell, rushed into the street, and cried the programme for the evening. 
Taking all things into consideration this journey proved rather un- 
profitable, and with a spirit of despondency they returned to Lynn, 
where they gave a few concerts without very great pecuniary results. 
While here they received a letter from their father entreating them 
to return home and settle down to farm work. Jesse resumed his 
labors in Lynn, while the rest heeded the invitation of their father, 
and Abby went to school. But this state of things could not last for- 
ever; they were in a continual state of unrest, which lasted for a 
number of months, when happily the spell was broken by the appear- 
ance of a gentleman in their midst, who, having heard their perform- 
ances, infused new zeal into their hearts by his approbation and 
recommendations to a farther public trial of their musical skill. A 
span of horses was procured, and they drove to Nashua, where they 
gave a 4th of July concert with good success, in connection with Mr. 
Lyman Heath. At Concord they gave a series of concerts and were 
handsomely received. Hanover was next visited, where they received 
a liberal share of patronage from the faculty and students of Dart- 
mouth College. Their attention was then turned to the Green Moun- 
tain State, heralding their way as they entered each town, by some 
heart stirring air from the vehicle. Crossing Vt., they entered 
Whitehall, and thence to Saratoga Springs, where they were well re- 
ceived, but left the place with more commendations of praise than 
pennies. Schenectady was next visited with like success, having 
given a free concert in consequence of the presence of the Rainer 
Family, and taking up a contribution to defray expenses. When they 
came to Albany they assumed the name of the "iEoLiAN Vocalists, 
ok the Hutchinson Family." Here they gave a series of concerts, 
and when the bills were settled they found to their dismay that they 
had but a sixpence left. Horror stricken at such dire results they 
naturally bethought themselves of the old homestead, and like 
prodigals in a far off land, were nearly on the point of returning 
again to their home, when their thoughts were directed into another 
channel by the interference of a Scotch gentlemen, Mr. Luke F. New- 
land, who, becoming acquainted with their ill success and penurious 
condition proposed to give them a benefit, requesting them to wait a 
week. During this interim they repaired to a Dutch settlement, 
where lived a known friend and became his guests. In that place a 
concert was given, realizing a clear profit of $15, with which they re- 
turned to Albany, and found that Mr. Newland had nearly completed 
the arrangements for the benefit. The whole preparation was gratu- 
itous, and when the night of the concert arrived, the hall was filled, 
and success was stamped on every feature of the enterprize, besides 
realizing the comparatively mammoth sum of $110. 

Inspired by this sudden turn of affairs, they boldly set off for Bos- 
ton, where they announced a concert at the Melocleon, at fifty cents 
per ticket, with tolerable results, and securing many valuable musical 
friends. Leaving Boston they visited several of the eastern towns, 
after which they returned home for a short visit, preparatory to a 
southern tour. But in this they were doomed to disappointment, for 



103 

at Nashua, where they gave their first concert on this new route, they 
were surprised on the following morning at the sudden appearance of 
their father on horseback, who had come to take Abby back to her 
home. As Abby was a great help to them, a consultation ensued, 
which ended in a longer lease of her services, and signing a written 
obligation to return her at the end of three weeks time. They next 
visited Boston and Lowell, after which they concluded as their pro- 
ject had proved a failure, to return home once more. During this in- 
terval their sympathies were fully enlisted into the Anti- Slavery cause 
by means of a convention held in Milford, conducted by Win. Lloyd 
Garrison, N. P. Rogers and others, which called forth the production 
of new songs, and were afterwards sung with a varied degree of suc- 
cess in different sections of the country. These songs, in connection 
with their temperance melodies, brought them into great repute, and 
during a subsequent visit to N. Y., they complied with an invitation 
to be present at the Anniversary of the American Anti-Slavery Society, 
and afterwards at the Anniversary of the American Temperance 
Union, where thev were greeted with the utmost enthusiasm. At N. 
Y., Gen. Geo. P. Morris presented them four of his best songs, "My 
Mother's Bible," "The origin of Yankee Doodle," "We're with yoa 
once again," "Westward Ho!" which were, within a space of ten 
days set to their own music. After a considerable stay they went to 
Philadelphia, where they sang in the Philharmonic Society and the 
Musical Fund Hall, and were encored in all their pieces, afterwards 
receiving the congratulations of the city. Washington was also 
visited with like cheering results, receiving the particular favor of the 
President, and other prominent officials. An amusing scene, not in- 
cluded in the programme, took place one evening during their stay. 
Judson was to sing the song of "The Humbugged Husband," which 
commences thus : — 

" She's not what fancy painted her; 
I'm sadly taken in," &c. 

Now it so happened that the temporary platform upon which he stood 
was so peculiarly arranged that he had no sooner declared himself to be 
"Sadly taken in" metaphorically, than he was "taken in" in the most 
matter-of-fact manner possible, the boards giving way, precipitating 
the rather humbugged vocalist in a most summary way, to the depths 
below. Notwithstanding this temporary disarrangement of affairs on 
his part he soon recovered his equanimity and good standing, the 
audience apparently applauding the affair as a bona-fide transaction. 
After this they visited Mt. Vernon, and returned home, where, after a 
short vacation they ventured once more for the northern part of N. H., 
making another eastern tour, and subsequently while at Lynn, they 
imbibed the idea of making a trip to England, which became the great 
act of their lives. Within a fortnight they were landed in Liverpool, 
where they made their first debut in three successful concerts. Their 
visits to London, Manchester, Dublin, and other places was a com- 
plete ovation — making the acquaintance of many notable gentleman, 
among whom were Dickens, Macready and the Howitts. Their Euro- 
pean tour ended where it began, at Liverpool, where they gave their 
farewell concert, and took their departure for America, leaving behind 
many pleasant reminiscences and a host of friends. The basis of 
their fortune was now firmly constructed ; aud their subsequent suc- 
cess in America is well known to all admirers of good music. But 
the time at last came when an unavoidable change took place in the 






104 

family circle by the marriage of Abby, which for a season proved an 
obstacle to any farther effort in that direction. But John determined 
to persevere, and selling his farm, ventured into the world alone, 
leaving Asa and Judson upon the farm, where they remained for about 
a year when they clubbed together with John, and travelled harmoni- 
ously together till 1855, when they, in company with nine others, re- 
moved to Wisconsin, and settled a new township on Hassan river, 
which they afterwards named Hutchinson, in honor of themselves. 
In 1862, the town was attacked by a band of three hundred Sioux 
Indians, who burned their sawmill, the Academy, and most of the 
dwelling houses, scattering the inhabitants and leaving sad havoc in 
their train. The first tree cut in these regions, was cut by the hands 
of John, and was used in the construction of their log cabin. From 
this time onward their time has been divided in cultivating their ex- 
tensive farm, and giving occasional concerts. In the beginning of 
the war, John, with his family, Henry and Viola, made their appear- 
ance on the Potomac, and sung their songs to the soldiers in camp. 
They had formed themselves into a distinct organization and made it 
their peculiar vocation in singing, during the war, for the Soldier's 
Aid Societies, and other institutions of like character. The Hutchin- 
sons have sung for the cause of "Emancipation, the Union, Temper- 
ance, for the advancement of Humanity and Freedom everywhere," 
and on many occasions have lent their aid gratuitously, being warmly 
welcomed and enthusiastically received wherever they made their ap- 
pearance. They are noted for their untiring zeal and industry in the 
promulgation of radical reforms, one of which the overthrow of 
slavery, some of them have lived to see accomplished, and are happy 
in the idea that their labor has not been in vain. 



INDEX 



HEADS OF FAMILIES 



Aaron, Darien, N. Y., 
Aaron P., Darien, N. Y 
Abel Milford, N. H. . 
Abel F., Milford, N.H, 
Abel F., Mechanicsbnrg, O. 



Abiatbev, Braintree, Vt., 42 

Abiel, Nashua, N. H., 56 

Abijah, Danvers, Mass., . . , . . 32 

Abner, Milford, N. H., 20 

Albion P., Canton, Me., 74 

Alcander, Langlie, France, .... 96 

Alfred, Milford, N. H., 63 

Almon, Milen, N, H., 92 

Ambrose, Danvers. Mass., .... 14 

Ambrose, Brookfield, Vt., .... 28 

Ambrose B., Roxbury, Vt., .... 48 

Amos, Danvers, 19 

Amos, Concord, Vt., 44 

Andrew, Milford, N. H., 48 

Andrew, Henry, 111., 95 

Andrew B., Boston, Mass., .... 76 

Andrew J., So. Reading, Mass., . . 83 

Andrew J., Milford, N. H., . . . . 85 

Anthony, England, 5 

Appleton, Wilton, N. H., 87 

Archelaus, Danvers, Mass., ... 50 

Asa, Danvers, 33 

Asa, Shrewsbury, Vt., 41 

Asa, Fayette, Me., 31 

Asa, Fayette, Me., 53 

Asa B., Hutchinson, Wis., .... 78 

AsaF.. Sabattus, Me., 73 

Augustus, Milford, N. H., .... 63 

Augustus L., Milwaukie, Wis., . . 80 

Augustus R., Wenham, Mass., . . 80 



Barnard, England, . . . 
Bartholomew, Sutton, Mass. 
Bartholomew, Milford, X. H 
Bartholomew, Dixfield, Me., 
Benjamin, Danvers, . . . 
Benjamin, Bedford, Mass., 
Benjamin, Bedford, Mass., 
Benjamin, Royalston, Mass., 
Benjamin, Milford, N. H., 
Benjamin, Milford, N. H., 
Benjamin, Waterford, Vt. 
Benjamin, Waterford, Vt. 

U 



5 
25 
36 
38 

12 
16 

2.1 
2(1 
36 
59 
42 
68 I 



Benjamin, So. Danvers, Mass., 
Benjamin, Manchester, N. H., . 
Benjamin F., Provinceton, Mass. 
Benjamin F., Milford, N. H., . 
Benjamin F., Abington, Mass., 
Benjamin P., Chicago, 111., . . 
Buzzell, Mechanic Falls, Me., . 



Caleb, Milford, N. H., . . 
Chandler, Norway, Me., . 
Charles, Gray, Me., . . . 
Charles, Pepperell, Mass., 
Charles, River Falls, Wis., 
Charles D., Dudley, Mass., 
Chester F., Waupaca, Wis., 
Cleaves K., Conklinville, N. Y 

D. 



Daniel, Danvers, Mass., . . 
Daniel, Hartford, Me., . . . 

Daniel, Turner, Me 

Daniel, Brunswick, Me., . . 
Daniel P., Wheatland, 111., . 
David, Concord, Vt., . . . 
David, Cambridgeport, Mass., 

David, Milford, N. H 

Deloss, Farmington, Wis., . 



E. 

Ebenezer, Danvers, Mass., 
Ebenezer, Danvers, Mass., 
Ebenezer, , Ohio, 



Ebenezer, Danville, Vt., 

Ebenezer, E. Wilton, N. H., . . . . 

Ebenezer, Weld, Me., 

Ebenezer, Weld, Me., 

Ebenezer, Cape Elizabeth Depot, Me. 
Ebenezer S., Albany, Me., .... 

Edmund, Minot, Me., 

Edmund P., Milford, N. H., . . . . 

Edward, Danvers, Mass 

Edward B., Wilton, N. H., . . . . 
Edward H. Sutton, Mass., .... 

Edwin F., Auburn, Me. 

Elbrldge, Milford, X. H., 

Elijah, Andover, Mass., 

Elijah, Danvers, Mass., 

Elijah, Danvers, Mass., 



106 



Elisha, Danvers, Mass., . 
Elisha, MUfordjN. H., . . 
Elisha, Haverhill, Mass., . 
Elisha P., Beaufort, S. C, 
Erastus, Cambridge, Mass., 
Eugene. Milford, N. H., . 
Evelyn M-, Walt ham, Mass., 
EzraB., , Wisconsin, 



Farwell J., W. Concord, Vt., 
Ferdinand, Wilton, N. H., . 
Francis C, Milford, N. H., . 
Francis P., Manchester, N. H., 

Frederick, Wilton, N. H., 
Frederick A., Portland. Me., 
Frederick L., Wilton, N. H., 
Freeland, Milan, N. H., . . 
Freeman, Wilton, N. H., . . 



Galen, Milan, N. H., . . . 
George, Wilton, N. H., . . 
George, Braintree, Vt., 
George, Waupaca, Wis., . 
George C, Milford, N. H., 
George P., Danvers, Mass., 
George R., St. Johnshury, Vt 
George W., Osawkie, Kan 
Gerry, Worcester, Mass., 

H. 



Harvey, Wilton, N. II., . 
Haven, Albany, Me., . . 
Henry, Randolph, Wis., . 
Henry, Chebeague Isl., Me., 
Henry II., Buckfield, Me., 
Henry H., Buckfield, Me., 
Henry O., Iowa City, Iowa, 
Hezekiah, Lowell, Mass., 
Hezekiah A., Westford, Mass., 
Hiram, Burnham, Me., 
Hiram, Charleston, Vt., . 
Hiram, New York City, 
Hiram N., Concord, Vt., . 
Horace, Burlington, Iowa, 
Horace, Livermore, Me., . 
Horace, Waterford, Me., . 
Horatio D., Boston, Mass., 
Horatio S., St. Johnshury, Vt., 



Ira, Middleton, Mass., . 
Isaac, Portland, Me., . 
Isaac B., Milford, N. H., 
Isaac B., Wilton, N. IE, 
Isaiali, Milford, N. H., . 
Israel, Danvers, Mass., 
Israel. Danvers, Mass., 
Israel, Lynn, Mass., 

J. 

Jacob, Danvers, Mass., , 
Jacob, .Milford. N. II.. . . 
-Jacob v., salt Lake City, 
James, England, . . . . 
-James, Lyndeboro, N. IE, 



James, Wilton, N. H., . 
James, Wilton, N. H., . 
James W., Randolph! Vt. 
James, Randolph, Vt., . 
James. Portland, Me., . 
James A., Danvers, Mass 
James H., Fayette, Me., 
Jedson M.. Nestoria, Wis 
Jeremy, Danvers, Mass., 
Jeremy, Cal., .... 
Jesse, Danvers, Mass., 
Jesse, Milford, N. H., . 
Jesse, Lynn, Mass., . . 
Jesse D., No. Scituate, 
John, England, . . , 
John, Danvers, Mass., . 
John, Danvers, Mass., . 
John, Danvers, Mass., . 
John, Danver-s, Mass., . 
John, Danvers, Mass., . 
John, Middleton, Mass., 
John, Braintree, Vt., 
John, Buckfield, Me., . 
John, Wilton, Me., . . 
John, Wilton, Me., . . 
John, Weld, Me., . . . 
John, Salisbury, Mo., . 
John, Leghorn, Italy, . 
John B., W. Randolph, Vt 
John B., Abington, Mass., 
John C, E. Hebron, Me., 
John G., Reading, Mass., 
John W., Lynn, Mass., 
Jonas, Milford, N. H., . 
Jonathan, Andover, Mass 
Jonathan, Concord, Vt., 
Jonathan A., Canaan, Vt 
Jonathan D., Nashua, N. H 
Joseph, Danvers, Mass., 
Joseph, Danvers, Mass., 
Joseph, Danvers. Mass., 
Joseph, Danvers, Mass., 
Joseph, Danvers, Mass., 
Joseph, Middleton, Mass., 
Joseph, Middleton, Mass., 
Joseph, Middleton, Mass., 
Joseph, Hebron, Me., . . 
Joseph, Hebron, Me., . . 
Joseph, Hebron, Me., . . 
Joseph, Fayette, Me., . . 
Joseph, Brunswick, Me., . 
Joseph, Mechanic Falls, Me. 
Joseph H., Rockland, Me., 
Joseph J., Lynn, Mass., . 
Joseph W., Waterford, Vt., 
Joshua, Sutton, Mass., 
Joshua, Milford, N. H., . 
Josiah, Middleton, Mass., 
Josiah, Middleton, Mass., 
Jotham, Wilton, N. H., . 
Justin E., Amherst, N. H., 



Kimball, Danvers, Mass. 
L. 



. 52 



Lawrence, England, 
Levi, Danvers, Mass., . 
Levi R.j Lynnfield, Mass. 
Lewis, Milan, N. H., 



107 



Lot, Braintree, Vt., 25 

Lot P., Milwaukie, Wis., 93 

Lucius B., N. Y., 96 

Luther, Milford, N. IL, 59 

Luther, Weld, Me., 80 

Luther, Weld, Me., 97 

Lyman, Madison, Wis., 92 

Lyman, W. Randolph, Vt., .... 92 



M. 



Mark, E. Turner, Me., . . 
Marmaduke R., Albany, Me. 
Milo, Concord, Vt., . . . 



N. 

Nathan, Milford, N. H., 
Nathan, Milford, N. H., 
Nathan, Milford, N. H., 
Nathan, Boston, Mass., 
Nathan, Weld, Me., . . 
Nathan C., Milford, N. H., 
Nathaniel, Sutton, Mass., . 
Nathaniel, Braintree, Vt., 
Nathaniel, Braintree, Vt., 
Nathaniel, Milford, N. IL, 
Noah B., Mt. Vernon, N. H., 



Orville K., Westford, Mass., 
Osgood, Lawrence, Mass., 
Otis K. A., Chicago, 111., . 



54 



Perle'y, Danville, Vt., .... 

R. 

Reuben, Milford, N. H., 57 

Reuben, Milford, N. H., 84 

Reuben, Weld, Me., 86 

Richard, Danvers, Mass., .... 6 

Richard, , Maine., 13 

Richard, Raymond, Me., 27 

Richard, Chebeague Isl., Me., ... 44 

Richard, So. Hartford, Me., .... 71 

Robert, Danvers, Mass., 14 

Robert, Danvers, Mass., 21 

Robert, Iowa City, Iowa, 83 

Robert, Milford, N. H., 84 

Rodney, Buckfield, Me., 72 

Rodney K., Milford, N. H., .... 88 

Rodolphus, A., Big Foot, 111., . . . 67 

Rufus, Braintree, Vt., 64 

Rufus, Braintree, Vt., 90 



S. 



Samuel, Woodstock, Mass., 
Samuel, Wilton, N. J [., . 
Samuel, Wilton, N. II., . 
Samuel, Concord, Vt., . . 
Samuel, Buckfield, Me., . 
Samuel, Portland, Me., 
Samuel, So. Danvers, Mass., 
Samuel H., Mechanic Falls, Me. 
Sardis M., Nashua, N. II., . 
Sewell, Roxbury, Vt., . . . 
Simon, Sutton, Mass., . . . 
Solomon, Amherst, N. H., 
Solomon, Fayette, Me., . . 
Solomon, Nashua, N. II., . . 
Stearns Francistown, N. II., 
Stephen, Windham, Me., . . 
Stephen, Windham, Me., . . 
Stephen, Buckfield, Me., . . 
Stephen, St. Johnsbury, Vt., 
Stephen, Chebeague Isl., Me., 
Stephen B., Springfield, Mass., 
Stephen D., Paris, Me., . 
Stillman, Milford, N. IL, . 
Sullivan, Contoocookville, N. H., 
Sylvander, N. Bedford, Mass., 
Sylvanus, Wilton, N. H., . . 
Sylvanus, Wilton, N. II., . . . 
Sylvester, Wilton, N. H., . . . 
Sylvester M., Jay Bridge, Me., 



Thomas, Eng., 5 

Thomas, Eng., 6 

Thomas, Eng., . , 6 

Timothy, Albany, Me., 39 

Timothy H., Gorham, Me., .... 66 

Titus, St. Johnsbury, Vt., .... 69 



W. 



William. 
William, 
William, 
William, 
William, 
William, 
William. 
William 
William 
William 
William 



Eng., 

Danvers, Mass., 
Danvers, Mass., 
Danvers, Mass., 
Lynn, Mass., . . . 
Washington, D. C, 
Portland, Me., . . 
A., Plaistow, N. H., 
H., Gallipolis, O., . 
H., Danvers, Mass., 
P., Brunswick, Me., 



Zephaniah, Greenville, 111., 



ESSEX INSTITUTE 



HISTORICAL COLLECTIONS. 



VOLUME X. 



PART III. 



SALEM, MASS. 

PUBLISHED BY THE ESSEX INSTITUTE. 

1870. 



CONTENTS. 

Short account of the Building of the U. S. Frigate Essex, and 

subsequent career, 1 

Prizes of the Essex. War of 1812-14, 27 

The First Cruise of the U. S. Frigate Essex, 1799-1800, Capt. 

Edward Preble, 34 

Correspondence with the Department, 34 

List of officers and crew on her first cruise, . 52 

Extracts from Capt. E. Preble's Journal on board the Essex, . 60 

Extracts from Correspondence, .86 






THE FIRST CRUISE OF THE UNITED STATES 
FRIGATE ESSEX. 

UNDER COMMAND OF CAPT. EDWARD PREBLE, U. S. N. 

WITH A SHORT ACCOUNT OF HER ORIGIN, AND SUBSEQUENT CAREER 

UNTIL CAPTURED BY THE BRITISH IN 1814, AND 

HER ULTIMATE FATE. 



Prepared by Capt. GEORGE HENRY PREBLE, U. S. N. 

When John Adams was inaugurated President of the 
United States the commerce of the country was subject 
to almost daily annoyance from British and French ships 
of war : the British claiming the right to search for 
British subjects under vessels wearing our flag, and the 
French capturing every vessel that fell in their way, 
under the pretence that it was carrying contraband goods. 
The Barbary powers also having the arrogance not to 
recognize the flag of our new republic, unless consenting 
to be tributary to them, were seizing our vessels and 
throwing their officers and crews into captivity. The 
nations of the old world laughed at and scorned the 
weakness of the infant republic of the new world. No 
American merchantman could sail the ocean in conse- 
quence of these maritime hawks and buzzards with any 
safety. Congress, in 1797, provided for the completing, 
manning and equipping three of the six frigates which had 
been previously authorized, viz., the United States, Con- 
stellation and Constitution ; and for increasing the strength 
of the revenue cutters provision was also made for other 
vessels of war, and the voice of the people was clamorous 
for the defence of our trade against the European bellig- 
erents. "The Commerce of the United States" (said the 



2 

President, in his speech to Congress, Nov. 23, 1797) "is 
essential, if not to their existence, at least to their com- 
fort, growth and prosperity. The genius, character and 
habits of our people are highly commercial. Their cities 
have been formed and exist upon commerce ; our agricul- 
ture, fisheries, arts and manufactures, are connected with 
and dependent upon it. In short, commerce has made 
this country what it is, and it cannot be destroyed or 
neglected without involving the people in poverty or dis- 
tress. Great numbers are directly and solely supported 
by navigation. The faith of society is pledged for the 
preservation of the rights of commercial and seafaring, 
no less than of the other citizens. Under this view of 
our affairs I should hold myself guilty of a neglect of 
duty if I forbore to recommend that we should make 
every exertion to protect our commerce and to place our 
country in a suitable posture of defence as the only sure 
means of preserving both." These were gallant words, 
but the country was poor, the appropriation for this 
essential object was consequently feeble, and to aid in 
measures of defence the merchants of the several larger 
seaports subscribed to build vessels for the government, 
trusting to be repaid at some future day. 

On the 9th of April, 1798, James McHenry, Secretar 
of War, who was charged with the duty of superintend- 
ing the concerns of the navy as well as those of the army, 
addressed to the Hon. Samuel Sewall, Chairman of the 
Committee of the House of Eepresentatives for the pro- 
tection of Commerce, a long letter offering various sug- 
gestions for increasing our naval efficiency, and says 

"France derives several important advantages from the 
system she is pursuing towards the United States. Be- 
sides the sweets of plunder, obtained by her privateers, 
she keeps in them a nursery of seamen, to be drawi 



upon in all conjunctures by the navy. She unfits by the 
same means the United States for energetic measures, 
and thereby prepares us for the last degree of humiliation 
and subjection. 

"To forbear under such circumstances from taking 
naval and military measures, to secure our trade, defend 
our territory in case of invasion, and prevent or suppress 
domestic insurrection, would be to offer up the United 
States a certain prey to France, and exhibit to the world 
a sad spectacle of national degradation and imbecility. 

The United States possess an extensive trade — heavy 
expenses must be submitted to for its protection." 

His estimates and views were presented to Congress, 
and on the 27th of April that body passed an act to pro- 
vide an additional armament for the farther protection of 
the trade of the United States, and for other purposes, and 
authorizing the President to cause to be built, purchased 
or hired, a number of vessels, not exceeding twelve, to 
carry not more than 22 guns each, and appropriated 
$950,000 for the purpose. 

On the 30th of April, 1798, three days after the pas- 
sage of this law, the office of Secretary of the Navy was 
established by law, and Benjamin Stoddard, of George- 
town, D. C, was appointed the first Secretary of the 
Navy. A more fortunate selection could not well have 
been made. To the most ardent patriotism he united 
an inflexible integrity, a discriminating mind, a great 
capacity for business, and a most persevering industry. 
He entered upon the duties of his office in June, 1799.* 

Passing over various acts for the protection of our com- 
merce and the strengthening of our naval force, on the 
30th of June, 1798, the President was authorized "to 
accept not exceeding twelve vessels of war on the credit 
of the United States, and to cause evidences of the debt 

* Goldsborough's U. S. Naval Chronicle, Vol. I, pp. 85-6. 



to be given therefor, allowing an interest thereon not ex- 
ceeding six per cent.," the force of these vessels, as 
well as of those authorized by the previous act of 27th of 
April, 1798, was prescribed as follows : — 
6 vessels not exceeding 18 guns each. 

12 " not less than 20, nor exceeding 24 guns each. 
6 " not less than 32 guns each. 

Subscriptions were raised for the purpose of building 
the vessels authorized by the act of June 30th, at New- 
buryport, Salem, Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Balti- 
more, Norfolk and other places. Even the infant city of 
Cincinnati subscribed a sum towards equipping a galley 
for the defence of the Mississippi against the French. 
Stock was issued under the act to the amount of 
$711,700. 

From a statement made by the Secretary of the Navy, 
under date December 24, 1799, it appears there was 
then built, or being built, by citizens : — The ship Merri- 
mack 534 tons, 24 guns, at Newburyport; brig Kichmond 
200 tons, 18 guns, at Norfolk; ship [Boston, 700 tons] 
500 tons, 24 guns, at Boston; ship [Essex, 860 tons] 590 
tons, 32 guns, at Salem. Two ships [probably Mary- 
land and Patapsco, 380 tons each] 530 tons and 18 guns 
each, at Baltimore ; ship [John Adams, 544 tons] 590 
tons and 24 guns, at Charleston, S. C. ; frigate [New 
York, 2d, 36 guns] 1130 tons, 44 guns, at New York, 
and frigate [probably Philadelphia, 1240 tons, 36 guns] 
1130 tons, 44 guns, at Philadelphia, in all nine vessels. 
Of these the Merrimack and Richmond were in commis- 
sion at the date of the statement. 

About the middle of July, 1798, a patriotic subscrip- 
tion was opened at the Salem Insurance Office, for the 
purpose of "raising money for the use of the government, 
to be applied to the building of vessels, or such other 



purposes as the government may choose." The object of 
the fund was general, not specific, but met with favor, 
and obtained the subscriptions of the most wealthy and 
energetic citizens of Salem. It was soon considered ex- 
pedient to devote the moneys thus raised to the construc- 
tion of a "stout frigate," under the act of Congress, 
which has been specified. This special purpose being 
made known, several of the subscribers came forward 
and doubled their original subscriptions, and declared 
their willingness to subscribe more if necessary. By 
October this amount had reached $74,000. 

The following are the names of the subscribers at that 
time (October), to the fund for building the Essex, with 
the amounts subscribed by each, taken from a paper which 
has been preserved.* 



Wm. Gray, jr., . 






$10,000 


Benj. Goodhue, . . . 


800 


Elias H. Derby, 






10,000 


Nathaniel Batchelder, 


50 


Wm. Orne, . . 






. 5,000 


Daniel Jenks, .... 


500 


John Norris, . . 






. 5,000 


Samuel Archer, . . . . 


100 


John Jenks, . . 






. 1,500 


Joseph Vincent, . . . 


200 


Eben'r Bickford, . 






. 2,000 


Joshua Richardson, . . 


500 


Benj. Pickman, jr., 






. 1,000 


Joseph Moseley, . . . 


100 


Stephen Webb, . . 






. 500 


Wait & Pierce, 


2,000 


Benj. Pickman, 






. 1,000 


Thomas Saunders, . . 


500 


Joseph Peabody, . 






. 1,500 


Abel Lawrence, . . . 


500 


John Osgood, 






. 1,000 


Hardy Ropes, 


200 


Wm. Prescott, . . 






. 1,000 


Thomas C. Gushing, . . . 


50 


Ichabod Nichols, 






. 1,000 


E. A. Holyoke, .... 


800 


Benj. Carpenter, 






. 500 


Moses Townsend, . . 


100 


Jacob Ashton, . 






. 1,000 


Timothy Wellman, jr., . 


100 


James King, . . 






. 500 


John Morong, .... 


50 


Samuel Gray, . . 






. 2,000 


Lane & Son (in work), . 


100 


Wm. Ward, . . 






. 500 


Enos Briggs, .... 


50 


Joshua Ward, . 






. 750 


Ephraim Emerton, . . 


100 


Jonathan Neal, . 






. . 2,000 


Wm. Marston, .... 


. 250 


John Deland, 






. . 100 


Edward S. Lang, . . . 


. 100 


Joseph Newhall, 






. . 100 


Thomas Webb, .... 


. 200 



* Essex Inst. Proceedings, Vol. II, p. 74. 



Michael Webb, . . 






. 100 


Walter P. Bartlett, . . 


. 100 


Edmund Gale, . . 






10 


Israel Dodge, .... 


. 500 


Benj. Webb, jr., 






. 100 


Samuel Very, .... 


. 100 


Richard Manning, . 






. 1,000 


Brackley Rose, .... 


. 100 


Benj. Hodges, . . 






. 500 


Asa Kilham, 


20 


John Beckett, . . 






. 100 


A lady, by J. Jenks, . . 


50 


James Gould, . . 






50 


Edmund Upton, . . . 


. 300 


John Derby, . . . 






. 1,000 


Benj. West, jr., . . . 


. 250 


Edward Allen, jr., 






. 500 


Thomas Chipman, . . 


. 100 


Page & Ropes, . . 






100 


Richard Manning, jr., 


. 200 


Thomas Perkins, . 






500 


David Patten, .... 


50 


John Murphy, . . 






. 500 


Edward J. Sanderson, . 


200 


Joseph Cabot, . . 






. 500 


John Treadwell, . . . 


. 500 


Edward Killen, . . 






. 100 


John Barr, 


. 600 


Ezk'l H. Derby, . 






. 1,000 


Wm. Luscomb, . . . 


300 


Jona. Mason, . . 






50 


Jona. Waldo, .... 


40 


Samuel Ropes, jr., 






50 


Thomas Bancroft, . . 


100 


Samuel Brooks, 






50 


Nathaniel West, . . . 


1,500 


Asa Pierce, . . . 






50 


Samuel Mclntire, . . . 


100 


Nathan Pierce, . . 






250 


Benj. Felt, 


100 


Upton & Porter, 






400 


George Dodge, .... 


1,000 


Buffum & Howard, 






. 450 


Peter Lander, .... 


. 200 


Joseph Osgood, jr., . 






25 


Stephen Phillips, . . . 


1,000 


Wm. Appleton, . . 






50 


Richard Derby, jr., . . . 


1,500 


John Hathorne, . . 






200 


Joseph Waters, . . . 


415 


Isaac Osgood, . . . 






500 


C. Crowninshield, . . . 


500 


Elias H. Derby, jr., . 






400 


John Pickering, .... 


200 


Jona. Eambert 






40 
50 






Henry Osborne, . . 






Total, $74,700 


Joseph Hill, . . . . 






300 







This subscription was made at a time when the gov- 
ernment was seeking loans at eight per cent., so the 
subscribers could have realized two per cent, more for 
their money had they loaned it to government instead of 
building the frigate. The whole cost of the Essex, 
armed, equipped and ready for sea, as appears from the 
official statement of the navy department, was $139,362 ; 
and instead of being a ship of 590 tons, as stated by the 
Secretary in his report of December 24, 1799, she was of 
860 tons burthen. The building of such a ship by the 



inhabitants of Salem, then a small town of nine thousand 
inhabitants, was thought an act of great liberality and 
patriotism all over the country. The cost of the Essex, 
with her armament and twelve months' provisions on 
board, as she started from Salem upon her first cruise, 
by a statement in the handwriting of Captain Joseph 
Waters, who superintended her construction, amounted 
to $154,687 77.* The difference between his statement, 
and that of her government cost, probably being for an 
extra suit of sails, spars and anchors, which is included 
in his estimate. It is understood, however, from his 
statement and the receipts of Capt. Preble, that she was 
turned over to government, with one complete suit of 
sails, at a cost to subscribers of $75,473 59, and that the 
farther expense for military stores, ship stores, provisions, 
slop clothing, medicines, extra suits of sails, &c, &c, 
was borne by government after she came into its hands. 

The subscription began at Salem in July, was filled 
with alacrity, and on the evening of the 25th of October 
a meeting of the subscribers was called, of which we find 
the following notice in the Salem Gazette of October 
26th, 1798 : 

"At a meeting in the Court House in this town, on 
Tuesday evening last, of those gentlemen who have sub- 
scribed to build a ship for the service of the United 
States, it was voted unanimously to build a frigate of 
thirty-two guns, and to loan the same to the government ; 
and William Gray, Jr., John Norris and Jacob Ashton, 
Esqs., Capt. Benjamin Hodges and Capt. Ichabod Nichols, 
were chosen a committee to carry the vote into immediate 
effect." 

From other sources we learn that William Gray, Jr., 
who was the first and largest subscriber, was chosen chair- 
man of the meeting, and Benjamin Pickman, Esq., treas- 

* Essex Inst. Proceedings, Vol. II, p. 77. 



8 

urer. Capt. Joseph Waters, an experienced ship-master, 
was appointed by the committee its general agent. Col. 
J. Hackett of Portsmouth, was selected to prepare the 
model and superintend the construction, and Mr. Enos 
Briggs, an experienced ship carpenter of Salem, ap- 
pointed the master builder. 

A correspondent of the New York Gazette, in 1837, 
who signed himself Oliver Oldschool, said he was pres- 
ent in the office of the Salem Gazette when Mr. Briggs 
brought in an advertisement inviting proposals for furnish- 
ing timber, etc. Bigelow, the poet, was present. Mr. 
Cushing, the editor, showed him the advertisement, and 
familiarly tapping him on the shoulder, said, "Sawney, 
let us have four lines as a caption." In a second they 
were written : 

" Next September is the time 

When we'll launch her from the strand, 
And our cannon load and prime 
With tribute due to Talleyrand." 






"That's a good joke," said the master builder. "You 
have set the time for her launching, whereas I, the 
builder, had not dared to do it. But I will be careful to 
see that you are not a false prophet." And he kept his 
word, for she was launched on the 30th of September, 
1799, just five months and seventeen days after her keel 
was laid, and was fully equipped and fairly at sea 
before the close of that year. 

The winter of 1798-9 was remarkably propitious for 
drawing in the timber of which the Essex was built, 
which came chiefly from Dan vers, Topsfield, Boxford and 
Andover. It was of white oak, green, cut down for the 
purpose. The sleds bearing it were in constant requi- 
sition, and enlivened the streets of Salem from November 
to March, the snow lying without a drift upon the ground 



9 

the whole period. The federalists considered it a patri- 
otic duty to cut down the finest sticks of their wood lots 
to help build "the noble structure" which was to chastise 
French insolence and piracy. The spot selected for 
building the frigate was on Winter Island, a few hundred 
feet west of Fort Pickering, but the keel of the Essex 
was not laid until the 13th of April, 1799. The progress 
of building the ship was watched with the greatest inter- 
est, and "previous to her launch the greatest enthusiasm 
was exhibited by the public in the approaching event." 
Hundreds of persons, men, women and children, visited 
the Neck during the preceding week to see the prepara- 
tions and inspect the vessel. When the day arrived 
people flocked in crowds to Winter Island to witness the 
launch, from the hills in the vicinity and from the jutting 
rocks on shore. The guns of the frigate were planted on 
an eminence to speak aloud the joy of the occasion. The 
launch was described by all who beheld it, as one of 
unusual beauty and success. " She went into the water 
with the most easy and graceful motion, amidst the accla- 
mations of thousands of spectators." The battery on the 
hill thundered forth a federal salute, which was returned 
by an armed vessel in the harbor. A painting of the 
launch by Corne, an Italian artist, was for some years 
preserved in the hall of the Historical Society.* As Mr. 
Corne was brought to this country by Commodore Preble 
after his Mediterranean cruise, 1803-4, the picture must 
have been painted from the description of some witnes- 
ses to the launch. 

The following account of the launch is taken from the 
Salem Gazette of October 1st, 1799, printed the day after 
that event : 

" To build a navy was the advice of our venerated sage. 






* Essex Inst. Proceedings, Vol. II, p. 76. 
2 



10 

Impressed with the importance of a navy, the patriotic 
citizens of this town put out a subscription and thereby 
obtained an equivalent for building a vessel of force. 
Among the foremost in this good work was Messrs. 
Derby and Gray, who set the example by subscribing 
$10,000 each. But alas ! the former is no more. We 
trust his good deeds follow him. 

" Such was the patriotic zeal with which our citizens 
were impressed, that in the short space of six months they 
contracted for the materials and equipment of a frigate of 
thirty-two guns, and had her completed for launching. 
The chief part of her timber was standing but six months 
ago, and in a moment, as it were, "every grove de- 
scended" to put in force the patriotic intentions of those 
at whose expense she was built. 

"Yesterday the stars and stripes were unfurled on 
board the frigate Essex, and at 12 o'clock she made a 
majestic movement into her destined element, there to 
join her sister craft in repelling foreign aggression and 
maintaining the rights and liberties of a great, free, pow- 
erful and independent nation. 

"The concourse of spectators was immense. The heart- 
felt satisfaction of the beholders of this magnificent spec- 
tacle was evinced by the concording shouts and huzzas of 
thousands which reiterated from every quarter. 

"The unremitting zeal of Mr. Briggs, the architect of 
this beautiful ship, cannot be too highly applauded. His 
assiduity in bringing her into a state of such perfection 
in so short a time, entitles him to the grateful thanks of 
his country, and we fondly hope his labors have not been 
spent in vain, for we may truly say that he has not ? given 
rest to the sole of his foot ' since her keel was first laid : 
at least he will have the consolation of reflecting on the 
important service he has rendered his country in this 
noble undertaking." 

As the frigate sat upon the water like a bird, she gave 
visible evidences of those qualities which helped her to 
her future fame. She proved, as is shown by accom- 
panying letters from her first commander, to be the fast- 



11 

est sailer in the navy, and was greatly admired abroad as 
well as at home for the admirable manner of her con- 
struction and her arrangements as a ship of war. Her 
rigging proved in use to be too slight, and had to be 
replaced on her return from her first cruise with heavier, 
and some of her iron work proved defective and untrust- 
worthy, but these were trifling matters to the general 
good construction and efficiency of the ship, which was 
alike creditable to the place of her birth and the mer- 
chants and mechanics who constructed and fitted her for 
government purposes. From Mr. Streeter's paper, printed 
in the second volume of the Essex Institute Proceedings, 
which we have already drawn from, we learn that the 
cordage, costing about $10,000, was manufactured at three 
different rope walks in Salem. Capt. Jonathan Harra- 
deu making the rigging for the mainmast at his factory in 
Brown street. Joseph Vincent fitting out the foremast 
and Thomas Briggs the mizzenmast, at their respective 
factories at the foot of the Common. When the huge 
hemp cables were completed they were conveyed to the 
frigate on the shoulders of the workmen, headed by a 
drum and fife. 

The sails were made in the most careful manner by 
Messrs. Buffum & Howard, from duck manufactured ex- 
pressly for the purpose, at Mr. Daniel Bust's factory, 
which was located on Broad street. The cloth was of a 
very superior quality, very nicely graduated in weight 
from the lower to the higher sails. It was noticed that 
the frigate never sailed so well afterward as she did under 
her first suit of sails. If such was the fact it was remark- 
able, as she does not appear to have been coppered until 
after her return from her first cruise. 

The prices paid for labor and materials used upon the 
Essex, as appears from the paper in the handwriting of 



12 



Capt. Waters, was: Common laborers, $1.00; joiners, 
$1.25; carpenters, $1.50. Cordage, $12.25 to $12.50 
per cwt. ; hemp, $215.00 to $220.00 per ton; duck, 
heavy, $18.00 to $20.00; duck, light, $10.00 to $12.00. 
Sailmakers, $3.00 per bolt. 

The dimensions of the Essex, given by Mr. Streeter, 
were as follows, — gun deck, 141 feet; breadth of beam 
37 feet; length of keel, 118 feet; depth of hold, 12 feet 
3 inches ; height between gun and lower deck, 5 feet 9 
inches ; waist, 6 feet ; height under quarter deck, 6 feet 
3 inches ; measurement 850, 21-95 tons. Cost of con- 
struction by contract, $30 per ton. 

The dimensions of her mast and spars, taken from a 
memorandum in the handwriting of Commodore Edward 
Preble, were 

Feet. 

Main yard, 80 

Fore yard, 72 

Cross Jack yard, 52 

Maintop yard, ,58 

Foretop yard, 52 

Mizzentop yard, 40 

Main top gall't yard, .... 37 
Fore top gall't yard, .... 35 
Mizzen top gall't yard, . . .28 

Main royal yard, 30 

Fore royal yard, 27 

Mizzen royal yard, .... 20 

Spritsail yard, 52 

Spritsail top yard, .... 35 

Her battery consisted of 26 twelve-pounders on her 
gun decks, and 10 six-pounders on the quarter deck, mak- 
ing 36 guns in all. Capt. Preble, however, recommended 
nine-pounders for the quarter deck, "as she has room 
enough and is well able to bear them." 

The following anecdote in relation to her gun-carriages 
is related by Oliver Oldschool a correspondent of the 





Ft. 


Ft.h'd. 


Mainmast, . . . 


. 85 


12 


Foremast, . . . 


. . 75k 


Ilk 


Mizzenmast, . . 


. 714 


10 


Main topmost, 


. . 55 


7k 


Fore topmast, 


. 51 


7. 


Mizzen topmast, 


. 40 


6 


Main top gaU't-mast 


, . 40 


15 


Fore top galFt-mast 


. 37 


14 


Mizzen top gall't-ma 


st, 33 


12 


Bowsprit, . . . 


. 54 




Jib-boom, . . . 


. 40 




Spanker-boom, . 


. . 57 




Mizzen gafi', . . 


. 46 





13 

New York Gazette. "When Capt. Preble joined her the 
gun-carriages were not to his liking. 'Who built those 
gun-carriages?' he exclaimed. 'Deacon Gould.' 'Send 
for Deacon Gould to meet me at the Sun tavern this 
evening.' Deacon Gould made his appearance in the 
same style that Dr. Franklin met George III, of that 
name. 'What is your will Capt. Preble?' 'You do not 
know how to make gun-carriages, sir ! ' 'What's that you 
say, Captain Preble, I do not know how to make gun- 
carriages ? I knew how to make gun-carriages before you 
were born, and if you say that word again I will take 
you across my knee and play Master Hacker with you.' 
The quick and fiery commodore found himself in a pre- 
dicament, and that the Deacon was equally quick and 
fiery, and thought best to drop the undignified conten- 
tion. Of course such an anecdote must now rest on tra- 
dition, but the foundation for the story is to be found in 
Captain Preble's diary, under date Nov. 17, 1799, where 
he says, "26 twelve-pound cannon were taken on board 
for the main battery ; mounted them and found the car- 
riages all too high, dismounted the cannon and sent the 
carriages on shore to be altered." 

It has been said the command of the Essex was offered, 
by the Secretary of the Navy, to Capt. Joseph Waters, 
the agent for the subscribers, but that he declined the 
honor as domestic duties required his presence with his 
family. It was then proposed, at the request of the 
committee, to give the command of her to Capt. Eichard 
Derby, but as he was absent in Europe, on the 21st 
of October, 1799, the Secretary of the Navy considering 
her as needing the attention of a commander, ordered 
Capt. Edward Preble, of Portland, Maine (who had been 
commissioned a captain the 7th of June preceding, to 
take rank from May 15th), to "assist in preparing her 



14 

for sea, and to command her in the event of her being 
ready before Capt. Derby returns." The Secretary adds, 
"it may possibly be a favorite object with the committee 
that Capt. Derby should have the command of the Essex, 
and I have therefore informed them that he might com- 
mand her, if he should choose to do so upon your return 
from a cruise." A few months prior to Capt. Preble's 
promotion the merchants of Boston who were also build- 
ing a frigate, had solicited him in the following letter, 
through the chairman of their committee, Thomas H. 
Perkins, to allow them to name him to the Department 
as her commander. 

Boston, January 25, 1799. 

Capt. Edward Preble. Dear Sir: — The Commit- 
tee appointed by the merchants in this town to superin- 
tend the building of the Frigate now on the stocks in 
this place, wish to know of you, if in case you should be 
named as her commander, you would accept the appoint- 
ment. 

Should your answer be in the affirmative, your name 
will be handed to the Secretary of the Navy, in order that 
a commission may issue as early as possible. 
I am, Sir, 

In behalf of the Committee, 

Your friend and Humble Servant, 

T. Hand as yd Perkins. 

In his reply it will be seen he declines the honor, ex- 
pressing his intention to retire from service. Capt. 
George Little was subsequently ordered to command her. 

Boston, Jan. 25, 1799 (6 o'clock, p.m.). 
Dear Sir: — Your esteemed favor of to-day has this 
moment been handed to me. I feel truly sensible of tin 
high honor conferred on me by the very respectable bod^ 
of merchants composing the Committee for superintend- 
ing the building of the Frigate now on the stocks in this 
town, in their having offered to hand my name to th( 






15 

Secretary of the Navy for an appointment to command 
her. Private engagements, which are indispensable, obli- 
ges me to decline having my name forwarded for promo- 
tion in the navy as I shall be under the necessity of re- 
tiring from the service in a few months. 

I have the honor to be 
With respect, etc., 

Your obedient servant, 
Thomas H. Perkins, Esq. Edward Preble. 

His intention of resigning was happily abandoned by 
Capt. Preble on the navy department's granting him 
time to attend to his private affairs. The knowledge of 
this correspondence and preference of him on the part of 
the Boston merchants (one if not more of whom were 
also subscribers to the Salem ship), may have induced 
the Secretary, after his promotion, and nine months later, 
to order him to the Essex. 

The order of the Secretary, which is dated Oct. 21, 
1799, was promptly accepted, and on the 7th of Novem- 
ber Capt. Preble writes him from Salem that he has taken 
charge of the Essex, completely rigged and with all her 
ballast on board, and that he presumes she can be got 
ready for sea in thirty days if recruiting instructions 
arrive soon. In his note book he says he found the ship 
"moored between her two bowers in five fathoms water, 
muddy bottom, about half a league from the town : the 
flag-staff of Fort Pickering bearing N. E. by E., 3 cable 
lengths dist.," and the ship "off shore about 2 cables 
lengths from the spot where she was built." Eecruiting 
offices were at once opened in Salem, Boston and Cape 
Ann, and the equipment of the vessel was hurried for- 
ward. It is worthy of remark that on the whole muster- 
roll of the officers and crew of the Essex, when she 
started on her first cruise, there were but two names that 
bore the prefix of Mac, and but one with the prefix of 0, 



16 

showing the Anglo-American character of her crew, and 
the great change that has taken place in New England 
surnames in the last seventy years, for at this time in any 
similar list of two hundred and fifty names, those Celtic 
prefixes would predominate. 

Notwithstanding "uncommon" exertion was made by 
all interested to get her ready for sea, the Essex did not 
sail until Sunday, Dec. 22, when with flowing sheets and 
a favoring gale, and having a complement of two hundred 
and twenty-eight officers and men on board, she left 
Salem, exchanging salutes with Fort Pickering in pass- , 
ing, and proceeded to Newport, where she joined the 
Congress, Capt. Sever. It is believed she never returned 
to her birth-place. 

On the 6th of January both vessels sailed from New 
York for Batavia, to convoy home a fleet of American 
merchantmen. When six days out the Congress was dis- 
masted, and the Essex having lost sight of her, and un- 
knowing of the disaster, proceeded on the voyage alone. 
On the 28th of March, 1800, the Essex doubled the Cape 
of Grood Hope, being the first United States vessel of 
war to pass that stormy barrier, rightly named by its dis- 
coverers " Cabo de las Tormentas," the Cape of Torments. 
No public vessel of the United States had made so distant 
a voyage. Her voyages and adventures in the eastern 
seas on this, her maiden cruise, are detailed in the accom- 
panying papers. She repassed the Cape homeward bound, 
after a tempestuous passage, on the 27th of Aug., 1800, 
stopped at St. Helena on the 10th of September, to col- 
lect her scattered convoy, and arrived at New York and 
was moored at Wallabout Bay on the 29th of November, 
1800, after an absence of ten months and twenty- three 
days. The crew was at once discharged, but the officers 
remained attached, to care for the ship, and on the 1st of 



17 

April, 1801, Capt. Preble, who had received a temporary 
leave of absence, was ordered to prepare her for sea. 
His ill health, however, obliged him to decline the honor 
of her command, and on the 20th of May the Secretary 
addressed an order to Capt. William Bainbridge, who 
had but recently returned in the George Washington from 
the Mediterranean, to relieve him of the command. So 
ended Capt. Preble's connection with the Essex. 

In addressing Capt. Bainbridge, the Secretary says, 
"Appreciating highly your character as an officer, the 
President has selected you to command the Essex, and 
has placed the whole squadron under the orders of Com- 
modore Eichard Dale." This was the first squadron sent 
by the United States to the Mediterranean to impress the 
Barbary Powers. The Essex was then at New York, 
whither Capt. Bainbridge immediately repaired for the 
purpose of superintending her equipments. As soon as 
they were completed he sailed in company with the other 
ships designated* for the Mediterranean. 

The squadron arrived at Gibraltar on the 1st of July, 
1802, where it met two Tripolitan corsairs, one of them 
a large ship of twenty-six guns, and a brig of sixteen 
guns, under command of an Admiral. The Philadelphia 
was left to watch the movements of the Tripolitans, and 
the Essex was despatched to Marseilles, and from thence 
to Barcelona, Alicant and other ports down the coast, for 
the purpose of collecting and convoying American mer- 
chantmen through the Straits of Gibraltar. At Barcelona 
the Essex was much visited and her fine condition and ap- 
pearance contrasted in the most flattering manner with the 
Spanish vessels of war. While in the port of Barcelona, 



* President, 44 {flag slrip), Capt. James Barron; Philadelphia, 38, Capt. Samuel 
Barron; Essex, 32, Capt. William Bainbridge; schooner Enterprise, Lt. Stewart. 






18 

Capt. Bainbridge and his officers, and the United States 
Consul, were subjected to a gross insult from the officers 
of a Spanish Zebec which they were compelled to pass in 
their boats. It resulted in the whole matter being repre- 
sented by our Minister to the Spanish Secretary of State, 
when His Catholic Majesty directed that the commanding 
officer of the Zebec St. Sebastian, should be severely cen- 
sured, and that he should make an acceptable apology to 
the American Naval Commander and to the United States 
Consul. An order was also issued by the Prince of Peace 
to the commanders of the different seaport towns, to 
treat all officers of the United States with courtesy and 
respect, and more especially those attached to the United 
States frigate Essex." 

Having obtained the necessary supplies for the Essex, 
and settled the unpleasant difficulty with the Spanish 
officers to his satisfaction, Capt. Bainbridge sailed for 
Barcelona with a large fleet of merchantmen, which he 
had collected in different harbors in the Mediterranean, 
and safely convoyed them out the Straits. 

He afterwards touched at Gibraltar, where he found 
the Tripolitan cruisers dismantled, and appeared off the 
cities of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli, and during the win- 
ter and spring of 1802, cruised in different parts of the 
Mediterranean and convoyed our merchant vessels issuing 
from various ports, in safety out of that perilous sea. 

On the 25th of May, 1802, Commodore Eichard V. 
Morris arrived in his flag-ship the Chesapeake, at Gibral- 
tar, to relieve Commodore Dale, and found there the 
Essex, Capt. Bainbridge, blockading the Tripolitan ships. 
Capt. Bainbridge representing to him the unsafe condition 
of the Essex, Commodore Morris ordered her return to 
the United States to receive the necessary repairs. 

The Essex, therefore, sailed thence on the 17th of June, 



19 

and arrived at New York on the 22d of July, 1802, after 
a passage of thirty-five days, and an absence of a little 
over a year. A short time after the arrival of the frigate 
Captain Bainbridge was ordered to proceed with her to 
the Washington Navy Yard. The seamen insisted upon 
being paid off* at New York, and became highly mutinous, 
but the prompt and fearless conduct of Captain Bain- 
bridge subdued them, and restored perfect order.* 

The frigate proceeded at once to Washington and after 
a tedious passage up the Potomac, safely arrived at the 
Navy Yard early on August, 1802, where she was dis- 
mantled and placed in ordinary. So ended the second 
cruise of the Essex. From April 1st to Dec. 1st, 1803, 
the Essex was in ordinary. 

After undergoing extensive repairs she was sent back 
to the Mediterranean under command of Captain James 
Barron, and attached . to the Fourth Mediterranean 
Squadron under Commodore Samuel Barron. On this 
cruise she was present, April 27, 1805, at and participated 
in, the attack upon and capture of the Town of Derne, 
where fourteen of her crew were killed. We can learn 
nothing farther of the Essex on this cruise, or even the 
date of her return from it, except that from May 1, 1807, 
to December 1, 1808, she was in ordinary, and in an ex- 
hibit of the Navy Department, Nov. 16, 1807, she is 
noted as repairing and nearly ready for service. On the 
20th of Jan., 1809, Commodore Tingey, commandant 
of the Washington Navy Yard, reports her hull in as 
good order as the day she was launched, and that she 
could be rigged in a few weeks if required, and on the 
25th of May following, the Secretary reports that she has 
been put in commission under the act of Jan. 31, 1809, 
and is at Norfolk, "officered, manned, victualled and in 

*Life of Bainbridge. 



20 

other respects prepared for service." On the 1st of Dec. 
1809, he again reports her in commission and ready for 
service. In his next statement, Dec. 13, 1810, he says, 
she has been stationed with other vessels at Hampton 
Roads, but "has gone to Europe," under command, as we 
learn elsewhere, of Capt. John Smith. Her cruise on 
this occasion was but a short one, for it appears by the 
following letter, the original of which is now before me, 
that in August, 1811, she was in American waters, under 
command of Capt. David Porter, and that the present 
head of our Navy, Admiral Farragut, was making his 
debut in the service on board of her as a midshipman. 

August 9th, 1811. 
"Sir : — I have sent Mr. Farragut and David Tittimary 
on board and beg you to take them under your particular 
care. When the wherry is perfectly dry I will thank 
you to send her over to me every morning, at £ past 9, 
under charge of Mr. Farragut. 

Very respectfully 

Your obedient servant, 
Lt. Jno. Downes, D. Porter. 

U. S. Frigate Essex, 

N. Y. Yard. 

Farragut had entered the service as midshipman, the 
10th of December, eight months previous. The name of 
Mr. Titmany does not appear as an officer of the navy on 
any navy list, but in a list of the officers and crew of the 
Essex, published in Commodore Porter's journal of her 
cruise in the Pacific, his name is given as a midshipman. 
On the 3d of December, 1811, the Essex is mentioned 
as one of a squadron of four vessels stationed for the 
winter under command of Commodore Rogers at Newport. 

When Congress formally declared war against Great 
Britain, on the 18th of June, 1812, but a single ship of 
our little navy, the Wasp 18, Capt. Jacob Jones, was on 



21 

foreign service. The vessels of the navy were scattered 
along our coast. In New York were collected the Presi- 
dent, Hornet and Essex, under Commodore Rodgers, the 
two former ready to sail at an hour's notice. The Essex 
overhauling her rigging and restowing her hold. Com- 
modore Rodgers, with the President and Hornet, dropped 
into the bay, where he was joined by a squadron under 
Commodore Decatur, on the 21st of June, and sailed 
the same day on a cruise to the southward and eastward 
within an hour after he had received official information 
of the declaration of war and his orders. 

The Essex, under Capt. Porter, sailed from New York 
on the 3d of July, a fortnight after the departure of Com- 
modore Rodgers with his squadron, and went first to the 
southward. She made several prizes early, destroying 
most of them, and receiving the prisoners on board. 
The weather then compelled her to run to the northward. 
When a few weeks from port a small fleet was ap- 
proached at night, which was immediately understood to 
be enemies, standing to the northward before the wind in 
very open order, under convoy of a large vessel leading 
them and of course to leaward. Hailing the sternmost of 
the strangers just before day, Capt. Porter ascertained 
that the fleet consisted of transports, under the convoy of 
a frigate, said to be the Minerva 36, and a bomb vessel. 
The transport discovering the Essex to be a stranger, and 
threatening to signal to the fleet her presence among it, 
was taken possession of and quietly withdrawn. She was 
found full of soldiers, and so much time was necessarily 
employed in securing them that day dawned, and Capt. 
Porter's designs against the remainder of the convoy had 
to be abandoned. 

A few days after this success, August 13, 1812, the 
Essex, disguised as a merchant ship, made a strange sail 



22 



to windward, which, deceived by her appearance, came 
running down free towards her. The Essex kept away 
under short sail, showing her ensign. This emboldened 
the stranger who followed, and having got on the weather 
quarter of the Essex began her fire setting English colors. 
The Essex now knocked out her ports and opened upon 
the enemy, who was so much taken by surprise that after 
receiving one or two discharges, his people deserted their 
quarters and run below. In eight minutes after the Essex 
had begun to fire the English ship struck. The prize 
proved to be H. B. M. ship Alert, Capt. T. L. P. Lang- 
harne, mounting 18 thirty-two pounder carronades and 2 
long twelve pounders, and manned with 98 men. On 
boarding the Alert she was found to have seven feet of 
water in her hold, and had to be wore round to save her 
from sinking. The Alert was the first vessel of war taken 
in the contest with Great Britain, and her feeble resist- 
ance, though it was not to be expected she could success- 
fully resist so powerful a ship as the Essex, excited sur- 
prise. The Alert was disarmed and converted into a car- 
tel and sent to St. Johns with the prisoners from her and 
the other prizes, which encumbered the Essex. After 
delivering them over to Admiral Duch worth, she arrived 
safely at New York, where she was equipped as a U. S. 
cruiser. After this contest the Essex continued her 
cruise to the southward, where she, on two occasions, 
fell in with the enemy's frigates, and was at one time so 
hard pressed as to arrange for boarding one in the night, 
as another English vessel of war being in company, it 
would have been indiscreet to hazard a regular engage 
ment with the two. By some unexplained accident the 
ships passed each other in the darkness, and shortly after, 
September 3d, 1812, the Essex came into the Delaware 
to replenish her water and stores. 



23 

On the 15th of September, Commodore Win. J Jain- 
bridge was placed iii command of a squadron, consisting 
of his flag-ship, the Constitution, the sloop of war Hor- 
net and the frigate Essex. Each ship was destined to 
make her separate history, and the Essex never met with 
the other ships. Commodore Bainbridge, however, trans- 
mitted from Boston his orders to Capt. Porter of the 
Essex then in the Delaware, to sail direct for the Cape 
de Verds, thence to Fernando de Noronha, and if the 
Essex should not form a junction with him and the Hornet 
there, he directed him to touch at the Island of St. Cath- 
arine's early in February, where he should remain until 
the 15th, thence proceed to St. Helena and cruise to 
the southward until the 1st of April for the purpose of 
intercepting homeward bound British East India ships. 
In the event of the desired junction being found impracti- 
cable Capt. Porter was directed to act in conformity with 
his own judgment. 

Under these instructions the Essex sailed from the 
Delaware on the 28th of October, 1812, two days after 
Commodore Bainbridge had left Boston with the Consti- 
tution and Hornet, and stood to the southward and east- 
ward. In anticipation of a long cruise she carried a crew 
larger than common, and a greater number of officers 
than belonged to a vessel of her class ; the entire muster 
roll containing three hundred and nineteen names, includ- 
ing three commissioned, and two acting, Lieutenants, and 
twelve Midshipmen. In consequence of the unusual 
amount of supplies that was taken in, the ship was too 
deep to sail fast and did not reach her first rendezvous 
until sometime after the Constitution and Hornet had left 
it. In making this long run she met with no vessel of the 
enemy, and on the 11th of December crossed the Equator 
in longitude 30 W., the same bad luck attending her. 



24 

On the afternoon of the 12th, however, a vessel was seen 
to windward and chased. By 9 p.m., she was within 
musket shot, and was soon after hailed and ordered to 
heave-to to windward. Instead of complying with this 
order the brig endeavored to cross the stern of the 
Essex, intending to rake her and escape to leaward which 
drew a volley of musketry from the frigate, which killed 
one man, when the brig struck. The prize proved the 
brig Nocton of 10 guns, a British gov't packet with a 
crew of 31 men. On board of her was found $55,000 in 
specie which was transferred to the Essex. The next 
day a prize crew of 17 men under charge of Lt. Finch, 
was put on board of her and she was ordered to the 
United States, but was recaptured by a British frigate 
between Bermuda and the Capes of Virginia. 

On the 14th of December the Essex made the Island 
of Fernando de Noronha, and communicated without 
going in and found a letter there from Commodore Bain- 
bridge, informing him he would find the other vessels off 
Cape Frio. He accordingly proceeded to that point, and 
hove-to off the pitch of the cape on the afternoon of the 
25th, but without seeing anything of the Constitution or 
Hornet. Three days afterwards, in fact, the Constitution 
captured the Java off St. Salvador. After cruising a 
short time at this rendezvous, the Essex was drawn a 
long distance to leeward in chase, and in attempting to 
beat up again to her station, experienced heavy weather 
which induced Capt. Porter to change his cruising 
ground. On the 29th a merchant vessel was captured 
which proved to be one of a convoy of six sail in charge 
of a man-of-war schooner, that had left Rio only the 
night previously, this vessel having put back in conse- 
quence of discovering a leak. On learning this Capt. 
Porter followed the track of the convoy, and after a long 



25 

and fruitless chase determined to go to St. Salvador to 
intercept it. While beating up with this intention, in- 
formation was received from different Portugese vessels, 
of the presence of the other ships of the squadron off the 
port, and renewed efforts were made to join ; but strong 
northerly winds prevailed, and after struggling against 
them for a week Capt. Porter decided to run to St. 
Catharine's for water. 

Having been disappointed in his attempts to fall in 
with the Commodore, and ascertaining that the Montague, 
74, had sailed from Rio to raise the blockade of the ves- 
sels at St. Salvador, Capt. Porter came to the happy de- 
cision to act for himself and push the Essex around Cape 
Horn, and by making a dash among the English whalers 
in the Pacific to live upon the enemy. It was a bold 
stroke, but the possession of the specie taken from the 
Nocton, and the knowledge that every whaler was well 
found in stores and provisions rendered it feasible. The 
season was late for doubling the Horn, the ship was defi- 
cient in provisions and naval stores, but as Capt. Porter 
explains in his own journal his course lay between the 
attempt, a capture or blockade, and starvation. 

The Essex left St. Catharine's on the 26th of January, 
1813, and after a most tempestuous passage around Cape 
Horn fell in with the pleasant south-west breeze of 
the Pacific Ocean on the 5th of March, and was the first 
United States ship of war to spread her sails in that sea. 
At meridian of that day her people got a distant view of 
the Andes. The Essex was now fairly in the Pacific, 
though she had not fallen in with an enemy for two 
months. There was but one chart of the ocean on the 
ship and that was small and imperfect, the provisions 
were getting short and the vessel much in want of cord- 
age. Notwithstanding his necessities Capt. Porter 

4 



26 

wished to make a few captures before making his arri- 
val known, and determined on a short cruise before pro- 
ceeding to Valparaiso. 

Ill fortune, however, continued to prevail ; the ship was 
constantly enveloped in fogs ; no prizes were made, and 
on the 13th, running before a stiff southerly breeze, the 
Essex rounded the point of Angels, shot into full view 
of the town and port of Valparaiso and was becalmed 
under the guns of a battery. As he had English colors 
flying Capt. Porter concluded not to go in, but taking a 
survey of the port ran to northward out of sight of the 
town. Two days after, on the 15th, the Essex returned 
to Valparaiso and anchored, when Capt. Porter learned to 
his astonishment that Chili had declared itself inde- 
pendent of Spain, that the Viceroy of Peru had sent 
out cruisers against American shipping, and that his ap- 
pearance in the Pacific was of the greatest importance to 
American trade, which lay at the mercy of English let- 
ters of Marque, and of these Peruvian Corsairs. 

It is not our design or place to detail the farther adven- 
tures of the Essex in the Pacific, which are matters of 
history, and can be found in the Journal Commodore 
Porter published of his cruise, and in the pages of 
Cooper's Naval History of the United States. The fol- 
lowing list of the prizes of the Essex is sufficient evi- 
dence of the useful nature of her services on this the last 
and most eventful of her cruises. 



27 



PRIZES OF THE ESSEX. — WAR OF 1812-14. 



NAME OF 
PRIZE. 



CARGO. 





First 


cruise under Porter, July to Sept. 


, 1812. 


1812. 
















July 11. 


Transport, ) 
No. 299, \ 


Brig. 






220 




With 197 troops bound 
to Quebec, cut out of a 


" 13. 


•Lamprey, ) 


" 








Rum, &c. 


lleet of seven Trans- 
















ports convoyed by the 
















Nimrod, 32. 


" 26. 


Leander, . . 
Hero, .... 


a 






5 

8 






Aug. 2. 


Ballast. 




" 2. 


Nancy, . . . 


Ship. 






11 




Ransomed for $11,000. 


" 3. 


Brothers, . . 


Brig. 






10 




Made a cartel tor pris- 
oners. 


" 8. 


King George, 


" 






10 


Coal and 
Salt. 


Ordered to Boston. 


" 9. 


Mary, .... 


« 






9 




Burnt. 


" 13. 


Alert, . . . 


Ship. 




20 


98 




Made a Cartel and or- 
dered to St. Johns with 
prisoners. The Alert 
was the first armed ves- 
sel captured in the con- 
test with Great Britain. 
During this short cruise 
in the Atlantic, the Es- 
sex also recaptured the 
ships Princess Royal & 
Kitty, brigs Fame and 
Devonshire, and sch'r 
Squid, originally prizes 
to the privateer Rossie, 
Comm. Barney. Took 
424 prisoners and was 
twice chased by the. en- 
emy's frigates . 



2d Cruise under Porter, Dec, 1812, to March 28, 1814. 



Dec. 12. 

" 29. 
1813. 
March 25. 



March 29. 



May 28. 



Nocton, . 

Elizabeth, 

Nereyda, 



Barclay, . . 
Montezuma, 
Georgiana, . 



Policy, . 
Atlantic, 



Brig. 




10 


31 


$5->,000 & 
Mails. 


Schr. 








Hides. 






15 






Whale 
Ship. 




















270 


2 


21 


Sperm 
Oil. 


<i 


280 


6 


25 


(< a 


u 


275 


10 


20 






355 


6 


24 





A Packet from Rio to 
London. 
Burnt. 

. A Peruvian cruiser, 
that had captured Anier- 
can whale ships ; threw 
overboard her arma- 
ment and sent her to Ca- 
lao with a letter to the 
Viceroy of Peru. 

Recaptured from Ner- 
eyda. 

Sent to Valparaiso and 
sold. 

Was converted into a 
cruiser, armed with 16 
guns and 41 men. 

Was converted into a 
cruiser, armed with 20 
guns and 60 men, and 
given to Lieut. Downes 
under the name of the 
Essex, Jr. and finally be- 



28 



pkizks of the essex. — war of 1812. (Continued.) 



May 28. 



July 13 
•' 13, 

" 13 
Sept. 13. 



Greenwich, 



Catharine, 

Rose, . . . 
Hector, , , 



Charlton, . . 

Seringapa- 
tam, .... 



New Zealan- 
der, .... 

Sir Andrew 
Hammond, 



Whale 


338 


10 


26 


(i a 


Ship. 










i 










' a 


270 


8 


29 


Sperm 1 
Oil. 1 


<< 


220 


8 


21 


" '• f 




270 


11 


25 


<< «-J 


u 


274 


10 


21 


u u 


" 


357 


14 


31 




CI 


259 


8 


23 


« '• 




301 


12 


30 





came a Cartel for Capt. 
Porter, officers & crew 
to the United States. 

Converted into a store 
ship and given in charge 
of Lieut. Gamble of the 
Marine Corps,who final- 
ly burnt her at the Mar- 
quesas Islands. 

This finishes the list 
of the Essex's own pri- 
zes, but the following 
captures were made by 
her prizes, the Georgi- 
ana and Greenwich, fit- 
ted out as cruisers and 
manned from her. 

All taken off Galla- 
pagos Islands by the 
Georgiana. The Plector 
resisted until she re- 
ceived five broad-sides, 
which killed two and 
wounded six of her 
crew. 

Ordered to Rio with 
prisoners. 

Captured by the 
Greenwich after a sharp 
resistance. Afterward 
recaptured. 

Captured by the 
Greenwich. 

C a p t ii r e d by the 
Greenwich. Was re- 
captured at the Sand- 
wich Islands by II.B.M. 
ship Cherub, having 
previously lost Mids. 
Felters and 3 men mas- 
sacred by the natives 
of the Marquesas Isl- 
ands. 



We now come to the closing scene in her drama. On 
the 12th of December, 1813, the Essex, Capt. Porter, 
with her prize the Atlantic a ship of 355 tuns, which had 
been renamed the Essex, Jr., commanded by Lt. John 
Downes who had been the executive officer of the Essex 
after watering at San Maria and looking into Conception, 
proceeded to Valparaiso. Up to this time not a dollar 
had been drawn to meet the expenses of the frigate. 
The enemy had furnished provisions, sails, cordage, 
medicines, guns, anchors, cables and slops. A consider- 



20 

able amount of pay even had been given to the officers 
and men from the money taken from the Nocton. 

After her arrival at Valparaiso it was found that the 
Chilian government favored, on all occasions, the interests 
of the English in preference to the Americans. With- 
out paying much regard to this circumstance Capt. Porter 
determined to remain in or off the port in waiting for the 
Phebe 36, Capt. Hillyar, one of the ships sent out in 
quest of him. The Phebe arrived as was expected, but 
accompanied by the Cherub 20, Capt. Tucker. The 
Phebe mounted 30 long 18 pounders, 16 thirty-two pound 
carronades and 1 howitzer besides 6 three-pounders in her 
tops and had a crew of 320. The Cherub mounted 18 
thirty-two pounder carronades, with 8 twenty-four 
pounder carronades, and 2 long nines above, making in 
all 28 guns, and her crew mustered 180 men and boys. 
The Essex in opposition to this force had a battery of 
40 thirty-two pounder carronades and 6 long twelve- 
pounders, and a crew weakened by manning prizes to 
255. The armament of the Essex, jr., too inconsider- 
able to be relied on against the heavy armed ships of 
the enemy was 10 eighteen-pounder carronades and 10 
short six-pounders, with a crew of 60 souls. The original 
battery of the Essex consisted of long 12 pounders 
throughout, and Capt. Preble on her first cruise urged a 
still heavier armament. About that time carronades of 
heavy calibre and short range came to be a favorite arma- 
ment, though now entirely out of use and obsolete, and 
were adopted in our navy. At what time they were sub- 
stituted on board the Essex for her long twelves I have 
been unable to ascertain, but that their inefficiency was 
known previous to her sailing is established by the follow- 
ing letter, the original of which is preserved in the Naval 
Library and Institute at the Charlestown Navy Yard. 



30 

U. S. Frigate Essex, ) 

Bight of Crane y Island, October 24, 1811. $ 
Sir: — Agreeably to your directions, we have ex- 
amined the carronades of this ship and find the pomil- 
lion eye of one broken off. The pomillion of the others 
bored in a direction which prevents the screw shipping 
perpendicularly, and the nice elevation or depression 
which may sometime be requisite. 

In our opinion the Essex is improperly armed to con- 
tend with as fast a sailing vessel as herself mounting long 
guns ; but by taking four carronades and the two long 12 
pounders from the gun-deck and subsituting, long 18 
pounders she will be rendered as effective as is desired. 
We are, with respect Sir, 

Your obedient servants, 
Capt. David Porter, John Downes, 

U. S. Frigate Essex, Wm. Finch. 

Present. 

It will be observed that the Phebe was armed with 
long 18 pounders, guns of the very calibre recommended 
by the surveying officers of the Essex. Had the Essex 
been so armed, from the indomitable courage that was 
displayed under greater disparity the result might have 
been different. It was fated, however, that the good 
old ship having done her duty to the last, should pass 
from under our flag ; and Porter sings her requiem by 
saying in his report, " To possess the Essex it has cost the 
British Government near six millions of dollars." Truly 
a profitable investment was the patriotic subscription of 
the citizens of Salem ! 

The particulars of the conflict between the Essex, 
Phebe and Cherub in Valparaiso on the 28th of March, 
1814, the anniversary of her passing the Cape of Good 
Hope in 1800, and which resulted in the capture of the 
Essex, are well known and can be found in every naval 
record of the time. In that bloody contest the Essex 



31 

bad 58 men killed, including those who soon died of their 
hurts, and 6Q wounded, making a total of 124 or nearly 
half of all who were on board at the commencement of 
the action. Including the missing her entire loss was 
152 out of 255. The loss of the Phcbc was 4 killed 7 
wounded; of the Cherub 1 killed 3 wounded. Capt. 
Tucker of the Cherub was wounded and the 1st Lieut. 
Ingram of the Phebe killed. The engagement lasted two 
and one half hours. The disparity of loss in the contest 
was the result of the superior battery of the enemy. 
Capt. Hillyar, in his official account of the action written 
two days after, says, "The defence of the Essex, taking 
into consideration our superiority of force, the very dis- 
couraging circumstance of her having lost her main top- 
mast, and being twice on fire, did honor to her brave 
defenders, and most fully evinced the courage of Capt. 
Porter and those under his command. Her colors were 
not struck until the loss in killed and wounded was so 
awfully great, and her shattered condition so seriously 
bad as to render further resistance unavailing." 

With her capture in Valparaiso Bay, ends the career 
of the gallant Essex in our service. She was subse- 
quently repaired, sent to England and placed upon the 
list of H. B. M. ships, but whether ever employed in 
active service, I have been unable to ascertain. In 1833 
I find her mentioned as a convict ship at Kingston, Ja- 
maica. 

She was finally sold at auction, with other vessels, at 
Somerset House, by order of the British Admiralty, July 
6, 1837. The auctioneer's advertisment styling her 
"The Essex 42, 867 tons, then lying at Kingston." 

Appropriate to these reminiscences, are the following 
instructions to Lieut. Downes, the original of which is in 
the Naval Library at Charlestown, Mass. 



32 



Memorandum for Lieut. Downes. 

Should I fall in with the Phebe, the Racoon and Cherub 
all together, I shall endeavor to make my retreat in the 
best manner I can, and to effect this we must endeavor 
to help together and act from circumstances. 

If we fall in with the Phebe, and one sloop of war 
you must endeavor to draw the sloop off in chase of you, 
and get her as far to leeward of the frigate as possi- 
ble, and as soon as you effect this I shall engage the 
frigate. 

If we meet the Phebe alone and to leeward of us, I 
shall run long side of her. You must remain out of gun- 
shot to windward of us until } T ou see how matters are 
likely to go with us. If you find we can master her our- 
selves you will not bring your ship into action, but keep 
her free from injury, to assist us in case of need. If 
you find from the loss of our masts or other damage that 
we are worsted, you will take a position that will most 
annoy the enemy to enable us to haul off* or take such 
advantage as may offer. 

If I should make the Phebe to windward, I shall man- 
oeuvre so as to endeavor to get the weather gauge, other- 
wise I shall avoid coming fairly alongside of her, unless I 
can disable her so with my stern chase guns as to obtain 
an advantage. 

Should we make the Phebe and a sloop to windward, 
draw the sloop off if you can, and leave the Phebe to 
me. 

I wish you to avoid an engagement with a sloop if pos- 
sible, as your ship is too weak. If, however, yon cannot 
avoid an action, endeavor to cut her up so as to prevent 
her coming to the assistance of the Phebe. 

♦ I shall in all probability run alongside of the Phebe, 
under the Spanish ensign and pendant. Should I do so, 
you will show British colors until I hoist the American. 
(Signed) D. Porter, 

U. S. Frigate Essex, 
Lieut. John Downes, January 10, 1814. 

Com'g U. S. Armed Frigate Ship Essex, Jr. 



83 

I have extended these notes of the gallant craft some- 
what beyond my intentions, but the frigate Essex may 
well claim something more than a mere mention, and 
certainly deserves a prominent place in the gallery of 
noted American ships. First, as the patriotic offering to 
the service of the country from the then small seaport of 
Salem ; next from having been the first public vessel of 
war to carry our flag around the Cape of Good Hope and 
Cape Horn ; third, as the first to capture an armed prize 
in the war of Great Britain, and lastly, for her gallant de- 
fence and glorious surrender to a superior force after the 
protracted and unequal conflict in Valparaiso Bay. Few 
ships in our service, with so short a career, have ever been 
blessed with such a galaxy of Captains, — Preble, Barron, 
Bainbridge, Decatur, Stewart, Cox, Campbell, Smith 
and last but not least, Porter, father of our present Vice- 
admiral. Farragut, our present admiral, received his 
only wound on her decks. Through him she forms with 
Preble and Porter a connecting link of the past with our 
present navy. 

It is not known that any portrait or model of the Essex 
is in existence. Should there be, it ought forthwith to be 
deposited with the Essex Institute, the Naval Library 
and Institute at Charlestown, the U. S. Naval Lyceum at 
New York, or with the Museum and Model room of the 
U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis. 



34 

« 
THE FIRST CRUISE OF THE U. S. FRIGATE ESSEX, 
1799-1800, CAPT. EDWARD PREBLE. 

Naval Department, Oct. 21, 1799. 
Sir : — Having heard nothing of Capt. Derby, and the 
frigate Essex being now ready for the attention of a 
Commander I have the honor to direct that as soon after 
the receipt of this as you conveniently can, you repair to 
Salem and assist in preparing that ship for sea, to com- 
mand her in the event of her being ready before Capt. 
Derby's return. It may possibly be a favorite object 
with the Committee that Capt. Derby should have the 
command of the Essex, and I have therefore informed 
them that he might command her if he should choose to 
do so upon your return from a cruise. 

I have the honor to be 

With great respect, your most 
Capt. E. Preble, Obedient humble servant, 

Boston. Ben. Stoldart. 



Navy Deparment, 
Oct. 25, 1799. 

Sir : — Lieut. Beals has been instructed to join the Es- 
sex where, from the date of his commission, he must act 
as First Lieutenant. The committee I presume have ap- 
pointed a Second Lieutenant as they had permission to 
appoint one, and I have provided a Surgeon and Purser. 
Of the commissioned and warrant officers there remains, 
therefore to be provided, one Lieutenant, one Surgeon's 
Mate, one Chaplain, one Sailing Master, one Boatswain, 
one Gunner, one Sailmaker, one Carpenter and twelve 
Midshipmen. 

The President desires you to consult with Wm. Gray, 
Esq., and the committee, and get them to nominate suit- 
able persons to fill these several stations in time to admit 
of their receiving their commissions and warrants, before 
the Essex sails. The Petty officers allowed you are two 
Master's mates, two Boatswain's mates, eight Quarter gun- 
ners, two Cooper's mates, one Captain's clerk, one Fore- 
man of the gunroom, one Cockswain, one Cooper, one 






35 

Steward, one Armourer, one Master-at-arms and one 
Cook, all of which you will appoint yourself in proper 
season. 

I rely with confidence upon your using every exertion 
to expedite the equipment and preparation of the Essex 
for sea. It being of every importance that she should 
sail before the ice sets in. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 
Capt. Ed. Preble, Ben. Stoddart. 

Salem. 

Salem, Nov. 7, 1799. 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform you that I arrived 
here last evening and have taken charge of the Essex. 
She is now completely rigged, has all her ballast on board, 
and her stock of water will be nearly complete by to- 
morrow night. I found on board one midshipman Mr. 
Thomas Randal, who arrived at Boston too late for the 
Herald, and twenty seamen. The committee have not 
appointed a 2d Lieut, as you expected, neither do they 
contemplate nominating one. I am much in want of of- 
ficers to attend to the ship and the recruiting service. I 
shall be obliged to open a rendezvous to-morrow to recruit 
men sufficient to make the ship safe at her anchors in 
case of a storm. I presume the Essex can be got ready 
for sea in thirty days if my recruiting instructions arrive 
soon. The agent, Mr. Waters and the committee, are 
disposed to render me every assistance in their power, 
etc. N Very respectfully, 

Your obedient servant, 

Edward Preble, Capt. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, 
etc, etc. 

P. S. Since my return from the ship this day I re- 
ceived your letter of the 25th and shall attend to it. 

Navy Department, Nov. 15, 1799. 
Sir : — I am honored with your letter of the 7th inst., 
and am very glad to find the Essex is in so much forward- 



36 

ness, but lament that I had not been kept better informed 
of her progress, for I fear she will be delayed longer 
than she need to have been for want of arrangements, 
and it is particularly important she should be at Newport 
by the 15th of Dec., for a particular service, to convoy 
indeed a number of East India ships a certain distance on 
their voyage. If it be still practicable for her to be 
ready I know you will effect it, and I wish you would let 
it be known at Salem, that it is in contemplation, that the 
merchants there may if they choose avail themselves of 
the convoy. It is intended that both the Congress and 
the Essex shall be employed on this service but not 
that they should be kept together beyond a certain dis- 
tance. 

I fully relied that a Lieutenant would have been ap- 
pointed at Salem in consequence of the application to 
them and the permission given. I have ordered now to 
join you immediately Lt. Phipps of New Haven, and will 
name to the President, who no doubt will appoint him, 
the person you contemplate as 3d Lieut. Meantime re- 
tain him and employ him in that character. A Purser, 
Mr. Mumford of Newport, has been ordered on. As to 
the other officers I must refer you to my letter of the 
25th of Oct. Such as you selected you can call immedi- 
ately into service, relying that their commissions and 
warrants will be sent. 

I fear the Major of the Marines will find it difficult to 
furnish the Marines at Salem. Possibly he may arrange 
to put them on board at Newport. Of this I shall be 
able to speak with more certainty in a few days. 
I have the honor to be, 

With much respect, Sir, 
Capt. E. Preble, Your obedient servant, 

Salem. Ben. Stoddart. 



Navy Department, ) 
Nov. 15th, 1799. $ 
Sir: — The Essex, under your command, is allowed 
commissioned, warrant and petty officers, agreeably to 
my letter of the 25th ult. Sixty able seamen, seventy- 



37 

three ordinary seamen, thirty boys, fifty marines, includ- 
ing officers. You will commence the recruiting business 
so as to admit of your complement being procured by the 
time the ship is ready for sea. Able seamen you will 
allow seventeen dollars per month. Ordinary seamen 
and boys from live to fourteen dollars, according to 
merit. All to be entered to serve one year from the 
ship's first weighing anchor on a cruise. 

The Marines will be supplied you by the Major of 
Marines. You w T ill allow the recruits two months ad- 
vance, but previously take care to obtain sufficient se- 
curity to resort to in case of desertion. 

You will suffer none to enter but such as are sound and 
healthy, and permit no indirect or forcible means to be 
used to induce them to enter the service. Every man 
entered must take an oath agreeably to the form you will 
receive herewith. 

The enclosed is the form of a shipping paper wherein 
the name, station and pay of each person on board must 
be entered. I also enclose you the form of a pay roll for 
the seamen, etc., all of which you will have kept with 
the utmost exactness. 

Six thousand dollars will be remitted you to effect this 
business, and should this sum prove insufficient you will 
apply to the navy agent for a farther supply. 

You must advance to your recruiting officers, who will 
be allowed, besides their pay and rations, two dollars for 
each recruit in full for every expense of recruiting, ex- 
cept in cases where their provisioning and transportation 
to the ship will be allowed, but they must be economical 
in their expenditures, for no extravagant charge will 
be admitted, and no charge will be admitted without a 
proper voucher to support it. 

Prior to your sailing you will transmit your account 
and vouchers to William Winders, Esq., for settlement. 
I have the honor to be, 
With great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

Ben. Stoddart. 
Capt. Edward Preble. 



38 

Navy Department, 
19th Nov., 1799. 
Sir : — I have the honor to enclose the circulars of the 
29th July, 29th Dec, 16th Jan., 12th March and 5th 
Sept., containing instructions for your General Govern- 
ment on a cruise, some attention to which will be neces- 
sary previous to your sailing. 

I also enclose you four copies of the Act for the Gov- 
ernment of the Navy, and two copies of Marine Rules 
and Regulations. Also a short description of the private 
signals of our navy by day and night, and four sheets ex- 
planatory of their general uses and a list of the distin- 
guishing flag assigned each ship. 

Should you not have the signals already made, Joseph 
Waters, Esq., will supply the bunting, and you must have 
them made on board, together with the distinguishing 
flag of the Essex. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 
Your most obedient humble servant, 
Chas. W. Goldsborough. 

By order of the Sec'y of the Navy. 
Capt. Edw. Preble, 

Of the Essex, 

Salem, Massachusetts. 

Navy Department, 

Nov. 21, 1799. 

Sir: — The Major of the Marines will supply part of 

the detachment at Salem and the residue at Newport. I 

mention this that you may not be detained at Salem, under 

the expectation of receiving the whole detachment there. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Ben. Stoddart. 
Capt. Edw. Preble, 
Salem. 

Salem, Nov. 21st, 1799. 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform you that Lieutenant 

Beals joined the Essex the 8th inst., since which he has 



39 

been uniformly attentive to the duties of his office. Dr. 
Orr arrived here the 19th inst. I have ordered him to 
Boston to attend to the medicine chest preparing there. 
I have consulted the Committee in the nomination of the 
Warrant officers, whose names are mentioned in the en- 
closed return. They have all been well recommended 
and are now attending to their duty on board the ship. 
It will be highly gratifying to them to receive their war- 
rants as early as you may think proper to forward them. 
Most of the petty officers are engaged, and if I had re- 
cruiting instructions I could man the ship in a few days 
by sending officers to the neighboring towns on that 
service. 

The Essex, as I observed in my last letter, has all her 
ballast and water on board, since which her masts and spars 
and rigging have been put in complete order, ready for 
bending sails at one hour's notice. I took on board all her 
guns and mounted them last Monday, and in a few days 
shall have all our provisions and stores in. One sloop 
load goes alongside to-day. The joiners have not yet 
finished the rooms for the stores below, but I expect they 
will in four or five days at the farthest. I think it will be 
best to remove the ship from the harbor to Nantasket 
Eoads as soon as she is ready for sea, as this harbor 
freezes much earlier than Boston. Last year it was 
frozen up the last of November, and it is by no means 
at any time a convenient place for so large a ship as the 
Essex.. 

The other two Lieutenants and the Purser are much 
wanted, as is a Sailing Master. I shall forward you by 
the next mail the names of a Third Lieutenant and Sail- 
ing Master, which the Committee wish to have appointed, 
and whose appointment will be very agreeable to me. I 
wish you would order a 2d Lieutenant from some of the 
ships that have lately arrived ; one who has seen service 
and can be depended upon on all occasions. The Essex 
mounts 26 twelve pounders on her gun deck and 10 six- 
pounders on her quarter deck. I think nine-pounders on 
her quarter deck would be much better as she has room 
enough and is well able to bear them. I hope you will 



40 

think proper to allow her complement to be 250 men and 
boys, as she has four more guns than the Boston, whose 
complement was 220, and is considerably larger and 
heavier masted and sparred. A Marine Guard is now 
very necessary on board,- and I have written to Captain 
Clarke in Boston, to forward me twenty or thirty if he 
has them recruited for this ship. I have no doubt this 
measure will meet your approbation, as it is intended 
for her safety. 

As you mentioned in your letter of the 25th ult., that 
it was important to have the Essex ready for sea and sail 
before the ice set in, and that you relied on my making 
use of every exertion in my power to that purpose, I 
shall continue to recruit men until I receive some orders 
to the contrary, and earnestly hope this will not be dis- 
pleasing to you. 

It appears to me that the allowance of muskets and 
pistols to this ship is not sufficient. I think 75 mus- 
kets and 70 pair of pistols will be wanted in her. I beg 
leave to enclose you an estimate of provisions for 220 
men for six months, which was forwarded to the agent 
here. Many mistakes were found in it, which have been 
corrected. The butter is 900 lbs. short, and many other 
articles are considerably so. 

I feel confident the Essex can be completely manned 
and ready for sea in twenty days at the farthest. 
I have the honor to be 

With great respect Sir, 

Your obed't humble servant, 

Edw. Preble, Capt. 

Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Salem, 23d Nov., 1799. 
Sm: — I have this day been honored with your des- 
patches of the 15th instant. Your instructions shall be 
properly attended to, and you may rest assured that every 
exertion on my part shall be made use of to have the 
Essex in Newport harbor by the 15th of next month, if I 
am alive and the elements are not against me. I am de- 
termined to surmount every other obstacle to effect this 



41 

object. The six thousand dollars for recruiting I have 
received from the Treasurer's Office and shall forward 
the proper receipts, and immediately commence recruiting 
at Boston, under the direction of Mr. George Gardner 
Lee of this town, the gentleman whom I wish to be ap- 
pointed 3d Lieutenant of the Essex. I think he has 
every qualification to make a good officer, and hope you 
will forward a commission for him as early as possible. 
The Purser, Mr. Mumford, joined the ship this day. I 
beg leave to recommend Mr. Rufus Low as Sailing Mas- 
ter of the Essex. He has been employed on board her 
by the Committee for some time past. I think 1 shall not 
be able to procure a better, and hope you will forward 
his warrant. 

I wrote you the 21st hist, the situation of the ship, and 
shall keep you regularly informed from time to time of 
my proceedings and the progress I am making. I have 
to encounter many difficulties. The ship is anchored half 
a mile from town, which makes it impossible to pass with 
a boat in threatening weather, but she cannot lay nearer 
without the danger of being stopped by the ice in case of 
very cold weather. 

I wish some Marines may be ordered to join the ship 
here if possible. 

I have the honor to be with great respect Sir, 
Your most obedient servant, 

Edw. Preble, Capt. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Salem, Nov. 30, 1799. 
Sm: — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt 
of your letters of the 19th and 21st insts., the first ac- 
companied by the instructions for my general government 
on a cruise, which shall be properly attended to. Also 
the Acts for the Government of the Navy, marine laws, 
signals and explanatory sheets, and lists of the distin- 
guishing flags assigned each ship. The signal flags I 
have received from the Agent here. Lieut. Phipps 
joined the ship the 28th inst., and yesterday I received a 
Sergeant, Corporal and eight Marines, sent by Captain 



42 

Clark from Boston, the remainder I observe I am to ex- 
pect from Newport. I am not yet able to forward you 
the name of Sailing Master, having been disappointed in 
the one I at first contemplated, but expect to procure a 
good one before I leave this. I shall forward his name 
in time for him to receive his warrant at Newport. The 
recruiting service does not go on so successfully as I 
wish, in consequence of the "Congress" and "Warren" 
having both a rendezvous open at Boston. They will soon 
be complete, when I expect to be more successful. I am 
confident I shall now be completely ready for sea by the 
10th of December, but I can sail and you may rely on my 
endeavor to reach Newport by the 15th, although I con- 
sider it a difficult and uncertain passage at this season of 
the year. My officers are diligent in their duty and I am 
satisfied with them. 

I have the honor to be with respect Sir, 

Your obedient and humble servant, 

Edw. Preble, Capt. 
Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 



Salem, December 6, 1799. 
Sir : — After having made every exertion in nry power 
I find it impossible to get the Essex ready for sea in less 
than ten days after the time I at first expected, owing to 
the state of the weather and many disappointments. 
Yesterday was a violent snow storm and to-day rain. 
Our cannister and grape shot has not yet arrived from 
Plymouth, although it has been shipped several days. 
Our coals, butter, rice, medicine-chest, ^chains for our 
chain-pumps, hospital stores, part of our lanterns and 
many other articles are yet to come from Boston, some of 
which are not yet ready, and if they were it is probable 
from the present state of the weather that the wind will 
not admit of the packets reaching here for several days 
to come. Six thousand weight of bread is yet to be 
baked, and I am eighty men short of my complement, 
which with the forty men at Newport makes 120 short. 
I presume it will not be prudent at this inclement season 
of the year to go to sea so short of my ship's company, 






43 

and the ship not completely ready to encounter the vari- 
ous changes of wind and weather now so frequenl on this 
coast. It is impossible to calculate what time the Con- 
gress will reach Newport, if she sails on the 10th, as I 
suppose she will, for it is not uncommon for merchant 
vessels at this season to have fifteen or twenty days 
passage. A wind proper for sailing from Boston through 
the channel is directly contrary for Newport, after passing 
Nantucket Shoals. The merchants here will not send any 
vessels to join the convoy, as they calculate the sea risk 
to Newport equal to the risk of capture from this to the 
Cape of Good Hope. I do not think it possible, neither 
does the agent or the Committee, that the ship can sail 
before the 20th inst. I am extremely concerned that this 
is the case, but beg leave to assure you that everything 
has been done on my part which it has been possible for 
me to do, and every exertion shall still continue to get 
her ready before that time if possible. Lieut. Phipps 
has been confined to his berth since his arrival by in- 
disposition. I think he will be a valuable officer and 
regret the loss of his services at this busy period. Lieut. 
Beals is attentive on board, and Lieut. Lee is recruiting 
at Boston. Several Midshipmen are on the same service 
at this and the neighboring towns. I beg leave to recom- 
mend Mr. Rufus Low of Cape Ann, for Sailing Master for 
the Essex. He has served as Captain of a merchant ship 
for several years and has made several voyages to India, 
and sustains a good reputation ; his principal inducement 
for soliciting this appointment, is the injuries he has sus- 
tained by the French. I have called him into service 
until I know your pleasure. I am confident I cannot pro- 
cure a gentleman who will more ably fill the station, and 
hope you will forward his warrant. Mr. John Hancock 
Perkins has been recommended to me and called into ser- 
vice, as Surgeon's Mate, and Mr. Samuel York Nowel as 
Carpenter. Their warrants I hope you will also forward. 
It is important that I should be at Newport to join the 
convoy. I think it possible I may reach there before the 
fleet sails if I leave this by the 20th, but at any rate I 
can join them at the Cape de Verd Islands if they leave 



44 

Newport before that time and you think proper to give 
ine orders for that purpose. 

With great respect I have the honor to be Sir, 
Your obed't humble servant, 

Edw. Preble, Capt. 
Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Navy Department, 
Dec. 2, 1799. 

Sir: — I enclose you a Commission for Lieut. George 
Gardner Lee ; and Warrants for Samuel Masury, Gunner, 
Joseph Martin, Boatswain. 

Samuel Conant, Eoyal Gurley, Fitch Tarbell, James 
Henry Adams, Samuel Stubs, William Scollard, John 
Shattuck, and John Kowe, Midshipmen. 

You will require each of these gentlemen to take the 
Oath of Allegiance agreeably to the form enclosed and 
return it to this office, with a letter of acceptance, from 
the date of which their pay and enrolments will respect- 
ively commence. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

Your most obed't humble servant, 

Ben. Stoddert. 
Captain David Phipps has been ordered to join you as 
2d Lieutenant. 

To Capt. Edw. Preble 

of the "Essex." 

Sir : — I am honored with your letters of the 21st and 
23d ult. The Essex's complement of men was always 
intended to be 260, including Marines, consequently the es- 
timates forwarded for 220 only, was a mistake which my 
letter of instructions of the 15th ult. would enable you to 
correct, and I presumed Mr. Waters would consider that 
as sufficient authority to make up the deficiency. If not 
I fear it will now be too late to procure it, as I calculate 
on your being at Newport by the 15th inst. at farthest. 

I now forward an estimate for your full complement ol 
men for six months, and am solicitous that you should 
take the whole on board, if it can be done without delay- 
ing any time, but you must not lose a day on that ac- 
count. 



45 

Your remarks relative to the deficiency of certain speci- 
fied articles of provisions are not strictly applicable in 
all points ; the deficit of butter, for instance, is more than 
compensated for by molasses, and this article also sup- 
plies the deficiency of suet and raisins, which are not 
comprehended in the estimates. The muskets and pistols 
you have must answer for the present cruises ; if it shall 
appear that more are necessary, they shall be furnished on 
your first return to port. 

I have the honor to be Sir, 

Your most ob't servant, 
Capt. Edward Preble, Ben. Stoddert. 

Ship Essex, 
Salem, Mass. 
More muskets and pistols shall be sent you to Rhode 
Island. 

Navy Department, 
Dec. 10, 1799. 
Sir: — There are two young gentlemen, William H. 
Williams and J. P. Hitchcock, who have been sometime 
appointed midshipmen, and are desirous of being em- 
ployed either under your or Capt. Sever's command. I 
have instructed them to apply both to Capt. Sever and 
yourself, to be received on board of that vessel, of the 
two, which may most require their services. You will 
consult with Capt. Sever and arrange accordingly on this 
point. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 
Chas. W. Goldsborough, 

By order of the Secretary of the Navy. 
Capt. Edw. Preble, 

Of the Essex, 

Newport, Rhode Island. 

Salem, December 11, 1799. 
Sir : — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letters of the 2d inst. The commission for Lieut. 
Lee, and the warrants for the Gunner, Boatswain and the 
eight midshipmen shall be immediately delivered to them. 
They will take the oath, and their acceptance will be for- 



46 

warded. The necessary additional slops are providing 
and will be ready in three days, as will the additional 
quantity of provisions. The packet which I mentioned 
in my last I expected from Boston with shot and other 
stores has not yet reached here, but has everything on 
board that is to come from Boston, and it is probable will 
be here to-night as she was to sail this morning. 

I regret exceedingly that it is not possible to sail from 
this in time to reach Newport by the 15th, but every ex- 
ertion is making to get the ship away, and I am deter- 
mined to sail by the 19th or 20th at the farthest, and am 
in hopes they will favor my reaching that place by the 
24th, which I hope will be in season for the important ob- 
ject in view. You may rely on it not an hour shall be lost. 

Mr. Samuel Allen of Boston, I have nominated a mid- 
shipman. He is well recommended and has been very 
active in recruiting service. 

I have the honor to be, 

With great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 
To the Edward Preble, Capt. 

Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Navv Department, > 
Dec. 16, 1799. $ 
Sir : — I am honored with your letter of the 6th inst. 
Having made all my arrangements under the idea of your 
sailing from Newport, where several articles are sent to 
meet you, it is now too late to allow them. You must, 
therefore, as soon as you are in a situation, proceed to 
Newport* where you will receive letters I have already 
sent, and money and other articles, and if Capt. Sever 
should have got there before you, and should have pro- 
ceeded on his voyage, you must follow him as soon as 
you can. 

I have the honor to be, 

With great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 
Capt, Edward Preble, Ben. Stoddert. 

of the Essex, 
Newport (mailed at Philadelphia, Dec. 16th and re- 
mailed at Salem for Newport, Dec. 23d). 



47 



Copy of Capt. Edward Preble's Receipt for the Essex. 

The Committee for building a Frigate in Salem for 
the United States, having delivered to my charge the 
said Frigate, called the Essex, with her hull, masts, 
spars and rigging complete, and furnished me with one 
complete suit of sails, two bower cables and anchors, one 
stream cable and anchor, one hawser and hedge anchor, 
one tow line, four boats and a full set of spare masts and 
spars except the lower masts and bowsprit. I have, in 
behalf of the United States, received the said Frigate 
Essex, and signed duplicate receipts for the same. 

Edward Prebel, 
Salem, Dec. 17, 1799. Capt. U. S. N. 

Essex, Salem Harbor, ) 
Dec. 20, 1799. $ 

Dear Sir: — The Essex is now at single anchor, and 
only waiting a favorable wind to sail for Newport. I am 
in hopes to join you in a very few days. I shall want 
ten men to complete my complement, half able and half 
ordinary seamen, independent of the marines I am to re- 
ceive at Newport. 

Please to desire the agent to provide four chaldrons of 
coal for me. 

I am with great respect and esteem, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 
James Sever, Esq., Edward Preble. 

Capt. U. S. Frigate Congress. 

Essex, Newport Harbor, ) 
December 29, 1799. $ 
Sir : — I am honored with your letter of the 24th inst., 
in answer to which I beg leave to acquaint you that the 
Essex, with two reefs in each topsail and foresail sailed as 
fast as the Belisaurias with top and top gallant studding- 
sails set. Capt. West's ship was so far astern that I 
could not so well judge of her sailing, but it appeared 
to me this ship with the same sail set with either of the 
two would sail six miles to their four. 



48 

I arrived here the 27th, experienced some blustering 
and much moderate weather on my passage, the wind 
generally contrary. The Essex is a good sea-boat, and 
sails remarkably fast. She went eleven miles per hour, 
with top gallant sail set and within six points of the 
wind. 

I shall sail from this in five or six days at farthest. 
I remain with respect and esteem, 

Your obedient servant, 
Joseph Waters, Esq. Edw. Preble. 

Essex Frigate, Newport Harbor, > 
December* 29, 1799. 5 

Sir : — The United States Frigate Essex which I have 
the honor to command will want a supply of fresh pro- 
visions and vegetables for the officers and crew while in 
this harbor. You will oblige me by issuing a warrant 
to the navy agent for that purpose. 

I have the honor to be, 

With great respect, Sir, 
Your obedient servant. 
James Sever, Esq., Edw. Preble. 

Capt. of the U. S. Frigate Congress, 

And Commander of the Squadron 

Destined for Batavia. 

Essex, Newport Harbor, ) 
Dec. 29, 1799. J 

Sir : — I have the honor to acquaint you I arrived here 
the 27th inst. The ship proves a good sea boat and sails 
very fast. I have received your letter of instructions 
(of the 11th inst.) for my government during my absence 
and shall pay proper attention to it. I have also received 
the order on Capt. Josiah for the flour, and the list of 
provisions to be shipped on board the different merchant 
vessels for our supplies home ; the Bills of Lading you 
mention in your letter of the 12th, I have not yet re- 
ceived. I feel truly sensible of the high honor conferred 
on me by the confidence of the President and your good 
wishes for my success and honor, and beg leave to assure 



49 

you that you may rely with confidence on my every ex- 
ertion to promote the good of the service and support 
the honor of the flag of the United States. 

Capt. Sever expects we shall sail next Wednesday. 
My accounts and other returns will be forwarded previous 
to sailing. 

With great respect I have the honor to be Sir, 

Your most obediant servant, 
Hon. Sec'y of the Navy. Edward Preble. 

Frigate Congress, ) 
Dec. 31, 1779. 5 
Capt. Sever has the honor to request that Capt. Preble 
will be pleased to turn over from the Frigate Essex 
under his command a seaman by the name of John Wil- 
liamson, alias John Richardson, he having previously en- 
tered on board the latter ship (Congress ?) from which 
vessel he had deserted. 

I am sir, with great esteem and regard, 

Your humble servant, 
James Sever, Capt. Navy U. S. 
Edward Preble, Esq. 

Frigate Essex, Dec. 31, 1799. 
Sir : — Agreeably to your request of this date I send 
rou John Williamson who entered on the Essex's books 
is an able seaman on the 17th inst. He received thirty- 
four dollars [two months] advance wages but no slops. 
I have the honor to be, 

With great respect and esteem Sir. 
Your obedient servant, 
James Sever, Esq., Edward Preble. 

etc., etc. 

Frigate Essex, Newport Harbor, ) 
January 6, 1800. 5 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform you that we are now 
sveighing one anchor to proceed to sea in company with 
the Congress, the wind from N. N. W., gives us a pros- 



50 

pect of a favorable time off the coast ; this letter will be 
accompanied by my muster-roll, quarter bill, watch bill, 
boarding list, return of the commissioned and warrant 
officers, allotments of pay, indents for stores supplied 
the ship, recruiting accounts and receipts for money ad- 
vanced. I have been obliged to make them out in such a 
hurry that I am confident they are not so regular as they 
ought to be, but the very little assistance I have had must 
plead my apology ; it is but a few days that I have had a 
clerk on board, and my purser has never been of any 
assistance to me, nor do I expect he ever will. Lieut. 
Phipps is very infirm, and so far advanced in life, with a 
broken constitution, that although he is a very worthy 
man, I do not expect it will be in his power to render any 
essential service on board. I am inclined to think, from 
present appearances, that he never will return ; this has 
induced me to take on board Mr. Geo. Washington Yew, 
who was senior midshipman on board the General Green, 
and arrived here sometime past in a prize. Mr. Yew 
stands very high in the opinion of every person who 
knows him, and has been so very strongly recommended 
by Messrs. Gibbs and Channing that I have received him 
as first midshipman of the Essex, to act as Lieutenant. 
This arrangement is perfectly agreeable to the gentlemen 
of the wardroom ivith whom he messes, and I hope it will 
meet your approbation. 

I have been much disappointed in my marines ; six out 
of the ten sent to Salem I have been obliged to land here 
unfit for service, and were so when I received them, and 
in lieu of the forty I was to receive here I have received 
only twenty-four ; this disappointment obliges me to go to 
sea twenty men short of my complement, which is by no 
means a pleasant consideration, as I am bound on so long 
a cruise, although I do not consider it of consequence 
enough to detain the ship a moment, when I take into 
consideration the importance of the object of our desti- 
nation. 

I have been obliged to land my carpenter, and one mid- 
shipman, Mr. Fitch Tarbell here sick; and to discharge 
from the service six able and ordinary seamen in conse- 



51 

quence of disorders which it was not possible to dis- 
cover previous to a proper examination by a surgeon, 
which it was not possible to have at the time of their 
engagement, as they were shipped in an out-port where 
no surgeon or physician could be procured. There has 
also been two desertions as per muster-roll. 

The two midshipmen, Mr. Williams and Mr. Hitch- 
cock, are on board. Two officers of marines were 
ordered to this place to join the Essex, one of them, 
Lieut. Grecldes, has by a scald, fortunately for the ship, 
been prevented. I say fortunately as his conduct since 
his arrival in this place has been disgraceful to him as an 
officer and as a man ; the other, Lieut. M. Porter, is on 
board. 

The recruiting service for this ship has been attended, 
in some instances, with more expenses than ordinary, in 
consequence of the short time allowed to man her, and 
the number of vessels manning at the same time, but I 
am confident that the officers employed on the recruiting 
service have been governed by no motives but such as 
are justifiable. 

My returns of every description shall in future be 
regular and proper, and every attention paid by me to 
the good of the service. 

I beg you to accept my best wishes for your health, 
happiness and a long life. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient humble servant, 

Edwakd Preble, Capt. 
Hon. Sec'y of the Navy. 

Frigate Essex. At Sea, ^ 
Newport Light House, bearing N. W. by N., > 
2 leagues. Jan. 6, 1800, 4 p.m. ) 
Sir : — I have the honor to acquaint you that the Essex 
in coming out of the harbor sailed much faster than the 
Congress, and is, I think, in every respect a fine frigate. 
The wind is fair and the weather pleasant, and we have 
every prospect of a good time off the coast. Two ships 
and a brig are under our convoy, the names and destina- 



52 

tion of which I suppose Capt. Sever has made you ac- 
quainted with. My dispatches for the Navy Office I had 
the honor to enclose previous to weighing anchor, and 
committed them to the charge of the agents. 
With great respect Sir, 

I have the honor to be 

Your obedient humble servant, 
To the Edward Preble, Capt. 

Hon. Sec'y of the Navy. 

P. S. I have the satisfaction to say that the Congress 
has not waited one moment for the Essex. E. P. 



List of the Officers and Creiv of the U, S. Frigate Essex, 
on her First Cruise, together with their Numbers on the 
Ship's Books. Constructed from the Pursers several 
issues of Clothing and Tobacco, from January, 1800, 
to September, 1800. 

1. Edward Preble, Captain; 2. Richard C. Beale, 
1st Lieut, (of Castine, Maine) ; 3. David Phipps, 2d 
Lieut, (of Rhode Island) ; 4. George Gardner Lee, 3d 
Lieut, (of Salem, Mass.) ; 5. Rufus Low, Sailing Mas- 
ter-, 6. William Mumford, Purser; 7. Hector Orr, Sur- 
geon; 8. Joseph Martin, Boatsivain ; 9. Samuel Masury, 
Gunner; 10. George Perkins, Sailmaker ; 11. Samuel 
G. Nowell, Carpenter (left behind sick at Newport) ; 12. 
George W. Tew, Midshipman, Acting Lieut, under the 
warrant of Captain Edward Preble. 

Midshipmen. — 13. John Brown; 14. Samuel Conant; 
15. Royal Gurley ; 16. James H. Adams; 17. Samuel 
Stubbs; 18. William Scallan ; 19. John Shattuck ; 20. 
John Rowe ; 21. Samuel Allen; 22. Thomas Marshall; 
23. Thomas Randall; 24. Jonathan B. Hitchcock; 25. 
William H. Williams (died in the Straits of Sunday, 



53 

May 30) ; 26. Jason Howard, Schoolmaster ; 27. Wm. 
B. Reed; 28. Francis Benson, and 28.* Richard Butter 
(shipped at Cape Town March 25, 1800) , Master'' '« Mates ; 
29. John H. Perkins, Surgeon's Mate; 30. Samuel Cur- 
wen Ward, Captain's Clerk. 

Petty Officers. — 31. John Douglass, Cooper; 32. 
Eli Dill, Captain's Cockswain; 33. John Howard, and 
34. William Fisher, Boatswain's Mates; 35. William Pat- 
terson, Gunner's Mate; 36. John Smith, Gunner's Yeo- 
man; 37. Stephen Stimson and 38. Samuel Hazleton, 
Carpenter's Mates; 39. Simeon F. Stewart, Ship's Stew- 
ard (died July 4, 1800) ; 40. Andrew Knowland, Cook; 
41. James Wallace, Master-at-Arms ; 42. Joseph Newell, 
Armorer; 43. James Orr ; 44. James Converse; 45. 
John Lessell ; 46. John Robinson; 47. Wm. Trafford ; 
48. John West; 49. Jacob Benson; and 50. Hans Oln- 
sen, Quarter Gunners. 

Able Seamen. — 51. James Day ; 52. ; 

53. Timothy Hodgkins ; 54. Wm. Lakeman ; 55. John 
Morris; 56. Richard Kelly ; 57. Henry Edgar ; 58. Wm. 
Byram ; 59. John Wells (fell overboard at sea Feb. 14, 
and drowned) ; 60. Wm. Libby ; 61. James Brooks ; 62. 
Robert Clarke (died June 6, 1800) ; 63. Daniel Cotter- 
ell; 64. Wm. Gallop; 65. John Frederick; 66. John 
Lloyd; 67. Charles Mitchell; 68. James Fox; 69. Dan- 
iel Miller; 70. John Vincent; 71. John Glover; 72. 
James Harraden ; 73. William Miller; 74. John Bailey 
(died at sea August 4, 1800) ; 75. Wm. English (died 
and was buried at sea Feb. 21, 1800); 76. John Carrico ; 
77. James Woodberry ; 78. Wm. Burr; 79. Antonio 
Center; 80. Benjamin McDonald (died at sea Oct. 21, 
1800); 81. Moses Hodgekins ; 82. John Butler; 83. 
John C. Meil (?); 84. Samuel Thomas; 85. Mathias 
Fleming; 86. Charles Schmidt; 87. John Hanson; 88. 



54 

Win. Johnson; 89. Joseph Shed; 90. Benjamin Butler; 
91. Abner Richards; 92. James Neil; 93. Jeduthan 
Hammond; 94. John Arften ; 95. Jonathan Kendall; 96. 
Joshua Wallace; 97. Wm. Ash; 98. Moses Burnham ; 
99. Samuel Harraden ; 100. James Story; 101. Thomas 

Curtis; 102. John Jackson; 103. ; 104. 

Arthur Langford ; 105. Michael Dean ; 106. Jacob 
Clarke; 107. Antonio Morano ; 108 Alexander Gordon ; 
109. John Law (died at sea July 11) ; 110. Zebulon S. 
Millet; 1 1 1 . Thomas White ; 112. George Melzard ; 113. 
Edward Homan ; 114. James Sparrow; 115. William 
Trefry ; 116: Francis Barker; 117. John Alexander; 

118. David Gregory; 119. ; 120. Thomas 

Jones; 121. James Livingston; 218. George Stephens; 
225. Edward Jackson ; 226. John Dunham ; 229. Josiah 
Marshall; 230. John Williams; 231. James Martin; 232. 
George Paterson ; 233. Peter Anderson (died at sea 
Aug. 5, 1800) ; 234. John Prime; 235. Jacob Johnson; 
236. Charles Sweede ; 237. James Ward; 244. John 
Hoyt; 245. John Gardner; 247. John Lessell. — Total 
Able Seamen, 86. 

Ordinary Seamen. — 122. David Green; 123. James 
Mugford; 124. David Halzell ; 125. Peter Bennet ; 126. 
John Beard; 127. Thomas Burke; 128. Richard Hogan ; 
129. Moses Harriman ; 130. George Clarke; 131. Asahel 
Page; 132. Moses Walker: 133. Ebenezer Stanwood ; 
134. Ralph Wright; 135. Wm. Perkins; 136. Gurden 
Pitcher ; 137. Benjamin Gray ; 138. Isaac Burnham ; 139. 

Luke Burnham; 140. 'David Putnam; 141. ; 

142. James Bates ; 143. Ezra Plummer ; 144. John Feh- 
mer; 145. Patrick Hargan ; 146, James Smith; 147. 
Isaac Lewis; 148. Joseph Byles ; 149. James Lathrop ; 
150. Samuel Lewis ; 151. Ebenezer Howard ; 152. Wm. 
Howard; 153. Mai. Howard; 154. Thomas O'Brien; 



55 

155. Elkanah Bartlett; 156. John F. Clarke; 157. Pat- 
rick McMamis ; 158. Ebenezer Converse; 159. James 
Fowler; 160. Jacob Howland ; 161. Charles Riens ; 162. 
Nicholas Mortimer; 163. George Lane; 164. William 
Fretch; 165. Levin Wright; 166. Andrew Curtis; 167. 
Moses Burnham, Jr.; 168. Thomas Whittick ; 169. 
William Woodberry ; 170. James Brown; 171. Edward 
Gilman; 172. Jacob Very; 173. Wm. Very; 174. Benj. 
Stone; 175. Charles Stimson ; 176. Daniel Woodman 
(rated seaman fell overboard at sea Feb. 14, 1800, and 
drowned) ; 177. James Jones; 178. Gideon Southworth ; 
179. Benjamin Stone, 2d; 180. Benjamin Lindsey ; 181. 
Isaac Martin ; 182. Thomas April ; 194. Richard Eustis 
(shipped as a boy, and rated) ; 195. James Spofford, do. ; 
197. John Brown, do. ; 199. Wm. Summers, do. ; 201. 
Wm. Groves, do. ; 200. John Leighton, do. ; 202. Wm. 

Hodgkins, do. ; 203. David Cullum, do. ; 205. 

; 206. Walter Butler, do. ; 207. Samuel Sylvester, 



do. ; 208. Wm. Barnes, do. ; 209. Thomas Barker, do. ; 
210. Cyrille Felice, do. ; 211. Yorich Spencer, do. ; 212. 
; 213. Daniel Mumford ; 214. John Burn- 
ham (died of an epileptic fit, Dec. 19, 1799) ; 219. 
Ebenezer Grover; 220. Thomas Ferral ; 238. John Fitz 
Gerald;* 239. Wm. Scarit ; 240. John Neilson ; 241. 
Samuel Danscomb ; 242. Richard Sherrod ; 248. Nath'l 
King. — Total Ordinary Seamen, 87. 

Boys. — 183. George G. Bell; 184. Thomas Webb; 
185. John Daniels; 186. Jonathan Garner; 187. John 
Gregory; 188. Ebenezer Bickford ; 189. Stephen Rad- 
ford ; 190. Samuel Clarke ; 191. John Dalton ; 192. 

; 193. Winthrop Friend; 196. John Renneuer : 



*Note No. 228. Richard Butler was shipped at Cape Town, Feb. 21, 1800. All 
numbers lower than that number entered on the ship's books must have been re- 
ceived on board after the Essex had left the United States. 



56 

204. Samuel Gale ; 222. Jonathan Nichols. — Total Boys 
14. 
Marine Guard. — 1. Lieut. S. W. Geddes, U. S. 

M. C. (left at Newport sick) ; Lieut. Porter, 

U. S. M C, Commanding Guard; 2. Elisha Chapin, 
First Sergeant; 3. Winthrop Bradbury, Second Ser- 
geant; 4. Joel Eussell, First Corporal; 5. John Alver- 
son, Second Corporal; 6. Stephen Dickenson, Third 
Corporal; 7. . 



Privates. — 8. Joseph Davenport; 9. ; 

10. ; 11. Joseph Moulton ; 12. Porter 

Cook; 13. ; 14. John Belknap; 15. 

; 16. ; 17. Nathan Bebee ; 18. John 

Miriam; 19. Augustus Marsh; 20. Joseph Bishop; 21. 
Squire Copely ; 22. Obadiah Glazier ; 23. Abraham Fox ; 
24. Lemuel Brayton ; 25. John Hixon ; 26. Samuel 
Blanchard; 27. Peter McNeil; 28. Amos Wheaton ; 29. 
Jeremiah Russell. — Total Marine Guard, 23. 

Captain Preble, in his Note-book of the Cruise of the 
Essex, under date January 7, 1800, says: "Sailed from 
Newport in company with the U. S. Frigate Congress, 
Capt. Sever. The whole complement of men and boys 
on board two hundred and forty-three, which leaves me 
seventeen short of my complement." This was, of 
course, exclusive of the marine guard, and wholly of the 
commissioned officers. 

Of the Marine Guard he writes: "I have been much 
disappointed in my marines. Six out of the ten sent to 
Salem I have been obliged to land here (Newport) unfit 
for service, and some so when I received them; and in 
lieu of forty I was to receive here I have only received 
twenty-four ; this disappointment obliges me to go to sea 
twenty men short of my complement, which is by no 
means a pleasant consideration, as I am bound on so long 
a cruise." 






57 



>T'l 



he crew of the Essex was recruited principally at 
€ape Ann, Salem and Boston, as appears from the fol- 
lowing extracts from a Journal in the handwriting of 
Captain Edward Preble : — 

"November 7th, 1799. — In company with the Navy 
agent I went on board the Essex and took the command 
of her; mustered the ship's company, consisting of Mr. 
Thomas Randall, Midshipman, seventeen able and three 
ordinary seamen. Mr. Randall informed me that James 
Mitchell, Able Seaman, deserted on the 1st inst. 

November 12th. — Ordered a rendezvous opened at 
Salem, under the care of Mr. Conant, Midshipman, for 
recruiting men. 

November 24th. — Ordered Lieut. George Gardner 
Lee, to Boston, on recruiting service. 

November 29th. — Received a detachment of Marines 
from Boston, consisting of one sergeant, a corporal and 
eight marines. 

December 1st. — Our number on board daily increas- 
ing. 

December 5th: — Sent Mr. Allen, Midshipman, to Cape 
Ann, to recruit men. 

December 14th. — -My complement of men being nearly 
complete, I ordered the rendezvous at Boston, Salem, and 
Cape Ann, to be closed, and the accounts to be settled. 
A pilot for Newport came on board. 

December 22d. — Sailed for Newport to complete the 
equipments for a cruise. The ship's company consists of 
two hundred and twenty-eight officers, seamen, boys and 
marines. 

December 31st. — Turned over to the Congress, John 
Williams, a deserter from that ship. Gave Mr. Fitch 
Tarbet (mid'n) leave to go on shore to sick quarters. 



58 

Sent Samuel G. Nowel (Carpenter) and 6 sick marines on 
shore to the Hospital and discharged from the service four 
able and three ordinary seamen, unfit for duty. Jona- 
than Nichols deserted. 

January 1st, 1800. — Eeceived on board a detachment 
of marines, consisting of one Lieutenant, one Sergeant, 
two corporals, and twenty-one marines." 

NOTES ON THE FIRST OFFICERS OF THE ESSEX. 1800. 

1. Edward Preble, Captain, entered the present 
U. S. Navy as a Lieutenant (having been previously 
commissioned in the Kevolutionary Navy), Feb. 9, 
1798 ; was promoted a Captain, May 15, 1799, and died 
in service, August 25, 1807. 

2. Kichard C. Be ale, First Lieutenant, was commis- 
sioned a Lieutenant, March 9, 1798. Nothing further is 
known concerning him. 

3. David Phipps, Second Lieutenant, was commis- 
sioned a Lieutenant, July 2, 1798, and discharged April 
15, 1801, under P. E. A. Capt. Preble represents him 
as a worthy man but too old to be useful in the position 
he occupied. 

4. George Gardner Lee, Third Lieutenant, was 
commissioned Lieutenant, Dec. 2, 1799. Left the ser- 
vice March 6, 1805. 

5. Rufus Low, Sailing Master, was warranted as 
Sailing Master, Dec. 6, 1799, promoted a Lieutenant, 
Nov. 29, 1799, and discharged August 4, 1801, under P. 
E. A. 

6. William Mumford, Purser. Commissioned a Pur- 
ser, Nov. 13, 1799, discharged Sept. 10, 1801, under P. 
E. A. 

7. Hector Orr, Surgeon. Commissioned March 2, 
1799, discharged under P. E. A., June 10, 1801. 



59 

8. Samuel Masury, Gunner,' appointed Dec. 2, 1799, 
dismissed Jan. 21, 1803. 

11. George W. Tew, Acting Lieutenant. Appointed 
a Midshipman Feb. 21, 1799 ; commissioned a Lieutenant 
April 1, 1800; died April 30, 1801. 

12. John Brown, Midshipman. Warranted July 9, 

1800. Lost in the Insurgent. 

14. Eoyal Gurley. Appointed Dec. 2, 1799. Ee- 
signed Feb. 25, 1801. 

15. Jas. H. Adams. Appointed Dec. 11, 1799. Dis- 
charged under P. E. A., May 20, 1801. 

16. Samuel Stubbs. Appointed Midshipman Dec. 2, 
1799. Eesigned Feb. 2, 1801. 

17. Wm. Scallan. Appointed Midshipman Dec. 2, 
1799. Eesigned March 27, 1805. 

18. John Shattuck. Appointed Midshipman Dec. 2, 
1799. Commissioned Lieutenant March 20, 1807. Last 
appearance on Navy List, May 27, 1809, furloughed. 

19. John Eowe. Appointed Midshipman Dec. 2, 
1799. Lieutenant, March 21, 1807. Eesigned Aug. 27, 
1808. 

20. Samuel Allen. AppointedMidshipmanDec.il, 
1799. Discharged April 30, 1801, under P. E. A. 

22. Thomas Eandall. Appointed Midshipman Sept. 

23, 1799. Discharged June 22, 1801, under P. E. A. 

23. Jonathan B. Hitchcock. Appointed Midship- 
man Aug. 8, 1799. Eesigned May 26, 1801. 

24. Wm. H. Williams. Appointed Midshipman Aug. 
8, 1799 ; died in the Straits of Sunda, May 30, 1800. 

28. Eichard Butler, shipped at Cape Town, March 
25, 1800; was a son of Gen. Butler of Eevolutionary 
Army; received warrant as Sailing Master, April 28, 

1801. Eesigned June 4, 1803; was reappointed June 

24, 1803 r . and dismissed Feb. 15, 1808. 



60 

29. John H. Perkins, Surgeon's Mate. Appointed 
Dec. 13, 1800. Discharged April 30,1801, under P. E. A. 

EXTRACT OF CAPT. E. PREBLE'S JOURNAL ON BOARD THE ESSEX. 

October 31, 1799. — I received a letter at Portland 
from the Sec'y of the Navy, dated the 21st hist., order- 
ing me to repair to Salem and take command of the Essex, 
and equip her for sea as soon as possible. 

November 4, 1799. — I set off for Salem, and arrived 
there the 6th. 

November 7, 1799. — In company with the Navy agent 
I went on board the Essex and took command of her. 
* * * I found the ship moored between her two bow- 
ers in five fathoms of water, muddy bottom, about a half a 
league from the town. The flag staff on Fort Pickering 
bearing N. E. by E. three cables' lengths distant. Our 
distance off shore two cables' lengths from the spot over 
which the ship was built. Her iron and shingles, ballast 
and part of her water on board ; her masts and spars all 
in place, rigged with her standing and most of her running 
rigging : all the joiners' and much of the carpenters', 
smiths' and painters' work to be done ; ordered top gal- 
lant yards sent down. 

November 10. — The cabin not yet finished, which 
obliges me to sleep on shore. 

November 17. — Twenty-six twelve-pound cannon were 
taken on board for the main battery. Mounted them and 
found the carriages all too high ; dismounted the cannon 
and sent the carriages on shore to be altered. 

November 18. — Ten six-pounders were taken on board 
and mounted on the Quarter-deck and forecastle. Join- 
ers and carpenters finishing officers' berths and store rooms 
below. 



61 

December 3. — Ordered the lower rigging set up. 

December 9. — Completed bending sails. 

December 12. — A sloop from Boston and one from 
Salem discharging their cargoes of shot, provisions and 
stores into the Essex. 

December 15. — Made the signal for all officers and crew 
to repair on board. A sloop-load of provisions and stores 
received. 

December 16. — Wind N; W. at 9 A. M. Made the 
signal for sailing, but the wind changed to N. E. and snow 
prevented our powder from being taken on board. At 4 
P. M. took in the signal. 

December 17. — Wind NT. N. E. to E. N. E. and snow. 

December 18. — Wind N. W. and fair weather, took 
our powder on board. Latter part of the day wind 
shifted to the N. E. with snow. Discharged the joiners, 
carpenters, smiths and painters. 

December 20. — At 9, A. M., made the signal for sail- 
ing. At 1P.M., unmoored, but the wind growing faint, 
I ordered the signal taken in. 

December 21. — At 8 A. M., wind N. W\, made the 
signal for sailing. Could not weigh our anchor, parted 
two new messengers and a buoy-rope in attempting it. 

December 22.— Wind N. N. W. At 8 A. M. weighed 
anchor and sailed for Newport. On passing Fort Pick- 
ering fired a salute of sixteen guns, which was returned. 
At 9 A. M., discharged the harbor pilot. 

December 24. — At sea. Fresh gales and rain, S. S. 
E. to N. W. Ordered fires between decks, the humid- 
ity of the air being dangerous to the health of the people. 

December 25. — Wind W. N. W. and moderate. 
Mustered the ship's company at 4 P. M. Called all hands 
to quarters to accustom the men to their stations ; the sea 
too rough and weather too cold to exercise the great guns. 



62 

December 27. — Spoke a pilot boat from Block Island. 
Calm all night. 

December 28. — At 4 P. M., saw the Congress, Fri- 
gate, at anchor in the Harbor. Made the Essex private 
signal. At 7 P.M., passed the lighthouse. At 8, an- 
chored at the entrance of the Harbor about one mile 
above the lighthouse in 25 fathoms water, good bottom, 
our distance from the Eastern shore half a mile. At 7 
A. M. a harbor pilot came on board from Newport. 
Weighed, and made sail up the harbor. At 8 A. M., 
passed the Congress, manned ship, and cheered, which 
was returned by the Congress. At 8 1-2, anchored in 7 
fathoms muddy bottom, and moored ship, the Long 
Wharf being E. by $., distance one half a league. 

December 29. — Mustered the ship's company and 
loosed sails to-day. 

December 30. — Unstocked the sheet anchor and stored 
it below. 

December 31. — Preparing for sea. 

Monday, January 6, 1800. — Forwarded my despatches 
to the Navy Office, consisting of a muster roll, returns of 
the commissioned and warrant officers, Quarter Bill, 
Watch Bill, Boarding List, allotments of pay, returns of 
stores received by each officer, recruiting accounts and 
receipts for money. At 11 A. M., unmoored and got 
ready for sea. The whole number of men and boys on 
board, 243, which leaves me 17 short of complement. 

Tuesday, January 7, 1800. —At 3 P. M., wind N. N. 
W., weighed anchor and sailed on a cruise in company 
with the U. S. Frigate, Congress, Capt. Sever; three 
merchant vessels in company under convoy. At 6 P. M. 
Newport Ligfit bore N. by W., two leagues. Run all 
night under double reefed topsails on the cap to keep 
company with the merchantmen. At 11 A. M. 3 spoke 



63 

the Congress and joined Capt. Sever in opinion that we 
ought to leave the merchant vessels, as they all sail very 
dull. Spoke one of them and informed the master of 
our determination. 

Wednesday, January 8. — At 1 P. M. Congress made 
the signal to speak. Directed the master to linstock one 
of the anchors and store it below. Congress in company. 
Merchant vessels all out of sight. 

Thursday, January 9. — Strong gales from N. N. W. 
to N. N. E., and a heavy sea from the westward. Con- 
gress in company. 

Friday, January 10. — Strong gales from N. N. W. to 
N. N. E. Our ship rolls and labors much, and ships a 
great quantity of water. 

Saturday, January 11. — Strong gales. 

Sunday, January 12. — Strong gales, S. by E. to 
S. W. and rain, under reefed foresail, close-reefed main- 
topsail, mizzen and forestay sails. At 4 P. M. took in 
the maintopsail and set the storm mizzen staysail. The 
Congress S. E. by E. two miles. At 4 and 1-2 P. M., 
considering the bowsprit to be in clanger, I bore away for 
a few minutes to take in the foretopmast staysail to save 
the ship forward; at the same time hauled down the 
mizzen staysail, the wind blowing with great fury. At 
this time lost sight of the Congress, our rigging be- 
ing so slack as to make it impossible to carry sail to keep 
up with her, without hazarding the loss of our masts. At 
8 P. M., under reefed foresail and storm mizzen main- 
staysail. At 3 A. M, it moderated. Made more sail. 
At 11 A. M. strong gales and rain. Wore ship to the 
N. E. to set up rigging the starboard side. Congress not 
in sight. Lat. observed 38° 22' N. Lon., D. E., 52 G 
07' W. 

Monday, January 13. — Heavy gale, W. to N. W., and 



64 

a large sea. Under reefed foresail and close-reefed 
maintopsail. 

January 14. — Strong gales and a heavy sea from the 
W. N. W. The ship labors much and ships a great deal 
of water. 

January 15. — At 11 A. M. saw a sail to windward 
and gave chase. 

January 16. — At 4 P. M. spoke the chase, a brig from 
Plymouth, G. B., bound to New York; hoisted English 
colors. Sea too high and wind too strong to board her. 
Steered on our course, carried away a main shroud, top- 
mast stay and topsail tye. I find all our rigging too 
small, of a very bad quality, and not to be depended on. 
Our iron work is equally bad, and both are constantly giv- 
ing away. 

January 17. — Strong gales from W. N. W. to S. W., 
and a high sharp sea. 

January 18. — Wind N. W. and fair weather. Set up 
rigging fore and aft, alow and aloft. 

CO o ' 

Sunday, January 19. — Light breeze and pleasant 
weather. Mustered the ship's company. Lon. by Lunar 
observation reduced to noon, is 33° 30' west of London > 
from which I take a new departure. Lat. observed 28° 
52' N. 

January 20. — Gentle gales from W. N. W. and 
pleasant. Called all hands to quarters and exercised can- 
non and small arms. 

January 21. — Pleasant. 

January 22. — Squally. 

January 23. — Fresh gales and squally. 

January 24. —Wind E. by N. at 9 P. M. Fresh 
breezes under close-reefed topsails and courses. At half 
past 9 P. M. Lieutenant Phipps (his watch on deck) in- 
formed me the mainmast was sprung between decks.. 



65 

ordered the main-topsail to be taken in. Examined the 
mast and found it very badly sprung about three feet 
above the wedges. Got down the top-gallant yard, and 
masts. Took in the mainsail and set up the weather 
shrouds ; then got the mainyard down and took every 
precaution to ease the mast and secure it until morning. 
At 6 A. M. the carpenters were all set to work preparing 
fishes for the mast. Carried away two of our main shrouds ; 
got up others to replace them. Lat. 14° 48' N. Lon. 
28° 15' W. 

January 25. — Wind E. by N. Fresh gales and 
squally. Carpenters fishing the mainmast. Carried 
away a pair of main shrouds, replaced them with new 
ones. Carpenters reported the main trestle-trees sprung. 
Ordered them made as secure as possible with bolts and 
frappings. Got the maintopsail yard on deck. 

Sunday, January 26. — Wind E. by K. Fresh Gales. 
Completed fishing and moulding the mainmast. Swayed 
up the yards, and made sail. Lat. 10° 14' N. Lon. 26° 
22' W. 

January 28. — Ordered preventer topmast stays got up 
fore and aft, those aloft being too small. 

January 30. — Exercised great guns and small arms ? 
and scaled the main battery. 

Sunday, February 2. — -Mustered the ship's crew. 

February 3. — A smooth sea and fair weather. Lat. 
3° 05' N. Lon. 17° 36' W. 

February 5. — Parted a pair of shrouds and replaced 
them with new ones. 

February 7.— Crossed the Equator. Lon. 20° 20' W. 

Sunday, February 9. — Mustered the ship's company. 

February 13. — Pleasant weather and a smooth sea. 
Exercised great guns and small arms. 

Friday, February 14. — Wind S. E. by S. to E. S. E. 



6Q 

Fresh gales, smooth sea and pleasant weather. At half 
past 8 P. M., John Wells and Daniel Woodman, two able 
seamen, fell overboard and were both drowned, although 
every exertion was made to save them. Dismounted 
two of the Quarter-deck guns and stored them below, as 
they could not be worked clear of the main shrouds. 

February 17. — Saw land birds. Lat. 23° 20' S. Lon. 
by Lunar observation, 24° 10' W. 

February 21. — William English died and was buried 
in the deep. 

February 25. — Wind N. by E. Fresh gales and 
fair weather. Saw albatrosses and black gulls. 

February 26. —Fair weather. Plenty of birds fly- 
ing around us. 

February 27. — Fair weather. All sail set. Saw 
land birds. 

March 2. — Light breezes and pleasant. Many alba- 
trosses and gulls about the ship. 

March 8. — Fresh gales and fair weather. Bent ca- 
bles. Observed the water much discolored; suppose we 
are on soundings. Saw much floating kelp and seaweed, 
sure indications of being near the land. Find a current 
setting to the N. W. one mile per hour. 

Sunday, March 9.— Wind S. and S. W. Hazy, thick 
weather. At 7 A. M. saw Cape St. Martin bearing E. 
N". E. three or four leagues distant. Vast numbers of 
birds about the ship. 

March 10. — At 4 P. M., tacked off shore, the land 
bearing from S. to E. N. E. ; land abreast three miles dis- 
tant. Saw the surf on the shore. The land on this coast 
is barren, with high sand-hills, some of which have the 
appearance of buildings. At midnight tacked for the 
land. At 11 A. M. saw the land, Lat. 33° 00' S. 

March 11. — At 4 P. M. the north point of Saldanha 



67 

Bay bore N. by E. half E., and the southern point E. by 
S., four leagues distant. Steering S. by E. ; at 6. P. M. 
saw breakers off Coney Island bearing S. E. by S., three 
miles; at 2 A. M., saw the table-land of the Cape of 
Good Hope ; at 10 A. M. anchored in 7 fathoms over a 
bottom of fine sand, the watering-place at the town S. 
W., one mile distant. Moored ship. 

Found here seven British men-of-war, viz : 

Lancaster, 64 guns, Admiral Sir Roger Curtis, Bart., Capt. Larcom. 

Tremendous, 74 guns, Capt. Osborn. 

Diomed, 50 guns, Capt. Hon. C. Elphinstone. 

Adamant, 50 guns, Capt. Hotham. 

L'Oiseau, 44 guns, Capt. S. H. Linzee. 

Camel, Frigate, Capt. Lee. 

Rattlesnake, 24 guns, Capt. Curtis. 

Two English and a Swedish Indiaman, an English 
Whaler, and three American merchant vessels, viz. : the 
Ship Ariel, Capt. Coats, from China for Philadelphia, the 
Ship Dispatch, Capt. Benners, from Philadelphia for Ba- 

tavia, and Brig from Bataviafor Philadelphia. Sent 

the First Lieutenant on board the Admiral to report the 
ship. Received a visit from the Health officer. 

March 12. —Wind S. E. Fresh gales. At 11 A. M., 
went on shore, accompanied by Capt. Campbell of the 
British Navy. Waited on the Admiral, Sir Roger Curtis, 
Bart., and the Governor, Sir George Young, Bart., and 
was politely and friendly received, each offering me his 
best services. I received a visit from all the Captains of 
men-of-war with compliments and congratulations on my 
arrival. Dined with the Admiral in company with all the 
Captains of the Navy. 

March 13. — Strong S. E. gales. Ordered the ship 
completely stripped of its rigging in order to give it a 
thorough repair, and fit new main trestle-trees, &c. &c. 
Commenced watering. Dined with Capt. Linzee of the 
L'Oiseau. 



68 

March 14. — Dined on shore at Mr. Biancha's. 

March 15. — A gale of wind from S. E. No passing 
with boats. All ,hands diligently employed on board. 

Sunday, March 16. — Strong E. S. E. gales and fair 
weather. Ordered watering parties on shore. Mustered 
the ship's company. Dined on shore with the Governor. 

March 17. — Strong S. S. E. gales. Officers and peo- 
ple employed in preparing the ship for sea ; boats water- 
ing. Dined with the Irish officers of the garrison. 

March 18. — Sailed, the Ship Ariel for Philadelphia, 
and the Dispatch for Batavia. Sent a paquet to the 
Navy Office by the Ariel. Got up topmasts and yards. 
Dined with General Dunlap, Commander-in-chief of the 
troops. 

March 20. — Sent a spare mainyard on shore to be left 
in the dockyard, the Admiral having assured me that it 
should be taken good care of, and delivered to any of the 
U. S. ships that may want it. Dined with the Admiral. 

Sunday, March 23. — Watering. Ship nearlv ready 
for sea. Dined with Mr. Barnard, Director of East In- 
dia Affairs for the English East India Company. 

Monday, March 24. — In the morning calm. This day 
I had company to dine on board, viz : General Vanda- 
lure of the British army, Mr. Elmslie, U. S. Consul, and 
all the Captains of the British men-of-war in port. In 
the afternoon a heavy gale of wind came on, in which our 
Launch was upset and lost ; the crew was with difficulty 
saved by the Diomed's Barge. My company were de- 
tained on board all night in consequence of the gale. 

March 25. — Completed our stock of water. Shipped 
Mr. Richard Butler as a master's mate. Dined with the 
Admiral and delivered him the private signals between 
the ships of war of the two nations. 

March 26. — Unmoored and shifted the ship to an out- 
side berth, and anchored in 10 fathoms water, sandy bot- 



69 

torn. Cape Town S. S. W. two miles. Shipped two 
seamen. Dined with the Hon. Capt. C. Elphinstone of 
the Diomed. 

March 27. — Set up the rigging fore and aft, and got all 
ready for sea. Took leave of the Governor, the Admiral, 
General Dimlap, etc. 

Friday, March 28. — At 2 P. M. wind N. W., weighed 
and sailed for Table Bay in company with his B. M. Ship 
Rattlesnake, Capt. Curtis. Saluted the Admiral's flag 
with 15 guns, which was returned. At 11 P. M. strong 
gale and heavy sea. At 4 A. M. the wind shifted to the 
S. W. Steered to the S. E. Saw a sail at 8 A. M. a 
long way to windward and one to leeward. Bore away 
and gave chase. At noon spoke the chase, a small Eng- 
lish brig from St. Catharine's Bay, bound to the Cape. 
Latitude 35° 14' S. * 

March 29. — Strong N. W. by S. W. gales and a 
heavy sea. Saw a ship off the lee quarter. Gale so 
strong and sea so high, did not think proper to wear ship 
to speak her, supposing her English, as the French have 
no ships on this coast. 

From March 30th to April 16th., Capt. Preble's diary 
records nothing of interest, and little else but the weather 
and ship's position at noon each day. 

April 16. — Passed the Island of St. Paul, distant 
three leagues. At 11, hauled to the southward by the 
wind, under easy sail. At 6 A. M. made sail for the 
Island of Amsterdam. At 8 A. M. saw it bearing S. W. 
by S., six leagues distant. At noon close in with the 
Island ; the wind too strong and sea too high to send a 
boat on shore. Saw several huts on the east side, on one 

Note. — The Cape of Good Hope is in Lat. 54° 22' S., and Lon. 18° 29' E., there- 
fore the Essex must have passed the Longitude of the Cape about 11 A. M., March 
28; the first United States vessel-of-war to double the Cape and show our flag 
beyond it. 



70 



of which an American Ensign was displayed. Several 
men on the shore, supposed them some of our countrymen 
left by some vessel to catch seals. Bearing of the Island 
of Amsterdam from St. Paul by compass is S. 23. W. * 

April 17. — No prospect of the wind abating. Bore 
away and steered to the eastward. 

From April 18th to May 4th., when Capt. Preble's pri- 
vate diary closes abruptly on his reaching the neighborhood 
of the Straits of Sunda, there is nothing recorded but the 
wind, weather, and ship's position, and after that date we 
extract from a copy of the Log Book of the Essex preserved 
among his papers, viz :. f 

Tuesday, May 6. — At 1 P. M. came to anchor within 
Clap's Island in 16 fathoms. The Island S. S. W., dis- 
tant two miles. Sent the yawl on shore ; saw a sail to 
windward coming down ; fired two guns for the yawl to 
come off, hove up anchor and gave chase. At 7 A. M. 
fired a shot and brought the chase to. Found her an 
American ship condemned at the Isle of France and 
bound to Batavia, commanded by a Frenchman. At 
night anchored with the ship in shore. At 6 A. M. took 
out the officers and men of ours that were on board. 
The French Captain contended that his ship was Dutch 
property, and was in ballast. Discharged her and made 
our way for the Straits of Sunda. 

May 7. — At half past 12, hauled around Java Head 
into the Straits of Sunda. Found 25 fathoms of water 
within quarter of a mile of the shore. Here we found 






*The Northern island is now known as Amsterdam, and the Southern as 
St. Paul, just the reverse of what he has named them. The hut and men must 
have been seen on what is now known as St. Paul. 

t Journal kept on board the United States Ship Essex of 32 guns by Rufus Low, 
Sailing master, Edward Preble, Esq., Commander, begun December 16, 1799. 
Printed for, and sold by, William T. Clapp, sign of the Boston Frigate, Fish Street, 
Boston. 



71 

the Arrogant of 74 guns, and the Orpheus, Frigate, at 
anchor. Took possession of the ship mentioned yester- 
day. At 11 P. M., came to anchor off the Great Water- 
ing Place at the westend of Java in 20 fathoms water. 

May 10. — Having filled up the water, at 4 A. M., 
hove up the anchor after the Arrogant and Orpheus had 
hove up. We soon came up with and passed them both, 
although they were sure to outsail us, as they were called 
the fastest ships in the English Navy. 

May 11. — Working to windward toward Batavia. 
** This day William Ash, forecastle man, excited the peo- 
ple of the ship Essex to fall on their officers and serve 
them, saying ? as we did on board the Hermoine, and 
serve them right.' " Confined the said Wm. Ash. 

May 12. — - Spoke an American Ship, Hebe, belong- 
ing to Baltimore, 159 clays from Hamburg, bound to 
Batavia. 

May 15. —At 3 P. M. hoisted out boats. Sent Mr. 
Lee, Lieut., in the cutter, to Onrust, who returned with a 
pilot at half past 7 P. M. At 5 A. M. hove up and made 
sail. Wind fell calm, came to anchor in the fairway near 
Onrust. At Meridian, hove up anchor with a small wind, 
steered for Batavia roads. At 3 P. M. came to anchor in 
6 J fathoms of water. Fired a salute of sixteen guns ; were 
answered from the Fort on shore at Batavia, and from the 
Ship Massachusetts of Boston, Capt. Hutchins. Moored 
with the stream anchor; unbent light sails; out boats. 
Capt. Preble went on shore in the barge. Ship's draft, 
aft, 18 feet 4 inches, forward, 17 feet. 

May 18.— - Shipped George Patterson, able seaman, 
from Ship Hebe, by consent of all parties ; also James 
Martin, who signed his name to our paper. This man 
was sent on board from the Ship China as a dangerous 
man. 



72 

May 19. — Healed the ship and payed the main-wheels, 
bends and black streaks. 

May 21. — At five A. M. hove up the anchor, set the 
topsails and steered a course in the fairway, through 
narrows between the shoals off Point Onting and Middle- 
burg island. 

May 22. — Spoke Capt. Webb in the Brig Exchange 
from Salem, bound to Batavia. Passed between Bantam 
Bay and Babec Island in the fairway. 

May 23. — Spoke the Brig Globe, Capt. Gardner, from 
Philadelphia, bound for Batavia, off Bantam Bay. At 
7 P. M., came to anchor near Point St. Nicholas about 
one mile from shore, 35 fathoms water, soft bottom. At 
6 A. M., got under way and made sail for the Straits; 
Sumatra in sight. Saw five strange sails, three ships and 
two brigs, to westward of us. Steered for them and 
cleared ship for action. 

May 24. — Spoke the above vessels and found them to 
be Americans, viz. : — Ship Fair American, Capt. Earle of 
Charleston, last from Eiver La Plata; Ship Franklin, 
Capt. Shaw, on the same voyage in company (these two 
ships mounted 40 guns) ; Brig Lapwing, Capt. Samuel 
Clapp, from New York, four months from home, with 
some provisions for our ship, etc. ; Brig Lydia, Capt. 
Barnard, of Boston, from Plymouth, 129 days out. Ship 
Magnus, Capt. Hawley, of Philadelphia, from Newport, 
sailed with us from thence. 

At 7 P. M., anchored. At 6 A. M. saw a ship without 
us in the fairway. Got underway and found her to be 
one of the above mentioned ships. 

May 25. — At 1 P. M. stood into the Roads off Anjer, 
and came to anchor. At 6 A. M. got underway, with a 
Swedish ship in convoy. Wind dying away, anchored. 

May 26. — At 3 P. M. got underway, and gave chase 



73 

to a sail, which proved a Galiot. At 7 A. M. passed a 
Baltimore schooner bound to sea. 

May 27. — Spoke the ship Juno, Capt. Smith, from 
Newport bound to Batavia, who had some stores for us. 
At 9 P. M. anchored in Mew Bay, in 22 fathoms water, 
and at 5 A. M. closer in, in 14 1-2 fathoms, and com- 
menced watering ship. 

May 29, Mew Bay. — Finished filling water. 26,500 
gallons on board. Got under sail and made for Prince's 
Island. 

May 30. — Working about in the straits. Midshipman 
Wm. H. Williams died. 

June 1 . — Sent the body of Midshipman Williams in 
the cutter with officers, and buried him in the burying- 
ground at Anjer. On the cutter's returning, stood towards 
Batavia. 

June 2. — At 3 P. M. saw a ship under all sail, and 
a brig also. At same time saw four sail at sea. At 5, 
tacked ship and stood thwart their bows. Called all 
hands to quarters and cleared ship for action. Up courses 
and in small sails. Spoke the ship, which proved to be 
the Orpheus with a brig in tow, who informed us that the 
vessels at sea were the Arrogant, 74, and prizes she had 
taken. One of the prizes was a 50 gun ship, and three 
other vessels, all belonging to Batavia. 

From June 3 to June 9, cruising about the Straits 
of Sunda ; occasionally anchoring. Lost a stream anchor 
and 30 fathoms cable. June 5, sent a proa with an officer 
and pilot to Batavia to get ready for the ship. June 6, 
Kobert Clarke, able seaman, died. June 9, hoisted in all 
boats and got them out again for use. Opened the pow- 
der magazine and turned the barrels underside up, to 
keep the powder of equal strength. 

June 10. — Took nine men on board from the Dutch 

10 



74 

Commodore's ship as prisoners, they having been sent 
there from American ships, for their many offences to 
their respective officers. 

June 11. — Taking in stores at Batavia. Shipped two 
men. 

June 15. — Entered seven able and six ordinary sea- 
men that have been sent on board for offences, etc., from 
the Dutch Commodore's ship, and were brought here in 
American vessels. 

June 16. — At 7 A. M. made signal to the Fleet to 
sail and fired one gun. At 9 A. M., signal to get under 
way, and fired one gun. Up anchor and sailed for Onrust 
with a part of the Fleet. At 12, anchored off Onrust in 
five and one-half fathoms. Five ships and two brigs at 
anchor with us. Sent a midshipman and Hve men on 
board the Brig Sally, and a midshipman and seven men 
on board the Ship Smallwood, to help them work those 
vessels to Onrust. Ship's draft, abaft 18 feet, 9 inches, 
forward, 17 feet, 8 inches. 

June 19. — At 8 A. M., got underway with twelve sail 
in company, and one in sight from Batavia to join the 
convoy. 

June 20. — Thirteen sail of the Fleet in convoy and in 
sight astern. Ship with topsails on the cap to keep com- 
pany with the Fleet. 

June 21. — Spoke a proa with Americans on board, 
bound for Batavia, who were taken by a French ship in 
the Straits of Sunda, about a week ago, in the Ship Alten- 
amak of Baltimore. Seven of them came on board. 
These men informed us that twenty-four hours before their 
seeing us, they saw the French armed ship (which was 
from the Isle of France) at anchor near Anjer Point. 
At 6, made signal to the Fleet to make a harbor and find 
an anchorage. Anchored off Point St. Nicholas, in 25 



75 

fathoms, about a mile from the Java shore. In the morn- 
ing discovered the Ship Smallwood was missing. Sent 
the barge with an officer towards that island in quest of, 
but did not find her. 

June 22. — Saw a strange sail to the westward. 

June 23. — Made all sail, got underway, and gave chase 
to a strange sail, supposing her to be a French privateer 
cruising in the Straits. Observed the ship we were in 
chase of, to tack when we did. At 8 P. M., called all 
hands to quarters and made ready for action. At 6 A. 
M. signalled the Fleet to get underway, and at 9, wind 
falling calm, made signal for the Fleet to anchor. 

June 24. — At anchor with the Fleet near the Java 
shore, as we have no opportunity to go on out of the 
Straits. Detained a proa we had reason to think was 
employed by the French privateer to give them intelli- 
gence. The Dutchman confessed he had received money 
for the above purpose. Underway with the Fleet during 
the day and anchored at night. 

June 25. — At Meridian gave chase to a ship in the N. 
W. , supposed to be a French cruiser. At 3 P.M., called 
all hands to quarters. At 4 P. M., six of the Fleet in 
sight. At half-past 4, saw breakers under our lee bow. 
Wind fell almost calm, and night coming on, gave over 
our chase ; tacked and stood for the Fleet under the Java 
shore. At 11 P. M., anchored and showed a top-light, 
and signalled the Fleet to anchor. 

June 26. — The Ship China proves too top-heavy to be 
safe in carrying sail. At 5 A. M., the Ship Smallwood 
made signal of distress. Sent a boat and six men on 
board to assist them in weighing anchor. Four men re- 
mained on board, the officer and two men returned. At 
7, made signal for the China to lead the Fleet, and stood 
for the Smallwood and ordered her to make sail and stand, 
for the Fleet.. 



76 

June 27. — Anchored in Mew Bay with the Fleet, and 
commenced watering ship. 

June 28. — Completed watering, and received some 
turtle on board. 

June 29. — Assisted the convoy in various ways, 
watering and supplying some of the vessels with provi- 
sions, etc. At half past 2 P. M., saw a sail come into 
the Straits. Shipped the cable, called the boats from 
shore, and gave chase. Spoke the Ship Columbia, 109 
days from the Capes of the Delaware, who informed us 
that the Congress was dismasted after parting with us, 
and arrived at a southern port. The Columbia anchored 
in Mew Bay. 

June 30. — Brig Lapwing, two days from Batavia, 
joined the Fleet. Had heard nothing of the French pri- 
vateer, that we had made run among the rocks toward 
Lampoon Bay on Sumatra. Released the proa detained 
several days since. 

July 1. — At 10 A. M., made signal for the Fleet to 
weigh anchor for sea, which was done, the Fleet consist- 
ing of fourteen sail. 

July 2. — Passed Mew Island out of the Straits of 
Sunda to the W. S. W. At 1P.M., Java Head bore 
E. S. E., five leagues. 26,392 gallons of water on 
board. Ten men sick. Bent down top-gallant yard, and 
'launched top-gallant mast. All the Fleet in company. 
Run 126 miles. Unbent the cables and sent the small 
anchor below. 

July 3. — All the Fleet in sight. Sent the jolly boat 
with the Surgeon's mate on board the Juno, Capt. Smith, 
who was sick. 

CIRCULAR. 

Tlie XL S. Frigate Essex will sail from Batavia Roads 
the 18th inst., and will take under convoy the merchant 



77 



ships of the United States bound to the westward. The 
commanders who wish to benefit by this convoy arc 
requested to receive their distinguishing vanes, and on 
Saturday morning they are requested to deliver a mani- 
fest of their cargoes on board the Essex, and at the same 
time receive signals and instructions. As an explanation 
of the signals will be necessary, as many of the com- 
manders as can make it convenient are requested to 
receive them personally. 

Given under my hand on board the Essex, June 9, 
1800. Edward Preble. 

Mem. A copy of the above was put up in the hotel 
the day of the elate. 

The signal vanes for the convoy, above alluded to, 
were : 

A red flag at the fore to designate Ship D. Terry and Brig Sally. 

Ship China and Brig Exchange. 
Ship Smallwood. 
Ship Dispatch and Brig Delaware. 
Ship Nancy and Brig Globe. 
Ship John Bulkley. 
Ship Juno and Brig Lapwing. 
Ship Hebe and Brig Lydia. 
Ship Magnus. 



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Note. One hundred and eight distinct day signals, to be made by 
these flags, were furnished each vessel of the convoy, and a code of 



78 



night signals devised. These signals are signed "Given under my 
hand on board the U. S. Frigate Essex, in Batavia Roads, the 14th of 
June, 1800= Edward Preble, 

Captain in the Navy of the United States." 





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79 

July 4. — Sent Surgeon's mate on board the Small- 
wood. Under close-reefed foretopsail on the Cape. All 
the Fleet in sight. Simon F. Williams, steward, died. 
Committed his body to the deep. At half past 4 P. M. 
made signal 83. Hoisted colors and fired a salute of 
sixteen guns. At 8 P. M. gave chase to a strange sail 
which proved a Danish ship from Copenhagen bound to 
Batavia. 

July 7. — Took the Brig Delaware in tow. 

July 11. — John Law, who belonged to the main top, 
died at 4 P. M., and was buried at 5 A. M. 

July 16. — At midnight hove to for the Smallwood to 
come up. 

July 17. — Sent a boat by request of Capt. Sandford 
to the Smallwood, and found that four of the men we 
loaned to the *S.' had mutinied, viz : James Ward, John 
Fitzgerald, David Gregory, and John Nelson. Had them 
brought on board, whipped at the gangway and put in 
irons, and sent three other men to the Smallwood. 

July 18. — Fired a blank gun to bring to one of the 
Fleet. She not regarding it, fired another with shot, 
which had the desired effect. 

July 23. — Continue to keep the Brig Delaware in 
tow. 

July 26. — Spoke the Brig Exchange in trouble, nearly 
all her men sick. Sent the Doctor's mate on board, and 
three men for his assistance. 

July 31. — Brig Lapwing informed us there was a 
French ship in the Fleet. Hove to and made signal for 
the Fleet to do the same. The Ship Dominick Terry made 
signal of distress. Hoisted out the cutter. It appeared 
the Ship Dispatch had run into the D. Terry, and stove 
her larboard bow in. Gave her assistance. 

August 2. — All the Fleet in sight. Employed in 



' 80 

putting the ship's apparel, &c, in good order to ap- 
proach the Cape of Good Hope. 

August 5. — Peter Anderson, who belonged to the 
main top, starboard watch, died. Committed his body to 
the deep. 

August 7. — The Ship Dispatch and Brig Lapwing 
asked permission and left the Fleet, having given up their 
signal books. 

August 9. — Ezra Plummer, carpenter's mate, died. 
Committed his body to the deep. The Brig Globe left 
the Fleet, having first delivered up her signals. 

August 11 to 14. — Strong gales of wind. On the 
13th, lost sight of all the Fleet, each ship being obliged 
to take care of itself. 

August 14. — John Bailey, able seaman, and Charles 
Gardner, supernumerary, died, and were buried in the 
sea. 

August 15. — At 3 P. M., saw land bearing N. N. W. 
Abundance of birds around us ; caught some with hooks. 
Swayed up the mainyarcl. Got the spritsail yard and 
jib-boom out. Three sick on board. 

August 16. — Land in sight. 

August 17. — Chased a vessel which proved to be the 
Nancy of Baltimore, one of our convoy. At 7 P. M., 
after a chase, spoke the Hebe, another of our convoy. 
At the close of the sea day, blowing a strong gale. Ship 
under close reefs. 

August 18. — Wind and weather moderated and 
cleared. At 7 A. M., hoisted out the jolly boat and 
sounded on the Bank of Agulhas in 86 fathoms, coarse 
white sand and shells. Found a small set of the current 
to the southward. Shot some albatrosses and other 
birds. Three men sick. 

August 19. — Saw a very large turtle. Two sick. 






81 

August 20. — Brig Lydia, of the convoy, joined com- 
pany. Sounded in 85 fathoms, ooze and sandy bottom. 
Commenced a hard gale. Sent down the mainyard. 

August 21. — Hard gale and a lofty sea. Spoke the 
Kent from Portsmouth, England, bound for Bombay, 15 
weeks from home. At midnight, moderate and clear 
weather, with a high swelling sea from the W. S. W. 

August 22. — Strong gales and squally, with rain. At 
7 P. M., saw a sail to windward and close aboard. 
Showed a light. Wind blew very strong, w^ere soon out 
of sight. At 8 A. M., sent down the main yard, and 
saw ship to the northward. 

August 23. — For the last three days we have found 
the ships vastly more to southerly by observation, than 
the log gives, which is attributed to a current. 

August 24. — Weather moderating. Made sail. Saw 
several whales. 

August 25. — At 4 P. M., Cape Agulhas bore E. by 
N. At midnight, hard squalls, with thunder, lightning, 
rain, and hail. 

August 27. — At 5 P. M. The Cape of Good Hope 
bore N. J W. 10 leagues. Repassed the cape and took 
a new departure from it. 

August 30. — Saw land from "N. E. to S. E. 8 leagues. 

September 1. — Caught several sharks and shot some 
birds. 

September 3. — At noon, Island of St. Helena, 861 
miles distant, bearing N. 58° W. 

September 4. — Saw plenty of porpoises, albatrosses, 
and cape pigeons. 

September 10. — Saw some birds which look like small 
gulls. At 3 A. M., hove to. At 5 A. M., bore away. 
At 7 A. M., saw St. Helena bearing W. i N., distant 10 
leagues. Scrubbed hammocks and cleared ship. At 3 



n 



82 

P. M., hauled around the N. part of St. Helena. 
Hoisted out the cutter and sent her with an officer to 
the town. Stood in and anchored in the Roads, in 24 
fathoms. Two Euglish ships here. Fired a salute of 
sixteen guns, which was answered from the Fort. 

September 11. — Brig Globe, one of the convoy, 
arrived . 

September 12. — Ship Juno, one of the convoy, 
arrived. Saw plenty of whales and porpoises in the 
Roads. 

September 13. — Hoisted the boats out in the morning 
and in at night, as usual. 

September 14. — The Ship Nancy and Brig Lydia of 
our convoy, arrived. 

September 15. — Ship Dominick Terry, arrived. Has 
lost all her boats and had her quarter gallerys stove in by 
bad weather off the Cape of Good Hope. Watering ship. 

September 16. — Brig Globe sailed for home. 

September 17. — Finished stripping the masts, and 
have replaced the rigging in good order. The Governor 
and officers of this place [St. Helena] appear very 
friendly. 

September 18. — Ship China, one of the convoy, 
arrived. 

September 20. — Arrived, the Ship John Bulkley, 
which spoke the Brig Lapwing on the 14th of August, 
which had lost both her masts at the deck. She was thrown 
on her beam ends by the wind, and sea, and cut away her 
mast to right her. With both pumps freed her in six 
hours. Capt Stockley of the John Bulkley supplied the 
Lapwing with every thing that was needed, such as spars 
and sails, and Captain Clap of the brig thought he should 
reach the Cape of Good Hope very well. He adds that 
Captain Gardner's Brig Globe passed him within half a 



83 

mile while his signal of distress was hoisted, and did not 
come to him. 

September 22. — Three English ships arrived. 

September 23. — Sailed, the Dominick Terry, for 
Philadelphia. 

September 24. — Snow. The Sally, one of our convoy, 
arrived, with Midshipman Brown, John Beard, Moses 
Harriman, and Ralph Wright, our men which we lent 
Captain Hall in the Straits of Sunda. 

September 25. — Arrived, the Brig Exchange, of the 
convoy. 

September 26. — Fired a gun. Made signal one. 
Unmoored at 10 A. M. Hoisted in the boats. Sent 
Mr. Shed and two men to the Sally. Got underway, in 
company with seven of the convoy, viz. : John Bulkley, 
China, Nancy, Juno, Lydia, Sally, and Exchange. At 3 
P. M., Jamestown, St. Helena, bore S. S. E. J E., 7 
miles. 

October 2. — Ascension Island in sight. 

October 4. — Spoke the Brig Anna Maria, from Bor- 
deaux bound to Tranquebar, under Swedish colors. 

October 6. — All the Fleet in sight. Continue to keep 
the two brigs in tow. 

October 7. — Whipped Andrew Knowland, the cook, 
for striking William Woodbury with an axe. 

October 10. — Recrossed the line in Longitude about 
28° 50' W. 

October 11. — All the Fleet continue in sight. Saw St. 
Paul's rocks. 

October 12. — Charles Swede, who had been sick ever 
since he came on board at Batavia, died. 

October 20. — Lost sight of the Brig Sally. 

October 21. — Benjamin McDonald, captain of the 
mast, died. 

October 22.— All the Fleet in sight. 



84 

October 28. — Brigs Lyclia and Exchange, still in 
tow. 

October 29. — Sent the jolly boat with men on board 
the Juno to assist in getting a topmast aloft. Hoisted 
out the cutter and sent her with an officer to the China, 
for a hawser. 

October 30. — Cut off the brigs in tow, and gave chase 
to a ship which proved the Juno. Took the brigs in tow 
again. 

October 31. — A gale of wind. 

November 2. — Sent the jolly boat on board the Ship 
Nancy with a supply of bread. 

November 3. —At 11 P. M. the brigs cast off the 
hawsers. 

November 4. — Took Brig Exchange in tow again. 
At noon saw a sail to the northward. Cast off the tow 
and gave chase. 

November 5. — Boarded the Schooner Hector from 
Milford bound to Martinico. Hove to and made signal 
for the Fleet to do the same, and received some provisions 
and live stock from the schooner. At 8 A. M. , took the 
Ship Juno in tow, which had sprung her fore trestle- 
trees. 

November 6. — Cast off the Ship Juno and Brig 
Exchange, and gave chase to a sail which proved a 
lumber-loaded brig from Casco Bay, John Walker, 
master, bound to St. Vincents. Took the Lyclia and 
Exchange in tow. 

November 10. — Cast off the Brigs and took them in 
tow again. 

November 11. — Chased a strange sail. 

November 13. — Chased and brought to after two 
shots, the Brig Eliza, Capt. Bullock, from Rhode Island, 
bound to Turk's Island, 10 days out. Chased and spoke 



85 

Brig Harriet, Capt. Babsori, from Tortola bound for 
Boston. 

November 14. — Spoke Schooner Mary, Capt. Jackson, 
from Tortola bound to Wiscasset. Capt. Hale and Capt. 
Stockley asked leave to quit the Fleet. 

November 15. — Took the Exchange in tow air a in. 
Capt. Webb gave up his signals. 

November 17. — Ship John Bulkley left the Fleet- 
November 18. — Spoke Schooner Amelia, 4 days from 
Savannah bound for St. Thomas. She was under Danish 
colors. 

November 21. — Commenced a heavy gale of wind. 

November 22. — Ends moderate and cloudy. 

November 23. — Spoke a schooner from Antigua bound 
for Norfolk. 

November 24. — Tried for ground but found none. 

November 25. — Hove an English schooner to with a 
shot. She was bound to Philadelphia. Tried for ground, 
found none with 125 fathoms line. 

November 27. — At 8 P. M., sounded in 45 fathoms, 
black and white sand. At 10 A. M. sounded in 9 
fathoms. 

November 28. — Sounding at intervals. At 9J P. M. 
the light house bore N. W. by W. 

November 29. — At 1 P. M., Sandy Hook lighthouse 
bore N. W., 7 miles. At 8 came to anchor in 17 
fathoms, the Battery bearing E. N. E., 1 mile. Gov- 
ernor's Island S. E. by E. Gibbet Island W. by S. At 
7 weighed and made sail for the East River. At 7.10, 
falling calm, anchored. At 1 P. M., up anchor, made 
sail for our mooring place. At 3 P. M., moored ship. 
Brooklyn Point, East. Governor's Island Flag Staff, 
S. W. i W. Unbent courses, staysails, and topgallant 
sails. [End of Journal.] 



86 

Essex, at anchor in Table Bay, ) 
Cape or Good Hope, 13th March, 1800. 5 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform you I arrived here 
the 11th inst., with the U. S. Frigate Essex under my 
command. The manner in which I have been received 
by the Admiral, Sir Eoger Curtis, and the Governor, 
Sir George Young, has been honorable to our flag, and 
highly flattering to me. The day after leaving Newport 
a snow storm came on, and we parted with the three 
merchant vessels under convoy, and on the 12th of 
January, in a heavy gale of wind, in Lat. 38° 23' N., 
and Long. 54° 9' W., I lost sight of the Congress, not 
being able to carry sail to keep up with her without 
hazarding the loss of my masts, on account of the very 
bad quality of the rigging and iron work attached to 
them.* 

The 24th of Jan. in Lat. 16° 25' N. Long. 28° 30' W., 
our mainmast was discovered to be very badly sprung 
between decks. Every exertion was immediately made 
to secure it, and on the 26th that object was completed. 
On my passage out, much of the iron work has given 
way ; the fore and main trestle-trees, and fore and main 
cross-trees broken, owing to the bad quality of the wood, 
and their not having been properly secured at first. 
Nearly all the main shrouds, and all the topmast stays 
have been carried away. They were too small and their 
quality infamously bad. These disasters lengthened my 
passage considerably, and will detain me here at least 
ten days from the day of my arrival, as considerable iron 
and wood work is to be done to the masts, a complete 
gang of new shrouds to be fitted, and water to fill. 

I begin to fear some accident has happened to the Con- 
gress, and if she does not arrive by the time I am ready 
for sea, I shall not wait a moment for her, but make the 
best of my way to the port of destination, and as the 
Essex is a remarkably fast sailer, I am in hopes to reach 
it in season to answer the object government had in view 
in sending me out. 

* The Congress, it was subsequently ascertained, was dismasted. 



87 

I have not seen Mr. Elmslie, our Consul. He is in the 
country and expected in town to-morrow, when I shall 
deliver a letter which I have from the State Department 
for him, which was given me in charge by the navy agent 
at Newport. 

The British have six men-of-war here, four of which 
are two-deckers, one frigate and a sloop-of-Avar, some of 
which have lately returned from a cruise off the Isle of 
France, after having chased on shore and burnt, 'La Pre- 
neuse,' a French frigate, the only one which the French 
had remaining in the Indian Seas. 

After a fair trial of my ship's company at sea, I found 
many impositions had been practised on the recruiting 
officers at the time of their engagements, and on the 
ninth of February I had a muster on board, for the par- 
ticular purpose of rating them according to merit, and to 
reduce the pay of a considerable number, a list of whose 
names I have enclosed. 

The returns which accompany this letter, I think, are 
perfectly agreeable to the regulations established, and I 
hope will be satisfactory, as every error in the returns 
made from Newport, which were very imperfect, is cor- 
rected in these. 

The officer-like conduct and exertions of Lieut. Beale, 
on every occasion, merit my warmest approbation, and 
I hope will entitle him to the notice of the President. 
Lieut. Phipps is a worthy man, but too infirm for the 
duties of his office. Lieut. Lee is a young officer of sci- 
ence, who promises to be an ornament to the navy. Mr. 
George Washington Tew, whom I appointed an Acting 
Lieutenant, is a young officer of merit, and has given me 
great satisfaction. Dr. Orr, my surgeon, is ever atten- 
tive to the health of the ship's company ; they are now in 
perfect health, except one man sick with a cold. I shall 
be better able to speak of my other officers on my return. 

The Essex is much admired for the beauty of her con- 
struction, by the officers of the British navy. The day 
after my arrival, one of the Captains of the men-of-war 
waited on me on board the Essex, with their compliments 
and congratulations, and I was invited to dine with the 



88 

Admiral. On the day following I received the same at- 
tention from the Governor. They both appeared to be 
disposed to render me every service in their power, and 
to make my stay here as pleasant as possible. I have 
this day been presented with a paper from Bombay, which 
contains the order of the Governor of the Isle of France 
for the confiscation of all American property, which I 
enclose yon. I am told here the French have several 
privateers about the Straits of Snnda, and I am in hopes 
the superior sailing of the Essex w r ill enable me to pick 
up some of them ; every exertion shall be made use of 
for that purpose. 

I shall write you again by the next opportunity, which 
will be in a few days. I have the honor to be, with great 
respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 

P. S. Mr. Elmslie has arrived, and has received the 
letter I brought for him. e. p. 

Hon. Sec'y of the Navy. 

The foregoing was delivered, together with the regular 
returns, to Capt. Coats, of the Ariel, bound for Philadel- 
phia. * 

U. S. Frigate Essex, } 

Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, > 

March 25, 1800. ) 

Sir : — Enclosed is a duplicate of a letter I wrote you 
on the 13th inst., by the Ariel, Capt. Coats, since which 
nothing particular has taken place. 

The conduct of the Army and Navy, and of every 
branch of this government, has been uniformly friendly 
and obliging. They have treated me with distinguished 
attention, and have uniformly tendered their best services. 

The Essex is now completely equipped, and as I have 
heard nothing of the Congress, I shall proceed to sea 
tomorrow, to carry into effect the orders of the Presi- 
dent. 

Previous to my leaving Newport, Capt. Sever wrote 



89 

me a letter, advising me, should I arrive first, to wait for 
him; but as I have been here fourteen days, and it is 
uncertain when he will arrive, I do not think it prudent 
to wait any longer. The frequent S. E. gales of wind I 
have experienced in this bay since my anchoring here, 
have prevented my being ready before now. 

It is with great pleasure I inform you that my ship's 
company are in perfect health, which is an unusual 
circumstance, on board new ships built of unseasoned 
timber. Every exertion on my part shall be made to 
keep them so, and to promote on every occasion the 
honor and reputation of our infant navy. 

As I have four boats, I shall leave my launch here. 
She takes up so much room on the gun-deck, as to ex- 
clude the fresh air from passing below, and is very much 
in the way of the guns on the main-deck. I have like- 
wise left a spare main yard. 

The returns forwarded by the Ariel, were the regular 
monthly returns ; returns of commission and warrant 
officers, &c, &c. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 
Hon. Secretary of the Navy, Philadelphia. 

U. S. Ship Essex, ^ 

Table Bay, Cape of Good Hope, > 

March 25, 1800. ) 

Dear Sir : — I beg leave to acquaint you that I arrived 
here the 11th inst., since which time my ship's company 
have been constantly employed in repairing the damages 
received at sea, and in watering. 

Soon after I lost sight of your ship I carried away 
several lower shrouds, fore and main trestle-trees, top- 
mast cross-trees, and sprung my mainmast, and at the 
time of our separation, I was expecting every moment to 
lose it, which made it impossible to keep up with you. 

The treatment I have met with here by the Admiral, 
Sir Roger Curtis, Bart., and the Governor, Sir George 
Young, Bart., and by all the Captains and officers of 

12 



90 

the navy, as well as the officers of the army, has been 
honorable and extremely flattering. 

At the moment of my arrival here I was not prepared 
to salute the Admiral's flag, or I should have done it. 
I hope on your arrival, that you will think proper to do 
it, in which case you will receive the same return that 
Captains of the British navy do, and if you send an 
officer on shore immediately on your anchoring, I think 
the Governor will give you assurance of an equal return, 
should you think proper to salute the Garrison. 

I hope as I neglected doing either, you will make up 
for my neglect by doing both, as I know it is expected of 
you as the senior "officer. 

I leave a spare mainyard and my long boat here ; either 
or both will be delivered to you should you want them. 

My passage was much lengthened by disasters I met 
with at sea, and as it is now fourteen days since I arrived 
I have thought it advisable to proceed direct to Batavia, 
presuming that you have met with some damage, which 
perhaps may prevent your proceeding any farther than 
this place, should you reach here. 

I flatter myself that my conduct in this particular will 
meet the approbation of the President, as it was expected 
we should both enter the Straits of Sunda by the first of 
May. 

I beg leave to mention that it will be necessary that 
you send a Lieutenant immediately on your arrival on 
board the Admiral, and from thence on shore to the 
Governor, to acquaint them of your ship and the object 
of your touching here, and that you are cruising against 
the French. I mention this, as my neglecting it for an 
hour or two only, gave some dissatisfaction, but which 
was soon done away. The recollection of my treatment 
here by the navy and army will ever afford me pleasure. 

I shall cruise in the Straits of Sunda for fifteen days, 
and if you do not make your appearance in that time, I 
shall not expect you, and shall act accordingly. 

With great regard, I have the honor to be, 
Your obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 

Capt. Sever, U. S. Ship Congress. 



91 

U. S. Frigate Essex, } 

Straits of Sunda, May 10, 1800. 5 

Sir : — I have the honor to acquaint you of my arrival 
at the entrance of these Straits the 5th inst., since which 
I have completely watered the ship at Mew Island, with 
excellent water, and am now on my way to Batavia. I 
am informed there are very few French privateers in 
these seas at present, but that many are expected soon 
from the Isle of France. I wrote you from the Cape of 
Good Hope, and enclosed you particular returns by two 
different vessels, which I hope have safe arrived. 

I have heard nothing of the Congress, but hope she 
will arrive soon. I am now writing by a ship from 
Batavia bound to Boston, which I have brought to, and 
as it is 10 o'clock at night, and stormy weather, I cannot 
detain her to be more particular at present. I have not 
one sick man on board. 

This morning I was in company with an English ship 
of 74 guns and a frigate, which are cruising here, and 
have the pleasure to inform you, the Essex sails infinitely 
faster than either of them, and I sincerely believe faster 
than any ship in our service. 

With respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

Edward Preble. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy, Philadelphia. 



U. S. Ship of War Essex, > 
14th May, 1800. 5 
May it please your Excellency : — I have the honor to 
inform your Excellency of the arrival at anchor off 
Middieburg Island of the U. S. Ship of War Essex, of 
36 guns, under my command. I shall immediately weigh 
anchor for Batavia, and on my arrival there, shall do 
myself the honor to wait 011 your Excellency, as soon as 
your Excellency will permit me, and shall be happy to 
communicate every information, which may be satis- 
factory to your Excellency. I shall salute the Dutch 
flag at Batavia with sixteen guns, if your Excellency will 



92 

do me the honor to order an equal number returned. 
Without being assured of this, I am not at liberty to 
salute the flag of any nation whatever. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, 

Your Excellency's obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 

To His Excellency, the Governor General of the Dutch 
Indies, Batavia Castle. 



U. S. Frigate Essex, ^ 
at anchor off Bantam Bay, > 
June 4, 1800. ) 
Dear Sir : — Mr. Lee, Lieutenant of this Frigate, will 
deliver you this letter, he will communicate to you my 
wishes respecting the provisions and stores at Batavia 
belonging to the United States. I wish you to render 
him every assistance he may want, which will confer on 
me a very great obligation. I am detained here by a 
contrary wind and current, but am in hopes to reach 
Batavia with the Frigate in a day or two. 

I am, with much respect and esteem, Dear Sir, 

Your obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 
To the Sabandaac, Batavia. 

Essex, Batavia Eoads, ) 
May 19, 1800. 5 

Sirs : — I have the honor to inform you that the U. S. 
Frigate Essex, under my command, will sail on the 10th 
of next month, to convoy all the way home, the merchant 
ships of the United States, that are at that time ready to 
sail. 

Signals will be delivered the 9th clay of June, to the 
commanders of vessels, who wish to benefit by this 
convoy. 

I am, Sirs, your obedient servant, 

Edward Preble. 

To the Masters of American Merchant Ships, Batavia. 



93 

The following note tvas posted in the Hotel on the Oth of 

June : 

The U. S. Frigate Essex will sail from Batavia Roads 
the 15th hist., and will take under convoy the Merchant 
Ships of the United States bound to westward. The 
commanders who wish to benefit by this convoy, are 
requested to send on board early to-morrow morning 
to receive their distinguishing vanes, and on Saturday 
morning they are requested, to deliver a manifest of their 
cargoes on board the Essex, and at the same time receive 
signals and instructions, as an explanation of the signals 
will be necessary. As many of the commanders as can 
make it convenient are requested to receive them per- 
sonally. 

Given under my hand on board the Essex, the 9th of 
June, 1800. 

C > Edward Preble, 

I SEAL * $ Capt. U. S. N. 

Essex, June 22, 1800. 

Dear Sir : — J have this moment discovered a French 
Privateer off Pepper Bay, and as soon as the wind breezes 
I shall proceed in chase of her. At present I have the 
whole Fleet (convoy) of thirteen sail with me. I beg 
you to accept my best wishes for your health and happi- 
ness ; and my thanks for your polite attentions while I 
was at Batavia. Please make my best respects to the 
Governor General. I fear this French Privateer will do 
much mischief if I do not catch her, but I am determined 
to have her if leaving the Fleet at sea, and returning to 
the Straits will effect it. 

I am in hopes the Lapwing and the Magnus will 
join us here, or at Mew Island. I shall write you again 
before I leave the Straits. 

Please to inform the Governor General that the French 
Privateer has taken an American merchant ship within 
the limits and jurisdiction of his Government, which 
by the 5th article of our treaty with Holland he is to 
demand to be restored, in default of which the United 



94 

States will demand restoration of the Dutch Govern- 
ment. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, 

Your obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 
Jacobus Theodorus Reynst, 

Sabandaac, Batavia. 

U. S. Frigate Essex, > 

Near Mew Island, June 30, 1800. $ 

May it please your Excellency: — I have to inform 
your Excellency that on the 15th inst., near Charitee, 
the French Privateer La Confiance from the Isle of 
France, commanded by Eobert Surcoff, captured the 
American Merchant Ship Altenamak, Captain Joel Vi- 
car, from Baltimore bound to Batavia. I conceive the 
place where she was captured to be within the limits and 
jurisdiction of your government, and now enclose you a 
copy of the fifth article of the treaty between Holland 
and the United States of America, which I have no doubt 
your Excellency will pay proper attention to. I likewise 
enclose you a copy of the eighth article respecting em- 
bargoes. I have been under the necessity of taking into 
custody a proa belonging to Java, in consequence of 
having discovered that the white man who conducted her 
has been acting as a spy on the Fleet under my convoy, 
and has been employed by the captain of the French 
privateer for that purpose. I have this day released the 
proa and people, and have given them in charge to Capt. 
Lelar of the Ship Columbia, who will take charge of 
her to conduct her to Batavia, and receive your orders 
respecting her. 

I feel truly sensible of the very polite attentions with 
which I was honored while at Batavia, and have the 
honor to be, with great respect, 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

Edavard Preble. 
Captain in the Navy of the U. S. 

To His Excellency, 

the Governor General, Batavia. 



95 

Essex at Sea, Lat. 30° 59' S. Long. 37° 21' E. } 

August 6, 1800. 5 

Sir : — I have the honor to acquaint you, that the U. S. 
Frigate Essex under my command arrived at the en- 
trance of the Straits of Sunda the 5th of May. I watered 
ship at Mew Island, and was employed in cruising until 
the 15th, when I anchored at Batavia, and was received 
by the Governor in the most friendly and flattering man- 
ner. On the 20th of May, I sailed from Batavia on a 
cruise, after having refreshed my ship's company, made 
the necessary arrangements respecting the provisions and 
stores for the frigates, and appointed the 10th of June 
for the sailing of the Fleet from Batavia for the United 
States. I cruised in the entrance of the Straits for a 
fortnight, in which time I boarded thirteen sail of Amer- 
ican merchant ships richly loaded, the whole of which 
must have been captured had a single French Privateer 
of 16 guns been cruising in my stead, but fortunately for 
our trade it had met no interruption for two or three 
months, and there being no French cruisers in the Straits, 
I returned towards Batavia, where I arrived the 8th of 
June, and finding every vessel bound for the United 
States would be ready to sail by the 17th, I prolonged 
the time of sailing to that day. In the meantime I re- 
ceived on board provisions and stores for six months and 
appointed Jacobus Theodorus Reynst, Esq., agent for 
the sale of the provisions and stores designed for the 
Congress, with directions to have them sold if she should 
not arrive by the 15th of July. 

On the 15th of June, 1 delivered signals and instruc- 
tions to fifteen vessels, being all that were bound to the 
United States, and all except three at Batavia.* The 16th, 
I moved the Essex down to Onrust, and the 19th, weighed 
anchor and sailed with thirteen ships and brigs under 
convoy, the other two concluding to join me below. The 
21st, a Dutch proa came alongside with the master, super- 
cargo and part of the crew of the American Ship Alten- 
amak, of and from Baltimore, bound to Batavia. She 



* See lists appended. 



96 

was captured at the entrance of the Straits, the 15th, by 
a French Corvette of 22 guns and 250 men, which ar- 
rived in the Straits on that day from the Isle of France. 
Four other privateers were to sail for the Straits after her, 
one of them a ship of 32 guns. I continued to proceed 
down the Straits, making slow progress with the wind 
constantly ahead. 2 2d, anchored the Fleet in Anjer 
Eoads, wind directly contrary and very light breezes, the 
French Corvette in sight hovering about the Fleet. At 1 
P.M., I gave chase to her, which was continued until dark, 
but the lightness of the wind enabled her to make use of 
her sweeps to such advantage as to escape, and I returned 
to the Fleet again. 24th, a Dutch proa came alongside, by 
which I received information of the arrival in the Straits 
of a French ship of 32 guns and much crowded with men. 
The Dutchman that commanded the proa had been on 
board of her the day before, and I suppose she must have 
passed the convoy in the night, as she stood over towards 
the coast of Sumatra. This ship the Dutchman declared 
to be a frigate from France, and which had only touched 
at the Isle of France. At 10 A.M. the French Corvette 
in sight approaching the Fleet at anchor under Java shore 
between Anjer and Pepper Bay, very light winds, almost 
calm. At noon, the breeze increasing, I weighed anchor 
and gave chase, which I continued until 5 o'clock in the 
evening, at which time I had gained so much on her that 
nothing but its falling calm and the assistance the French- 
man received from his numerous sweeps, saved him from 
capture ; had there been only a moderate breeze I must 
have taken him. For want of wind I was not able to 
join the Fleet again until the next morning. 

I proceeded down the Straits and on the 27th, anchored 
with the Fleet in Mew Bay for the purpose of watering. 
The 30th, one of the vessels left at Batavia joined me, 
the master of which informed me that the other ship, the 
Magnus of Philadelphia, would not be down to join the 
convoy, as the Captain had anchored her at Bantam to 
wait for the recovery of a sick supercargo. 

The 1st of July, having completed their stock of water, 
I proceeded to sea with fourteen sail under convoy, as 
per list enclosed. 



97 

It is singularly unfortunate for the American trade that 
the Congress did not arrive at Batavia, as in that case she 
could have convoyed the Fleet home, and I might have 
been left to clear the Straits of those pirates, but now 
they can do as they please, as they have no force opposed 
to them, the English Squadron having left the station. I 
fear every merchant ship that attempts to pass the Straits 
will fall a sacrifice. The necessity of a constant protec- 
tion of our trade in the Straits will, I presume, be suffi- 
ciently apparent. 

I am in hopes to double the Cape of Good Hope in ten 
clays with the Fleet ; at present I have them all with me. 
I have granted permission to the Brig Lapwing to sepa- 
rate from the convoy and proceed alone, the master of 
which takes charge of my dispatches. My ship's com- 
pany have been remarkably healthy ; you will see by the 
Surgeon's daily report our present state. 

I enclose you a general and quarterly return, a return 
of commission and warrant officers, account of supplies 
received at the Cape of Good Hope and Batavia, receipts 
of stores left at Batavia to be sold for accounts of the 
United States, and a list of convoy. 

My present intention is to put into N. Y. with the Es- 
sex, where I wish to meet your permission to wait on you 
personally at the Navy Office, immediately on my arrival, 
and the same permission if I should arrive at Boston. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble, Capt. U.S.N. 
Hon. Secretary of the Navy of the United States. 

To His Excellency the Governor of the Isl. of St. Helena. 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform your Excellency of 
the arrival near St. Helena of the U. S. Ship Essex, 
under my command, and to request your permission to 
anchor for the purpose of recruiting my stock of water, 
and purchasing refreshments for my ship's company. 

Mr. Beale, my First Lieutenant, will have the honor to 
deliver you this, and to satisfy any inquiry you may 
think proper to make respecting this ship. 

13 



98 

I shall have the honor to salute the British flag on an- 
choring, if you will do me the honor to order an equal 
return, and shall wait on your Excellency as soon as I am 
honored with your permission. 

With respect, I have the honor to be 

Your Excellency's most obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble, Capt. U.S.N, etc., etc. 

U. S. Frigate Essex, ^ 

At anchor, Island of St. Helena Koad, > 
Sept. 15, 1800. ) 

. Sir: — I have the honor to inform you of the arrival 
of the Essex under my command in this road the 10th 
inst. , and to enclose a copy of a letter which I wrote you 
by the Brig Lapwing the 6th ult., five after which, I was 
separated from the Fleet in a tremendous gale of wind, 
off the bank of La Agulhas, after which I concluded to 
make the best of my way to this island, in order that the 
Fleet might join me here agreeably to their instructions 
in case of separation. I appointed this as a place of ren- 
dezvous in preference to the Cape as it was too early in 
the season to stop there with safety. Five of my convoy 
have already arrived, and one has passed on by permis- 
sion. I am in expectation that they will all arrive with- 
in twenty days from my arrival, that being the time 
which, previous to my leaving the Straits of Sunda, I 
made known to the Fleet I should wait here for them in 
case of separation. 

The flag of the United States is highly respected here 
as it has been at every other place I have touched at, and 
I am received here by the Governor in the most friendly 
manner. My ship's company are in general good health. 

Mr. Tilly, Supercargo of the Brig Globe, takes charge 
of this letter, and will call on you. I beg leave to refer 
you to him for particulars respecting the Fleet generally, 
and particularly the Ship China. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 
Edward Preble, Capt. U. S. N. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 



99 

St. Helena, Sept. 21, 1800. 
Edward Preble, Esq : 

Sir: — We congratulate you on your safe arrival here 
and that so large a part of the Fleet has been able to join 
you. After the severe gales we have, all experienced 
round the Cape, it is with anxiety we look forward to the 
remainder of our passage. Being late in the season, 
(with a Fleet whose progress will be slow) will bring us 
on a winter's coast, when our men, reduced by the fever 
of Batavia and a long passage, will be ill able to stand 
the severe weather we must expect without a very favor- 
able passage. 

Of the fourteen sail that left Batavia under your con- 
voy, six of the most valuable are now in this road, three 
have proceeded on their passage, one dismasted. The 
remaining four, a very small proportion, we have reason 
to suppose, from the several signals we have observed of 
vessels being seen off and not come in, and being in- 
formed that British vessels cannot pass without calling, 
that they must have passed without calling. 

Your orders and instructions at Batavia we conceive to 
be well planned, and waiting here twenty days an object 
of some consequence to collect the Fleet. At that time 
we expected to make this port by the 1st of this month, 
and should then have had time to have gained our sev- 
eral destinations, and our cargoes disposed of (for a mar- 
ket) before winter. 

The long passage we have experienced round the Cape 
has prolonged the time more than we possibly could have 
expected, and from the damages sustained by the differ- 
ent vessels already arrived, we may conclude that the 
few missing, if not already passed, must have met with 
some accident, or most certainly would have been here 
before. 

We therefore beg you to consider our situation, our 
daily expenses here, and the late season of our arrival at 
our destined ports. Every day's detention may be of 
considerable consequence to our owners. We therefore 
request you will hasten our departure as soon as possible. 

Being confident, from your attention and conduct hith- 



100 

erto of the Fleet, you have our interest at heart and that 

you will think with us that every day's detention at this 

season is more than a week at any other. 

Your complying as early as possible with our present 

request will confer an obligation on, Sir, 
Your obedient servants, 
James Josiah, Master of the Ship China, 
Moses Barnard, Master of the Brig Lydia, 
Isaac McKim, Owner of the Ship Nancy, 
Benjamin Smith, Master of the Ship Juno. 

Essex at anchor, New York Harbor, ) 
Nov. 29, 1800. 5 

Sir : — I have the honor to inform you that the Essex, 
under my command, arrived here last evening, the offi- 
cers and crew in good health. 

My dispatches I shall forward to-morrow, and follow 
them in person the day following. 

I have the honor to be, Sir, with great respect, 

Your obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble, Capt. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Navy Department, 6th Dec, 1800. 
Sir: — I am honored with yours of the 29th ult., and 
offer you, your officers and crew, my congratulations upon 
your safe arrival. 

Your crew must be immediately paid off, and dis- 
charged, and the ship refitted for another cruise. The 
Messrs. Watsons will supply the necessary money upon 
your requisitions. The accountant will send you the nec- 
essary instructions with respect to paying off your crew. 
I have the honor to be with great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Ben. Stoddert. 

New York, Dec. 25, 1800. 
Sir : — I have the honor to inform you I returned here 
from the city of Washington the 20th inst., since which 



101 

I have been confined to my room on shore with a violent 
cold attended with some fever. 

I am sorry to say the officers and crew of the Essex 
are not paid off, in consequence of the confused state of 
the Purser's accounts with them, and his not being ready 
with the pay roll. Mr. Mumford's want of the necessary 
qualifications for a Purser has already been attended 
with more expense to the government than ten times the 
amount of his pay and rations. 

The crew were discharged the 23d, and would have 
been immediately after the receipt of your orders, had the 
Purser been ready. They are still victualled on board, 
as the payment of their wages will not commence until 
to-morrow. 

The Essex is moored in the Wallabout Bay on the Long 
Island side, opposite the eastern part of this city. I 
consider her perfectly safe from storms and sea, and 
there is room for many more to lie in safety. The pres- 
ent state of my health will not admit of my attending to 
the proper survey of the Bay. The caulkers have nearly 
completed their business. Carpenters are making some 
necessary repairs. The damaged mainmast is taken out, 
and a new one will be ready in about ten days. It has 
been found necessary to have a new gang of main shrouds 
made, as the old ones have been condemned. What new 
sails were w T anted were all cut out and nearly finished be- 
fore I arrived here. Our stock of water is completed, 
and the new boats building for the ship are in such a 
state of forwardness that they must go on. I have given 
leave to two of the Lieutenants, the Gunner, and all the 
Midshipmen except four, to go home for a few weeks un- 
less called for. The Sailing Master, never having had a 
warrant, I have discharged. I shall immediately ship 
about thirty -five sailors for three months, unless sooner 
discharged by your orders ; that number, independent of 
the marines, will be wanted to make the ship safe at her 
anchors, and they will be constantly employed in refitting 
the ship in such a manner that she can be got ready for 
sea at the shortest notice. I hope this arrangement will 
meet your approbation, and have to request you will 



102 

honor me with your permission to go to Portland for a 
few weeks to attend to my private concerns. I shall be 
punctual in returning to the ship any day you may think 
proper to appoint. If I have your permission, Mr. 
Phipps and Mr. Lee will be the commissioned officers in 
charge of the ship, to be relieved by Mr. Beale and Mr. 
Tew, a few weeks hence. 

I shall send you my letter and order books as soon as 
I can have them copied. I shall forward my account 
books completely settled, to the accountant of the Navy, 
Thomas Turner, Esq. 

With great respect, I have the honor to be, Sir, 

Your most obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble, Capt. U. S. N. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

Navy Department, Jan. 3, 1801. 
Sir : — I am honored with your letter of the 25th ult. 
The arrangements you have made for the security of the 
Essex are very proper. 

The leave of absence you solicit is granted for such 
time as may suit your convenience, unless your services 
should be sooner required, in which case your orders 
shall be transmitted to you in due time. 

I have the honor to be with great esteem, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 

Ben. Stoddert. 
Capt. Preble, New York. 

New York, Jan. 14, 1801. 
Sir : — I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of 
your letter of the 3d inst. , and I shall set off for Portland 
to-morrow. I have forwarded to Mr. Goldsborough * a 
bill of extra expenses paid last cruise at the Cape of 
Good Hope, Batavia and St. Helena in support of the 
respectability of our Navy establishment. I have desired 
him to present it to you, for your approbation, and to 
receive the money should you think proper to allow the 

*C. W. Goldsborough, Esq., father of the present Rear Admiral Louis M. Golds- 
borough, and Commodore J. R. Goldsborough. 



103 

account. As I was not certain at the time that any extra 
expenses I should be liable to from the nature of the 
service I was sent on, would be allowed, I did not keep 
a very particular account, but am certain I have not 
charged more than one half the amount I have paid. 

I have directed the Purser to repair to the Navy Office 
to settle his accounts, as soon as he has finished here, 
which will be in a few days. Mr. Ward, my clerk, will 
attend to the duty of both offices at present, and should 
the ship be ordered to sea, he will make a valuable 
Purser, should you honor him with a warrant, without 
which I have no expectation he will remain in the service. 

The number of men I wanted for the Essex are re- 
cruited and on board. I have directed the commanding 
officer in my absence to keep you regularly informed 
from time to time of his proceedings, and of the state 
and condition of the ship. Enclosed is a copy of the 
account of extra expenses. 

I have the honor to be with great respect, Sir, 

Your obedient, humble servant, 

Edward Preble. 
To the Hon. Secretary of the Navy. 

. New York, Jan. 16, 1801. 

Sir : — I shall be absent from the Essex a few weeks, 
and as you will be the commanding officer until relieved 
by Mr. Beale, you will please to direct the necessary 
repairs of the ship and attend to having her so far 
equipped in her masts, spars, and rigging, that she can 
be got ready for sea at a very short notice. 

Be particularly careful not to let her take the ground, 
and to defend the hull and cables as much as possible 
from the ice. When Mr. Tew returns, Mr. Lee is to go 
to Boston. 

It is necessary that you keep a Midshipman's watch in 
the night, and see that the Lieutenant of Marines keeps 
proper sentinels, and that he is attentive to his duty. In 
case of neglect on the part of any of the officers you will 
take the necessary steps of a commanding officer and 
make me acquainted with your proceedings by a line 



104 

directed to me at Portland ; you will also, once a month, 
make the Secretary of the Navy acquainted with the state 
and condition of the ship and of your proceedings. Mr. 
Ward will act as Purser, and will make regular monthly 
returns to the Navy Office, signed by you. Mr. Mumford 
is ordered on to the Navy Office to settle his accounts, as 
soon as an account of the stores remaining on hand is 
taken. 

As soon as Mr. Ward has arranged his affairs so that 
he can conveniently leave the ship he is to have leave of 
absence, and will return as soon as possible. 

You are at liberty to attend to your private concerns 
during a time to suit your own convenience, unless 
sooner called for, as soon as Mr. Beale returns. I shall 
write you in a few clays respecting some other alterations 
to be made in the upper works of the ship, &c. 

Please to write me as often as anything particular 
occurs. 

I am, with respect, your obedient servant, 

Edwaed Preble. 
Lieut. Phipps, United States Frigate Essex. 



Navy Department, ) 
1st of April, 1801. $ 
Sir: — I have this day directed Capt. Derby of the 
Connecticut to repair to New York and deliver over 
all his able seamen, ordinary seamen, and boys, to the 
Frigate Essex, rendering to you an account of the time 
they respectively entered, and the advance made to 
each. 

Th*e Connecticut is allowed sixty able seamen and fifty- 
seven ordinary seamen and boys, and I believe has a full 
crew. So that you will only have thirty-seven ordinary 
seamen and boys to recruit, to complete the complement 
allowed the Essex. 

Accept assurances of my respect and esteem. 
By order of H. Dearborn, Act'g Sec'y of the Navy, 

S. Smith. 
Capt. Preble. 



105 

Navy Department, 
April 17, 1801. 
Sir : — Your letter of the 12th inst. has been received. 
In the absence of Gen. Smith, I have to inform you, on 
the subject of officers for the Essex, that Lieutenants John 
Cowper and Joseph Tarbell have been ordered to place 
themselves under your command, and there is no doubt 
of his permitting Lieutenant Tew to remain with you. 
Mr. Timothy Winn, Purser, has been ordered to join 
you. Lieut. Haswell has had permission to go to India. 
Midshipman Alexander C. Harrison has been ordered to 
join you, which he will probably do at Norfolk. You 
have said nothing in your letter of your Surgeon's mates, 
gunner, boatswain, sailmaker and carpenter. 

When General Smith returns, the other parts of your 
letter will be acted upon. 

I have the honor to be, with great respect, Sir, 

Your most obedient servant, 
Charles W. Goldsborough, 
For H. Dearborn, Act'g Sec. of the Navy. 
Edward Preble, Esq., Commander of the Frigate Essex, 
New York. 

Baltimore, 20th April, 1801. 
Sir : — Being here for a few days, I have received from 
Mr. Butler your letter dated 24th February, where you 
express yourself in high terms of respect for Mr. Butler, 
then Master's mate of the Essex, and that you would 
willingly have him appointed your Sailing Master. If 
not too late, I now authorize you to appoint him Sailing 
Master of the Essex, and his warrant shall meet him 
at Norfolk. If too late, you may either take the 
Connecticut's Master, or send to Capt. Murray of the 
Constellation for his ; the latter might go in the Phil- 
adelphia and meet your ship at Norfolk. 

I am, Sir, 

Your obedient servant, 

S. Smith. 
N. B. My long acquaintance with the gallant Gen. 
Butler makes me more than anxious that you should give 
H 



106 

his son the proposed appointment. You could not confer 
a more acceptable favor on S. S. 

Capt. Edward Preble, Ship Essex, New York. 

Navy Department, 2 2d April, 1801. 
Sir : — It is a subject of great regret that your in- 
disposition should prevent your proceeding with the 
squadron. However, I will do everything in my power 
to indulge you. By this opportunity I will write to 
Capt. Bainbridge, who (I cannot doubt) will accept the 
command of the Essex, but (being just arrived) will 
require some time to pay off his crew and remain with 
his family. You will, therefore, proceed with the Essex 
to Hampton Koads, where Capt. Bainbridge (I expect) 
will repair and relieve you from the command. 

I am, Sir, your friend and servant, 

By order of H. Dearborn, 
Acting Secretary of the^Navy, 

S. Smith. 
Capt. Edward Preble, U. S. Ship Essex, New York. 

Navy Department, 28th April, 1801. 
Sir : — The following gentlemen have been this day 
ordered to place themselves under your command : 

E. Butler, Sailing Master. 
Ben. Smith, ^ 

Abner Woodruff, >Mid'men. 
Simeon Smith, ) 

You will be pleased to order George Merrill and 
Bernard Henry, now on board the Connecticut, to join 
you, and inform them that they are continued, and give 
the same information to William Scallon, J. Kow, John 
Shattuck and George Hackley, who are also to remain on 
board the Essex. 

Accept the assurance of my esteem. 

For Henry Dearborn, 
Acting Secretary of the Navy, 

S. Smith. 
N. B. Lieutenant Tew has, also, this day been ordered 
to continue on board the Essex. 

Edward Preble, Esq., of the Essex, New York. 



107 



Navy Department, 



29th April, 1801. 5 
Sir : — I have this day directed Lieut. Francis H. Elli- 
son, and Midshipmen Thomas Swartwout and Daniel 
Wurts, to place themselves under your command. If 
Doctor Orr should not join you in time, you may take 
Doctor Wells. 

I have also ordered Midshipmen Thos. B. Harden- 
burgh, P. Henop, and Joshua Herbert to join the Essex 
at Norfolk. 

Accept the assurance of my respect. 

For H. Dearborn, Acting Secretary of Navy, 

S. Smith. 
Edward Preble, Esq., New York. 

Navy Department, ) 
30th April, 1801. 5 

Sir: — Your letter of the 23d is received. A war- 
rant will be issued to Richard Butler as Sailing Master 
of the Essex, and transmitted to meet him at Norfolk. 
Nathaniel Hunt, gunner, late of the Richmond, now at 
New York, may be taken for the Essex, if you approve 
his qualifications. Perhaps from the officers of the Con- 
necticut and others now at New York, you may procure a 
sailmaker, boatswain and carpenter ; if not, they may no 
doubt be obtained at Norfolk from the Chesapeake and 
vessels discharged there. 

Doctor Perkins is permitted to retire from the service. 
You were yesterday directed to take the Surgeon of the 
Connecticut in case Doctor Orr does not appear. You 
will retain Doctor Marshall as Surgeon's mate. 

Lieut. Cowper, late of the Richmond, it appears has 
been transferred to the Congress, now at Boston. Orders 
have gone for him to join you immediately at New York, 
or to follow you to Norfolk in the event of your sailing 
from New York previous to his arrival. 

Transmit a list of all your officers to this Department 
prior to your sailing, noting such who may not have war- 
rants, thai; orders may be taken at once for supplying the 
deficiency. 



108 

Should you supply yourself with a gunner and boat- 
swain from any of those already belonging to the service, 
you may then permit those you now have to resign. But 
if you do not, and they insist upon leaving the ship, they 
will not be allowed the four months extra pay granted by 
law to those commissioned and warrant officers who are 
permitted to retire from the service. 

Accept the assurance of my respect and esteem. 
For Henry Dearborn, Acting Sec'y of the Navy, 

S. Smith. 
Capt. Edward Preble, Frigate Essex, New York. 

Note. A duplicate of this letter was sent to Norfolk, Va. 



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